Ƙungiyar kare hakkin dan'adam

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Ƙungiyar kare hakkin dan'adam
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na non-governmental organization (en) Fassara
Filin aiki Hakkokin Yan-adam
In opposition to (en) Fassara human rights violation (en) Fassara
Taswirar Kwamitin Gudanarwa na Kasa da Kasa na Cibiyoyin Kare Hakkokin Dan Adam na Kasa.
Debbie McGrath - Rahoton Haƙƙin Dan Adam da Dimokuradiyya 2016
Mika takardar koke daga IJM ga Majalisar Dinkin Duniya

kungiyar kare hakkin dan adam, kungiya ce mai zaman kanta wacce ke bayar da shawarwari kan haƙƙin ɗan adam ta hanyar gano take haƙƙinsu, tattara bayanan abubuwan da suka faru, bincike da buga su, haɓaka wayar da kan jama'a yayin gudanar da shawarwarin hukumomi, da kuma yin fafutuka don dakatar da waɗannan abubuwan take hakki, Kamar sauran kungiyoyi masu zaman kansu, kungiyoyin kare hakkin dan adam ana bayyana su a cikin halayensu ta hanyar doka, gami da haraji, iyakokin da suke aiki a karkashinsu, kamar [1]

1. shi ne 'marasa gwamnati' ma'ana cewa an kafa ta ne ta hanyar sirri, ba ta da tasirin gwamnati, kuma ba ta yin ayyukan jama'a.
2. yana da manufar da ba ta riba ba, ma’ana idan wata riba ta kuma samu ƙungiyar ba a raba ta ga mambobinta amma ana amfani da ita wajen cimma manufarta.
3. baya amfani ko inganta tashin hankali ko kuma yana da bayyananniyar alaƙa da aikata laifuka, kuma
4. Yana da ka'ida da tsarin dimokuradiyya da wakilci, kuma yana cin gajiyar halayya ta doka a ƙarƙashin dokar ƙasa.

Abin da ya bambanta kungiyar kare hakkin dan adam da sauran bangarorin siyasa na kowace al'umma shi ne, Kuma yayin da masu rajin siyasa sukan nemi kare hakkin jama'arsu ne kawai, kungiyar kare hakkin bil'adama na neman kare hakki iri daya ga dukkan 'ya'yan wannan ko wata al'umma. [2] Sabanin ƙungiyoyin siyasa waɗanda ke neman ci gaba da buƙatun kansu ko shirye-shiryen ƙungiyar kare haƙƙin ɗan adam na ƙoƙarin buɗe tsarin siyasa ga duk halaltattun mahalarta cikin rikice-rikicen al'umma inda irin wannan take haƙƙin ɗan adam ke faruwa. Sannan kuma Wannan mayar da hankali mai zaman kansa gabaɗaya yana bambanta ƙungiyoyin kare haƙƙin ɗan adam da ƙungiyoyin bangaranci da bangaranci kamar su ƙungiyoyin ma'aikata, waɗanda babban burinsu shine kare muradun membobin ƙungiyoyi.

Kungiyoyin kare hakkin bil'adama a wasu lokuta suna rikicewa da kungiyoyin agaji da kungiyoyin da ke wakiltar kungiyoyin da ke mayar da hankali kan wasu batutuwa na musamman, kuma yayin da akasari ke neman banbance kansu da kungiyoyin siyasa da ke da hannu cikin tashe-tashen hankula wadanda galibi ke haifar da Kuma take hakkin bil'adama. Sau da yawa ƙungiyoyin kare haƙƙin ɗan adam suna da'awar sanin ƙwararru kan batun ko batutuwan da suke bincikowa ta hanyar masu lura da haƙƙin ɗan adam a matsayin masu binciken fage . Sannna kumaDaya daga cikin sanannun kungiyoyin kare hakkin dan adam na duniya ita ce Amnesty International . Sai dai kuma kamar sauran kungiyoyi, ta shimfida ma'anar kungiyar kare hakkin dan Adam domin baya ga kasancewarta mai fafutukar kare hakkin bil'adama, ta kuma shiga cikin batutuwan da ba su fito fili ba. [3]

Akwai wasu ƙungiyoyin gwamnati waɗanda kuma ake kiran sunan ƙungiyar kare haƙƙin ɗan adam, irin su Ƙungiyar Majalisun Duk-Ɗaya ta Burtaniya akan Haƙƙin Bil Adama, to amma waɗanda ke ba da rahoto da farko don manufar tsara manufofi.

Duba wasu abubuwan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Lindblom, Anna-Karin, Non-governmental organisations in international law, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2005, p.52
  2. Brett, Rachel, The Role and Limits of Human Rights NGOs at the United Nations, in, Beetham, David, Politics and human rights, The Political Studies Association, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, 1995, p.97
  3. Thomas, Clive S., Research guide to United States and international interest groups, Praeger Publishers, Westport, 2004, p.272