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Ali Bedri

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Ali Bedri
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Rufa'a (en) Fassara, 26 Nuwamba, 1903
ƙasa Sudan
Mutuwa 13 ga Janairu, 1987
Ƴan uwa
Mahaifi Babikr Badri
Sana'a
Sana'a likita
Kyaututtuka

Ali Bedri MBE ( Larabci: علي بدري‎; 26 Nuwamba 1903, Rufaa- 13 Janairu 1987) likitan Sudan ne, kuma Ministan Lafiya na farko bayan samun 'yancin kai na Sudan.

Rayuwa da aiki

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Rayuwar farko da ilimi

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Masu karatun farko na Makarantar Magungunan Kitchener, 1928. Bedri yana zaune a hagu

An haifi Ali Babiker Bedri a ranar 26 ga watan Nuwamba 1903 a Rufaa, jihar Blue Nile. Shi dan Sheikh Babiker Bedri ne (Larabci: بابكر بدري‎), ya yi yaƙi da sojojin Britaniya na Kitchener a Yaƙin Omdurman a shekarar 1898 kuma ya fara koyar da mata a Sudan.[1] [2] Ali Bedri ya yi karatunsa na farko a Rufaa, inda mahaifinsa ya kafa makarantu. Daga baya ya halarci Kwalejin tunawa da Gordon da ke birnin Khartoum, inda ya kammala karatunsa a matsayin malami a shekarar 1923. Ko da yake ya fara neman aikin koyarwa, ya yanke shawarar canjawa zuwa likitanci kuma ya zama ɗaya daga cikin ɗalibai na farko da suka shiga makarantar likitancin Kitchener.[3] A cikin shekarar 1928, ya kammala karatunsa da sakamako mai kyau[4] kuma ya yi aiki a matsayin jami'in kiwon lafiya a Singa, Dongola, Nuba Mountain , da Sennar.[5]

Daga baya Bedri ya ci gaba da zama ɗaya daga cikin mutanen Sudan na farko da suka rike mukamin babban jami'in kula da lafiya a asibitin Omdurman da asibitin Khartoum. A cikin shekarar 1937, ya yi tafiya zuwa Ƙasar Ingila don horar da karatun digiri a Asibitin Hammersmith. An naɗa shi memba na Royal College of Physicians a shekarar 1952.

Bayan ya koma Sudan, an naɗa Bedri a matsayin likitan Sudan na farko da ya rike mukamin mataimakin darektan kula da lafiya karkashin Eric Pridie. Kwarewarsa a baya a matsayinsa na mai duba lafiya a yankuna daban-daban na Sudan ya ba shi damar fahimtar al'amuran kiwon lafiyar ƙasar da kuma mahimmancin samar da ingantaccen aikin likita. Tare da ƙayyadaddun kasafin kuɗi da ƙalubalen yanayi na Yaƙin Duniya na II, Bedri yana da aiki mai wahala na tantance abubuwan da suka fi dacewa. Bisa jagorancin malamansa na Birtaniya da manyan abokan aikinsa, ya bunƙasa hangen nesa wanda ya sa ya zama farkon mai tsara aikin likita na Sudan mai zaman kansa.

An naɗa Bedri a Majalisar Ba da Shawara ta Arewacin Sudan da kwamitin Sudanisation, [6] kuma ko da yake matsayinsa na ma'aikacin gwamnati ya tauye shi daga ayyukan siyasa a bayyane, ya yi imani da 'yancin kai na Sudan. A cikin shekarar 1948, an zaɓi Bedri a matsayin memba na majalisar dokoki ta farko kuma daga baya aka naɗa shi a matsayin Ministan Lafiya.[7] Bedri ya rike mukamin ministan lafiya a ƙasar Sudan daga shekarar 1948 zuwa 1952, [8] a lokacin ya taka rawar gani wajen bunƙasa da fadada ayyukan kiwon lafiyar ƙasar. [9] [10] Bayan da Bedri ya kada kuri'ar neman mulkin kai na Sudan, ya yi murabus daga mukaminsa na ministan lafiya tare da komawa aikin likitansa na kashin kansa. [9]

A lokacin da yake rike da mukamin ministan kiwon lafiya kafin Sudan ta samu 'yancin kai, Ali Bedri ya kaddamar da wani cikakken shiri na shekaru goma da nufin samar da ingantaccen tsarin kiwon lafiya a kasar. Bedri ya fahimci mahimmancin karatun digiri na biyu da horarwa ga likitocin Sudan a duka biyun na rigakafi da na magani, da kuma bukatar horar da ma'aikatan jinya, ma'aikatan jinya, da ma'aikata kan lafiyar mata da yara.

Bedri ya ci gaba da taka rawar gani a matsayin shugaban kungiyar likitocin Sudan daga shekarun 1968 zuwa 1974, kuma ya yi aiki tare da Red Crescent. An san shi a matsayin babban jigo a fannin likitancin Sudan yayin da ya kafa tushe mai karfi na horar da likitanci da aiki da shi, kuma ya tsara kyawawan dabi'u na gado da kwarewa a lokacin da ake da karancin jiyya na cututtuka da yawa, kuma magungunan kashe kwayoyin cuta ba su wanzu don haka ba cututtuka masu yaduwa. Ya kasance mai iya kusantar sa koyaushe kuma yana son ba da shawara ga abokan aikinsa, musamman ma kanan likitoci. [9]

Bedri ya kasance babban memba na Society for the Abolition of Female Circumcision , [11] Daraktan kungiyar Tsare-tsaren Iyali, kuma ya kafa makarantar 'yan mata ta farko a Sudan.[12]

Rayuwa ta sirri da mutuwa

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Bedri ya auri Hurum El Amin.[13] Tare suna da ɗa namiji, mata huɗu, jikoki goma sha biyu.

Bedri ya mutu a ranar 13 ga watan Janairu, 1987.

Kyaututtuka da karramawa

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An mai da Bedir memba na Royal College of Physicians a shekarar 1952, da kuma Memba na Order of British Empire. [14]

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  2. Reynolds, Reginald (1955). Cairo to Cape Town: A Pilgrimage in Search of Hope . Doubleday. Archived from the original on 2023-04-07. Retrieved 2023-04-07.
  3. Clio Medica. Acta Academiae Internationalis Historiae Medicinae. Vol. 11 . BRILL. 2020-01-29. ISBN 978-90-04-41823-3 . Archived from the original on 2023-04-07. Retrieved 2023-04-07.
  4. Bayoumi, Ahmed (1979). The History of Sudan Health Services . Kenya Literature Bureau. Archived from the original on 2023-04-07. Retrieved 2023-04-07.
  5. "The Kitchener School of Medicine: 20th- century medical education in Sudan | RCP Museum" . history.rcplondon.ac.uk . Archived from the original on 2022-12-06. Retrieved 2023-04-04.
  6. Al- Teraifi, Al- Agab A. (1977). "Sudanization of the Public Service: A Critical Analysis" . Sudan Notes and Records. 58 : 117–134. ISSN 0375-2984 . JSTOR 44947360 . Archived from the original on 2023-04-07. Retrieved 2023-04-07.Empty citation (help)
  7. Affairs, Royal Institute of International (1947). Chronology of International Events and Documents . Royal Institute of International Affairs. Archived from the original on 2023-04-07. Retrieved 2023-04-07.
  8. Cruickshank, Alexander (1962). The Kindling Fire: Medical Adventures in the Southern Sudan . London. Archived from the original on 2023-04-07. Retrieved 2023-04-07.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named :0
  10. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named :1
  11. Boddy, Janice (2018-06-05). Civilizing Women: British Crusades in Colonial Sudan . Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-18651-1 . Archived from the original on 2023-04-07. Retrieved 2023-04-07.
  12. "inauthor:"Anti-slavery Society for the Protection of Human Rights" - Google Search" . www.google.com . Archived from the original on 2023-04-08. Retrieved 2023-04-07.
  13. "Ali Babiker Bedri" . Nas Bedri . 2014-07-18. Archived from the original on 2023-04-07. Retrieved 2023-04-07.
  14. The Middle East: A Survey and Directory of the Countries of the Middle East . Europa Publications. 1953. Archived from the original on 2023-04-07. Retrieved 2023-04-07.