Sameera Moussa

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(an turo daga Sameera Musa)
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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Sameera Moussa
SameeraMoussa.jpg
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Gharbia Governorate (en) Fassara, ga Maris, 3, 1917
ƙasa Misra
Harshen uwa Larabci
Mutuwa California, ga Augusta, 5, 1952
Yanayin mutuwa  (traffic collision (en) Fassara)
Karatu
Harsuna Larabci
Sana'a
Sana'a nuclear physicist (en) Fassara, Q1108841 Fassara, assistant professor (en) Fassara da medical physicist (en) Fassara

Sameera Moussa ( Larabcin Misra|سميرة موسى) Maris, 1917 - 5 ga Agusta, 1952) ta kasance shahararriyar masaniyar kimiyyar nukiliya ce yar'kasar Masar, wadda ta sami digiri na uku a Ilimin atomic radiation kuma tayi aiki don ganin amfani a likitance da kimiyyar nukiliya ya zama mai karbuwa ga kowa. Ta shirya taron Atomic Energy for Peace Conference kuma ta dauki nauyin shirya taron kasa da kasa a karkashin tutar "Atoms for Peace" ita ce mace ta farko da ta fara aiki a Jami'ar Alkahira .

Samartaka da kwaleji[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Moussa a Masar a cikin Gharbia Governorate a 1917. Mahaifiyarta ta mutu sakamakon cutar kansa, mahaifinta sanannen dan gwagwarmayar siyasa ne, sannan ya koma tare da 'yarsa zuwa Alkahira tare da sanya kudinsa a wani karamin hotel a yankin El-Hussein . A kokarin mahaifinta, Moussa ta halarci makarantar firamare ta Kaser El-Shok, daya daga cikin tsofaffin makarantu a Alkahira . Bayan da ta kammala karatun ta, ta shiga makarantar Banat El-Ashraf, mahaifinta ya gina shi kuma ya gudanar da shi.

Duk da cewa Moussa ta sami babban matsayi a karatunta na sakandare, kuma zata iya shiga cikin gurbin karatun injiniya, amma ta dage kan shiga Kwalejin Kimiyya a Jami'ar Alkahira . A cikin 1939, Moussa ta sami BSc a cikin aikin ilimin radiology,[1] tare da lambar girmamawa ta farko (First Class) bayan binciken ta game da tasirin rayukan X-ray akan abubuwa daban-daban. Dokta Moustafa Mousharafa, shugaban sashen farko na jami'ar, ya yarda da dalibarsa wanda ya rika taimaka mata donta zama malama mai zurfi a fannin koyarwa. Bayan haka, ta zama mataimakiyar shugabar mata ta farko a wannan rukuni ɗaya kuma mace ta farko da ta riƙe matsayin jami'a, kasance farkon wanda ya sami digirin-digiri na uku a fitilar kwayar zarra.[1]

Binciken nukiliya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Moussa ta yi imani da Atoms for Peace . An san ta da cewa "Burina shi ne a kula da warkar da cutar sankara ( kansa) kuma ta zama da arha kamar Aspirin ".   Ta yi aiki tukuru don wannan manufa, kuma a ko'ina takan yi bincike mai zurfi, ta fito da wani tarihi lissafi da zai taimaka wurin raba sunadaran karafa masu rauni kamar tagulla, wanda zai bayar da damar gudanar da yin nukiliya bam mai sauki.

Ta shirya taron Atomic Energy for Peace Conference kuma ta dauki nauyin shirya taron kasa da kasa a karkashin tutar "Atom for Peace", inda aka gayyaci manyan masana kimiyya. Taron ya ba da shawarwari da yawa don kafa kwamiti don kare kai daga barazanar makaman nukiliya, wanda ta yi kakkausar suka sosai. Har ila yau, Moussa ya ba da kansa don taimakawa wajen kula da marasa lafiya na kansa a asibitoci daban-daban musamman tun da mahaifiyarta ta shiga mummunan yaƙi da wannan cuta.

Ziyara zuwa Amurka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Moussa ta karɓi malanta daga Fulbright Atomic domin ta zama sananniya tare da wuraren bincike na zamani a Jami'ar California . An ba ta izinin ziyartar asirin injunan atom na Amurka. Ziyarar ta tayar da muhawara mai zafi a bangarorin ilimi da kimiyya na Amurka tun da ta kasance mace ta farko da ba haifaffen Amurka ba da aka ba ta wannan gatan.Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag[2]

Saboda mummunan yanayin kisan da ta yi da kuma wariyar launin fata a tsakanin tsarin kimiyya, ba a taɓa fitar da aikin Sameera ba kawai saboda yawancin su an rubuta sune cikin Larabci. [3]


Kyautuka da girmamawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A ganin kokarinta, an ba ta kyautuka masu yawa saboda kokarin ta.[4]. Daga cikinsu akwai:

  • 1953, lokacin da Sojojin Masar suka girmama ta.   [ <span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (March 2013)">Lissafi da ake bukata</span> ][ <span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (March 2013)">Lissafi da ake bukata</span> ]
  • 1981, lokacinda aka bashi kyautar Order of Science and Arts, First Class, daga baya-shugaba Anwar Sadat .   [ <span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (March 2013)">Lissafi da ake bukata</span> ][ <span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (March 2013)">Lissafi da ake bukata</span> ]
  • An sanya wa ɗakin bincike a Kwalejin Kimiyya da wata makaranta a ƙauyen nata suna.
  • Gidan talabijin na Masar ya watsa wani jerin gwano mai taken Mutuwar Mutuwar batsa tarihin rayuwarta.
  • A shekarar 1998, yayin bikin ranar Mace ta Misira, an yanke shawarar kafa kwanciyar hankali ta al'adu a wurin haihuwarta da ke dauke da sunanta.
  • An buga wani littafi wanda ya nuna rayuwarta da gudummawar kimiyya. [5]


Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Ali Moustafa Mosharafa
  • Bedair yace

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Aslam, Syed (12 May 2011). "20th Century Muslim Scientists - Sameera Moussa". The Muslim Observer.  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":0" defined multiple times with different content
  2. "Raqia Ibrahim: Egyptian Jewish Actress Recruited by Israel to Prevent Egypt Owning Nuclear Bomb" Egypt Independent (1 December 2014).
  3. "Was Sameera Moussa (1917 - 1952) killed in a planned assassination?". Reddit (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  4. poc2, Author (2018-10-09). "Dr. Sameera Moussa – Nuclear Medicine". POC Squared (in English).  Unknown parameter |access-date= ignored (help)
  5. بلال, عبد الله (2000). اغتيال العقل العربي: سيرة ذاتية لأولى شهداء العلم د.سميرة موسى. مصر: دار الامين للنشر و التوزيع. 

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]