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Nigeria Airways Flight 2120

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Nigeria Airways Flight 2120
aviation accident (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙasa Saudi Arebiya
Kwanan wata 11 ga Yuli, 1991
Start point (en) Fassara Filin Jirgi na Abdulaziz
Wurin masauki Filin jirgin saman Sokoto
Vessel (en) Fassara Douglas DC-8 (en) Fassara
Ma'aikaci Nolisair
Depicted by (en) Fassara Under Pressure (en) Fassara
Abu mai amfani Douglas DC-8-61 (en) Fassara
Aircraft registration (en) Fassara C-GMXQ
Flight number (en) Fassara NG 2120
Wuri
Map
 21°38′13″N 39°10′23″E / 21.63689°N 39.17319°E / 21.63689; 39.17319
Airways Nigeria

Jirgin saman Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 jirgin fasinja ne daga Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, zuwa Sokoto, Najeriya a ranar 11 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 1991, wanda ya kama da wuta jim kadan bayan tashinsa daga Filin jirgin saman King Abdulaziz ya fadi a yayin da yake kokarin dawowa don saukar gaggawa, ya kashe fasinjoji mutum 247 duka. da ma’aikatan jirgin guda 14. Jirgin na Douglas DC-8 ne wanda kamfanin Nationair Canada ke aiki da shi na Nigeria Airways . Jirgin shekara ta 2120 shine hadari mafi muni da ya shafi DC-8 kuma har yanzu shine mafi munin bala'in jirgin sama da ya shafi kamfanin jirgin saman Kanada.

Jirgin sama da ma'aikata[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Jirgin da ya yi hatsarin shi ne Douglas DC-8-61, na shekara ta 1968, C-GMXQ, mallakar kamfanin Kanada na Nolisair, wanda yawanci kamfanin Nationair Canada ke aiki. A lokacin da hatsarin ya faru, ana kuma ba da haya ne ga kamfanin jirgin na Nigeria Airways, wanda shi kuma ya bayar da hayar ta ga kamfanin Holdtrade Services don jigilar alhazan Nijeriya zuwa Makka da dawowa . DC-8, shine nau'in jirgin sama na farko da kamfanin jirgin ke amfani dashi.

William Allan, kyaftin din mai shekaru 47, tsohon matukin jirgin saman Sojan Sama na Kanada, ya yi tafiyar awanni guda 10,700 na jirgin sama da kuma awanni 1,000. Kent Davidge, jami'in na farko mai shekaru 36, ya yi tafiyar awanni 8,000 na zirga-zirga, wanda awanni 550, ke ciki, kuma shi ne matukin jirgin da ke tashi a cikin hatsarin. Victor Fehr, Injiniyan jirgin mai shekaru 46, ya yi tafiyar awanni 7,500 na zirga-zirga, wanda a ciki sa’o’i 1,000 ke ciki. [1][2][3]

Hadari[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Jirgin ya tashi daga filin jirgin saman King Abdulaziz zuwa filin jirgin sama na kasa da kasa na Sadiq Abubakar III da ke Sokoto, amma an bayar da rahoton matsaloli ba da jimawa ba bayan tashinsa . Ba a sani ba game da jirgin, jirgin ya tashi da wuta a lokacin tashinsa, kuma ko da yake wutar kanta ba a bayyane take ba tun lokacin da ta fara a wani yanki ba tare da tsarin gargadi na gobara ba, illolin suna da yawa. Matsa lamba ba ta yi nasara ba da sauri, kuma ma'aikatan sun kasance cikin damuwa da gargaɗi marasa ma'ana sakamakon gazawar kewayen wuta. Dangane da gazawar matsin lamba, Allan ya yanke shawarar kasancewa a 2,000 feet (610 m), amma an tsayar da jirgin zuwa 3,000 feet (910 m) a sakamakon mai kula da yin kuskuren Flight a shekara ta 2120 na jirgin Saudia wanda shi ma yake bayar da rahoton matsalolin matsin lamba saboda Kyaftin Allan ya yi kuskuren bayyana shi da "Nationair Canada a shekara ta 2120" maimakon "Nigerian a shekara ta 2120," cakuda da aka kwashe mintuna uku, amma daga ƙarshe an gano ba shi da wani tasiri a kan sakamakon.

A tsakanin wannan, Jami'in Farko Davidge, wanda ya tashi C-GMXQ daga waje, ya ba da rahoton cewa ya rasa lantarki. Sai kawai ma'aikatan jirgin suka fahimci gobarar lokacin da wani ma'aikacin jirgin ya garzaya cikin matattarar jirgin yana ba da rahoton "hayaki a baya ... haƙiƙanin gaske." Ba da daɗewa ba bayan haka, Davidge ya ba da rahoton cewa ya rasa lamuran wahala, ya tilasta Allan ya karɓi ragamar mulki; yayin da Allan ya karɓi ragamar, rikodin muryar jirgin ya faɗi. A wannan lokacin, mai kula da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama ya fahimci cewa Flight a shekara ta 2120, ba jirgin Saudiya bane kuma yana cikin matsala, kuma ya jagorance su zuwa filin jirgin. Daga baya Allan ya tuntubi kula da zirga-zirgar jiragen sama sau da yawa, daga cikin hanyoyin sadarwar sa gabannin mutuwa shi ne neman motocin gaggawa.

Lokacin da jirgin yayi kusan 18 kilometres (11 mi; 10 nmi) daga tashar jirgin sama da zuwa hawa 670 metres (2,200 ft), wurin da za'a iya saukar da kayan saukar jirgin, ta fara hango fashewar wasu fadoji kuma gawarwaki da dama sun fado daga gareta, wanda ke nuni da cewa wutar a wancan lokacin ta cinye, a kalla a wani bangare, gidan dakin. Kawai 2.875 kilometres (1.8 mi) takaice daga titin saukar jirgin, jirgin da ke narkewa daga karshe ya zama ba a iya shawo kansa ya fadi, kashe duk wani bangare na mutane 261, da ke cikin jirgin - gami da fasinjoji 247 — wadanda ba su riga sun shanye ko sun fado daga cikin jirgin ba. An gano tara daga cikin ma'aikata goma sha hudu, amma "ba a yi kokarin tantance fasinjojin ba".

As of Yuli 2017, the accident remains the deadliest crash involving a Douglas DC-8, as well as the second-deadliest accident taking place on Saudi Arabian soil, after Saudia Flight 163.[4] after Saudia Flight 163.[5]

Dalilin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kafin tashi, babban makanike ya lura cewa "# 2 da # 4, tayoyin taya sun kasance kasa da mafi karancin aika jirgin," kuma sun yi yunƙurin kumbura su, amma ba a sami iskar gas mai sauƙi ba. Manajan aikin, ba da son karɓar jinkiri ba, ya yi watsi da matsalar kuma ya karanta jirgin don aikawa. Yayin da jirgin yake tasi, canja wurin kaya daga taya mai lamba 2, ta taya zuwa na 1, a kan layin tashar jiragen ruwa daya ya haifar da "cikin wuce gona da iri, dumama dumama da kuma rage karfin fasali na lamba 1." "Taya ta 1 ta gaza sosai da wuri lokacin da za a tashi," kusan nan da nan ya bi ta lamba 2. Latterarshen ya daina juyawa “saboda dalilan da ba a kafa su ba,” kuma rikice-rikicen da aka yi a gaban motar motar tare da titin sauka da tashin jiragen sama ya samar da isasshen zafin wuta don kunna wuta mai cin gashin kanta.

Ma'aikatan jirgin sun fahimci cewa akwai matsala, amma ba yanayi ko mahimmancin ta ba. Ba a tanadar da jirgin sama da na'urori masu auna wuta ko na zafi a cikin motar ba. An yi rikodin jami'in na farko yana mai faɗi yana cewa, "Za mu iya yin taya, ya kai?" Dangane da Kwamitin Tsaro na Sufuri na mambobin Kanada da aka yi hira da su a wani labarin ranar Mayday game da hatsarin, hanyoyin da suka dace game da gazawar taya yayin tashin jirgin a kan jirgin DC-8 ba su hada da kin amincewa da tashi don tayar ko tayar da keken ba, don haka kyaftin din ya ci gaba tare da takeoff.

Dangane da ƙirar jirgin sama na gama-gari, haɗarin ya zama ba makawa a daidai lokacin da aka janye kayan saukar jirgin, 'yan daƙiƙa bayan tashin jirgin da daɗewa kafin gaggawa ta bayyana. Lokacin da wannan ya faru, "an kawo roba mai ƙonewa kusa da kayan haɗin lantarki da kayan haɗin lantarki," wanda ya haifar da gazawar tsarin hydraulic da na matsi wanda ya haifar da lalacewar tsarin da asarar sarrafa jirgin. Daga baya Hukumar Kula da Sufuri ta kammala, "da ma'aikatan sun bar kayan saukar jirgin, da an kau da hatsarin." Fuel, "mai yiwuwa an gabatar da shi ne sakamakon 'ƙonewa ta cikin' tankin tankin mai," ƙara wutar, wanda a ƙarshe ya cinye bene na gidan. Mutane sun fara fadowa daga jirgin lokacin da kayan aikin mazaunin su suka kone. "Duk da irin barnar da jirgin ya yi, jirgin ya bayyana da cewa ana iya sarrafa shi har zuwa gab da faduwarsa."

An gano yayin binciken cewa masu kanikanci sun san game da tayoyin da ba su da kumburi tun daga ranar 7, ga watan Yuli amma manajan aikin, da rashin horon da ya dace don yanke shawara, ya hana gyaran tayoyin saboda jirgin ya kasance a kan kari, yana bukatar su rikodin karatun matsa lamba na ƙarya a cikin katako don sanya jirgin sama ya zama mai iska. Wannan yana nufin cewa shuwagabannin Nationair Canada sun matsawa takwarorinsu ma'aikatan matukin jirgin don su hana bayanan da suke da tasirin gaske.

Bayan haka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ba da daɗewa ba bayan hatsarin, ƙungiyar ma'aikatan jirgin saman Nationair Canada da ke Toronto suka tattara kuɗi don ƙirƙirar abin tunawa, wanda aka rubuta da sunayen waɗanda abin ya shafa. Tunawa, wanda aka kammala shi da bishiyar cherry da aka dasa don tunawa da abokan aikinsu da suka mutu a Jeddah, an ba shi gida na dindindin a babban ofishin Babban Ofishin Jiragen Sama na Toronto .

Jirgin saman, haɗe tare da mummunan suna na Nationair Kanada don sabis akan lokaci da matsalolin injina, ya haifar da manyan matsaloli tare da martabar jama'a da amincin tsakanin masu yawon buɗe ido. Wadannan matsalolin sun tabarbare lokacin da Nationair Canada ta kulle ma'aikatanta na jirgin sama masu hadaka kuma suka ci gaba da maye gurbinsu da masu buga doka a ranar 19, ga Nuwamba shekara ta 1991. Kulle-kullen ya ɗauki tsawon watanni 15, kuma a lokacin da ya ƙare a farkon shekara ta 1993, Nationair Kanada ta sami kanta cikin mawuyacin halin rashin kuɗi. A lokacin, Nationair Canada na bin gwamnatin Kanada bashin miliyoyin daloli na saukar jirgi. Masu ba da bashi sun fara kwace jirgin sama kuma suna neman tsabar kudi a gaba don ayyuka. An bayyana kamfanin fatarar ne a cikin watan Mayun shekara ta 1993, saboda CDN $ 75 miliyan.

A shekara ta 1997, Robert Obadia, mamallakin Nationair Canada da mahaifinta Nolisair, sun amsa laifuka takwas na zamba dangane da ayyukan kamfanin.

A cikin sanannun al'adu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wani labari na Mayday a cikin shekara ta 2012, mai taken "Underarfafa Matsala" ya rufe wannan hatsarin.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Jirgin Sama na Air France 4590 – Wani hatsarin jirgin sama a shekara ta 2000, wanda ya faru sanadiyyar gobara da ta tashi sakamakon fashewar taya
  • Tsaro na jirgin sama
  • Jerin hadurra da lamuran da suka shafi jiragen sama ta wuri
  • Jerin hadurra da abubuwan da suka faru da suka shafi jirgin kasuwanci
  • Jirgin Mexicana 940 – Wani hadari da ya faru a shekara ta 1986, wanda ya shafi gobarar saukowa
  • Jirgin Swissair Flight 306 – Wani hadari a shekara ta 1963, da ya faru sanadiyyar gobara da ta tashi sakamakon gazawar kayan sauka a jirgin
  • Jirgin Jirgin Sama na ValuJet 592 – Wani hadari a shekara ta 1996, wanda ya faru sanadiyyar gobarar wuta a cikin kayan masarufi

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Mayday
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ap_sep93
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Nationair Canada History On The Web
  4. "Aviation accidents record for Saudi Arabia". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  5. Samfuri:ASN accident