Akua Asabea Ayisi

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Akua Asabea Ayisi
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Mampong (en) Fassara, 3 ga Afirilu, 1927
ƙasa Ghana
Mutuwa 21 ga Afirilu, 2010
Ƴan uwa
Ƴan uwa
Karatu
Makaranta University of Cambridge (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan jarida, mai shari'a da Mai kare hakkin mata
Employers Accra Evening News (en) Fassara

Akua Asabea Ayisi (3 Afrilu 1927 - 21 Afrilu 2010) yar jarida ce, tsohuwar Alkalin Kotun Koli kuma mace ta farko 'yar jarida ’yar Ghana.[1][2] A lokacin bukin neman ‘yancin kai na Ghana, Akua Asabea Ayisi ya horar da ‘yan jarida a matsayin Mabel Dove-Danquah da Kwame Nkrumah, wanda daga baya zai zama firaminista da shugaban kasar na farko.

Matsayin Ayisi a matsayin editan shafi na mata, wanda ya mayar da hankali kan batutuwan mata, a cikin jaridar Accra Evening News an dauki mataki mai tsauri a wancan lokacin.[3]

Iyali da farkon rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haife Akua Asabea Ayisi a ranar 3 ga Afrilu 1927, a Mampong Akwapem kuma ta kasance ɗa na takwas a cikin goma ga Mercy Adebra Mensah da Okyeame Kofi Ayisi.

Kofi Ayisi ya kasance masarauta kuma masanin harshe ga Sarkin, wanda kuma danginsa ne. Wasu ’yan’uwan Akua Asabea Ayisi firistoci ne na sarauta. Kofi Ayisi ya haifi ‘ya’ya 70, Mercy Adebra tana da 10 daga cikin wadannan. Mahaifiyar Ayisi, kakan Mercy Adebra, Tetteh Quarshie ya shuka itacen koko na farko a Ghana. Mercy Adebra, wata mace mai taurin kai da ta so ta zama mai cin gashin kanta, daga karshe ta bar Kofi Ayisi ta koma Accra domin ta kasance kusa da danginta da suke Ga.[4]

Akua Asabea Ayisi ta yi makarantar firamare a Presbyterian Primary a Mampong, sannan ta yi makarantar ‘yan mata ta Presbyterian a Osu Accra. Daga nan sai Akua ta tafi makarantar sakatariyar gwamnati don kammala karatunta. A wancan zamani, da wuya mace ta sami irin wannan babban matakin ilimi. Duk da haka, mahaifiyarta ta yi imani da ilimin mata.

Aiki da gwagwarmaya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan shiga jam'iyyar Convention People's Party (CCP), karkashin jagorancin Kwame Nkrumah, Akua ta zama 'yar jarida ta farko da aka yi rikodin a Ghana (1948).[5] Ta yi aiki tare da Nkrumah a jaridar Accra Evening News, jaridar kullum da tsohon shugaban kasar ya kafa a shekarar 1948, ta kuma rubuta kasidu na siyasa wadanda suka bukaci ‘yancin kai da kuma jawo al’ummar Ghana wajen adawa da mulkin mallaka.[6] Ta gyara shafin mata a shafin farko na jaridar - wani sashe da Kwame Nkrumah ya gabatar a matsayin wani bangare na manufarsa na daukaka mata a Ghana ta hanyar fadada ilimin yara mata.[7] Kaddamar da Labaran Accra Evening News a ranar 6 ga Maris 1949 ya zo daidai da korar Nkrumah daga ofishin Babban Sakatare na Jam'iyyar United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC). Ta hanyar jarida, Nkrumah ya so ya yi gwagwarmaya don "cikakken mulkin kai, ba a cikin gajeren lokaci ba, amma yanzu."[8] Bayan da ya kirkiro jaridu da wallafe-wallafe da dama a lokacinsa na dalibi mai fafutuka, Nkrumah ya dauki aikin jarida a matsayin babbar hanyar ilimi da hada-hadar siyasa.[7]

A cikin watan Agusta 1948, tare da Kofi Baako, editan Cape Coast Daily Mail, da Saki Scheck, editan Takoradi Times, Ayisi sun fara rangadin laccoci a duk faɗin ƙasar, suna haɓaka juriya ga mulkin mallaka.[9] Daga baya ta zama sakatariyar sirri ta farko ta Kwame Nkrumah (1950 – 56) kuma ta taimaka wa Nkrumah rubuta taken neman ‘yancin kai don yakar mulkin daular Biritaniya, kamar “mutu da ‘yan mulkin mallaka”.

Ta shiga cikin jerin zanga-zangar siyasa da aka yi wa lakabi da "Positive Action campaign" daga bisani aka kama ta kuma aka daure ta a kurkuku saboda hannu.[10] Zanga-zangar ta hada da yajin aikin da ke neman kauracewa kasuwancin kasashen waje, wanda ya karfafa 'yan tawaye da dama a duk fadin kasar ta Gold Coast.[3][11]

Ana ganin Ayisi ya taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen tsarawa da aiwatar da manufofin al'adu na Nkrumah.[8]

Ba da daɗewa ba bayan samun 'yancin kai, Akua Asabea Ayisi ta tafi Kwalejin Newnham a Jami'ar Cambridge, inda ta karanta Tarihi, ta yi digiri a 1959.[12] An kira ta zuwa Bar a Lincoln's Inn a 1963. Daga 1963-64, bayanan Kwalejin Newnham ya rubuta ta. yana aiki a Jami'ar Paris-Sorbonne.[13]

Daga baya ta koma Ghana. Ta fara aiki a matsayin lauya, kuma za ta zama Alkalin Kotun Koli. Saboda aikinta na siyasa, Akua ba ta ji komai ba lokacin da sojoji suka hambarar da gwamnatin Kwame Nkrumah.

A shekarar 1968, ta shiga cikin majalisar dokokin da ke da alhakin rubuta sabon kundin tsarin mulki bayan hambarar da Kwame Nkrumah a 1966.

A shekarar 1969, ta kasance daya daga cikin mata na farko da suka fito takarar majalisar, inda ta yi hakan a gundumar Akuapem ta Arewa, kuma daga karshe ta sha kashi. A 1978, ta taimaka wajen rubuta sabon kundin tsarin mulkin da Janar Akuffo ya kafa, lokacin da Ghana ta sauya daga Supreme Military Council (SMC) zuwa mulkin dimokuradiyya.

Akua Asabea Ayisi ta mutu a ranar 21 ga Afrilu, 2010.[2]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "22 Amazing Females Who Hold The Title Of 'The First Ghanaian Woman'". Ghanaguardian.com. 5 January 2017. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Tuntum Nahana, Akosua (9 February 2019). "Ghana's first female journalist Akua Asabea Ayisi". modernghana.com. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kwarteng, Francis. "Mabel Dove-Danquah: A Trailblazing Author, Feminist, Politician, Activist & Journalist". Modern Ghana. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  4. Contributor, Akosua Tuntum Nahana News. "Ghana's first female journalist Akua Asabea Ayisi". Modern Ghana (in Turanci). Retrieved 2020-04-07.
  5. "22 Amazing Females Who Hold The Title Of 'The First Ghanaian Woman'". The Ghana Guardian News. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  6. Adomako Ampofo, Akosua (1 October 2008). "Collective Activism: The Domestic Violence Bill becoming Law in Ghana". African and Asian Studies. 7 (4): 395–421. doi:10.1163/156921008X359597. ISSN 1569-2094.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Biney, Ama. (2011). The political and social thought of Kwame Nkrumah. Palgrave Connect (Online service). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9780230118645. OCLC 714088713.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Botwe-Asamoah, Kwame (8 March 2005). Kwame Nkrumah's Politico-Cultural Thought and Politics: An African-Centered Paradigm for the Second Phase of the African Revolution. Routledge. doi:10.4324/9780203505694. ISBN 9780203505694.
  9. Vieta, Kojo T. (2000). The flagbearers of Ghana (School edition 1 ed.). Accra: Ena Publications. ISBN 9988004621. OCLC 48093337.
  10. The Ghana reader : history, culture, politics. Konadu, Kwasi, Campbell, Clifford C. Durham. 3 February 2016. ISBN 9780822359845. OCLC 906010731.CS1 maint: others (link)
  11. "Nkrumah and Ghana's independence struggle". iacenter.org. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  12. Newnham College Roll of Alumnae
  13. Newnham College Roll of Alumnae