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Cututtukan jini

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Cututtukan jini
Description (en) Fassara
Iri hematopoietic system disease (en) Fassara
bacterial infectious disease (en) Fassara
Specialty (en) Fassara infectious diseases (en) Fassara
Physical examination (en) Fassara blood culture (en) Fassara
Identifier (en) Fassara
ICD-10 A49.9
ICD-9 790.7
MeSH D016470

Cututtukan jini (septicemia wanda ya hada da bacteremias lokacin da na kwayoyin cuta ne da fungemias cututtuka ne a cikin jini . [1] Jini yawanci mahalli ne maras kyau, [2] don haka gano ƙananan ƙwayoyin cuta a cikin jini (mafi yawan cim ma ta shuka jini [3] ) koyaushe ba daidai ba ne. Cutar cututtuka na jini ya bambanta da sepsis, wanda shine amsawa ga kwayoyin cuta. [4] Kwayoyin cuta na iya shiga cikin jini a matsayin mai tsanani mai rikitarwa na cututtuka (kamar ciwon huhu ko sankarau ), a lokacin tiyata (musamman lokacin da ya shafi mahadar fata da cikin jiki irin su hanyoyin Abinci ), ko kuma saboda catheters da sauran jikin waje da ke shiga cikin jijiyoyin jini (ciki har da lokacin ciki) . shan miyagun kwayoyi ). [5] Bacteremia na wucin gadi na iya haifar da bayan hanyoyin haƙori ko goge haƙora.[6]

Bacteremia na iya samar da matsala mai mahimmanci ga lafiya. Amsar rigakafi ga ƙwayoyin cuta na iya haifar da sepsis da bugun jini, wanda ke da yawan mace-mace . [7] Kwayoyin cuta kuma na iya yaduwa ta jini zuwa wasu sassan jiki (wanda ake kira yaduwar jini), yana haifar da cututtuka daga asalin wurin kamuwa da cuta, irin su endocarditis ko osteomyelitis .[ana buƙatar hujja] yana tare da maganin rigakafi, kuma ana iya ba da rigakafi tare da rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta a cikin yanayi mai haɗari. [8]

Bacteremia yawanci mai wucewa ne kuma ana cire shi da sauri daga jini ta tsarin rigakafi . [9] Bacteremia akai-akai yana haifar da amsa daga tsarin rigakafi da ake kira sepsis, wanda ya ƙunshi alamun bayyanar cututtuka irin su zazzaɓi, sanyi, da hypotension . [10] Maganganun rigakafi mai tsanani ga ƙwayoyin cuta na iya haifar da bugun jini da kuma rashin aikin gabobin jiki da yawa, [10] waɗanda ke da yuwuwar mutuwa.

Alamomi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

kwayar cutar bacteria a cikin jin yawanci mai wucewa ne kuma ana cire shi da sauri daga jini ta tsarin rigakafi . [11] kwayar cutar bacteria a cikin jin akai-akai yana haifar da fusata garkuwar jikin dan adam wanda da ake kira sepsis, wanda ya ƙunshi alamun bayyanar cututtuka irin su zazzaɓi, sanyi, da hypotension . [12] Maganganun rigakafi mai tsanani ga ƙwayoyin cuta na iya haifar da bugun jini da kuma rashin aikin gabobin jiki da yawa, [12] waɗanda ke da yuwuwar mutuwa.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Viscoli, C (2 April 2016). "Bloodstream Infections: The peak of the iceberg". Virulence. 7 (3): 248–51. doi:10.1080/21505594.2016.1152440. PMC 4871637. PMID 26890622
  2. Ochei; et al. "Pus Abscess and Wound Drain". Medical Laboratory Science : Theory And Practice. Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2000. p. 622
  3. Doern, Gary (September 13, 2016). "Blood Cultures for the Detection of Bacteremia". uptodate.com. uptodate.com. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  4. Sligl, Wendy; Taylor, Geoffrey; Brindley, Peter G. (2006-07-01). "Five years of nosocomial Gram-negative bacteremia in a general intensive care unit: epidemiology, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, and outcomes"
  5. Sligl, Wendy; Taylor, Geoffrey; Brindley, Peter G. (2006-07-01). "Five years of nosocomial Gram-negative bacteremia in a general intensive care unit: epidemiology, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, and outcomes"
  6. Perez-Chaparro, P. J.; Meuric, V.; De Mello, G.; Bonnaure-Mallet, M. (2011-11-01). "[Bacteremia of oral origin]". Revue de Stomatologie et de Chirurgie Maxillo-Faciale. 112 (5): 300–303. doi:10.1016/j.stomax.2011.08.012. ISSN 1776-257X. PMID 21940028
  7. Singer, Mervyn; Deutschman, Clifford S.; Seymour, Christopher Warren; Shankar-Hari, Manu; Annane, Djillali; Bauer, Michael; Bellomo, Rinaldo; Bernard, Gordon R.; Chiche, Jean-Daniel (2016-02-23). "The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3)". JAMA. 315 (8): 801–810. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0287. ISSN 1538-3598. PMC 4968574. PMID 26903338
  8. Yang, Lu; Tang, Zhuang; Gao, Liang; Li, Tao; Chen, Yongji; Liu, Liangren; Han, Ping; Li, Xiang; Dong, Qiang (2016-08-01). "The augmented prophylactic antibiotic could be more efficacious in patients undergoing transrectal prostate biopsy: a systematic review and meta-analysis". International Urology and Nephrology. 48 (8): 1197–1207. doi:10.1007/s11255-016-1299-7. ISSN 1573-2584. PMID 27160220. S2CID 6566177
  9. Scott, Michael C. (2017-02-01). "Defining and Diagnosing Sepsis". Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America. 35 (1): 1–9. doi:10.1016/j.emc.2016.08.002. ISSN 1558-0539. PMID 27908326
  10. 10.0 10.1 Cervera, Carlos; Almela, Manel; Martínez-Martínez, José A.; Moreno, Asunción; Miró, José M. (2009-01-01). "Risk factors and management of Gram-positive bacteraemia". International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 34 Suppl 4: S26–30. doi:10.1016/S0924-8579(09)70562-X. ISSN 1872-7913. PMID 19931813
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