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Abdullahi Azzam Brigades

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Abdullahi Azzam Brigades
Bayanai
Iri terrorist organization (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Lebanon
Ideology (en) Fassara Mabiya Sunnah
Aiki
Bangare na Al-Qaeda
Mulki
Shugaba Q15545965 Fassara da Saleh Al-Qaraawi (en) Fassara
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 2009
Wanda ya samar

Samfuri:Infobox militant organization

08034271012The Abdullah Azzam Brigades ( Larabci: كتائب عبد الله عزام‎ </link> ), ko al-Qaeda a Lebanon, kungiya ce ta 'yan kishin Islama ta Sunni, kuma reshen al-Qaeda a Lebanon . Kungiyar, wacce ta fara aiki a shekarar 2009, Saudi Saleh Al-Qaraawi ce ta kafa ta kuma tana da hanyoyin sadarwa a kasashe daban-daban, musamman a Masar, Iraki, Siriya, Jordan, zirin Gaza da Lebanon.


Bayan munanan raunukan da Al-Qaraawi ya samu a sakamakon harin da wani jirgin sama mara matuki ya kai a Pakistan, kuma daga karshe mahukuntan Saudiyya sun kama shi bayan komawar sa Saudiyya, Majid al-Majid mai alaka da Saudiyya ne ya karbi jagorancin Brigades Abdullah Azzam. Fatah al-Islam da al-Qaeda. An nada Al-Majid a matsayin jagora kuma sarkin Brigades Abdullah Azzam a watan Yunin 2012, har zuwa lokacin da hukumomin Lebanon suka kama shi a ranar 27 ga Disamban shekarar 2013, kuma daga bisani ya mutu sakamakon ciwon koda a ranar 4 ga Janairun shekarar 2014. Sirajuddin Zureiqat ne ya gaje Al-Majid.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Abdallah Azzam Brigades wani dan kasar Saudiyya Saleh Al-Qaraawi ne ya kafa a shekara ta 2009 a matsayin reshen al-Qaeda a Iraki, kuma an ba shi alhakin kai hari a Levant da kuma gabas ta tsakiya . Qaraawi dan kasar Saudiyya ne kuma yana cikin jerin ‘yan ta’adda 85 da aka fi nema ruwa a jallo da ma’aikatar harkokin cikin gida ta Saudiyya ta fitar a shekarar 2009. Kungiyar ta sanar da kafa ta ne a cikin wata sanarwa ta bidiyo a watan Yulin 2009 inda ta dauki alhakin harin roka da aka kai wa Isra'ila a watan Fabrairun 2009.

Bayan harin da dakarun Ziad al Jarrah Battalion, wani reshen Lebanon na Brigades na Abdullah Azzam Brigades suka kai, an fitar da sanarwar da ke fayyace cewa Brigades na gudanar da ayyukansu fiye da kima. Sanarwar ta ce: [Brgedes Abdullah Azzam] ba su ke da iyaka a kasar Labanon ba amma akwai makasudin da gobararmu za ta kai ga yardar Allah nan gaba... ...da kuma kungiyoyin 'Ziad al-Jarrah' na kasar Labanon wasu ne kawai daga cikin kungiyoyinmu, kuma mun yi gaggawar kirkiro wadannan kungiyoyi tare da sanar da su saboda gaggawar yaki da yahudawa da kuma fifikon shirin a fagen daga. lokaci da wurin, amma sauran kungiyoyin suna wajen Lebanon”.[ana buƙatar hujja]</link>

A wata hira da ya yi da tashar Aljazeera a watan Agustan 2010, wani masani dan kasar Yemen kan harkar Islama ya tabbatar da cewa duk da cewa kungiyoyin da ke amfani da Abdullah Azzam suna da'awar aikata ta'addanci, amma a shekara ta 2009 bayan yakin Gaza ne kungiyar Abdullah Azzam Brigades ta yi ikirarin kai hare-hare. kafa.

rassan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Brigades Abdullah Azzam yana da rassa masu aiki a ƙasashe da yawa:

  • Reshen Lebanon ya yi amfani da sunan Ziad al Jarrah Battalion, kuma ana kiransa da sunan dan kasar Lebanon mai garkuwa da mutane a ranar 11 ga watan Satumba Ziad al Jarrah wanda ya shiga cikin yin garkuwa da jirgin United Flight 93 .
  • Reshen Abdullah Azzam Brigades a yankin Larabawa yana kiran kansa da Bataliyoyin Yusuf al-'Uyayri, mai suna Yusef al-Ayeri, wanda aka kashe wanda ya kafa Al Qaeda a Saudi Arabia.
  • A yankin Gaza, kungiyar ta yi amfani da sunan Marwan Haddad na Brigades Abdullah Azzam a cikin Levant . A ranar 10 ga Afrilun 2011, wata kungiyar Gazan ta dauki alhakin harba makami mai linzami na Grad a birnin Ashkelon na Isra'ila da wasu harsasai guda biyu a sansanin soji na Zikim . A sanarwar da kungiyar ta fitar ta ce za a ci gaba da gudanar da ayyukan har sai an kwato kasar Falasdinu tare da daga tutar Tauhid. [1]

Laƙabi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ƙungiyar ta yi amfani da laƙabi da dama da suka haɗa da:

  • Martyr Abdullah Azzam Brigades / Abdullah Azzam Shahid Brigades / Kataeb Shuhada' Abdullah Azzam
  • Al-Qaeda in Lebanon
  • Abdullah Azzam Brigades na ƙasar Al-Sham
  • Al-Qaeda in Levant / Al-Qaeda in Levant and Egypt / Al-Qaida a Syria da Masar
  • Kungiyar Al-Qa'idah – The Land of Al-Sham and Al-Kinanah / Tanzim al-Qaida fi Bilad ash-Sham wa Ard al-Kinanah
  • Harakat al-Mujahidin

Sunan dacewa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wasu kungiyoyi da ba su da alaka sun yi amfani da sunan a matsayin sunan saukakawa a ayyuka da dama da kuma a kasashe daban-daban.

Masar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tun ma kafin kafa kungiyar a shekarar 2009, wata kungiya mai suna Abdullah Azzam Brigades ta kai munanan hare-hare a shekarar 2004 a harin bam na Sinai da kuma a 2005 a harin bam na Sharm el-Sheikh .

  • A ranar 7 ga Oktoban 2004, yankin Sinai na Taba na Masar ya fuskanci hare-haren ta'addanci guda uku a kan wani otel da wasu sansanonin 'yan yawon bude ido biyu. Harin na Hilton Taba ya kashe mutane 31 tare da jikkata wasu 159 na daban. hawa goma na otal din sun ruguje sakamakon fashewar. [2] Wasu sansanoni biyu da Isra'ilawa ke amfani da su a Ras al-Shitan, kusa da Nuweiba an kuma kai hari inda suka kashe 'yan Isra'ila biyu da wani dan Masar. Wasu 12 sun jikkata. Wata kungiya da ba a san ko su waye ba, mai suna Abdullah Azzam Brigades ce ta dauki alhakin kai harin. A cewar hukumomin Masar, hakan ya kasance rufa-rufa ne ga wanda ya kitsa kai harin, Palasdinawa Iyad Saleh. Shi da daya daga cikin masu taimaka masa, Suleiman Ahmed Saleh Flayfil, sun mutu a harin na Hilton, da alama saboda lokacin da bam din su ya yi da sauri. [3] An yanke wa wasu ‘yan kasar Masar uku, Younes Mohammed Mahmoud, Osama al-Nakhlawi, da Mohammed Jaez Sabbah hukuncin kisa a watan Nuwamban shekarar 2006 saboda hannu a cikin tashin bam. [4] A cewar masu binciken, babu wata alaka mai karfi da kungiyar Al Qaeda a tashin bama-baman.
  • A ranar 23 ga watan Yulin shekarar 2005 ne aka kai hare-haren bama-bamai a wurin shakatawa na Sharm el-Sheikh na kasar Masar, inda aka kashe mutane 88, mafi yawansu 'yan kasar Masar, sannan sama da 200 suka samu raunuka, lamarin da ya zama ta'addanci mafi muni a tarihin zamani na Masar. Kungiyar da ke kiran kanta Brigades Abdullah Azzam ce ta fara daukar alhakin kai hare-haren. A wani shafin yanar gizo, kungiyar ta bayyana cewa, "Mayaƙa masu tsarki sun kai hari a otal ɗin Ghazala Gardens da Tsohuwar Kasuwa a Sharm el-Sheikh" kuma suna da'awar cewa tana da alaƙa da Al-Qaeda . Gwamnatin Masar ta ce, maharan da suka kai harin bama-baman 'yan ta'addar Badawiyya ne na kungiyar da ta kai harin Taba shekara guda da ta gabata. [5] Wadanda ake zargi da kama sun yi ikirarin cewa yakin Iraki ne ya sa su . [6]

Jordan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 2005, kuma tun kafin kafa kungiyar a hukumance, sunanta ya bayyana dangane da jerin hare-haren rokoki daga Jordan. An harba rokoki da dama na Katyusha daga cikin yankin Jordan, wasu sun afkawa kusa da filin jirgin sama na Eilat, wasu biyu kuma suka afkawa kusa da wasu jiragen ruwan sojojin ruwan Amurka guda biyu da suka makale a Aqaba, USS Kearsarge (LHD-3), da kuma USS Ashland (LSD-48) . Wata kungiya mai alaka da al-Qaeda ta yi ikirarin kai harin. [7] [8] Daya daga cikin rokokin ya afkawa wani asibitin sojojin kasar Jordan, inda ya kashe wani sojan kasar. Ana kallon harin da reshen al-Zarqawi na Al Qaeda ne suka kai harin. [9] Wani mai suna Abdullah Azzam Brigades shi ma ya dauki alhakin hakan. [10]

Pakistan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wata kungiyar 'yan gwagwarmayar Pakistan da ba a san ta ba, Fedayeen al-Islam, mai alaka da Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, ta dauki alhakin harin bam da aka kai a otal din Pearl Continental a Peshawar, Pakistan . [11] Kakakin kungiyar, Amir Mu'awiya, ya buga waya ga kungiyoyin yada labarai da suka dauki alhakin kai harin, ya kuma yi alkawarin kara kai wasu hare-hare a kan hanya. [12] Ya kara da cewa harin bam din na ramuwar gayya ne ga ayyukan sojojin Pakistan a yankin Swat da Malakand na lardin Arewa maso Yamma da kuma yankunan kabilar Darra Adam Khel da Orakzai Agency Sai dai a ranar 11 ga watan Yunin 2009, wata kungiyar da ba a san ta ba ta kira. da kanta rundunar Abdullah Azzam Shahed Brigade ta dauki alhakin kai harin, inda ta ce harin martani ne ga hare-haren da sojojin Pakistan suka kai kan mayakan Taliban a Swat Valley. [13] A ranar 8 ga Disamba, shugaban Hukumar Kare Hakkokin Dan Adam ta Pakistan (HRCP), Zarteef Khan Afridi (ya kasance yana aiki tare da shugabannin kabilu don kokarin sasanta yankin) da wasu 'yan bindiga dauke da makamai suka harbe a Jamrud, Khyber . Rundunar Abdullah Azam ta yi ikirarin kisan.

A ranar 24 ga Fabrairu, 2012, wannan ƙungiya da ake zargin sanye da ƴan kunar bakin wake sun tarwatsa kansu a wani hari da aka kai ofishin 'yan sanda "C Division" a tsakiyar Peshawar . A cewar shaidu, jimillar maharan sun haura sama da 10, dauke da gurneti da makami masu sarrafa kansu da sabbin fasahohin zamani wadanda ba a taba amfani da su ba. An kashe 'yan sandan Pakistan biyu tare da jikkata wasu shida. Rundunar Abdullah Azzam ta dauki alhakin kai harin. Kakakin Abu Zarar Said, wanda ya ke magana daga wani wuri da ba a san ko wane wuri ba, ya ce harin martani ne ga kashe wani babban jagoran 'yan ta'addan, Badar Mansoor, a wani harin da jiragen yaki mara matuki suka kai a Waziristan. [14] Bayan 'yan watanni, 'yan bindiga sun yi wa wata babbar motar dakon kaya ta NATO kwanton bauna a Jamrud, Hukumar Khyber. An kashe direban motar tare da jikkata wani farar hula guda a harin. Dakarun Abdullah Azzam Brigades sun dauki alhakin kai harin, inda suka yi barazanar kai wasu hare-hare kan direbobin da ke bai wa kungiyar tsaro ta NATO kayan agaji. A ranar 16 ga watan Janairu, wasu bama-bamai sun fashe a wani shingen binciken ababan hawa na Khasadar da ke yankin Sadokhel, Landi Kotal, yankin kabilun da ke karkashin gwamnatin tarayya, Pakistan. Akalla jami’in Khasadar daya ya rasa ransa, wani kuma ya samu rauni, kuma dakarun Abdullah Azzam Brigades sun dauki alhakin kai harin.

Gulf Persian[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

There are also other operations claimed by the Brigades, but strong doubts whether they were actually involved. For example, on 3 August 2010, a man claimed to be a spokesman of the brigade made a video statement that the Brigades were involved in the attack on the Japanese oil tanker M. Star in the Strait of Hormuz in July 2010. But many analysts are skeptical about the claim that it was the Abdullah Azzam Brigades. A BBC correspondent asserted that the perpetrators were using the name as a "name of convenience"."[15]

Siriya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kungiyar ta musanta hannu a harin kunar bakin wake da aka kai a babban birnin Syria a ranar 23 ga watan Disambar 2011 wanda ya yi sanadin mutuwar mutane 40. Kungiyar ta'addancin ta zargi gwamnatin Syria da yunkurin kawar da hankalinta daga murkushe masu zanga-zangar da ta yi sanadiyar mutuwar mutane sama da 5,000. A cikin wata sanarwa da aka fitar a shafukan yanar gizo na masu jihadi a ranar 27 ga watan Disamba 2011, Brigades Abdullah Azzam sun musanta alhakin kai hare-haren kunar bakin wake.

A cikin wata sanarwa da sarkin kungiyar Majid bin Muhammad al-Majid ya fitar a watan Yunin shekarar 2012, kungiyar ta amince da yakin da take yi da dakarun shugaba Bashar al Assad a yakin basasar kasar Siriya . Majid ya ba da shawarar cewa 'yan tawayen su guji amfani da bama-bamai da bama-bamai a cikin biranen saboda fargabar cutar da fararen hula na Syria. Wannan nasihar ta sha bamban da ayyukan wata kungiyar Jihadi ta Salafawa mai fafutuka a yakin basasar Siriya, wato kungiyar Al-Nusra .

Lebanon[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wata na'urar da aka gyara ta fashe a wajen Barikin Sojoji na Fakhereddine a Beirut, inda soja daya ya samu rauni. Wani mutum da ke da'awar cewa shi dan kungiyar Al-Qaida ne ya kira jaridar Al Balad ta kasar Lebanon kuma ya dauki alhakin kai harin kafin da kuma bayan fashe-fashen.

A lokacin 2013, ƙungiyar ta fara jerin hare-hare a cikin 2013. A ranar 19 ga Nuwamba 2013, Brigade ta dauki alhakin harin kunar bakin wake sau biyu a wajen ofishin jakadancin Iran a Beirut, wanda ya kashe akalla mutane 23 tare da raunata sama da 140. Kungiyar ta ce harin bam din na ramuwar gayya ne ga goyon bayan Iran da kungiyar Hizbullah da ke yaki da gwamnatin Siriya a yakin basasar Siriya da ake yi a halin yanzu, kuma ta yi gargadin ci gaba da kai hare-hare matukar gwamnatin Iran din ba ta amince da hakan ba. A ranar 23 ga Disamba, Brigades Abdullah Azzam sun yi ikirarin kai harin roka a Hermel, Lebanon.

A cikin makonnin farko na shekarar 2014, Abdullah Azzam ya yi ikirarin kai jerin hare-haren rokoki a kudancin Lebanon. A ranar 19 ga watan Fabrairun shekarar 2014 ne sojojin kasar suka kai hari a cibiyar al'adun kasar Iran da ke yankin Bir-Hasan a kudancin birnin Beirut, inda suka kashe mutane 11 tare da raunata 130, manufarsu ita ce goyon bayan Iran a yakin Siriya. Kwanaki uku bayan haka, an kai harin bam a wata mota a wani shingen binciken sojojin Lebanon da ke gadar Al-Assi da ke kofar birnin Hermel, a gundumar Beqaa . Baya ga dan kunar bakin waken, sojoji biyu da farar hula daya, sun mutu, kana mutane akalla 15 suka jikkata. Hukumomin kasar sun zargi Brigades Abdullah Azzam ko kuma Al-Nusrah da kai harin. Bayan wannan harin, kungiyar ta ci gaba da kai hare-haren rokoki kan garuruwan Isra'ila.

Kame da mutuwar Majid al-Majid

A ranar 27 ga Disamba, 2013, hukumomin Lebanon sun kama Majid bin Mohammad al-Majid, shugaban Saudiyya na kungiyar. [16] An yi wa Al-Majid maganin koda a asibitin Makased da ke birnin Beirut . Asibitin ya sake shi kuma an ce ya boye a sansanin 'yan gudun hijirar Falasdinu na Ain al-Hilweh, kusa da Saida. Ana zargin ya yi yunkurin tafiya wani wuri domin neman karin magani, amma sojojin Lebanon sun kama shi a kan babbar hanyar Beirut zuwa Damascus.

A ranar 3 ga watan Janairun 2014, gwajin DNA ya tabbatar da cewa mutumin da hukumar leken asirin sojojin Lebanon ta tsare shi ne Majid al-Majid, shugaban dakarun Abdullah Azzam Brigades. Samfurin DNA na 'yan uwan Majid da ke Saudiyya ya yi daidai da na wanda ake zargin da ya rage a hannun sojojin kasar Lebanon, in ji kamfanin dillancin labaran kasar Lebanon. A ranar 4 ga Janairu, Majid ya mutu sakamakon gazawar koda a wani asibitin sojoji a Beirut .

Martani
  •  Iran Mohammad Javad Zarif, foreign minister of Iran, appreciated Government of Lebanon for arrest of Al-Majid[17] and requested information about investigations by the Lebanese authorities with Al-Majid on the Iranian Embassy bombing.
  •  Saudi Arabia Adnan Mansour, foreign minister of Saudi Arabia, rejected a request by Government of Iran to participate in the investigation of Majed al-Majed.[18]
  • Abdullah Azzam Brigades said their fight will continue, with or without their leader.

Jerin sunayen 'yan ta'adda[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta ayyana Abdullah Azzam Brigades a matsayin kungiyar ta’addanci, Bahrain, Iraq, [19] New Zealand, UAE, the United Kingdom, United Kingdom. Jihohi, Kanada da Isra'ila .

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jerin kungiyoyin da ke dauke da makamai a yakin basasar Syria

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. New splinter terror groups surface in Gaza Strip, Jerusalem Post 10 April 2011
  2. Death toll rises in Egypt blasts BBC News. 9 October 2004.
  3. Egypt jails five in Sinai attacks Washington Post, 25 October 2004.
  4. Egyptian Court Condemns 3 Militants Washington Post, 30 November 2006.
  5. Egypt Gets Tough in Sinai In Wake of Resort Attacks Washington Post, 1 October 2005.
  6. [1] Bloomberg.com: Germany
  7. "Two rockets land in Eilat area," 04/22/2010, Jerusalem Post.
  8. "Scores arrested in connection with Aqaba rocket attack," Archived 2012-04-18 at the Wayback Machine Al Bawaba News, August 22, 2005.
  9. Beyond al-Qaeda: Global Jihadist Movement, Angel Rabasa, Rand Corporation, 2006, p. 145.
  10. "U.S. warns on travel to Jordan port city," Suleiman al-Khalidi, September 15, 2010, Reuters, MSNBC.
  11. Unknown group claims Peshawar hotel bombing, The News International, 11 June 2009
  12. New groups takes credit for Pakistan blast, United Press International, 11 June 2009
  13. New groups takes credit for Pakistan blast, United Press International, 2009-06-11
  14. Suicide attack on Peshawar police station leaves four dead, [The Express Tribune, Pakistan], 24 February 2012
  15. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named bbc20100806
  16. Lebanon arrests alleged al Qaeda-linked militant France24
  17. مراتب قدردانی روحانی از دستگیری الماجد را به اطلاع مقامات لبنانی رساند Young Journalists Club
  18. Report: Saudi Arabia Rejects Iranian Request to Participate in al-Majed's Questioning Naharnet
  19. الموضوع Iraqi Ministerial Notice. (in Arabic) Retrieved 17 March 2022