Le Havre

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Globe icon.svgLe Havre
Blason ville fr Le Havre (Seine-Maritime).svg
Le Havre.jpg

Wuri
Le Havre OSM 01.png Map
 49°29′39″N 0°06′29″E / 49.4942°N 0.1081°E / 49.4942; 0.1081
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaFaransa
Administrative territorial entity of France (en) FassaraMetropolitan France (en) Fassara
Region of France (en) FassaraNormandie
Department of France (en) FassaraSeine-Maritime (en) Fassara
Public institution of intermunicipal cooperation with own taxation (en) FassaraAgglomeration community of Le Havre (en) Fassara
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 165,830 (2020)
• Yawan mutane 3,532.06 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Located in statistical territorial entity (en) Fassara Q108921929 Fassara
Q3551193 Fassara
Yawan fili 46.95 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Seine (en) Fassara
Altitude (en) Fassara 2 m
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Rouelles (en) Fassara
Tsarin Siyasa
• Mayor of Le Havre (en) Fassara Édouard Philippe (5 ga Yuli, 2020)
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Lambar aika saƙo 76600, 76610 da 76620
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho 39
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo lehavre.fr
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Le Havre ( /l ə ˈhɑːv ( rə ) / ,[1][2][3] French: [lafiya (ə)] ( </img>  ; Norman  [lɛ ɑvʁ(é)] ) babban birni ne da ke da tashar jirgin ruwa a garin Seine-Maritime a yankin Normandy na arewacin Faransa. Tana nan a gefen dama daga gabar kogin Seine na tashar kudu maso yammacin Pays de Caux, kusa da Prime Meridian . Le Havre ita ce yanki mai dauke da mafi yawan jama'a a Upper Normandy, kodayake jimillar yawan jama'ar babban birnin Le Havre ya yi ƙasa da na Rouen. Bayan Reims, shi ne kuma yanki na biyu mafi girma a Faransa. Sunan Le Havre yana nufin "tashar ruwa" ko "tashar jirgin ruwa". Ana kiran mazaunanta da Havrais ko Havraises.[4]

Sarki Francis I ne ya kafa birnin da tashar jirage ruwa a shekarar alif 1517. Yaƙe-yaƙe na addini, rikice-rikice da Turawa, annoba, da guguwa sun kawo cikas ga ci gaban tattalin arziki a zamanin farko. Tun daga ƙarshen karni na 18 ne Le Havre ya fara girma kuma tashar ta fara wanzuwa tare da cinikin bayi sannan sauran kasuwancin kasa da kasa. Bayan hare-haren 1944 kamfanin Auguste Perret ya fara sake gina birnin da kankare. Masana'antar mai, sinadarai, da masana'antar kera motoci sun kasance masu ƙarfi a lokacin Trente Glorieuses (ƙarshen bayan yaƙi) amma shekarun 1970 sun nuna ƙarshen ƙarshen zinare na masu layin teku da farkon rikicin tattalin arziƙi: raguwar yawan jama'a, rashin aikin yi ya ƙaru kuma ya kasance a babban matsaloli a yau.

An sama canje-canje a cikin shekarun 1990-2000 da dama. Bayan ya lashe zaben kananan hukumomi kuma ya dau aniyar farfado da martabar birnin, yana neman bunkasa sashen kasunci da sababbin masana'antu ( Aeronautics, Wind turbines ). Aikin Tashar Jirgin ruwan na 2000 ya ƙara damar daukar kwantenoni don yin gogayya da tashoshin jiragen ruwa na arewacin Turai, ya canza yankunan kudancin birnin, kuma jiragen ruwa sun dawo. Le Havre na yau tana da tasiri sosai ga ayyuka da al'adun mazauna yankin. Tashar jiragen ruwa ita ce ta biyu mafi girma a Faransa, bayan ta Marseille, dangane da jimlar sufuri, kuma itace tashar da ta fi kowacce tasha girman daukakr kwantenaoni a Faransa.

A cikin shekara ta 2005, UNESCO ta rubuta tsakiyar birnin Le Havre a matsayin Gidan Tarihi na Duniya saboda ginin post-WWIIna musamman.[5] Gidan kayan tarihi na zamani na André Malraux shine na biyu na Faransa saboda dumbin zane-zane masu ban sha'awa . Birnin ya sami kyautar furanni biyu daga Majalisar Kasa ta Birane da Kauyuka a Bloom a gasar birane da kauyuka a Bloom.[6]

Labarin kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wuri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  Le Havre yana da nisan 50 kilometres (31 mi) daga yamma da Rouen a gabar Tekun Turai da kuma gabar Seine. Hanyoyi da yawa suna haɗi zuwa Le Havre tare da manyan hanyoyin samun damar kasancewa hanyar A29 ta Amiens da kuma hanyar A13 daga Paris mai haɗawa zuwa hanyar A131 .

Taswirar Le Havre: zuwa kudu maso gabashin Seine; zuwa yamma tashar Turanci .

A gwamnatance, Le Havre wani gari ne a yankin Normandy a yammacin sashin Seine-Maritime. Yankin birni na Le Havre na da alaka da yankin Agglomeration na Le Havre (CODAH) wanda ya haɗa da kwamitoci 17 da mutane 250,000. [7] Yankin ya mamaye iyakar kudu maso yammaci yankin Pays de Caux inda shine birni mafi girma. Le Havre yana cikin cakude a tsakanin bakin tekun tashar daga kudu maso yamma zuwa arewa maso yamma da kuma gabar Seine zuwa kudu.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Le Havre". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). HarperCollins. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  2. "Le Havre". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 18 July 2022.
  3. "Le Havre". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 21 July 2019.
  4. "Le nom des habitants du 76 - Seine-Maritime - Habitants". www.habitants.fr.
  5. "Le Havre, the City Rebuilt by Auguste Perret". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  6. "Site officiel du Label Villes et Villages Fleuris". www.villes-et-villages-fleuris.com. Archived from the original on 10 December 2014.
  7. Editorial[dead link], CODAH, consulted on 19 July 2012 (in French)