Sallar Nafila

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A cikin Islama, sallar Nafila (Larabci: صلاة نفل, ṣalāt al-nafl) ko sallar nafila, wanda kuma ake kira da Sallar Nawafil, nau’i ne na salatin Musulmin da ake so (ibada ta yau da kullun). Kamar yadda ake yin sallar sunnah, ba a ɗauke su a matsayin wajibi ba amma ana tunanin za su ba da ƙarin fa'ida ga mai yin su. Misali shine sadakar raka'a hudu na "nafl" kafin sallar Asuhur na wajibi.

Dangane da Hadisi mai zuwa, "nafl" ba kawai yana kusantar da 'yanci zuwa ga Allah ba har ma yana taimaka wa mutum samun kyakkyawan nasara a lahira wato Jannah (Aljanna).

Rabi'ah bin Malik al-Aslami ya ruwaito cewa Annabi (SAW) ya ce: "Ku tambaya (wani abu)" Rabi'ah ya ce: "Ina rokonka da ka zama abokin zama a aljanna." Annabi (SAW) ya ce: "Ko wani abu daban?" Rabi'ah ya ce: "Shi ke nan." Annabi (SAW) ya ce masa: "To ka taimake ni ta hanyar yin sujjada da yawa Sallolin Nafila".

— Sahih Muslim

Tahiyatul Wudu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tahiyatul wudu ita ce sallar nafilfili bayan yin alwala.

Abu Hureyrah ya ruwaito cewa da zarar annabin musulunci Muhammad ya tambayi Bilal a Fajr salah:

Ya Bilal Fada min wannan aikin naku wanda ya fi bege (na lada) bayan karbar Musulunci, domin na ji sawun sawunku a gabana a cikin Aljanna.

Bilal ya amsa:

Ban yi wani abu na dabam ba sai a duk lokacin da na yi alwala da rana ko dare, ina yin salah (tahiyatul wudu) bayan haka, gwargwadon abin da aka rubuta ko aka ba ni."

Abu Hureyrah ya ruwaito cewa Muhammad ya ce wa Bilal

Bani labari game da aikin da ya fi bege (watau wanda kuke ganin ya fi samun lada a wurin Allah) da kuka yi tun lokacin da kuka karɓi Musulunci saboda na ji ƙarar matakan takalminku a gabana a cikin aljanna.

Bilal yace:

Ba na ganin duk wani aiki da ya fi bege fiye da haka a duk lokacin da na yi alwala (wudu) a kowane lokaci na dare ko rana, ina yin sallah tsawon lokacin da aka kaddara mini in yi.

— Sahih al-Bukhari da Sahih Muslim

Bayan kammala alwala, sallar (raka'a) raka'a biyu cike take da albarka (sawāb).

Kada a yi ta a lokacin da bai dace ba (makruh); idan rana ta fito, lokacin da take zenith da lokacin faduwarta.

Masallacin Tahiyyatul (Sallar Nafila lokacin shiga Masallaci)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Abu Qatada ya ruwaito cewa Muhammad ya ce: “Idan dayanku ya shiga masallaci, sai ya yi raka’a biyu kafin ya zauna.” Bukhari da Muslim suka ruwaito shi.

  • Wannan shine sallar Nafl Rak'aah 2 wanda yakamata mutum yayi yayin shiga Masallaci kuma akan lokutan da suka dace.

Sallar Ishraq[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lokacin sallar Ishraq yana farawa da mintuna goma sha biyar zuwa ashirin bayan fitowar rana kuma ya kunshi Raka'ah guda biyu.[1] Ana ganin yin ishraq yana ba da lada mafi girma fiye da yin karamar Umrah bisa ga wasu hadisai.[2] A cewar mafi yawan malaman Hadisi da na Fiqhu, Sallar Duha da Sallar Al-Ishraq duk sunaye ne na sallar guda (sallar farilla). Addu'a ce da aka ba da ita ba tare da takamaiman adadin raka'ah ba, kuma lokacinta ya dace yana farawa kusan mintuna goma sha biyar bayan fitowar rana kuma yana ƙaruwa har zuwa lokacin faɗuwar rana daga meridian.

Sallar Duha ko Chasht[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sallar Duha tana farawa bayan fitowar rana kuma ta ƙare a meridian, kuma galibi ana tunanin ya haɗa da raka'ah biyu, kodayake a wasu hadisai adadin huɗu ne ko ma goma sha biyu.[3][4][5][6][7] A cewar tunanin Ahlus -Sunnah, yin wannan addu'ar ana ganin tana da tasiri wajen neman gafarar zunuban mutum.[8]

Ana yin sallar Ishraq ko Chasht ko Duha lokacin da rana ta fito da kwata na safe, kuma tana ƙarewa kafin lokacin sallar Asuhur (wato sallar farilla). An ce wanda ya yi nafilfili, yana da ladar gidan Zinariya 1 a cikin Aljanna. watau sallar Chasht 1 = gidan zinare 1. Fatima ta kasance tana yawan yin wannan sallar nafila. An ruwaito sallar asuba ta nafila daga Muhammad, ta hanyoyin da suka kai ga yawan ruwayoyi-daga sahabbai 19 zuwa sama da 30-a cewar Imam al-Tabari, al-`Ayni a cikin 'Umdat al-Qari, al-Haytami, al -Munawi, da al-Qari a Sharh al-Shama'il, Ibn Hajar a Fath al-Bari, al-Kattani a Nazm al-Mutanathir, kuma kamar yadda al-Hakim da al-Suyuti gami da Karatun Abu Zur`a al-'Iraqi a Tarh al-Tathrib, Ibn al-Qayyim a Zad al-Ma`ad, da al-Shawkani a Nayl al-Awtar. A cewar mafi yawan Malamai na Salaf da Khalaf sallar mustahabbi ce da mustahabbi.

Tahajjud[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Awabeen[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Salat al-Awwabin-ita ce "addu'ar mai dawowa" kamar yadda Muhammadu ya kayyade kuma ana yin ta tsakanin sallar Magriba da sallar Isha. Howerer, malamai da yawa sun ce babu hadisan sahihu da ke tabbatar da cewa za a yi Sallar Awwabin tsakanin sallar Magriba da Isha kuma shin suna da ra'ayin cewa a zahiri addu’a ɗaya ce da ta Duha.

Rak’ah Sunnah hudu na Zuhur[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An ruwaito Muhammadu ya ce duk wanda ya yi raka'a hudu kafin ko bayan sallar Zuhr tare da dawwama, Allah ya haramta masa wutar Jahannama. [Mishkat, (Hasan-Sarkar) p. 104; Tirmizi, Abu Da'ud, Nisai 1814, Ibn Majah]

An ruwaito cewa Muhammad ya ce bayan mai ibada yayi sallah raka'a hudu na Zuhur, ana bude kofofin sama, watau sallar ta zama karbabbu a wurin Allah, kuma dalilin karbarsa yana sauka akan mai ibada a matsayin hasken rahama. [Mishkat, shafi. 104]

Rak’ah Sunnah hudu ta Asr[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Muhammadu ya ce: "Allah ya yi rahama ga wanda ya yi hudu (raka'ah) kafin sallar Asr." (Abu Dawud)

Rak'ah Sunnah biyu na Magriba[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Rak'ah Sunnah hudu ta Isha[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sunaye[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sallar safiya ta nafila tana da sunaye da yawa. Tsakanin su:

  • Salat al-Duha ko Sibhat al-Duha-Sibha yana nufin sallar nafila a dunkule kuma Duha yana nufin safiya, tsakiyar safiya, ko sanyin safiya. Wannan shine sunan da ya fi yawa a cikin ruwayoyi. Ita ce sallar asuba lokacin da rana ta yi zafi sosai.[9] Dalilin wannan suna shine mutum ya bar duniya a lokacin don komawa ga Allah kuma ya rama sallar Dare da ya rasa. Don haka Salatul-Duha ta fi damuwa ga waɗanda suka rasa tahajjud kuma shine musanya ta.[10][11]
  • Salat al -Ishraq - shine "sallar fitowar rana" ko sallar da aka yi jim kaɗan bayan fitowar rana.
  • Salat al-Fath-ita ce "sallar nasara" kamar yadda aka tabbatar cewa Muhammadu ya yi ta da safe da ya shiga Makka (a cikin Bukhari da Muslim) kuma wannan ya zama Sunan shugabannin sojoji bayan shiga sabon yankin da aka ci.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Mohammad, Mamdouh N. (2003). Salat: The Islamic Prayer from A to Z. Dr Mahmdouh N Mohammad. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-9652877-4-6.
  2. Targhib p. 427. vol. I ref. Abu Yate ba Isnad-e-Sahib
  3. Al-Sunan al-Sughra #1,659
  4. Sahih Muslim #1,175
  5. Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal #23,317
  6. Sunan Ibn Majah #1,371
  7. Mishkaat pg.116
  8. Sunan al-Tirmidhi #438
  9. Kanz al-Ummal #23437, 23461
  10. Ibn al-Qayyim, Zad al-Ma`ad (1:356)
  11. Itr, I`lam al-Anam Sharh Bulugh al-Maram, p. 628