Ƙungiyar Kare Haƙƙin Ɗan Adam

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Wikidata.svgƘungiyar Kare Haƙƙin Ɗan Adam
harkar zamantakewa da civil rights movements (en) Fassara
1963 march on washington.jpg
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na civil rights movements (en) Fassara
Bangare na African-American history (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Tarayyar Amurka
Start time (en) Fassara 1954
End time (en) Fassara 1968

Ƙungiyar Kare Hakkin Bil'adama ƙungiya ce ta zamantakewar al'umma a Amurka wacce ke ƙoƙarin samun 'yanci dai-dai na Baƙin Amurkawa. Ƙungiyar ta shahara saboda amfani da zanga -zangar rashin ƙarfi da rashin biyayya jama'a (cikin lumana ƙi bin dokokin rashin adalci). Masu gwagwarmaya sunyi amfani da dabaru kamar kauracewa, zama, da zanga-zangar nuna rashin amincewa. Wasu lokuta 'yan sanda ko fararen fata masu wariyar launin fata za su kawo musu hari, amma masu gwagwarmaya ba su yi yaƙi ba.

Koyaya, ƙungiyar Kare Haƙƙin Bil'adama ta ƙunshi mutane da ƙungiyoyi daban-daban. Ba kowa ya yi imani da abubuwa iri ɗaya ba. Misali, kungiyar Baƙin Baki ta yi imanin cewa baƙar fata ya kamata su nemi haƙƙinsu na ɗan ƙasa kuma su tilasta wa shugabannin farar fata su ba su waɗannan haƙƙoƙin.

Ƙungiyar Kare Hakkin ɗan Adam kuma an yi ta daga mutane daga kabilu da addinai daban-daban. Shugabannin Harkar da yawancin masu gwagwarmaya sun kasance Ba'amurke Ba'amurke. Koyaya, Kungiyar ta sami tallafin siyasa da na kudi daga kungiyoyin kwadago, kungiyoyin addinai, da wasu ‘yan siyasa farar fata, kamar Lyndon B. Johnson . Masu fafutuka daga kowane jinsi sun zo don haɗuwa da Ba-Amurkan na Amurka a cikin jerin gwano, zama, da zanga-zanga.

Ƙungiyar Kare Hakkin Bil'adama ta sami nasara sosai. Ya taimaka wajen samar da dokokin tarayya biyar da gyare-gyare biyu ga Kundin Tsarin Mulki . Waɗannan a hukumance sun kiyaye haƙƙin Baƙin Afirka. Hakan kuma ya taimaka sauya halayen fararen fata da yawa game da yadda aka bi da bakar fata da kuma haƙƙin da ya cancanta.

Kafin Ƙungiyar Kare Haƙƙin Bil'adama[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Majalisar Wakilai na murna bayan zartar da Kwaskwarimar ta 13 .

Kafin yakin basasan Amurka , akwai kusan bayi bakar fata miliyan hudu a Amurka. Farar fata kawai waɗanda ke da dukiya za su iya yin zaɓe, kuma fararen fata ne kawai za su iya zama 'yan ƙasar Amurka.

Hoton hoto[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dokar 'Yancin Dan Adam ta 1964[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Shawarar da John F. Kennedy ya gabatar game da dokar kare Haƙƙin jama'a [lower-alpha 1] na da goyon baya daga mambobin Majalisar Wakilai na Arewa - na Democrats da na Republican. Koyaya, Sanatocin Kudancin sun hana dokar da aka ba da shawarar wucewa. Su filibustered for 54 days don toshe da doka daga zama doka. A ƙarshe, Shugaba Lyndon B. Johnson ya sami lissafin amincewa.

Tsarin gidaje masu kyau (1966-1968)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daga shekara 5 1966 zuwa shekara ta 1968, ƙungiyoyin kare haƙƙin jama'a sun mai da hankali sosai kan gidaje masu kyau. Ko da a wajen Kudu, samar da gidaje daidai ya zama matsala. Misali, a cikin shekara ta1963, California ta zartar da Dokar Gidaje Mai Kyawu wanda ya sanya rarrabuwa a cikin gidaje ya zama doka. Fararrun masu jefa kuri'a da masu ba da gudummawar kadarori sun sami dokar ta sauya shekara mai zuwa. Wannan ya taimaka wajen haifar da Tarzomar Watts . (Daga baya, a cikin shekara ta 1966, California ta sake gabatar da Dokar Gidaje Mai Kyau ta zama doka. )

Shugaba Lyndon Johnson da Dr. King suna magana game da gidaje masu kyau a cikin shekara ta 1966

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "How Laws are Made and How to Research Them". USA.gov. United States Government. Retrieved March 7, 2016.


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