Ƙungiyar Kare Haƙƙin Ɗan Adam da Ƴanci ta Ƙasar Nijar

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Group half.svgƘungiyar Kare Haƙƙin Ɗan Adam da Ƴanci ta Ƙasar Nijar
Bayanai
Gajeren suna CNDHLF
Iri council (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Nijar

Hukumar Kare Hakkin Ɗan-Adam da 'Yanci na Ƙasa ( fr : La Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme et des Libertés Fondamentales, CNDHLF ) a jihar Niger ta Yammacin Afirka wata hukuma ce ta kare hakkin ɗan Adam ta kasa da ake zargi da gudanar da bincike kan karya dokokin kare hakkin dan adam da nasiha ga Gwamnatin Nijar kan al'amuran da suka shafi 'yancin ɗan adam. Ya kasance memba na kungiyar Sadarwar ƙungiyoyin ƴancin Dan Adam ta Afirka kuma an amince da ita a Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya ta hanyar Kwamitin ƙungiyar ƙasashen Duniya na NHRIs .

Ikon tsarin mulki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mataki na 33 na kundin tsarin mulki na 1999 ya ƙirƙiro wani kwamiti na hukuma don yin bincike da bayar da rahoto game da cin zarafin ɗan adam. An zaɓi membobinta daga ƙungiyoyi masu yawa na 'yancin ɗan adam, ƙungiyoyin shari'a, da ofisoshin gwamnati. Kwamitin ya ƙunshi mambobi 19, waɗanda aka zaɓa na wa'adin shekaru uku ta ƙungiyoyi daban-daban waɗanda aka tsara a cikin kundin tsarin mulki. Ba ta da ikon kamawa, amma tana iya bincika cin zarafin ko dai don son ranta ko kuma lokacin da wanda aka zalunta ya caje shi. Ya kai rahoto ga shugaban ƙasar Nijar . [1] [2]

Kafawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Labarin da ya ƙirƙiro Hukumar da ke Kula da Hakkokin Dan-Adam a zahiri an ƙirƙira shi ne a cikin Tsarin Tsarin Mulkin 1996 na Jamhuriya ta Huɗu ta Nijar (a matsayin Mataki na 33), kuma ƙirƙirarta ta zama doka ta hanyar doka ta 98-55 ta 29 Disamba 1998. Kafin a ƙirƙiro Kwamitin, an kifar da Shugaba Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara an kashe shi a ranar 9 ga Afrilu 1999, sannan an dakatar da tsarin mulkin Jamhuriya ta Hudu. Tsarin mulki na watan Yulin 1999 na Jamhuriya ta biyar ta Nijar ya hada kalmomi iri daya wadanda suka wajaba ga Hukumar Kula da Hakkokin Ɗan Adam.

An fara kafa kwamitin a watan Maris na 2000. A cikin 2000 Hukumar ta buga abin da Amurka ta kira "rahoto mai sahihanci, bincike sosai" a kan shari'ar 2000 ta sajan sojoji biyu, wadanda suka bace bayan da wasu sojoji suka kama su saboda zarginsu da hannu a sacewa da ɓacewar Manjo a watan Yunin 2000 Djibrilla Hima, kwamandan rundunar sojoji ta sojoji. A karshen watan Mayu 2001, an sake sauran sojoji 18 da aka kama da ake zargi da hannu a satar sai an ci gaba da bincike; duk da haka, ba a sani ba idan an dauki wani mataki a kan sojojin da ake zargin sun buge da azabtar da 3 daga cikin sojojin da aka tsare a shekarar 2000. Mai gabatar da ƙara tare da cikakken alhakin shari'ar satar mutane sun binciki zargin azabtarwa da bacewar; duk da haka, an cire shi daga shari'ar a tsakiyar 2000 bayan wata guda na bincike mai tsanani, kuma babu wani ƙarin bincike game da lamarin. [1]

Har ila yau, a cikin shekarar farko, Hukumar ta bayar da rahoto wanda ya gano cewa Gwamnati ta karya dokoki da ka’idoji game da sarakunan gargajiya lokacin da ta cire Sarkin Zinder. Abubuwan ƙungiyoyin ƙungiyoyin fararen hula sun yi nasarar adawa da yunƙurin gwamnati na canza ƙungiyar a cikin 2001, amma daga ƙarshe an sake tsara ta a cikin 2002 don haɗa da ƙarin wakilcin gwamnati ta hanyar ƙara ma'aikatan gwamnati daga Ma'aikatun Shari'a, Cikin Gida, Ci Gaban Jama'a, da Ƙwadago a cikin Umarni da rage wakilci daga ƙungiyoyin jama'a. [3]

Shugabancin Lompo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An zabi Garba Lompo a matsayin Shugaban Hukumar a 2001, sannan aka sake zabar sa a 2004. Wa'adin mulkin nasa ya kasance mai sukar lamirin aikin hukumar.

A lokacin da Timidria, ƙungiyar da ke yaki da bautar da mutane, ta yi yunƙurin shirya wani bikin don 'yantar da bayi 7,000 a Inatès a farkon 2005, CNDHLF ta ce a maimakon haka kungiyar ta bayyana bikin a matsayin "kamfen din wayar da kan jama'a da kuma yaɗuwar doka da yin ayyukan bautar da bayi. ". A wurin bikin, wanda aka gudanar a ranar 4 – 5 ga Maris 2005, Shugaban CNDHLF Lompo ya kasance kuma ya bayyana cewa "duk wani yunƙuri na 'yantar da bayi a ƙasar [ya kasance] ba bisa doka ba kuma ba za a karɓa ba"; ya kuma ce "za a hukunta duk wani mutum da ke bikin kwato 'yancin bayi ƙarƙashin doka". A cikin rahotonta da ta fitar a ranar 28 ga Afrilu 2005, CNDHLF ta bayyana cewa bautar bayi a yankin kuma ta zargi wadanda ke yada bautar "jita-jita" da aiki a asirce don "bata sunan kasar" da hana masu bayar da tallafi. A cikin shawarwarin nata, rahoton na CNDHLF ya yi kira da a kama shugabannin Timidria (an kame biyu daga cikinsu a ranar da aka fitar da rahoton), rusa kungiyar da kuma daskarar da asusun ajiyarta na banki. Lombo ya bukaci Ma’aikatar Cikin Gida da “tabbatar da sa ido a kai a kai game da ƙungiyoyi masu zaman kansu da ayyukan ƙungiyoyi a cikin kasar”. [4]

Daga baya a shekarar 2005, Lompo ya ce "babu bayi " a Nijar. Sauran dangantakar zamantakewar da za a iya lasafta ta a matsayin bayi shiri ne na son rai bisa dogaro da al'ada kuma an ci gaba saboda bayin sun sami kwanciyar hankali tare da maigidan, a cewar Lompo. [5]

A ranar 14 ga Satumbar 2006, Lompo ya yi jawabi a gaban Babban Taron Majalisar Dyinkin Duniya kan Tattaunawar Babban Matsayi kan Shige da Fice da Ci Gaban Kasashen Duniya. Ya sanar a ranar 9 ga Nuwamba Nuwamba 2007 cewa gwamnati ta fara bincike don sanin ko akwai bayi a zahiri ko "shin waɗannan maganganun marasa tushe ne kawai".

Bayan da Ali Madou , ' yan tawayen Abzinawa suka yi awon gaba da Mataimakin Shugaban CNDHLF a tsakiyar watan Mayun 2008, Lombo ya yi kira ga' yan tawayen da su saki Madou nan take ba tare da wani sharadi ba.

Ya zuwa 2007 da ƙungiyar kare haƙƙin ɗan adam da ƴanci ta ƙasar Nijar da gwamnati ta kafa ta yi aiki ba tare da tsangwama daga gwamnati ba amma ba ta da wadatattun ayyuka, ana ɗauka cewa ba shi da inganci, kuma ba a ba da reportsan rahoto ko shawarwari. A lokacinda aka gudanar da sabon zaben hukumar a 2007 amma takaddama kan tsarin tantancewar ta ci gaba, tare da wakilan kungiyoyin kare hakkin dan adam guda biyu da ke takara da juna. Gwamnati ta yi kokarin sasanta rikicin, amma daya daga cikin kungiyoyin ta nemi a sasanta Kotun Koli, yayin da wakilan rukuni na biyu suka hau kujerar naki a hukumar. [6]

Shugaban Djibouti[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A ranar 4 ga Satumbar 2008 aka zabi sabon shugaban kungiyar CNDHLF tare da Mamoudou Djibo, wani malami, ya zama Shugaba, Aissata Adamou Zakaria, tsohuwar majistare da ta zama mataimakin kujera. An cire Lompo Garba daga tsayawa takarar kujera saboda takaita wa’adi biyu. An zabi Anne Marie Douramane, masanin shari’a, Rapporteur General da Oumarou Lalo Keita, dan jarida an zaɓi mataimaki Rapporteur. An zaɓi tsohon jakada Boubacar Bello a matsayin Ma'aji. [7]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Niger:Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2001. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. March 4, 2002
  2. Niger:Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2008. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. February 25, 2009
  3. Niger:Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2007. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. March 11, 2008
  4. "Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders Annual Report 2005 - Niger", International Federation for Human Rights (UNHCR.org), 22 March 2006.
  5. Robyn Dixon, "Secret Lives of Servitude in Niger", Los Angeles Times, 3 September 2005.
  6. Niger:Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2004. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. February 28, 2005
  7. New leadership for the Niger National Human Rights Commission. Network of African Human Rights Institutions (2008). Accessed 2009-06-07