Dirham na Morocco

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Dirham na Morocco
kuɗi da dirham (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙasa Moroko
Central bank/issuer (en) Fassara Bank Al-Maghrib (en) Fassara
Start time (en) Fassara 1882
Unit symbol (en) Fassara DH
1000 dirham 2022.

Dirham Moroccan ( Larabci: درهم‎ , Moroccan Arabic  ; Berber languages  ; alamar : DH ; code: MAD ) kudin kuɗi ne na hukuma na Morocco . Bankin Al-Maghrib, babban bankin kasar Morocco ne ya bayar. An raba Dirhami ɗaya na Morocco zuwa santimat 100 (na ɗaya: santim; Larabci: سنتيم‎ ).

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kalmar dirham ta samo asali ne daga kudin Girka, wato dachma . Dirham din Idrissid, tsabar azurfa, an yi shi ne a kasar Maroko karkashin daular Idrisid daga karni na 8 zuwa na 10.

Kafin gabatar da tsabar kudi na zamani a shekara ta 1882, Maroko ta ba da tsabar tagulla da aka ƙididdige su a falus, tsabar azurfa da aka ƙima da dirhami, da tsabar zinari da aka ƙima a benduqi . Daga 1882, Dirham ya zama yanki na rial Moroccan, tare da 500 Mazunas = 10 dirham = 1 rial.

Lokacin da yawancin Maroko suka zama masu kariyar Faransa a cikin 1912 ta canza zuwa franc na Morocco . An dawo da Dirhami a ranar 16 ga Oktoba 1960. Ya maye gurbin franc a matsayin babban sashin kuɗi amma, har zuwa 1974, franc ya ci gaba da yaduwa, tare da 1 dirham = 100 francs. A cikin 1974, centime ya maye gurbin franc. [1]

Tsabar kuɗi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A shekarar 1960, an gabatar da tsabar kudi Dirham 1 na azurfa. Wadannan sun biyo bayan dirhami 1 nickel da tsabar dirhami na azurfa 5 a shekarar 1965. A cikin 1974, tare da ƙaddamar da santim, an ƙaddamar da sabon tsabar kudi a cikin ƙungiyoyi na 1, 5, 10, 20 da 50 santimat da tsabar kudi 1 da 5. Santimita 1 sun kasance aluminium, santimat 5 har zuwa 20 an sanya su a cikin tagulla, tare da mafi girman ƙungiyoyi uku a cikin cupro-nickel. An kara sabbin tsabar kudi Dirham 5 na cupro-nickel a 1980 kuma an canza su zuwa tsabar bi-metal a 1987. Sulalla masu bi-metal suna ɗauke da ƙayyadaddun shekaru biyu don fitowar kwanan wata-1987 a kalandar Gregorian da 1407 a kalandar Musulunci .

An yi amfani da santim ɗin 1 kawai har zuwa 1987 lokacin da aka gabatar da sabbin ƙira, tare da a mai maye gurbin santimat 50 ba tare da canza girman ko abun da ke ciki ba. Sabon tsabar Dirhami 5 ya kasance bimetallic, kamar yadda tsabar dirhami 10 aka gabatar a shekarar 1995. Cupro-nickel 2 Dirham tsabar kudi an ƙaddamar da su a cikin 2002. A cikin 2012, an fitar da sabon jerin tsabar kudi, tare da tsabar dirham 5 da 10 suna amfani da hoton ɓoye a matsayin yanayin tsaro.

Takardun kuɗi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dirhami 50 da Ksour a baya

Rubutun farko da aka yi la'akari da dirhami an yi su ne a kan takardun faran farko, a cikin dirhami 50 (akan 5,000 francs) da dirhami 100 (a kan 10,000 francs). A shekarar 1965, an fitar da sabbin takardun kudi na dirhami 5, 10 da 50. A shekarar 1970 ne aka fara amfani da Dirhami 100, sannan a shekarar 1991 sai Dirhami 200 sannan a shekarar 1996. Dirhami 20 ne aka fara amfani da su a shekarar 1980. A tsakiyar watan Oktoba na shekarar 2009, Bankin Al-Maghrib ya fitar da takardun kudi na dirhami miliyan hudu don tunawa da cika shekaru 50 na bankin. Bayanan tunawa yana auna 147 × 70 mm kuma yana dauke da hotunan Sarki Mohammed VI, Hassan II, da Mohammed V. A bayan bayanan akwai hedkwatar Bankin Al-Maghrib a Rabat. Jawabin da Mohammed V ya gabatar a shekarar 1959 a bukin Bankin Al-Maghrib an nada shi a bayansa. [2]

A watan Disambar 2012, Bankin Al-Maghrib ya fitar da takardar banki mai Dirhami 25 don tunawa da cika shekaru 25 da samar da takardar kudi a Ma'aikatun Buga na Jihar Moroko, Dar As-Sikkah. Ita ce takardan banki ta farko a duniya da za a buga akan Durasafe, takarda-polymer-paper composite substrate wanda Fortress Paper ya samar. Gaban bayanin kula yana da alamar intaglio vignette da alamar ruwa na Sarki Mohammed VI, da zaren tsaro na canza launin magenta-kore. Zaren, kamar alamar ruwa, an haɗa shi a cikin takardar banki duk da haka ana iya gani a bayan tagar Viewsafe polymer mai gefe ɗaya. Hakanan yana da cikakkiyar tagar polymer mai haske wanda aka lulluɓe tare da ƙoƙon sarauta na Sarki. Bayan bayanan yana ɗauke da bugu na bugu na tunawa da shekaru 25 na bugu na banki a Ayyukan Buga na Jihar Moroko, Dar As-Sikkah. An kafa tagogin da ke cikin Durasafe ta hanyar yankan kowane gefe na nau'in nau'i na nau'i uku daban. Gilashin Viewsafe mai gefe ɗaya yana ba da haske mai haske a cikin madaidaicin inda zaren da alamar ruwa na Sarki Mohammed VI ke kare, amma ganuwa gaba ɗaya a bayan ainihin polymer. An ƙirƙiri tagar Thrusafe ta zahiri ta hanyar yanke duka masu yin takarda na waje don bayyana ainihin ainihin polymer. [3]

A ranar 15 ga Agusta, 2013, Bankin Al-Maghrib ya sanar da sabon jerin takardun kudi. Bayanan kula sun ƙunshi hoton Sarki Mohammed VI da kambin sarauta. Kowanne daga cikin bayanan yana nuna wata kofa ta Morocco a gefen hagu na hoton, wanda ke nuna wadatar kayan gine-ginen kasar, da kuma alamar bude ido na kasar. [4] [5] [6] [7]

A cikin 2019, Bankin Al-Maghrib ya fitar da takardar kudi dirham 20 da aka samar akan kayan aikin polymer don tunawa da cika shekaru 20 na hawan Mohammed VI kan karagar Morocco.

Takardun kuɗin Dirhamin Moroko

Zubi na 1987 (Haɗawa da maimaitawar 1991)
Daraja Girma Gaba Baya Asalin kala Bayani Kwanan wata
Gaba Baya Tambari Bugawa Bada dama
Dirham 10 143 × 70 mm Yellow and pink (1987)

violet (1991)
Hassan II Moroccan lute, pillar Hassan II 1987 1987/ca. 1991
Dirham 50 148 × 70 mm Kore Hassan II A fantasia scene Hassan II 1987 1987/ca. 1991
Dirham 100 153 × 75 mm Ruwan ƙasa Hassan II Koren Maris zuwa cikin Saharar Sipaniya (Oktoba, 1975), Hamada ta tashi Hassan II 1987 1987/ca. 1991
Dirham 200 158 × 75 mm Shuɗi Hassan II Conch harsashi, reshe na murjani, da Dhow. Hassan II 1987 ca. 1991
1996 Series
Dirham 20 130 × 68 mm Brown-reddish Hassan II, Great mosque of Casablanca Ruwan bangon Masallacin Hassan II Hassan II 1996 1996
2002 Series
Dirham 20 140 × 70 mm Violet Mohammed VI, "Bab Challah" (Challah gate) in Rabat A panoramical view of the Oudayas Mohammed VI and "20" 2005 2005
Dirham 50 147 × 70 mm Kore Mohammed VI A clay-made building (Ksour) Mohammed VI and "50" 2002 2002
Dirham 100 150 × 78 mm Ruwan ƙasa Mohammed VI, Mohammed V and Hassan II The Green March into the Spanish Sahara (October, 1975) Mohammed VI and "100" 2002 2002
Dirham 200 dirham 158 × 78 mm Blue Mohammed VI and Hassan II, Grand mosque of Casablanca A window of the Hassan II Mosque, Lighthouse of Casablanca (Pointe el-Hank) Mohammed VI and "200" 2002 2002
2013 Series
Dirham 20 131 × 70 mm Purple, orange and blue Mohammed VI, coat of arms of Morocco Train crossing Hassan II Bridge over the Bou Regreg river in Rabat; Hassan II Mosque and city buildings in Casablanca Mohammed VI and electrotype 20 2012 2013
Dirham 50 138 × 70 mm Green, yellow and blue Mohammed VI, coat of arms of Morocco Ouzoud Falls; argan tree, fruit, and bird Mohammed VI and electrotype 50 2012 2013
Dirham 100 145 × 70 mm Brown, yellow, violet and blue Mohammed VI; coat of arms of Morocco Sahrawi tent; wind turbine farm; three camels with riders on a desert Mohammed VI and electrotype 100 2012 2012
Dirham 200 151 × 70 mm Blue, green and violet Mohammed VI; coat of arms of Morocco Cargo ship, gantry cranes, and shipping containers in the port of Tangier; lighthouse and trees on Cape Spartel in Tangier Mohammed VI da electrotype 200 2012 2012
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Shahararrun mazhabobi da amfani[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Shahararrun mazhabobi kalmomi ne da ake amfani da su sosai a Maroko don yin nuni ga mabambantan dabi'u na kudin; Ba a dauke su a hukumance ta jihar. Waɗannan sun haɗa da rial ( Arabic pronunciation: [rjal] ), daidai da 5 santimat, da franc [frˤɑnk], daidai da santimita 1. Yawancin lokaci, yayin da ake mu'amala da kaya da ƙimar ƙasa da dirhami, yawanci ana amfani da rial ko santim. Don kaya masu tsada sosai, kamar motoci, al'ada ce a koma ga farashin santimat. Koyaya, ana amfani da rial lokacin magana da Larabci da centimi yayin magana cikin Faransanci .

Ko da yake matasan ba su yi amfani da su ba, ƙungiyar 1,000, 2,000, har zuwa 100,000 francs za su yi amfani da mutanen da suka rayu a lokacin mulkin mallaka na Faransa lokacin da suke magana akan Dirhami 10, 20 da 1,000.[ana buƙatar hujja] amfani da rial don kaya mafi girma fiye da yanki na dirhami, wanda ya kai 5,000 dhs (rial 100,000). Ana amfani da wannan rukunin a cikin mahallin larabci na Moroccan .

Ana kuma karɓar dirham na Morocco a kasuwannin kasuwanci a Ceuta, duk da farashin da ake nunawa a cikin Yuro .

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Krause and Mishler, 1995 Standard Catalog of World Coins, krause publications
  2. Morocco new 50-dirham commemorative confirmed Archived 2018-07-31 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-06.
  3. Morocco new 25-dirham commemorative world's first printed on Durasafe substrate Archived 2013-02-05 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. February 1, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-02-02.
  4. Morocco new 20-, 50-, 100-, and 200-dirham notes to be issued 15.08.2013 Archived 2013-08-06 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. July 25, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-07-26.
  5. Morocco new 200-dirham note confirmed Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. August 26, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-09-04.
  6. Morocco new 100-dirham note confirmed Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. September 16, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-09-18.
  7. Morocco new 20- and 50-dirham notes confirmed Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. December 28, 2013. Retrieved on 2014-01-15.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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