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Sao Tomé

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Sao Tomé
São Tomé (pt)


Suna saboda Thomas the Apostle (en) Fassara
Wuri
Map
 0°20′N 6°44′E / 0.33°N 6.73°E / 0.33; 6.73
JamhuriyaSao Tome da Prinsipe
District of São Tomé and Príncipe (en) FassaraÁgua Grande (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 65,468 (2010)
• Yawan mutane 3,851.06 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 17 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Tekun Guinea
Altitude (en) Fassara 137 m
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1485 (Gregorian)
tanbiran saw tom

São Tomé babban birni ne kuma birni mafi girma a tsibirin São Tomé da Principe na Afirka ta Tsakiya. Sunanta Portuguese don " Saint Thomas ". An kafa shi a karni na 15, yana daya daga cikin tsoffin biranen Afirka da suka yi mulkin mallaka.[1]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Álvaro Caminha ya kafa mulkin mallaka na São Tomé a cikin shekarun 1493. Mutanen Portuguese sun zo Sao Tomé don neman ƙasa don shuka rake. Tsibirin ba shi da mazauna kafin zuwan Portuguese wani lokaci a 1470 kusa da Sao Tomé, mai tazarar 40 kilometres (25 mi) arewa da equator, yana da yanayin damshi a wurin wanda ya zaa iya shuka rake a cikin daji. Yaran Yahudawa su 2,000, ’yan shekara takwas zuwa ƙasa, an ɗauke su daga yankin Iberian don yin aikin gonakin sukari.[2] Masarautar Kongo na Afirka da ke kusa ta zama tushen aikin bayi kuma. Tsibirin São Tomé shine babban cibiyar samar da sukari a ƙarni na sha shida; Brazil ta mamaye ta a shekara ta 1600.[3]

São Tomé na tsakiya ne akan babban coci na ƙarni na sha shida, wanda aka sake gina shi a ƙarni na 19. Wani ginin farko shine Fort São Sebastião, wanda aka gina a 1566 kuma yanzu Sao Tomé National Museum. A ranar 9 ga watan Yuli, 1595, wani tawaye na bayi, karkashin jagorancin Rei Amador ya mamaye babban birnin; An yi musu rauni a shekara ta 1596.[4] A cikin 1599, mutanen Holland sun ɗauki birnin da kuma tsibirin na kwana biyu; sun sake mamaye shi a shekara ta 1641 har tsawon shekara guda. Garin ya kasance babban birnin ƙasar Portugal ta São Tomé da Principe kuma, daga São Tomé da Principe yancin kai a 1975, a matsayin babban birnin ƙasar.[5]

Geography[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Mahimmanci a matsayin tashar jiragen ruwa, São Tomé yana kan Ana Chaves Bay a arewa maso gabashin tsibirin São Tomé, kuma Ilhéu das Cabras yana kusa da bakin teku. São Tomé yana arewa maso gabas da Trindade, kudu maso gabashin Guadalupe da arewa maso yammacin Santana . Yana da alaƙa da waɗannan garuruwan ta wata babbar hanya wacce ta kewaye duk tsibirin São Tomé. Yana da alaƙa da Cape Verde ta jirgin ruwa na mako-mako.

Hotuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Home". stp.gov.st. Archived from the original on 2020-01-18. Retrieved 2023-02-19.
  2. Allen, Theodore (1997). The invention of the white race (Second ed.). London: Verso. p. 5. ISBN 9781844677719. OCLC 738350824.
  3. Manning, Patrick (2006). "Slavery & Slave Trade in West Africa 1450-1930". Themes in West Africa's history. Akyeampong, Emmanuel Kwaku. Athens: Ohio University. pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-0-8214-4566-2. OCLC 745696019.
  4. Brito, Brigida Rocha (May 18, 2005). "Espaço Cultural STP: A Verdadeira Origem do Célebre Rei Amador". Espaço Cultural STP. Retrieved 2023-02-12.
  5. Roman Adrian Cybriwsky, Capital Cities around the World: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture, ABC-CLIO, USA, 2013, p. 275