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Barcelona

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(an turo daga Barcelona, Spain)
Barcelona
Flag of Barcelona (en) Coat of arms of Barcelona (en)
Flag of Barcelona (en) Fassara Coat of arms of Barcelona (en) Fassara


Inkiya La rosa de foc, Cap i Casal de Catalunya, Ciutat Comtal da Ciudad Condal
Wuri
Map
 41°22′57″N 2°10′37″E / 41.3825°N 2.1769°E / 41.3825; 2.1769
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaIspaniya
Autonomous community of Spain (en) FassaraKatalunya
Province of Spain (en) FassaraBarcelona Province (en) Fassara
Functional territorial area (en) FassaraÀmbit metropolità de Barcelona (en) Fassara
Comarca of Catalonia (en) FassaraBarcelonès (en) Fassara
Babban birnin

Babban birni Barcelona City (en) Fassara
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 1,660,122 (2023)
• Yawan mutane 16,388.17 mazaunan/km²
Home (en) Fassara 664,476 (2020)
Harshen gwamnati Catalan (en) Fassara
Yaren Sifen
Occitan (en) Fassara
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Barcelona metropolitan area (en) Fassara da Red de Juderías de España (en) Fassara
Diocese (en) Fassara Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Barcelona (en) Fassara
Yawan fili 101.3 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Bahar Rum, Besòs (en) Fassara da Llobregat (en) Fassara
Altitude (en) Fassara 9 m-12 m
Wuri mafi tsayi Tibidabo (en) Fassara (512 m)
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Sant Gervasi de Cassoles (en) Fassara da Sarriá (en) Fassara
Muhimman sha'ani
Ranakun huta
La Mercè (en) Fassara (September 24 (en) Fassara)
Patron saint (en) Fassara Virgin of Mercy (en) Fassara
Tsarin Siyasa
Majalisar zartarwa Barcelona City Council (en) Fassara
• Shugaban birnin Barcelona Jaume Collboni Cuadrado (en) Fassara (17 ga Yuni, 2023)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 08001–08042
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho 93
INE municipality code (en) Fassara 08019
IDESCAT territorial code in Catalonia (en) Fassara 080193
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo barcelona.cat
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Tashin bam a Barcelona
hoton garin barcelona ;spain

Barcelona[1][2] (lafazi: /bareselona/) Birni ce, da ke a yankin Katalunya, a ƙasar Hispania.[3] Ita ce babban birnin yankin Katalunya.[4] Bisa ga ƙidayar jama'a a shekarar 2015, akwai jimillar mutane 5,375,774 (miliyan biyar da dubu dari uku da saba'in da biyar da dari bakwai da saba'in da huɗu). An Kuma gina birnin Barcelona, kafin karni na ɗaya kafin haifuwan annabi Issa.[5]

An kafa shi azaman birni na Roman, a tsakiyar zamanai Barcelona ta zama babban birnin lardin Barcelona. Bayan shiga tare da Masarautar Aragon don kafa ƙungiyar Crown na Aragon, Barcelona, wanda ya ci gaba da zama babban birnin Catalonia, ya zama birni mafi mahimmanci a cikin Crown na Aragon kuma babban cibiyar tattalin arziki da gudanarwa na Crown, kawai Valencia ta cim masa, 'yan Kataloniya sun kwace daga ikon Moorish, jim kadan kafin haduwar daular tsakanin Crown of Castile da Crown na Aragon a 1492. Barcelona ta zama cibiyar rarrabuwar kawuna ta Catalan, a takaice ta zama wani bangare na Faransa a lokacin mulkin Yaƙin Reapers na ƙarni na 17. Ita ce babban birnin Catalonia na juyin juya hali a lokacin juyin juya halin Spain na 1936, kuma wurin zama na gwamnatin Jamhuriyar Sipaniya ta biyu daga baya a yakin basasar Spain, har zuwa lokacin da 'yan Fasist suka kama shi a shekarar 1939. Bayan juyin mulkin Spain zuwa dimokiradiyya a shekarun 1970s. Barcelona ta sake zama babban birnin Catalonia mai cin gashin kansa.

A cikin gida, Barcelona ta lashe kofuna 77 mai tarihi: 27 La Liga, 31 Copa del Rey, 14 Supercopa de España, Copa Eva Duarte guda uku, da kofunan Copa de la Liga biyu, da kuma kasancewa mai riƙe rikodin ga gasa huɗu na ƙarshe. A cikin ƙwallon ƙafa na ƙungiyar ƙwallon ƙafa ta duniya, ƙungiyar ta lashe kofuna 22 na Turai da na duniya: kofunan Champions League biyar , tarihin cin Kofin UEFA Cup guda huɗu, tarihin gasar cin kofin UEFA Super Cup guda biyar, gasar cin kofin Inter-Cities guda uku, tarihin haɗin gwiwa. Kofin Latin guda biyu, da Kofin Duniya na Club na FIFA guda uku. Barcelona ta kasance a matsayi na farko a Hukumar Tarihi ta Kwallon Kafa ta Duniya da Ƙididdiga Club World Ranking na 1997, 2009, 2011, 2012, da 2015, kuma tana matsayi na tara a kan darajar ƙungiyar ta UEFA har zuwa watan Mayu 2023. Kulob ɗin yana da dogon lokaci. fafatawa da Real Madrid, da kuma wasa tsakanin kungiyoyin biyu dinnan ana kiransu El Clásico.

Barcelona na daya daga cikin kungiyoyin da aka fi samun goyon baya a duniya, kuma kulob din yana daya daga cikin manyan shafukan sada zumunta a duniya tsakanin kungiyoyin wasanni. ’Yan wasan Barcelona sun ci lambar yabo ta Ballon d’Or guda goma sha biyu, tare da wadanda suka samu ciki har da johan Cruyff, da kuma kyautar gwarzon dan wasan kwallon kafa ta FIFA guda shida, tare da wadanda suka yi nasara ciki har da Romário, Ronaldo, Rivaldo, da Ronaldinho. A cikin 2010, 'yan wasa uku da suka zo ta makarantar matasa ta ƙungiyar (Lionel Messi, Andrés Iniesta da Xavi) an zaɓi su a matsayin ƴan wasa uku mafi kyau a duniya a FIFA Ballon d'Orawards, abin da ba a taɓa ganin irinsa ba ga 'yan wasa daga makarantar ƙwallon ƙafa ɗaya. Bugu da ƙari, ƴan wasan da ke wakiltar ƙungiyar sun sami lambar yabo ta ƙwallon ƙafa ta Turai takwas.

Barcelona tana ɗaya daga cikin membobin ƙungiyar uku da suka kafa Pimera División waɗanda ba'a taɓa ficewa daga babban rukuni ba tun kafuwarta a 1929, tare da Athletic Bilbao da Real Madrid. A shekara ta 2009, Barcelona ta zama kulob na farko na Sipaniya da ya lashe gasar kofin nahiyar da suka kunshi La Liga, Copa del Rey da UEFA Champions League, sannan kuma ta zama kungiyar kwallon kafa ta Turai ta farko da ta lashe gasa shida cikin shida a cikin shekara guda. lashe kofin Super Cup na Spain, UEFA Super Cup da FIFA Club World Cup. A 2011, kulob din ya sake zama zakarun Turai, inda ya lashe kofuna biyar. Wannan kungiyar ta Barcelona, wacce ta lashe kofuna goma sha hudu a cikin shekaru hudu kacal a karkashin Pep Guardiola, wasu a fagen na kallonta a matsayin babbar kungiya a kowane lokaci. Ta hanyar lashe kofin gasar zakarun Turai karo na biyar a 2015 karkashin Luis Enrique, Barcelona ta zama kungiyar kwallon kafa ta Turai ta farko a tarihi da ta samu nasarar lashe kofin nahiya sau biyu.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tarihin Futbol Club Barcelona[6] ya fara ne daga kafa ƙungiyar ƙwallon ƙafa a 1899 har zuwa yau. FC Barcelona, kuma aka sani kawai da Barcelona kuma aka sani da Barça, tana cikin Barcelona, Kataloniya, Spain.[7] An kafa ƙungiyar a cikin 1899 ta ƙungiyar ƴan wasan ƙwallon ƙafa ta Swiss, Catalan, Jamusanci, da Ingilishi waɗanda Joan Gamper ke jagoranta. Kulob din ya buga kwallon kafa mai son har zuwa 1910 a wasu gasa daban-daban na yanki. A cikin 1910, ƙungiyar ta halarci gasar farko ta Turai, kuma tun daga nan ta tara kofuna goma sha huɗu na UEFA da kuma na sextuple.[8] A cikin 1928, Barcelona ta kafa La Liga, mafi girma a cikin ƙwallon ƙafa na Sipaniya, tare da wasu ƙungiyoyi masu yawa. Ya zuwa shekarar 2023, Barcelona ba ta taba yin ficewa daga gasar La Liga ba, tarihin da ta raba da 'Athletic Bilbao' da babbar abokiyar hamayyarta ta Real Madrid.[9]


Tarihin Barcelona ya kasance na siyasa sau da yawa. Ko da yake kulob ne da baƙi suka ƙirƙira kuma suke gudanarwa, a hankali Barcelona ta zama ƙungiyar da ke da alaƙa da ƙimar Catalan. A cikin sauye-sauyen da Spain ta yi zuwa mulkin mallaka a cikin 1925, Kataloniya ta ƙara zama ƙiyayya ga gwamnatin tsakiya a Madrid. Kiyayyar ta kara daukaka martabar Barcelona a matsayin jigon kataloniya, kuma lokacin da Francisco Franco ya haramta amfani da yaren Catalonia, filin wasa na Barcelona ya zama daya daga cikin 'yan wuraren da mutane za su iya nuna rashin gamsuwarsu. Canjin zuwa dimokuradiyya a shekarar 1978 bai ɓata sunan ƙungiyar na girman kai na Catalan ba. A cikin 2000s da 2010s - lokacin nasarar wasanni a cikin kulob din da kuma kara mayar da hankali ga 'yan wasan Catalan - jami'an kulob din sun kasance masu aminci ga tarihin kulob din don kare kasar, dimokuradiyya, 'yancin fadin albarkacin baki da 'yancin yanke shawara. kuma sun yi Allah wadai da duk wani mataki da zai iya kawo cikas ga aiwatar da wadannan hakkoki.[10]

Goyon baya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Laƙabin sunan mai goyon bayan Barcelona watau Culer samo asali ne daga yankin Catalan cul (Turanci: arse), yayin da ƴan kallo a filin wasa na farko, Camp de la Indústria, suka zauna tare da culs a kan tasha. A Spain, kusan kashi 25% na yawan jama'ar an ce magoya bayan Barça ne, na biyu a bayan Real Madrid, wanda kashi 32% na al'ummar kasar ke goyon baya. A duk faɗin Turai, Barcelona ce ƙungiyar zaɓi na biyu da aka fi so.[11] Alkaluman mambobin kungiyar sun samu karuwa mai yawa daga 100,000 a kakar wasa ta 2003-04 zuwa 170,000 a watan Satumban 2009, karuwar da ake dangantawa da tasirin dabarun yada labarai na Ronaldinho da shugaba Joan Laporta na lokacin da suka mayar da hankali kan kafafen yada labarai na intanet na Spain da Ingilishi. Tun daga 31 ga Mayu 2023, kulob din yana da membobin 150,317, wanda ake kira socis.

Baya ga zama memba, har zuwa Maris 2022 akwai kungiyoyin fan 1,264 da aka yiwa rajista a hukumance, da ake kira penyes, a duk duniya. Ƙungiyoyin magoya baya suna haɓaka Barcelona a cikin yankinsu kuma suna karɓar tayi masu amfani lokacin ziyartar Barcelona. Daga cikin kungiyoyin da suka fi samun goyon baya a duniya, Barcelona ce ta biyu mafi girman kafofin sada zumunta a duniya a tsakanin kungiyoyin wasanni, tare da masu sha'awar Facebook sama da miliyan 103 a watan Disamba 2021, a bayan Real Madrid da miliyan 111. Kulob din ya samu manyan mutane da dama a cikin magoya bayansa, ciki har da Paparoma John Paul II, wanda ya kasance memba na girmamawa, da kuma tsohon Firaministan Spain José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.[12]

Fafatawa da kungiyoyin Adawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Real Madrid/El-Clasico[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sau da yawa akan yi hamayya mai zafi tsakanin kungiyoyin biyu mafi karfi a gasar lig ta kasa, kuma hakan yana faruwa ne musamman a gasar La Liga, inda ake kiran wasan Barcelona da Real Madrid da sunan "The Classic" (El Clásico). Tun da aka fara gasar ta kasa ana kallon kungiyoyin a matsayin wakilan yankuna biyu masu hamayya da juna a Spain: Catalonia da Castile, da kuma na biranen biyu. Ƙwararriyar hamayyar tana nuna abin da mutane da yawa ke la'akari da tashe-tashen hankula na siyasa da na al'adu tsakanin Catalans da Castilians, wanda wani marubuci ya gani a matsayin sake aiwatar da yakin basasa na Spain. A tsawon shekarun da suka wuce, tarihin wasan gaba tsakanin kungiyoyin biyu shine nasara 102 da Madrid ta samu, Barcelona ta samu nasara sau 100, sannan aka tashi kunnen doki 52.

Tun farkon shekarun 1930s, Barcelona "ta sami suna a matsayin alama ta asalin Catalan, wanda ya saba wa ra'ayin Madrid". A cikin 1936, lokacin da Francisco Franco ya fara juyin mulkin da jamhuriyar Sipaniya ta Biyu, shugaban Barcelona, Josep Sunyol, memba na Jamhuriyyar Hagu ta Catalonia kuma Mataimakin Cortes, an kama shi tare da kashe shi ba tare da shari'a ba daga sojojin Franco (Sunyol yana gudanar da ayyukansa na siyasa, ya ziyarci sojojin Republican a arewacin Madrid). A lokacin mulkin kama-karya na Miguel Primo de Rivera da musamman Francisco Franco, duk harsunan yanki da asalinsu a cikin Spain an nuna musu rashin amincewa kuma an hana su. Don haka, yawancin 'yan ƙasar Barcelona sun kasance masu adawa da tsarin mulkin fasikanci. A cikin wannan lokacin, Barcelona ta sami taken Més que un club (Turanci: Fiye da kulab) saboda zargin alaka da 'yan kishin Kataloniya da kuma imani na ci gaba.

Akwai cece-ku-ce game da yadda mulkin Franco (1939–75) ya yi tasiri a kan ayyuka da sakamakon fage na Barcelona da Real Madrid. Magoya bayan kungiyoyin biyu sukan yi karin gishiri game da tatsuniyoyi da ke son labaransu. Yawancin masana tarihi sun yarda fiye da Franco ba shi da ƙungiyar ƙwallon ƙafa da aka fi so, amma imaninsa na kishin ƙasar Sipaniya ya sa ya haɗa kansa da ƙungiyoyin kafa, kamar Atlético Aviación da Madrid FC (wanda ya maido da sunan sarauta bayan faduwar Jamhuriyyar). A gefe guda, ya kuma so mai suna CF Barcelona ya yi nasara a matsayin "Ƙungiyar Spain" maimakon ta Catalan. A cikin shekarun farko na mulkin Franco, Real Madrid ba ta yi nasara musamman ba, inda ta lashe kofin Copa del Generalísimotitle guda biyu da Copa Eva Duarte; Barcelona ta lashe kofin gasar guda uku, Copa del Generalísimo daya da Copa Eva Duarte daya. A wannan lokacin, an yi imanin Atlético Aviación shine ƙungiyar da aka fi so akan Real Madrid. Labarun da aka fi samun cece-kuce a lokacin sun hada da wasan da Real Madrid ta doke Barcelona a gida da ci 11-1 a gasar Copa del Generalísimo, inda kungiyar ta Catalonia ta yi zargin cin zarafi, da kuma batun sauya shekar Alfredo Di Stéfano zuwa Real Madrid duk da yarjejeniyarsa da Barcelona. Canja wurin na ƙarshe wani bangare ne na "juyin juya hali" na shugaban Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu wanda ya haifar da zamanin mamayar da ba a taɓa gani ba. Bernabéu, shi kansa gogaggen Yaƙin Basasa wanda ya yi yaƙi ga sojojin Franco, ya ga Real Madrid a kan gaba ba kawai na Sipaniya ba har ma da ƙwallon ƙafa na Turai, yana taimakawa ƙirƙirar gasar cin kofin Turai, gasa ta farko ta gaskiya ga ƙwararrun kungiyoyin kulab ɗin Turai. Tunaninsa ya cika lokacin da Real Madrid ba kawai ta fara lashe kofunan lig a jere ba har ma ta share bugu biyar na farko na gasar cin kofin Turai a shekarun 1950.[207] Wadannan al'amuran sun yi tasiri sosai a wasan kwallon kafa na Spain kuma sun yi tasiri ga halin Franco. A cewar masana tarihi, a wannan lokacin ya fahimci mahimmancin Real Madrid ga martabar gwamnatinsa a duniya, kuma kungiyar ta zama kungiyar da ya fi so har ya mutu. Fernando Maria Castiella, wacce ta yi aiki a matsayin Ministan Harkokin Waje karkashin Franco daga 1957 zuwa 1969, ta lura cewa "[Real Madrid] ita ce mafi kyawun ofishin jakadancin da muka taba samu." Franco ya mutu a shekara ta 1975, kuma ba da jimawa ba aka sami canjin Spanish zuwa dimokraɗiyya. A karkashin mulkinsa, Real Madrid ta lashe kofunan lig 14, kofunan Copa del Generalísimo 6, Copa Eva Duarte 1, Kofin Turai 6, Kofin Latin 2, da Kofin Intercontinental 1. A daidai wannan lokacin, Barcelona ta lashe kofunan lig 8, kofunan Copa del Generalísimo guda 9, kofunan Copa Eva Duarte guda 3, Kofin Baje koli 3 Inter-Cities, da Kofin Latin guda 2.

Fafatawa ta kara tsananta a cikin shekarun 1950 lokacin da kungiyoyin suka yi sabani kan sanya hannu kan Alfredo Di Stéfano. Di Stéfano ya burge duka biyun Barcelona da Real Madrid yayin da yake taka leda a Los Millionariosin Bogotá, Colombia, yayin yajin aikin da 'yan wasa suka yi a ƙasarsa ta Argentina. Ba da daɗewa ba bayan Millonarios ya koma Colombia, darektocin Barcelona sun ziyarci Buenos Aires kuma sun amince da River Plate, ƙungiyar FIFA ta ƙarshe da ta riƙe hakkin Di Stéfano, don canja wurinsa a 1954 akan kwatankwacin Lira miliyan 150 na Italiyanci (a cewar wasu kafofin). $200,000). Wannan ne ya fara gwabzawa tsakanin abokan hamayyar Spain biyu na neman hakkinsa. FIFA ta nada Armando Muñoz Calero, tsohon shugaban hukumar kwallon kafa ta Spain a matsayin mai shiga tsakani. Calero ya yanke shawarar barin Di Stéfano ya buga wasanni na 1953–54 da 1955–56 a Madrid, da lokutan 1954–55 da 1956–57 a Barcelona. Hukumar kwallon kafa ta Ingila da kungiyoyinsu sun amince da yarjejeniyar. Kodayake Catalans sun yarda, shawarar ta haifar da rashin jin daɗi iri-iri a tsakanin membobin Blaugrana kuma an tilasta wa shugaban ya yi murabus a watan Satumba na 1953. Barcelona ta sayar da rabin rabon su na Madrid, kuma Di Stéfano ya koma Los Blancos, ya rattaba hannu kan kwantiragin shekaru hudu. Real ta biya pesetas na Sipaniya miliyan 5.5 don siyan, tare da kari miliyan 1.3 don siyan, kudin shekara-shekara da za a biya wa Millonarios, da albashi 16,000 ga Di Stéfano tare da kari ninki biyu na abokan wasansa, jimlar 40.  % na kudaden shiga na shekara-shekara na kulob din Madrid.[13]

Di Stéfano ya zama muhimmi a nasarar da Real Madrid ta samu a baya, inda ya zura kwallaye biyu a wasansa na farko da Barcelona. Tare da shi, Madrid ta lashe gasar cin kofin Turai a bugu biyar na farko. A shekarun 1960 aka ga kishiya ta kai matakin Turai lokacin da Real Madrid da Barcelona suka hadu sau biyu a gasar cin kofin Turai, inda Madrid ta yi nasara a kan hanyar daukar kofin karo na biyar a jere a 1959 –60 da Barcelona ta yi galaba akan hanyar zuwa rashin nasara a wasan karshe a 1960–61. A shekara ta 2002, an yi wa taron Turai lakabi da "Match of The Century" ta kafofin watsa labarai na Spain, kuma sama da mutane miliyan 500 ne suka kalli nasarar Madrid. Wani gagarumin wasa wanda ke da alamar rashin da'a baya ga shagulgulan bukin zira kwallaye guda biyu na kungiyoyin biyu - wanda galibi ya shafi izgili da 'yan adawa - irin wannan gagarumin biki ya faru a shekarar 2009 lokacin da kyaftin din Barcelona Carles Puyol ya sumbaci rigarsa ta Catalan a gaban magoya bayan Madrid da suka fusata a filin wasa na Santago Bernabéu. Filin wasa da kuma a shekarar 2017 lokacin da Lionel Messi ya yi bikin murnar nasarar da ya yi wa Barcelona a minti na 93 da Real Madrid a filin wasa na Bernabéu ta hanyar cire rigar Barcelona tare da rike ta har ga magoya bayan Real Madrid da suka harzuka – sunansa da lambarsa suna fuskantarsu.

Espanyol[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Abokan hamayyar Barça a koyaushe shine Espanyol. Blanc-i-blaus, kasancewa ɗaya daga cikin kulab ɗin da aka baiwa ikon sarauta, masu sha'awar ƙwallon ƙafa ta Sipaniya ne suka kafa su kawai, sabanin yanayin ƙasashen duniya na farko na hukumar Barça. Sakon kafa kungiyar a fili ya nuna adawa da Barcelona, kuma sun yi watsi da ganin FC Barcelona a matsayin kungiyar kasashen waje. An ƙarfafa fafatawa da abin da 'yan Kataloniya ke gani a matsayin wakilin Madrid na tsokana. Asalin filinsu ya kasance a gundumar mawadata ta Sarria.[14]

A al'adance, mafi yawan ƴan ƙasar Barcelona suna ganin Espanyol a matsayin ƙungiyar da ta samar da wani nau'i na biyayya ga hukumomin tsakiya, sabanin ruhin juyin juya hali na Barça. Hakanan a cikin 1960s da 1970s, yayin da FC Barcelona ta zama rundunar haɗin gwiwa ga sabbin baƙi na Catalonia daga yankuna masu fama da talauci na Spain suna tsammanin samun rayuwa mai inganci, Espanyol ta sami goyon bayansu musamman daga sassan da ke kusa da mulkin kamar 'yan sanda, jami'an soji, farar hula. bayi da masu fasikanci na aiki.

A shekara ta 1918, Espanyol ta fara gabatar da ƙarar neman 'yancin kai, wanda a lokacin ya zama batun da ya dace. Daga baya, ƙungiyar masu goyon bayan Espanyol za ta shiga cikin Falangists a cikin yakin basasa na Spain, tare da masu fasikanci. Duk da waɗannan bambance-bambance na akida, derbi ya kasance mafi dacewa ga magoya bayan Espanyol fiye da na Barcelona saboda bambancin manufa. A cikin 'yan shekarun nan adawar ta zama ƙasa ta siyasa, kamar yadda Espanyol ta fassara sunanta da waƙarta daga Mutanen Espanya zuwa Catalan.

Ko da yake shi ne wasan fafatawa na gida da aka fi buga a tarihin La Liga, kuma shi ne mafi rashin daidaito, inda Barcelona ke da rinjaye. A cikin teburin gasar Premier, Espanyol ta sami nasarar ƙarewa a saman Barça sau uku kawai daga yanayi 87 (1928 – 2022) kuma Barcelona ce kawai ta lashe kofin Copa del Rey na Catalan a 1957. Espanyol tana da ta'aziyyar kaiwa ga nasarar Mafi girma tazarar nasara tare da 6-0 a 1951, yayin da babbar nasara ta Barcelona ita ce 5-0 a lokuta bakwai (a cikin 1933, 1947, 1964, 1975, 1992, 2016 da 2017). Espanyol ta samu nasara akan Barça da ci 2-1 a kakar wasa ta 2008–09, inda ta zama kungiya ta farko da ta doke Barcelona a Camp Nou a gasar cin kofin zakarun Turai.

AC Milan[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daya daga cikin abokan hamayyar Barcelona a fagen kwallon kafar Turai ita ce kulob din AC Milan na Italiya. Kungiyar da Barcelona ta fi buga wasanni 19, ita ce ta uku da aka fi buga wasanni a gasar kungiyoyin Turai, bayan Real Madrid – Juventus (21) da Real Madrid – Bayern Munich (26). Kungiyoyi biyu da suka fi samun nasara a Turai, Milan ta lashe Kofin Turai bakwai zuwa Barça biyar, yayin da kungiyoyin biyu suka lashe kofunan Super Cup na Turai biyar. Barcelona da Milan sun ci wasu kofunan nahiyoyi, wanda hakan ya sanya su zama kungiyoyi na biyu da na uku a gasar kwallon kafa ta duniya, inda suke da kofuna 19 da 14, duk suna bayan Real Madrid 23. Barcelona ce ke kan gaba a tarihi bayan da ta yi nasara takwas da ci biyar. Ganawa ta farko tsakanin kungiyoyin biyu ita ce gasar cin kofin Turai ta 1959–60. Sun fafata ne a zagaye na 16 kuma Barça ta samu nasara akan jimillar 7–1 (0–2 a Milan da kuma 5–1 a Barcelona). Yayin da Milan ba ta taba fitar da Barcelona daga gasar cin kofin nahiyar Turai ba, ta doke kungiyar Dream Team na Johan Cruyff da ci 4-0 a wasan karshe na gasar zakarun Turai na 1994, duk da kasancewar su 'yan wasa. A cikin 2013, duk da haka, Barcelona ta yi “tarihi” dawowa daga rashin nasara da ci 0-2 a wasan farko a zagaye na 16 na gasar zakarun Turai ta 2012–13, inda ta ci 4-0 a Camp Nou.

Mallakar kungiya da kudade[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tare da Real Madrid, Athletic Bilbao, da Osasuna, Barcelona an shirya su azaman ƙungiya mai rijista. Ba kamar kamfani mai iyaka ba, ba zai yiwu a siyan hannun jari a kulob din ba, amma kawai memba. Membobin Barcelona, da ake kira socis, sun kafa taron wakilai wanda shine mafi girman hukumar gudanarwar kungiyar. Tun daga 31 ga Mayu 2023, ƙungiyar tana da ƙungiyoyi 150,317.

A cikin 2010, Forbes ta kimanta darajar Barcelona zuwa kusan Yuro miliyan 752 kwatankwacin dalar Amurka biliyan 1, inda ta kasance ta hudu bayan Manchester United, Real Madrid da Arsenal, bisa alkalumman da aka yi a kakar 2008-09. A cewar Deloitte, Barcelona ta samu kudaden shiga da ya kai Yuro miliyan 366 a daidai wannan lokacin, inda ta zama ta biyu a bayan Real Madrid, wadda ta samu Yuro miliyan 401. A shekarar 2013, Mujallar Forbes ta sanya Barcelona a matsayi na uku a jerin kungiyoyin wasanni mafi daraja a duniya, bayan Real Madrid da Manchester United da darajarsu ta kai dala biliyan 2.6. A shekarar 2014, Forbes ta sanya ta a matsayi na biyu a jerin kungiyoyin wasanni mafi daraja a duniya, da darajarsu ta kai dalar Amurka biliyan 3.2, ita kuma Deloitte a matsayi na hudu a jerin kungiyoyin kwallon kafa mafi arziki a duniya wajen samun kudaden shiga, inda take samun kudin shiga na Euro miliyan 484.6 a shekara. A cikin 2017, Forbes ta sanya su a matsayi na hudu mafi daraja a kungiyar wasanni a duniya tare da darajar kungiyar ta dala biliyan 3.64. A cikin 2018, Barcelona ta zama ƙungiyar wasanni ta farko da ta haura $1bn a cikin kudaden shiga na shekara. A watan Nuwamba 2018 Barcelona ta zama ƙungiyar wasanni ta farko tare da matsakaicin albashin ƙungiyar farko sama da £10m ($13.8m) kowace shekara. Koyaya, shekarun da aka kashe na kashe kuɗi a ƙarƙashin jagorancin Josep Maria Bartomeu (shugaban tsakanin 2014 da 2020) da sauran dalilai, kamar cutar ta COVID-19, ya ga babban bashin ƙungiyar ya haura kusan dala biliyan 1.4 a cikin 2021, yawancinsa gajere. lokaci.[15]

Filin Kwallo( Stadium)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Barcelona ta fara buga wasa a Camp de la Industria. Ƙarfin ya kai kusan 6,000, kuma jami'an kulab ɗin sun ɗauka cewa wuraren ba su isa ga ƙungiyar da ke da yawan membobinta ba.

A cikin 1922, yawan magoya bayansa ya zarce 20,000 kuma ta hanyar ba da kuɗi ga kulob din, Barça ta sami damar gina babban Camp de Les Corts, wanda ke da ikon farko na masu kallo 20,000. Bayan yakin basasar Sipaniya kulob din ya fara jan hankalin mutane da yawa da kuma yawan 'yan kallo a wasanni. Wannan ya haifar da ayyukan fadada da yawa: babban matsayi a cikin 1944, tsayawar kudu a 1946, kuma a ƙarshe tsayawar arewa a 1950. Bayan haɓakar ƙarshe, Les Corts na iya ɗaukar 'yan kallo 60,000.[16]

Bayan an kammala ginin babu wani wuri don faɗaɗawa a Les Corts. Koma baya-baya a gasar La Liga a 1948 da 1949 da sanya hannu kan László Kubala a watan Yuni 1950, wanda daga baya zai ci 196 kwallaye a wasanni 256, ya jawo yawan jama'a zuwa wasannin. Kulob din ya fara shirye-shiryen sabon filin wasa. An fara ginin Camp Nou a ranar 28 ga Maris 1954, a gaban taron magoya bayan Barça 60,000. An aza dutsen farko na filin wasa na gaba a karkashin jagorancin Gwamna Felipe Acedo Colunga tare da albarkar Archbishop na Barcelona Gregorio Modrego. Ginin ya ɗauki shekaru uku kuma ya ƙare a ranar 24 ga Satumba 1957 tare da farashi na ƙarshe na pesetas miliyan 288, 336% akan kasafin kuɗi.

A shekara ta 1980, lokacin da filin wasa ke bukatar sake fasalin da ya dace da ka'idojin UEFA, kulob din ya tara kudi ta hanyar bai wa magoya bayansa damar rubuta sunan su a kan bulo a kan wani karamin kudi. Tunanin ya shahara da magoya baya, kuma dubban mutane sun biya kudin. Daga baya wannan ya zama cibiyar cece-kuce a lokacin da kafafen yada labarai a Madrid suka tattara rahotannin cewa daya daga cikin duwatsun an rubuta sunan shugaban Real Madrid da ya dade yana goyon bayan Franco Santiago Bernabé. A cikin shirye-shiryen gasar Olympics ta bazara 1992 an shigar da matakai biyu na wurin zama sama da rufin rufin da ya gabata. Yana da damar 99,354 a halin yanzu yana mai da shi filin wasa mafi girma a Turai.

A cikin Disamba 2021, rikodin kashi 88% na membobin kungiyar sun kada kuri'ar amincewa da aikin Espai Barça don sake sabunta wuraren wasanni na kungiyar, kasancewa zaben raba gardama na farko kan layi a tarihin FC Barcelona. Tun da farko an yi hasashen za a kammala shi a shekarar 2021, aikin gyare-gyare a Camp Nou ya fara ne a ranar 1 ga watan Yunin 2023 kuma a yanzu ana son kammala shi a karshen shekarar 2026, tare da kimanin Euro biliyan 1.5. A lokacin gyaran, Barcelona za ta ƙaura na tsawon lokacin 2023-24 zuwa Kamfanonin Estadi Olímpic Lluís a Montjuïc, ana tsammanin dawowa a watan Nuwamba 2024, tare da har yanzu filin wasan yana kan aikin.

Akwai kuma sauran wurare, waɗanda suka haɗa da:

•Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper ( Filin atisayen FC Barcelona)

•Masia-Centre de Formació Oriol Tort (Mazaunin matasa 'yan wasa)

•Estadi Johan Cruyff (Gidan ƙungiyar ajiyar, ƙungiyar mata, da Juvenil A)

•Palau Blaugrana (Falin wasanni na cikin gida na FC Barcelona)

•Palau Blaugrana 2 (Filayen cikin gida na biyu na FC Barcelona)

A cikin shahararrun al'adu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tun asalinsa, FC Barcelona tana da kusanci da duniyar al'adu, musamman, da al'adun Catalan. Dokokin kulob din daga 1932 sun riga sun ce Barça "kungiyar al'adu ce da yanayin wasanni". Kulob ɗin da 'yan wasansa sun kasance tushen ƙarfafa marubuta, masu kida, masu fasaha na gani, 'yan jarida, masu zane-zane, wasan kwaikwayo, da masu fina-finai.

A cikin adabi, wasu manyan marubutan Catalan ne ƙungiyar ta ƙarfafa su. A cikin 1957, a lokacin bikin ƙaddamar da Camp Nou, Josep Maria de Sagarra ya sadaukar da wata waƙa mai suna Blau i grana. Mawaƙi Manuel Vázquez Montalbán ya yi rubutu akai-akai game da hangen nesansa na ƙungiyar. Wasu maganganu sun bayyana waɗanda suka kama cikin hasashe, kamar bayyana Barça da "Rundunar sojojin Catalonia marasa makami." Ya kuma rubuta cewa "Barça ce kawai cibiyar doka da ta haɗa mutumin da ke kan titi tare da Catalonia wanda zai iya kasancewa kuma bai kasance ba.[17]

Manyan bukukuwan tunawa sun kasance lokuta masu kyau ga kulob din don shigar da manyan jiga-jigan Catalonia daga duniyar al'adu cikin ayyukansa. Sunaye irin su Josep Segrelles, Joan Miró da Antoni Tàpies sun sanya hannu kan fastoci na tunawa, kamar yadda Jaume Picas da marubuci Josep Maria Espinãs, a bikin cikar ƙungiyar shekaru 75, suka rubuta waƙa don Cant del Barça, waƙar yanzu, tare da kiɗa. ta Manuel Vals.[18]

Duniyar Blaugrana kuma ta kasance tushen ƙarfafawa a cikin fasahar filastik, tare da sunaye irin su Jordi Alumà, Josep Maria Subirachs, Antoni Tàpies ko Josep Viladomat, wanda ya yi sassaken 'Avi del Barça' a cikin La Masia. Salvador Dalí ya nuna girmamawa ga bikin cika shekaru 75 na ƙungiyar tare da ƙage.

A cikin zane-zane, kida kuma ya kasance, daga tango wanda Gardel ya sadaukar wa Samitier zuwa wakokin Joan Manuel Serrat, La Trinca da sauran su. Gidan wasan kwaikwayo ya kuma kasance hanya mai kyau don bayyana ra'ayoyin magoya bayan Barça, tun daga gasar cin kofin El Paralelo kafin yakin basasa ko kamar 'El Partido del Domingo', na Castaños, zuwa sabbin rubutu, kamar El culékulé, na Xavier Bosch.

A lokacin wahalar siyasa ko rashin 'yanci, Barça ta kasance mafaka da hanyoyin bayyana ayyukan al'adu da fasaha. A cikin 2013, kulob din ya ba da haske game da shirin 'Barça Cultura', wani yunƙuri wanda ke inganta fannin dangantakar hukumomi da yarjejeniya tare da manufar ba Barcelona a matsayin dandalin inganta al'adu a Catalonia. A cikin 2022, Barcelona da Òmnium sun rattaba hannu kan yarjejeniya don haɓaka yaren Catalan, al'adu da ƙasar.[19]

Akwai takardun bayanai da fina-finai da yawa waɗanda aka ƙirƙira cikin tarihi don ɗaukar nasarori da tafiyar da ƙungiyar ta yi tsawon shekaru. Kwanan nan, a cikin Disamba 2022, Amazon Prime Video ya fitar da takaddun abubuwa guda biyar da ake kira FC Barcelona: Sabon Zamani.[20] Ya rubuta ƙungiyar ta hanyar yin amfani da lokaci tare da masu horar da 'yan wasa da 'yan wasa a bayan fage a ciki da wajen fili a duk lokacin kakarsu ta 2021-22. A cikin Satumba 2023, Amazon Prime Video ya ƙaddamar da kakar wasa ta biyu tare da darussan abubuwa biyar. Yana mai da hankali kan 2022-23 a bayan lokutan fage.

Lambobin Yabo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Leo in action

A watan Maris na 2021, Lionel Messi ya ci tarihin Xavi na wasanni 767 da ya buga wa kulob din, kuma a halin yanzu ya buga wasanni 778 a hukumance a dukkan gasa, yayin da ya rike tarihin da ya fi yawan buga wasanni a gasar La Liga a Barcelona, da 520.


Dan wasan da ya fi kowa zura kwallo a raga a Barcelona a gasar ta hukuma shi ne Lionel Messi da kwallaye 672, inda ya zarce na César Rodríguez da ya ci kwallaye 232 a watan Maris na 2012, tarihin da ya shafe shekaru 60. A cikin Disamba 2020, Messi kuma ya ci wa Pelé kwallaye 643 don Santos don zama dan wasan da ya fi zira kwallaye a hukumance a kulob guda. Messi shi ne dan wasan da ya kafa tarihin zura kwallo a raga a Barcelona a gasar kungiyoyin Turai da na kasa da kasa, kuma shi ne dan wasan da ya fi zura kwallaye 474 a gasar La Liga. Wasu sun sami nasarar zura kwallaye sama da 100 a ƙungiyar Barcelona: César Rodríguez (190), Luis Suárez (147), László Kubala (131) da Samuel Eto'o (108). Josep Samitier shine dan wasan da yafi kowa zura kwallaye a kungiyar a gasar Copa del Rey, da kwallaye 64.

László Kubala shi ne ke riƙe da tarihin mafi yawan zira kwallaye a gasar La Liga a wasa ɗaya, inda ya zira kwallaye bakwai a kan Sporting Gijón a Lionel Messi ya rike tarihin Champions League da kwallaye biyar akan Bayer Leverkusen a 2012. Eulogio Martínez ya zama ɗan wasan da yafi kowa zira kwallaye a gasar Barça. wasan, lokacin da ya zura kwallaye bakwai a ragar Atlético Madrid a 1957.

Masu tsaron ragar Barcelona sun lashe kofuna 20 na Zamora, inda Antoni Ramallets da Víctor Valdés suka lashe tarihi biyar kowanne. Valdés yana da rabon kwallaye 0.832 da aka zura a raga a kowane wasa, tarihin gasar La Liga, kuma shi ma ya rike tarihi na tsawon lokaci ba tare da zura kwallo a raga ba (minti 896) a duk gasa da Barcelona ta yi. Claudio Bravo yana da tarihin fara mafi kyawun rashin nasara a kakar wasa ta bana a tarihin gasar La Liga, a mintuna 754.

Kocin da ya fi dadewa a Barcelona shi ne Jack Greenwell, wanda ya yi shekaru tara a wasanni biyu (1917–1924) da (1931–1933), kuma Pep Guardiola shine kocin da ya fi samun nasara a kungiyar (kofuna 14 a cikin shekaru 4). Dan wasan da ya fi samun nasara a Barcelona shi ne Lionel Messi da kofuna 35, ya zarce Andrés Iniesta, da kofuna 32.

Filin wasa na Barcelona Camp Nou shine babban filin wasa a Turai. Yawan mutanen da suka halarci gida a kulob din sun kai 120,000 a wasan daf da na kusa da na karshe a gasar cin kofin Turai da suka yi da Juventus a ranar 3 ga Maris 1986. Zamantakewar Camp Nou a shekarun 1990s da kuma gabatar da masu zama na kowa da kowa yana nufin ba za a karya tarihin nan gaba ba. A halin yanzu karfin filin wasa shine 99,354.

El Barça de les Cinc Copes ita ce ƙungiya ta farko a ƙwallon ƙafa ta Sipaniya da ta lashe kofuna biyar a cikin kaka ɗaya (1951–1952). Barcelona ita ce kungiya daya tilo da ta taka leda a kowane kakar wasannin Turai tun lokacin da ta fara a 1955 tana kirga gasar cin kofin Inter-Cities Fairs ba na UEFA ba. A ranar 18 ga Disamba, 2009, tare da kasancewa ƙungiyar ƙwallon ƙafa ta Sipaniya ɗaya tilo da ta samu nasarar cin kofin nahiyar Afirka, Barcelona ta zama ƙungiyar ƙwallon ƙafa ta Turai ta farko da ta lashe kofuna shida a cikin shekara guda (Sextuple). A watan Janairun 2018, Barcelona ta sayi Philippe Coutinho daga Liverpool kan Yuro miliyan 120, mafi girman kudin canja wuri a tarihin kulob din. A cikin watan Agustan 2017, dan wasan Barcelona Neymar ya koma Paris Saint-Germain a kan kudin sayan da ya kai Yuro miliyan 222.

A cikin 2016, La Masia ta Barcelona ta kasance ta biyu a Cibiyar Nazarin Wasanni ta Duniya (CIES) a matsayin manyan 'yan wasa da suka samar da makarantar kimiyya a duniya.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

•List of fan-owned sports teams •La Masia •Barcelona Femení •Barcelona Atlètic •Barcelona C •Barcelona Futsal •Barcelona Bàsquet •Barcelona Handbol •Barcelona Voleibol

Hotuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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  3. www.worldcitiescultureforum.com/cities/barcelona
  4. https://unsplash.com/s/photos/barcelona
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  15. http://aei.pitt.edu/2175/
  16. http://aei.pitt.edu/2175/
  17. https://www.fcbarcelona.com/en/news/1645450/barca-rewind-the-first-ever-title
  18. https://en.as.com/en/2017/05/19/soccer/1495189627_052136.html?outputType=amp
  19. https://archive.today/20120530060040/http://www.fcbarcelona.com/web/english/club/historia/simbols/escut.html
  20. https://web.archive.org/web/20160304211416/http://mag.newsweek.com/2011/06/03/is-barcelona-the-greatest-soccer-team-ever.html