Port Harcourt

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Globe icon.svgPort Harcourt
Port Harcourt City Coat of Arms.jpg
Pitakwa.jpg

Suna saboda Lewis Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt (en) Fassara
Wuri
 4°45′N 7°00′E / 4.75°N 7°E / 4.75; 7
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaNajeriya
Jerin jihohi a NijeriyaRivers
Ƙaramar hukuma a NijeriyaPort Harcourt (karamar hukuma)
Babban birnin
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 1,005,904 (2006)
• Yawan mutane 2,794.18 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 360 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Tekun Guinea
Altitude (en) Fassara 18 m
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1912
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Port-Harcourt.

Port Harcourt birni ne, da ke a jihar Rivers, a ƙasar Najeriya. Shi ne babban birnin jihar Rivers. Port harcourt itace birni na biyar a girma, bayan Lagos, Kano, Ibadan da Kaduna.[1][2] Bisa ga ƙidayar jama'a a shekarar 2006, akwai kimanin mutane 1,382,592,[3] amma an hakayo cewa akwai kimanin mutane miliyan 1,865,000 ke zaune a babban birnin. Turawan mulkin mallaka suka gina tashan jirgin ruwa a garin don daukan gawayi daga Enugu wanda ke da nisan kilomita 243 kilometres (151 mi) zuwa kasashensu na ketare, da kuma titin jirgin kasa da turawan suna gina wanda ya hade garuruwan biyu wanda ake kira da "Eastern Line".[4][5]

Kafin shekara ta 1912, wurin da ake kira Port harcourt garine na mutanen Ikwerre da Ogbulom.

Tattalin arzikin Port harcourt ya koma harkokin man fetur a yayinda aka fara fitar da mai ta jihar a shekara ta 1958. Ta hanyar gajiyar da Birnin Port harcourt ta samu daga Kamfononin man fetur na Najeriya, birnin ta samu bunkasa zuwa tsarukan gine-gine na zamani iri iri.[6]

Asali suna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An samar da garin a 1912, amma ba'a sanya mata suna ba har zuwa watan Augustan 1913. A lokacin da shugaban Najeriya, Gwamna Sir Fedrick Lord Lugard ya sanya mata suna "Port Harcourt" don karramawa ga Lewis Vernon Harcourt sakataren Gwamnti na wannan yankunan mallakar turawa a lokacin.[7] Ma'anan kalmar a harshen Okrika itace Hakoti Kiri ko kuma Parakot. Sunan garin da harshen Obulom shine Obomotu, wanda ke nufin babban gida

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Shugaban Najeriya kuma shugaban yankin kudancin Najeriya Lord Lugard ya kirkiri Birnin Port Harcourt a shakara ta 1912. Manufar samar da wannan tasha shine don sufurin gawayi da aka gano a Enugu zuwa ketare. Gwamnatin mulkin mallaka ta tilasta ainhin mutanen garin (Diobu) su bar wurin, haka ginin tashar jirgin ruwan ya fara a 1912. Sauran garuruwa da aka hade don fadada garin sun hada da Oroworukwo, Nkpogu, da kuma Rumuomasi. Anyi amfani da yankin Port Harcourt a matsayin tushen yaki don yakar German Cameroon. Bayan gano man fetur a Oloibiri a shekara ta 1956, ta Port harcourt aka fara fitar da man-fetur din a shekara ta 1958. Port harcourt ta zamo cibiyar kasuwancin man fetur a Najeriya. Kuma tabbas ta sama gajiyar wannan alaka saboda ta samu bunkasa da cigaba a fannoni daban daban na zamani.

Har wayau cigaban garin ya hada da zamantowar ta cibiyar kamfanonin kere-kere na kungiyar Eastern region na lokacin; matsayin ta a Niger Delta da kuma a mtsayin cibiyar al'adu da kuma muhimmancin ta ga mutanen jihar Rivers.

Bayan anci jamhoriyar Biafra da yaki a 1967, Port Harcourt ta fada karkashin mulkin gwamnatin Najeria a ranar 19 ga watan Mayu 1978.

Labarin kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Asalin birnin Port Harcourt shine daidai gabar da tashar jiragen ruwa take a karkashin karamar hukumar Port Harcourt da ke Jihar Rivers. Birnin ta hada da karamar hukumar Port Harcourt din ita kanta da kuma sauran wurare kaman of Obio-Akpor and Eleme. Yankin Portharcourt ya kunshi kananan hukumomi guda takwas wanda suka hada da Port Harcourt, Okrika, Obio-Akpor, Ikwerre, Oyigbo, Ogu–Bolo, Etche and Eleme. Akwai cunkoson al'umma a Port harcourt wacce karamar hukumace na Jihar Rivers kuma kasance ita kadai ce babban birni a garin. An ayyana yawan jama'a birnin kimanin mutum miliyan biyu a shekara ta 2009, saboda haka ta zamanto daya daga cikin birane nafi girma (a yawan jama'a) a Najeriya.

Wuri[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yanayi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Port Harcourt na da yanayi na Tropical Wet Climate da damuna mai tsawo da ruwa mai karfi, sannan akwai rani mara tsawo. Watanni tsakanin December zuwa February ne kadai ke da yanayi na rani a garin. Sannan akwai karancin lokacin sanyi a birni. Watan da akafi ruwan sama a garin shine watan Satumba da kimanin (367mm) na ruwan sama. Watan December itace wata da tafi kowanne karancin ruwan sama da kimanin (20mm). Yanayi na zafi/sanyi yana daidaita a duka shekara, yawanci tsakanin 25 °C-28 °C a birnin.

Climate data for Port Harcourt
Watan Janairu Fabrairu Maris Afrilu Mayu Yuni Yuli Ogusta Satumba Oktoba Nuwamba Disamba Shekara
Average high °C (°F) 32.4
(90.3)
33.4
(92.1)
32.6
(90.7)
32.1
(89.8)
31.2
(88.2)
30.0
(86.0)
28.8
(83.8)
28.7
(83.7)
29.3
(84.7)
30.2
(86.4)
31.3
(88.3)
31.8
(89.2)
31.0
(87.8)
Average low °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
22.5
(72.5)
23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.7
(72.9)
22.4
(72.3)
22.4
(72.3)
22.4
(72.3)
22.4
(72.3)
22.4
(72.3)
21.4
(70.5)
22.5
(72.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 22.2
(0.87)
56.5
(2.22)
116.3
(4.58)
183.6
(7.23)
222.7
(8.77)
273.3
(10.76)
356.5
(14.04)
326.8
(12.87)
367.1
(14.45)
263.1
(10.36)
96.9
(3.81)
25.9
(1.02)
2,310.9
(90.98)
Average rainy days 2.2 4.6 8.6 11.6 14.2 16.5 19.7 19.8 20.1 14.4 5.9 2.1 139.7
Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00 LST) 54.6 57.0 65.3 70.1 74.1 78.5 81.1 81.6 81.3 77.7 69.3 58.5 70.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 142.6 123.2 114.7 132.0 139.5 102.0 77.5 74.4 78.0 102.3 132.0 148.8 1,367
Mean daily sunshine hours 4.6 4.4 3.7 4.4 4.5 3.4 2.5 2.4 2.6 3.3 4.4 4.8 3.7
Source 1: World Meteorological Organization[8]
Source 2: NOAA (sun and relative humidity, 1961–1990)[9]




Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Population of Cities in Nigeria (2021)". worldpopulationreview.com. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. "Nigeria: cities with the largest population 2021". Statista. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  3. "Arizona-Ogwu, L.Chinedu (16 February 2011). "Port Harcourt PDP Rally Stampede: Irregular Or Deregulated Police Action?". Nigerians In America. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
  4. Port Harcourt, Nigeria Metro Area Population 1950-2021". www.macrotrends.net. Retrieved 19 November2021.
  5. "Udo, Reuben K. (1970). Geographical Regions of Nigeria. University of California Press. p. 85.
  6. "Hudgens, Jim; Trillo, Richard (2003). The rough guide to West Africa (4 ed.). Rough Guides. p. 1075. ISBN 1-843-53118-6.
  7. "Okafor, S.O. (January 1973). "The Port Harcourt Issue: A Note on Dr Tamuno's Article". African Affairs. Royal African Society. Oxford University Press. 72 (286): 74. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a096323.
  8. "World Weather Information Service – Port Harcourt". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 August 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  9. "Port Harcourt Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2016.