Al-Shabaab (ƙungiyar Mayaƙa)

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Group half.svgAl-Shabaab
ShababFlag.svg
Bayanai
Iri terrorist organization (en) Fassara da paramilitary (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Somaliya
Ideology (en) Fassara Islamic fundamentalism (en) Fassara, Salafi jihadism (en) Fassara da Islamism (en) Fassara
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 2006
Wanda yake bi Hizbul Islam (en) Fassara
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Tutar yaƙin al-Shabaab

Al-Shabaab ƙunngiyar mayaka ce da ke da cibiya a Somalia . Ƙungiyar na neman kawar da Sufanci daga Somalia kuma tana yin adawa da ƙungiyoyin Sufi daban-daban. An amince da ita a matsayin kwayar al-Qaeda a shekarar 2012. The hukuma sunan kungiyar ne Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen ( Larabci: حركة الشباب المجاهدين‎ ). Yanzu ya zama reshen kungiyar ISIL. Sunanta larabci ne na Matasa.

Wasu mutanen da ke Ƙungiyar Tarayyar kotunan Islama sun kafa Ƙungiyar al-Shabaab a 2006 ko 2007. Ƙungiyar tana bin koyarwar Wahhabi. [1] Al-Shabaab na son ƙirƙirar daular Islama a yankin Afirka, da shiga cikin wasan zinare na golbal djihad .

Al-Shabaab tana iko da yankuna da dama na kudancin Somaliya. A yankin da yake iko da shi, akwai tsattsauran salon Shari'a . [2] Ƙungiyar ta ɗauki alhakin wasu hare -haren ta'addanci da suka haɗa da harbe-harben kantin Westgate a 2013, Nairobi DusitD2 harin da aka kai a farkon 2019 a Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya da kuma harin Jami'ar Garissa wanda ya kashe mutane 142 a watan Afrilun 2015.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Somalia rebel groups 'merge', in: Al Jazeera English, 25. Dezember 2010
  2. Jon Lee Anderson, Letter from Mogadishu, "The Most Failed State," The New Yorker, December 14, 2009, p. 64 abstract