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Kula da zaizayar ƙasa

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Kula da zaizayar ƙasa
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na landscape management (en) Fassara
Facet of (en) Fassara Zaizayar Kasa da Rigakafin ƙasa
Irin ban ruwa a cikin yankin Ingika

Kula da zaizayar kasa ita ce hanyar hana ko sarrafa iska ko yashewar ruwa a harkar noma, ci gaban kasa, yankunan bakin teku, da gini. Gudanar da zaizayar ƙasa yana amfani da malalar ƙasa kuma yana da mahimman fasahohi don hana gurɓataccen.ruwa, asarar ƙasa, asarar muhalli da asarar dukiyar mutane.

Amfani[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ana amfani da hanyoyin kula da zaizayar ƙasa a cikin yankuna na birane da kauyuka, hakanan a aikin gona ko mahalli na birane. A cikin biranen sarrafa zaizayar ƙasa yawanci ɓangare ne na shirye-shiryen gudanar da ruwa mai kwararar ruwa wanda ƙananan hukumomi ke buƙata. Gudanarwar sau da yawa yana ƙunshe da ƙirƙirar shinge na zahiri, kamar shuke-shuke ko dutse, don sha ɗan ƙarfin iskar ko ruwan da ke haifar da lalatawa. Hakanan sun haɗa da ginawa da kiyaye magudanan ruwa. A wuraren gine-ginen ana aiwatar da su sau da yawa tare da sarrafa abubuwan ƙwanƙwasa irin su kwandunan ƙasa da shinge mara kyau.

Yashewar banki tsari ne na halitta: in ba tare da shi ba, koguna ba za su iya tafiya ba kuma su canza hanya. Koyaya, tsarin sarrafa ƙasa wanda ke canza ruwa da / ko tsire-tsire na tsire-tsire na iya aiki don haɓaka ko rage ƙimar ƙaura tashar. A wurare da yawa, ko bankunan ba su da tabbas saboda ayyukan mutane, mutane suna ƙoƙari su tsare kogi a wuri guda. Ana iya yin hakan don sake gyara muhalli ko hana kogi canza hanya zuwa ƙasar da mutane ke amfani da ita. Aya daga cikin hanyoyin da ake yin hakan shine ta hanyar sanya ɓarke ko gabobin ruwan.

Misalai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Misalan hanyoyin magance zaizayar kasa sun hada da masu zuwa:

Ƙirƙirar lissafi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

kula da zaizayan kasa

Tun daga shekarun 1920s da 1930s [1] masana kimiyya suke kirkirar samfuran lissafi don fahimtar hanyoyin yashewar kasa da kuma haifar da laka a saman kasa, gami da takarda ta farko da Albert Einstein yayi wanda yayi amfani da dokar Baer. [2] Waɗannan samfuran sun magance yaudara da yashewar takarda. Samfurori na farko sune saukakakken tsari wanda zai iya amfani dasu ta hanyar lissafin hannu. Zuwa shekarun 1970s samfurai sun faɗaɗa zuwa ƙirar kwamfuta mai rikitarwa mai magance gurɓataccen tushe mara tushe tare da dubunnan layukan lambar kwamfuta.[3] Tsari sananan samfuran hadaddun sun sami damar magance nuances a cikin ilmin karamar yanayi rarraba ƙirar ƙasa da kuma bambancin yanayin ƙasa.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Gadar kwarawa
  • Amsar gaggawa na yankin da aka ƙone
  • Ƙwararren ƙwararre a cikin ɓarna da Kula da Sediment
  • Gudanar da gabar teku
  • Kwallon Kura
  • Sabis na kiyaye albarkatun ƙasa (Amurka)
  • Noma yashewa
  • Daidaita Rasa Ƙasa ta Duniya
  • Tsarin Vetiver

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

 

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Robert E. Horton. 1933
  2. Albert Einstein. 1926
  3. C. Michael Hogan, Leda Patmore, Gary Latshaw, Harry Seidman et al. 1973