Masarautar Mongol

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Masarautar Mongol
Flag of the Mongol Empire.svg
Administration
Government elective monarchy (en) Fassara da hereditary monarchy (en) Fassara
Head of state Genghis Khan (en) Fassara
Capital Avarga (en) Fassara
Official languages Mongolic languages (en) Fassara, Turkic languages (en) Fassara, Sinanci da Farisawa
Geography
Mongol Empire map.gif
Area 4000000 km²
Demography
Population 160,000,000 imezdaɣ. (1279)
Density 40 inhabitants/km²
Other information
Currency Balysh (en) Fassara

Masarautar Mongol ta samo asali ne daga hadadden kabilu dayawa a cikin Mongol a karkashin jagorancin Genghis Khan (c. 1162 - 1227), wanda majalisa ta ayyana mai mulkin dukkan Mongols a shekara ta 1206. Daular ta girma da sauri a karkashin mulkinsa kuma wannan daga zuriyarsa, waɗanda suka aika mayaƙan mayaƙa ta kowane bangare. [3] [4] Manyan daular mulkin mallaka sun hada gabas da yamma a Pax Mongolica, don ba da izinin rarrabawa da musayar kasuwanci, fasaha, kayayyaki da akida a duk fadin Eurasia. [5] [6]

Daular ta fara rarrabuwa saboda yaƙe-yaƙe, kamar yadda jikokin Genghis Khan suka kafa hujja da ita ko layin sarauta ya kamata ya bi daga ɗansa da magajin Ögedei na farko ko daga ɗayan sonsa ,ansa, kamar Tolui, Chagatai, ko Jochi. Toluids ta rinjayi bayan zubar da jini na Ögedeid da Chagataid, amma rigima ta ci gaba a tsakanin zuriyar Tolui. Babban abin da ya haifar da rarrabuwa shi ne muhawara kan ko daular Mongol za ta zama ta-da-dare, da daula, ko za ta kasance da aminci ga rayuwar mazauna Mongol da rayuwar rayuwa. Bayan Möngke Khan ya mutu (1259), majalisun kurultai masu hamayya a lokaci guda sun zabi mataimaka daban-daban, 'yan uwan ​​Ariq Böke da Kublai Khan, waɗanda suka yi yaƙi da juna a cikin yakin basasa na Toluid (1260-11264) kuma sun sha fuskantar kalubale daga zuriya daga sauran' ya'yan wasu Genghis. [7] [8] Kublai ya samu nasarar karbe mulki, amma yakin basasa ya biyo baya yayin da yake neman nasarar samun nasarar sake kwace iko da iyalan Chagatayid da Ögedeid.