Al-Qaeda

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Group half.svgAl-Qaeda
Flag of Jihad.svg
Bayanai
Iri terrorist organization (en) Fassara
Ideology (en) Fassara Wahhabiyya, Salafi jihadism (en) Fassara, Qutbism (en) Fassara, Pan-Islamism (en) Fassara, anti-communism (en) Fassara, anti-Zionism (en) Fassara, antisemitism (en) Fassara da Islamism (en) Fassara
Business division (en) Fassara
Mulki
Shugaba Ayman al-Zawahiri (en) Fassara da Osama bin Laden (en) Fassara
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1988
Wanda ya samar
Tutar jihadi wacce ba a san asalin ta ba

al-Qaeda ( Larabci: القاعدة‎ , al-qāʿidah, "tushe"), ƙungiya ce ta Musulunci mai ɗauke da makamai wacce aka fara tsakanin watan Agusta 1988 da ƙarshen 1989. p75 Tana aiki ne azaman hanyar sadarwa, a matsayin rundunar da ba ta da ƙasa, [1] kuma mai tsattsauran ra'ayi Sunni Muslim ƙungiyar na kira ga duniya zuwa ga Jihad . Mafi yawan duniya suna zaton ƙungiyar Takfiriyya ce da ta 'yan ta'adda . [2]

Membobin al-Qaeda sun aikata ta'addanci da yawa . Yawancin waɗannan an yi su ne ga Amurka da Shias. Wasu daga cikin sanannun hare-harenta sune hare-haren 11 ga Satumba, fashewar boma-bomai a ofisoshin jakadancin Amurka a Kenya da Tanzania a 1998, da harin da aka kaiwa jirgin ruwan Sojan ruwan Amurka USS Cole a 2000. al-Qaeda ta yi harin kunar bakin wake da lokaci daya ( a lokaci guda) fashewar bama-bamai daban-daban.

Daga cikin burin ƙungiyar ta Al-Qaeda shi ne sauran ƙasashe su daina yin tasiri a ƙasashen Musulmi sannan kuma a yi sabon halifancin Musulunci. Akwai sun kasance rahotanni cewa al-Qaeda ta yi imanin cewa Kirista da kuma Yahudawa kyamar mabiya addinin Islama da aka ƙoƙarin rushe Musulunci [3], kuma cewa da kisan gillar da ruwansu da kuma fararen hula ne da addinai, barata a jihadi.

An yi zato cewa akwai masu aiki 500-1,000 a Afghanistan da kusan 5,000 a duniya. Koyaya, babu tabbacin wannan.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A watan Yunin 2001, al-Qaeda da Jihadin Islama na Masar, waɗanda suke haɗe da juna tsawon shekaru, suka haɗe cikin 'Qaeda al-Jihad'.

"... membobin Jihadin Islama da jagoranta Ayman al-Zawahiri sun samar da kashin bayan shugabancin [al-Quaeda]. A cewar jami’ai a hukumar leƙen asirin ta CIA da FBI, Zawahiri ne ke da alhakin yawancin ayyukan ta’addancin da za a yi wa Amurka ”.

Mutuwar Osama bin Laden da shugabancin yanzu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ba'amurke Ayman al-Zawahiri shi ne mafi girma daga cikin membobin shugabancin al-Qaeda bayan an kashe Osama bin Laden a ranar 2 ga Mayu, 2011.

Mutuwar Abu Yahya al-Libi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An kashe babban shugaban ƙungiyar al-Qaeda Abu Yahya al-Libi a wani harin jirgi mara matuki a ranar 4 ga Yunin 2012. [4] Ya kasance na biyu zuwa Ayman al-Zawahiri a lokacin. An gudanar da yajin aikin a yankin arewa maso yamma na Waziristan . Gwamnatin Pakistan ta yi wa Amurka zanga-zanga game da yajin aikin.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sauran yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Majalisar a kan harkokin waje Relations al-Qaeda Archived
  1. Gunaratna 2002. "al-Qaeda's global network, as we know it today, was created while it was based in Khartoum, from December 1991 till May 1996. To coordinate its overt and covert operations as al-Qaeda's ambitions and resources increased, it developed a decentralised, regional structure. [...] As a global multinational, al-Qaeda makes its constituent nationalities and ethnic groups, of which there are several dozen, responsible for a particular geographic region. Though its modus operandi is cellular, familial relationships play a key role."

    See also:
  2. 2010 Amil Khan, The Long Struggle, p 88
  3. Fu'ad Husayn 'al-Zarqawi ... "The Second Generation of al-Qa’ida, Part Fourteen," al-Quds al-Arabi, July 13, 2005
  4. Al-Qaeda commander Abu Yahya al-Libi killed - US officials. BBC News Asia Al-Qaeda commander Abu Yahya al-Libi killed - US officials - BBC News