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Sihem Bensedrine

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Sihem Bensedrine
Rayuwa
Haihuwa La Marsa (en) Fassara, 28 Oktoba 1950 (73 shekaru)
ƙasa French protectorate of Tunisia (en) Fassara
Tunisiya
Karatu
Harsuna Faransanci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan jarida da Mai kare ƴancin ɗan'adam
Employers Radio Kalima (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
Hédi Majdoub tare da membobin IVD

Sihem Bensedrine (Larabci: سهام بن سدرين‎) (an haife ta ranar 28 ga watan Oktoba, 1950) 'yar jarida 'yar Tunisiya ce kuma mai fafutukar kare haƙƙin ɗan adam. A shekara ta 2005, an karrama ta da lambar yabo ta Oxfam Novib/PEN.[1]

Tarihin Rayuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haife ta a La Marsa, kusa da Tunis kuma ta tafi Faransa don yin karatu a Jami'ar Toulouse, inda ta sami digiri a fannin falsafa.

A shekara ta 1980, ta zama mai ba da rahoto ga jaridar Le Phare mai zaman kanta. Lokacin da mujallar ta daina bugawa, ta zama shugabar siyasa a Maghreb, sannan a Réalités . Lokacin da Maghreb ya daina bugawa saboda tarzomar abinci a shekarar 1983, ta zama babban editan Gazette Touristique kuma ta kafa l'Hebdo Touristique. A lokaci guda kuma, tana kula da jaridar adawa El Mawkif. [ana buƙatar hujja]

Ta kafa gidan buga littattafai na Arcs a shekarar 1988, amma ta yi fatara a shekarar 1992 saboda rikicin kare hakkin dan Adam. A shekara ta 1998, ta zama shugabar adabi na gidan wallafe-wallafen Noir sur Blanc.

A shekara ta 1998, ta kafa Conseil National pour les Libertés en Tunisie (CNLT), wanda ta zama mai magana da yawun farko.

Daga shekarar 1999, ita da kasuwancinta sun fuskanci 'yan sanda da yawa da ayyukan shari'a, da suka hada da kwace da lalata dukiya da kuma yakin cin mutuncin kanta da aka nuna mata a matsayin karuwa, saboda 'yancinta na 'yan jarida da ayyukan kare hakkin bil'adama.

A cikin 2000, ta haɗu da haɗin gwiwar mujallar kan layi ta Kalima tare da Naziha Réjiba. A shekara ta 2001, Réjiba da Bensedrine sun kafa ƙungiyar Observatoire de la Liberté de la Presse, de L'Edition et de la Création (OLPEC), wacce ke haɓaka 'yancin ɗan jarida.[2]

A ranar 17 ga watan Yuni 2001, Bensedrine ya bayyana a kan "Le Grand Maghreb", Al Mustaquilla tashar talabijin, tushen a London. Ta fito fili tana sukar cin hanci da rashawa a Tunisia da gwamnatinta.[3] A ranar 26 ga watan Yunin 2001, an kama ta a filin jirgin saman Tunis Carthage bayan wata hira da aka yi da gidan talabijin inda ta yi tir da cin zarafin bil adama, ciki har da yin amfani da tsari na azabtarwa da cin hanci da rashawa na shari'a. An zarge ta da yada "labaran karya da nufin kawo cikas ga zaman lafiyar jama'a", [4] "lalata" [4] da "rasa cibiyar shari'a". [5][4] An dai samu rudani game da ko an kama ta ko a'a saboda ba a bi ka'idojin shari'a na Tunisiya ba. Daga baya mambobin kungiyar lauyoyin da ba su da iyaka sun tabbatar da cewa an kama ta kuma an bi hanyoyin da suka dace na doka.

A ranar 10 ga watan Yuli, 2001, Bensedrine ta sami lambar yabo ta musamman don aikin jarida na kare hakkin ɗan adam a ƙarƙashin Barazana a Kyautar Watsa Labarai ta Amnesty International UK. Mijinta da diyarta sun sami kyautar a madadinta. [6] A ranar 12 ga watan Agusta an sake Bensedrine saboda goyon baya da yawa, duka a Tunisia da kasashen waje, musamman a Faransa.[7] [8] Kamun Bensedrine yana da alaƙa da fitowar ta a gidan talabijin na Al Mustaquilla kuma gwamnatin Tunisiya ta ba da misali da bayyanarta a ranar 17 ga watan Yuni 2001 a matsayin shaida a cikin shari'ar batanci da suka bi a kan gidan talabijin na Al Mustaquilla.[9]

A shekara ta 2004, Bensedrine ta sami karramawa daga 'yan jarida na Kanada don faɗin 'Yanci tare da lambar yabo ta 'Yancin Jarida ta Duniya don karramawa da jajircewarta wajen karewa da haɓaka 'yancin ɗan jarida.

A shekara ta 2005, Bensedrine ta sami lambar yabo ta Oxfam Novib/PEN.

A shekara ta 2008, Bensedrine ta sami lambar yabo ta asusun zaman lafiya na Danish a matsayin amincewa da jajircewarta na jajircewa wajen tabbatar da dimokuradiyya da bin doka a kasarta ta haihuwa da kuma kokarinta na tsara hanyoyin sadarwa tsakanin masu rajin kare hakkin bil'adama a kasashen Larabawa.

A shekarar 2011 kungiyar kare hakkin bil'adama ta Human Rights Watch ta ba ta lambar yabo ta Alison Des Forges don karramata shekaru ashirin da ta yi tana aikin fallasa take hakkin dan Adam karkashin tsohon shugaban kasar Tunisiya Ben Ali. Kyautar "yana murna da bajintar daidaikun mutane da suka sanya rayuwarsu kan layi don kare mutunci da hakkokin wasu".[10] Ta kuma ci lambar yabo ta IPI Free Media Pioneer Award. [11]

Rediyo Kalima na daga cikin gidajen rediyo guda 12 da suka samu shawarar Hukumar Kula da Watsa Labarai ta Kasa (NAICR) na a ba ta lasisi, amma har zuwa watan Satumba na ci gaba da jiran albarkar gwamnatin wucin gadi.[12]

Tun daga shekarar 2014, Ben Sidrine ta jagoranci Hukumar Gaskiya da Mutunci a Tunisiya,[13] kwamitin tsarin mulki da ke da alhakin sauraron shaidu daga wadanda gwamnati ta amince da azabtarwa da cin hanci da rashawa tsakanin shekarun 1955 da 2011. Hukumar ta gudanar da zamanta na farko na jin ra’ayin jama’a a ranar 18 ga watan Nuwamba.[14]

Kyauta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ƙarshen 1970s Bensedrine da sauran membobin ƙungiyar kare haƙƙin ɗan adam ta Tunisiya sun sami lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta Nobel tare a shekarar 2015. [15]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Tunisiya Monitoring Group

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Jan Baeke (December 2005). "Novib / PEN Awards for persecuted writers" . The Power of Culture . Retrieved September 10, 2012.
  2. Naziha Réjiba, Tunisia, Kalima (2009-09-23). "Naziha Réjiba, Tunisia, Kalima - Awards - Committee to Protect Journalists" . Cpj.org. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
  3. "Alert Sihem Bensedrine jailed, threats against Al Mustaquilla" . IFEX ifex.org . IFEX Clearing House. Jun 27, 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Bensedrine IFEX ALERT 001
  5. "Amnesty magazine Sept/Oct 2001 - Media Awards 2001 winners Amnesty International UK's 10th annual Media Awards" . Archived from the original on April 15, 2002. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
  6. "Amnesty International UK Media Awards - 2001 winners" . Archived from the original on November 10, 2002. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
  7. "Amnesty International UK's 10th annual Media Awards - Press Notice" . Archived from the original on May 1, 2001. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
  8. "Amnesty international media awards Media Awards 2001 10TH ANNUAL MEDIA AWARDS: WINNERS ANNOUNCED" . Archived from the original on February 9, 2002. Retrieved 2013-01-21.
  9. "Alert Al Mustaquilla television station sued in London by the Tunisian regime" . IFEX ifex.org . IFEX Clearing House. Aug 24, 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  10. "Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisia | Human Rights Watch" . Hrw.org. 2012-08-13. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
  11. "Beynəlxalq Avrasiya Mətbuat Fondu" . Avrasiyakredit.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
  12. "politics - New Private Radios: Authorized but still Voiceless" . Latunisievote.org. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
  13. "ihem Ben Sedrine: The tenuous position of the woman tasked with bringing those who profited under Tunisia's authoritarian regime to justice" . Independent.co.uk . 9 September 2015.
  14. Gall, Carlotta (18 November 2016). "Silenced for Decades, 'Victims of Despotism' Air Torture Claims in Tunisia" . The New York Times .
  15. Sihem Bensedrine

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]