Muhajir mutane

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Mutumin Muhajir (mawallafi Mahajir da Mohajir) (Urdu: Musulmai ne) su ne 'yan gudun hijira musulmi, na kabilanci da zuriyarsu, wadanda suka yi hijira daga wasu yankunan Indiya zuwa Pakistan, bayan da' yancin kai na Pakistan.

etymology[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Harshen Urdu muhājir (Urdu: مہاجر) ya fito ne daga harshen larabci muhājir (Larabci: مهاجر), ma'anar "baƙo", kuma kalmar yana hade a tarihin Islama na farko zuwa ga hijira Musulmi. Bayan 'yancin kai na Pakistan, yawancin Musulmai sun yi hijira ko kuma sun fita daga yankin da suka kasance India. Bayan bayan rabuwar, wata babbar musayar yawan jama'a ta kasance a tsakanin jihohi biyu da aka kafa. A cikin tarzomar da aka riga aka raba a yankin Punjab, tsakanin mutane 200,000 da dubu 2,000 ne aka kashe a cikin kisan gillar. Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta kiyasta cewa 'yan Hindu miliyan 14, Sikhs da Musulmai sun yi hijira a lokacin rabuwa; shi ne mafi girma yawan hijira a tarihin ɗan adam.

Pakistan motsi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kafin 1857, Kamfanonin Gabashin Indiya sun mallaki yankunan Birtaniya. Kamfanin ya tsare fataucin gudanar da yankuna a madadin gwamnatin Mughal. Kashewar Mutineers a shekarar 1857 -1858 ya kai ga kawar da gwamnatin Mughal da kuma gwamnatin Birtaniya da ke kula da yankunan Indiya. Nan da nan bayan da tawayen suka yi, dan Birtaniya ya ci gaba da zama Musulmi, kamar yadda wasu shugabannin jagorancin yaki suka fito ne daga wannan yanki da ke yankin Delhi da abin da ke yanzu Uttar Pradesh; dubban su da iyalansu sun harbe, rataye su ko kuma suyi harbi. A cewar Mirza Ghalib, ko da mata ba a kubuta ba saboda 'yan tawaye sun rarraba kansu a matsayin mata.