Daular Musulunci ta Iraƙi

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Group half.svgDaular Musulunci ta Iraƙi
AQMI Flag asymmetric.svg
باقية وتتمدد
Bayanai
Suna a hukumance
الدولة الإسلامية
Iri terrorist organization (en) Fassara, Khalifofi, armed organization (en) Fassara, organization (en) Fassara, self-proclaimed state (en) Fassara da self-proclaimed monarchy (en) Fassara
Ideology (en) Fassara Jihadism (en) Fassara da Islamism (en) Fassara
Aiyuka
Bangare na Al-Qaeda
Ƙaramar kamfani na
Mulki
Shugaba Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi (en) Fassara da Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi (en) Fassara
House publication (en) Fassara Amaq News Agency (en) Fassara
Syrian, Iraqi, and Lebanese insurgencies.png
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1999
(Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad (en) Fassara)
2006
(Islamic State of Iraq (en) Fassara)
Wanda ya samar
Wanda yake bi Islamic State of Iraq (en) Fassara, Al-Qaeda in Iraq (en) Fassara, Mujahideen Shura Council (en) Fassara da Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad (en) Fassara

Daukar Musulunci ta Iraƙi ko da Turanci, ''Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant'' ( ISIL ), ko Islamic State a Iraq da Syria ( ISIS ), [1] ko Islamic State, ( IS ) ƙungiyar Wahabi [2] mayaƙan jihadi da ƙungiyar ta'addanci. A cikin larabci galibi ana kiranta "Daesh". Tana aiki a Libya, [3] Nigeria, Syria da kuma wani ƙaramin yanki na arewacin Iraq . Mazhabin Wahabiyanci na Islama sun rinjayi shi. Ta yi ikirarin kafa dauloli a ƙasashen da ke ƙarƙashin ta a kasar Iraki, Libya, Najeriya, da kuma Syria . Tana adawa da Shi'anci kuma an bayyana ta da "Masu ƙin jinin Shi'a". [4]

An kafa ƙungiyar ne a farkon shekarun yaƙin Iraki kuma ta haɗe kanta da Al-Qaeda a 2004. Ƙungiyar ISIL ta kasance daga kungiyoyi masu tayar da kayar baya daban-daban. Manufarta ita ce kafa halifanci a yankuna mafi rinjaye na Sunni a Iraki, daga baya ta faɗaɗa wannan ya haɗa da Siriya . A watan Fabrairun 2014, bayan gwagwarmaya na tsawon watanni takwas, Al-Qaeda ta yanke duk wata alaka da ISIL.

ISIL mai son ƙarni ne, [5] ma'ana ya yi imanin cewa al'umma za ta canza sosai, kuma duk abin da muka sani zai ƙare ba da daɗewa ba. Ungiyar ta ɗauki sabbin membobi ta hanyar yi musu alkawarin bautar jima'i ko aure mai arha. [6]

Faɗa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A lokacin yaƙin Iraki, ƙungiyar ISIL ta kasance a lardunan Iraki na Al Anbar, Ninawa, Kirkuk, yawancin Sala ad Din, sassan Babil, Diyala da Baghdad . Tana ikirarin Baqubah a matsayin babban birninta. [7] [8] A yakin basasar Siriya da ke gudana, kungiyar na da dimbin yawa a cikin gwamnonin Syria na Ar-Raqqa, Idlib da Aleppo .

Kungiyar ta kai hari a kan manufofin gwamnati da sojoji. Ta dauki alhakin harin da ya kashe dubban fararen hular Iraki. A lokacin da sojojin kawancen ke Iraki, kungiyar ta dan sami koma baya. Zuwa 2012, ana tunanin ya dawo da mafi yawan ƙarfinta kuma fiye da ninki biyu na membobinta zuwa kusan 2,500. [9]

A shekarar 2013, wata wasiƙa da wani faifan murya da aka naɗa na Ayman al-Zawahiri, shugaban kungiyar al-Qaeda, ta fallasa zuwa gidan talabijin na Al Jazeera . A ciki, al-Zawahiri ya wargaza bangaren Syria na ISIL. Shugaban kungiyar, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, ya nuna adawa ga wannan hukuncin bisa doron shari’ar Musulunci . Tuni ƙungiyar ta ci gaba da aiki a Syria. Farawa a cikin watan Afrilu na 2013, ta sami nasarorin soja cikin sauri a manyan sassan Arewacin Siriya, inda Ƙungiyar Kula da Hakkokin Dan-Adam ta Syria ta bayyana su a matsayin "rukuni mafi karfi". Su sun nemi talla ta sakewa bidiyo na da 'yan jarida da sauran fursunonin yaƙi, yafi yi da ƙungiyar Jihadi John . An kashe shi a cikin Nuwamba 2015.

Halifanci a Duniya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin Yunin 2014, ta sanar da halifanci a duniya. A shekarar 2014, ƙungiyar ISIL ta yi nasarar gwabza ƙazamin hari a Iraki. Bayan wannan farmakin, an bayar da rahoton cewa ƙungiyar ISIL ta ƙwace mafi yawan Mosul, birni na biyu mafi girma a Iraki, da kewayen lardin Nineveh, da kuma garin Fallujah . A cikin bazarar 2015 ISIL ta yi yaƙi don iko da Tikrit, cibiyar gudanarwa ta Masarautar Salah ad Din.

A cikin bazarar 2016 Sojojin Iraki sun sake karɓar Fallujah. A karshen shekarar 2016 sojojin suka kwace Ramadi a Lardin Al Anbar, kuma a farkon shekarar 2017 sojojin gwamnatin Iraki suka sake kwace Mosul . A watan Oktoba Raqqa, tsohon hedikwatar ta fadi.

Fim[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Fim din The Blue Man 2014, wanda yake da alaƙa da labarin The New York Times mai taken "Bayyanar da Fargabar Iraki a Kabarin Hamada" wanda John F. Burns ya rubuta, kuma ambaci kisan gillar da ƙungiyar tayi ma Shia da yawa tsakanin 2003 zuwa 2006.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Larabci: الدولة الاسلامية في العراق والشامad-Dawlat al-Islāmiyya fī’l-‘Irāq wa’sh-Shām
  2. Iraq in Crisis - Page 175, Anthony H. Cordesman, Sam Khazai - 2014
  3. http://bigstory.ap.org/article/195a7ffb0090444785eb814a5bda28c7/how-libyan-city-joined-islamic-state-group
  4. Rise of ISIS: a threat we can't ignore - p 8, Jay Sekulow - 2014.
  5. Wood, Graeme C.A. March 2015. The Atlantic What ISIS really wants
  6. Kibble, David G. "Dabiq, the Islamic State's Magazine: A Critical Analysis." Middle East Policy 23.3 (2016): 133-143
  7. Situation called dire in west Iraq. The Washington Post, 2006-SEP-10.
  8. "Anbar Picture Grows Clearer, and Bleaker". The Washington Post, 28 November 2006
  9. Uppsala Conflict Data Program Conflict Encyclopedia, Iraq, In depth, Continued armed conflict after USA's troop withdrawal from Iraq, http://www.ucdp.uu.se/gpdatabase/gpcountry.php?id=77&regionSelect=10-Middle_East#