Harshen Umbundu

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Umbundu
South Mbundu
Úmbúndú
Asali a Angola
Ƙabila Ovimbundu
'Yan asalin magana
Samfuri:Sigfig (2018)e25
Official status
Babban harshe a Angola ("National language")
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-2 umb
ISO 639-3 umb
Glottolog umbu1257[1]
R.11[2]
Kudancin Mbundu
Mutumin Ocimbundu
Mutane Ovimbundu
Harshe Umbundu
Kasar Ovimbunduland

Umbúndú, ko Kudancin Mbundu (autonym úmbúndú), ɗaya daga cikin yarukan Bantu da yawa, shine yaren da aka fi magana da shi a Angola. An san masu magana da shi da Ovimbundu kuma kabilanci ne wanda ya zama kashi ɗaya bisa uku na yawan jama'ar Angola. Ƙasarsu ita ce Tsakiyar Tsakiya ta Angola da yankin bakin teku a yammacin waɗannan tsaunuka, gami da biranen Benguela da Lobito. Saboda ƙaura ta cikin gida ta baya-bayan nan, yanzu akwai manyan al'ummomi a babban birnin Luanda da lardin da ke kewaye da shi, da kuma Lubango.

Fasahar sauti[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sautin da aka yi amfani da shi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Harshen Umbundu
Labari Alveolar Palatal Velar Gishiri
Dakatar da fili p t t͡ʃ k
Dorsal. mb nd ɲd͡ʒ ŋɡ
Fricative ba tare da murya ba f s h
murya v
Hanci m n ɲ ŋ
Kusanci w l j

Sautin sautin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sautin Umbundu
A gaba Tsakiya Komawa
Kusa i aikiYa kasance u lokacin daA cikin su
Tsakanin Za a yi amfani da shiSai dai ko kumaYankin
Bude ãa nan

Sauti[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Umbundu yana da sautuna biyu: ƙasa da sama. Magana ta farko mai mahimmanci (á) a cikin kalma tana wakiltar sautin da ya fi girma. Sautin da ba shi da kyau ana wakilta shi da babbar murya (à). Kalmomin ba a san su ba suna ɗauke da sautin iri ɗaya kamar na da ya gabata.

Kalmomin kalmomi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Barka da zuwa - Ukombe domin ("Baƙi sun zo")
  • Gaisuwa - Wakolapo? (sg); Wakolipo? (pl)
  • Yaya kake? - Wakolapo? (sg); Wakolipo? (pl)
  • Ina godiya sosai, kuma kai? - Ndakolapo ("Ina da kyau"); Twakolapo ("Muna da kyau")
  • Menene sunanka? - Velye Altuko Vene? (frm); Ya ce ya sa ya sa ya zama haka? (ƙaddamarwa)
  • Sunan na shine... - Onduko ya kasance mai ƙauna...
  • Daga ina ka fito? - Za a iya amfani da su a matsayin masu amfani da su? ("Ina ƙasarku take?")
  • Na fito ne daga... - Ofeka yange... ("Ƙasar ta...")
  • Safiya mai kyau - Utanya uwa
  • Kyakkyawan rana - Ekumbi liwa
  • Da maraice mai kyau - Uteke uwa
  • Kyakkyawan dare - Uteke uwa; Pekelapo ciwa ("Sleep well")
  • Ka yi murna - Ndanda.. ("Na tafi")
  • Shin kuna magana da Turanci? - Ove ovangula inglese?
  • Shin kuna magana da Umbundu? - Ove ovangula umbundu?
  • Ya yi nadama - Ngecele (sg); Twecele (pl)
  • Don Allah - Yanke Gizo. ("Ka yi mini tausayi2)
  • Godiya ga - Ndapandula (sg); Twapandula (pl)
  • Amsa - Abin sha'awa

Rubutun samfurin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Harshen ya yi amfani da shi a matsayin wani nau'i na nau'i. Ovo vakwete ya ba da gudummawa, ya ba da kansa ga mutane ga mutane ga masu girma ga masu girma.

Fassara: "Dukkanin 'yan adam an haife su da' yanci kuma suna da mutunci da haƙƙoƙi. An ba su dalili da lamiri kuma ya kamata su yi aiki da juna cikin ruhun' yan uwantaka. " (Mataki na 1 na Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Umbundu". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online

Ƙarin karantawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  •  
  • Empty citation (help)
  • Empty citation (help)

Haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]