Tsaunukan Virunga

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Tsaunukan Virunga
Nyiragongo2004.jpg
General information
Gu mafi tsayi Mount Karisimbi (en) Fassara
Height above mean sea level (en) Fassara 4,507 m
Tsawo 80 km
Labarin ƙasa
Geographic coordinate system (en) Fassara 1°25′45″S 29°32′54″E / 1.4291666666667°S 29.548333333333°E / -1.4291666666667; 29.548333333333
Bangare na Great Rift Valley (en) Fassara
Kasa Jamhuriyar dimokuradiyya Kwango, Ruwanda da Uganda
Geology
Material (en) Fassara volcanic rock (en) Fassara
Gahinga (hagu) da Muhabura (dama)
Muhabura, Gahinga, Karisimbi, Sabyinyo da Mikeno

Tsaunukan Virunga (wanda aka fi sani da Mufumbiro) jerin tsaunuka ne a gabashin Afirka, a kan iyakar arewacin kasar Rwanda, Jamhuriyar Demokradiyyar Kongo (DRC), da Uganda. Tsaunin wani reshe ne na tsaunukan Kyautar Albertine, wanda ke iyaka da reshen yamma na gabashin Afirka. Suna tsakanin Lake Edward da Lake Kivu. Sunan "Virunga" sigar Ingilishi ce ta kalmar Kinyarwanda ibirunga, wacce ke nufin "volcanoes".

Tsaunin ya kunshi manyan duwatsu masu aman wuta guda takwas. Mafi yawansu basuyi bacci ba, banda Dutsen Nyiragongo mita 3,462 (11,358 ft) da Dutsen Nyamuragira mita 3,063 (10,049 ft), duk a cikin DRC. Fashewa ta baya-bayan nan ta faru ne a shekarar 2006, 2010 da Mayu 2021. Dutsen Karisimbi shi ne tsauni mafi girma da yakai mita 4,507 (14,787 ft). Mafi tsawun tsauni shi ne Dutsen Sabyinyo, wanda ya hau mita 3,634 (11,923 ft) sama da matakin teku.

Dutsen Virunga gida ne na gorilla mai tsananin hatsari, wanda aka jera a cikin IUCN Red List of Endangered Species saboda asarar muhalli, farauta, cuta, da yaƙi (Butynski et al. 2003). Cibiyar Bincike ta Karisoke, wacce Dian Fossey ta kafa don lura da gorilla a cikin mazauninsu, tana tsakanin Dutsen Karisimbi da Dutsen Bisoke.

Jerin tsaunuka a tsaunin tsaunuka na Virunga[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sunan dutse Wuri Hawan cikin Mita Hawan cikin ƙafa
Dutsen Karisimbi Rwanda / DRC 4,507 14,790
Dutsen Mikeno DRC 4,437 14,560
Dutsen Muhabura Rwanda / Uganda 4,127 13,540
Dutsen Bisoke Rwanda / DRC 3,711 12,180
Dutsen Sabyinyo Rwanda / Uganda / DRC 3,674 12,050
Dutsen Gahinga Rwanda / Uganda 3,474 11,400
Dutsen Nyiragongo DRC 3,470 11,400
Dutsen Nyamuragira DRC 3,058 10,031

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]