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Virlana Tkacz

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Virlana Tkacz
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Newark (en) Fassara, 23 ga Yuni, 1952 (71 shekaru)
ƙasa Tarayyar Amurka
Karatu
Makaranta Columbia University (en) Fassara
Bennington College (en) Fassara
Columbia University School of the Arts (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a mai bada umurni na gidan wasan kwaykwayo, theatre manager (en) Fassara, marubuci da mai aikin fassara

Virlana Tkacz (an haife ta a watan Yuni 23, 1952 a Newark, New Jersey ) ita ce darektan kafa na "Yara Arts Group", wani kamfani mai zama a shahararren gidan wasan kwaikwayo na La MaMa na a New York.[1] Ta yi karatu a Kwalejin Bennington da Jami'ar Columbia, inda ta sami Master of Fine Arts a cikin jagorancin wasan kwaikwayo.

Virlana Tkacz

Tare da kungiyar 'Yara' ta ƙirƙira sama da gidajen wasan kwaikwayo 30 waɗanda ke haɗa gajerun waƙoƙi na zamani da waƙoƙin gargajiya, waƙoƙi, almara da tarihi daga Gabas don ƙirƙirar ƙirar ƙima tare da ba da labari. Gwaji a cikin sigar su da ainihin su, suna amfani da bidiyo, hotuna da aka tsara, da makin kida masu rikitarwa don bincika dangantakarmu da lokaci da wayewa. Yankunan Yara na baya-bayan nan, "Mafarkan Ƙarƙashin Ƙasa" da "Bugawa Bedrock," sun dogara ne akan hira da matasan birane da 'yan gudun hijira, yayin da "1917-2017: Tychyna Zhadan & Dogs" ya kasance game da tashin hankali na yaki kuma sun sami lambar yabo ta New York Innovative Theater Awards. [1] Archived 2021-04-14 at the Wayback Machine

Ayyukan wasan kwaikwayo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ms. Tkacz ta ƙirƙira gidajen wasan kwaikwayo na asali sama da guda ashirin da biyar na waɗanda suka kasance haɗin gwiwa tare da kamfanonin wasan kwaikwayo na gwaji daga Gabashin Turai. An yi waɗannan sassa a La MaMa a New York, a manyan gidajen wasan kwaikwayo a Kyiv, Kharkiv da Lviv da kuma a bukukuwan wasan kwaikwayo na duniya, da kuma a cibiyoyin al'adu na ƙauye. Yara 'yan kwanan nan Dark Night, Bright Stars, ya kasance game da taron mawaƙin Ukrainian Taras Shevchenko da ɗan bala'i na Amurka Ira Aldridge, wanda NY Theater Wire ya kira "mai ban mamaki," yana rubuta: "A kan matakin ƙasa, wannan wasan kwaikwayo labari ne game da biyu. Abokan da ke da irin wannan tarihin suna da musayar al'adu, amma ku zurfafa bincike kuma ku gano jigogi na kabilanci da talauci, zalunci da 'yanci, ɓangarorin waje da kuma burin gida.[2] Ta ƙirƙira "Opera GAZ" tare da Nova Opera daga Kyiv da aka yi a La MaMa a New York a watan Disamba 2019 kuma ana kiranta da "kyakkyawa," "ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun wasan operas na zamani" da "dole ne a kalla."[3]

A shekarar 1996 ta fara aiki tare da mawakan asalin garin Buryat na Siberiya. Tare suka kirkiro guda shida na asali na wasan kwaikwayo. Dangane da kayan gargajiya, al'adu da rera waƙoƙin shaman an yi waɗannan guntu a La MaMa, a Ulan Ude a gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Buryat, da ƙauyukan Aga-Buryat, waɗanda suka haɗa da Circle, wanda ya shiga cikin repertoire na Buryat National Theater kwanan nan bayan wasan kwaikwayonsa na 330 ya zama wasan kwaikwayo na kamfanin. The Village Voice ya rubuta: "Aiki mai ban sha'awa mai ban sha'awa, Circle, gaugawa a hankalinku, yana sa zuciyar ku ta buga, kuma tana girgiza jin ku." [4]

A cikin 2005 Ms. Tkacz ta yi aiki a kan fassarar Janyl Myrza, wasan almara na Kyrgyzstan na karni na 17 game da mace jarumi. Bayan tafiya zuwa Dutsen Celestial, ta kirkiro Janyl, tare da masu fasaha daga Yara da Sakhna Nomadic Theatre na Kyrgyzstan. An yi wasan kwaikwayon a La MaMa a shekara ta 2007, babban birnin Bishkek, cibiyar yankin Naryn da kuma cikin tsaunukan Celestial, inda labarin Janyl ya faru. Hotuna daga Janyl an nuna su a Kyrgyzstan Epic Theater a New York: Hotunan Margaret Morton da Jami'ar Tsakiyar Asiya ta buga a 2008. [5] A cikin 2008 Virlana ta ƙirƙiri Er Toshtuk bisa ɗaya daga cikin tsoffin almara na Kyrgyzstan game da balaguron sihiri da duhu mai ban dariya a cikin duniyar ƙasa. An yi wasan kwaikwayon a La MaMa a cikin 2009 kuma yana ci gaba da yin wasa a Kyrgyzstan. Backstage ya kira shi "ƙaramin dutse mai daraja," "cike da ban dariya da yanayin jiki." [6]

Baya ga aikinta tare da Yara, Ms. Tkacz ta jagoranci shirin Return of the Native don Bikin Bikin Wave na gaba na BAM tare da mawaki Peter Gordon da mai zanen bidiyo Kit Fitzgerald. Aikin da aka yi a Tucano Arts Festival a Rio de Janeiro da kuma Het Muziektheater a Amsterdam. Ta kuma yi aiki tare da su a kan Blue Lights a cikin Basement, abin tunawa ga Marvin Gaye a BAM Opera House. A zauren Aaron Davis ta shirya Sekou Sundiata's Mystery of Love, ETC. Ta yi aiki tare da David Roussève akan Mana Goes to the Moon, sannan kuma ta jagoranci wasan kwaikwayo don Ƙungiyar 'Yan Asalin Amirka, Aikin Mata da kuma a Tsibirin Coney.

Ms. Tkacz ta kasance babban Malama na Fulbright a Cibiyar wasan kwaikwayo a Kyiv a 2002 da kuma a Bishkek a 2008, da kuma a Kurbas gidan wasan kwaikwayo Center a Kyiv (2016). Ta gudanar da bitar wasan kwaikwayo don Cibiyar bazara ta Harvard har tsawon shekaru goma sha ɗaya kuma ta yi lacca a Makarantar Yale na Drama da Tisch School of Arts a NYU. Ta taimaka wa daraktoci irin su Andrei Serban, Ping Chong, George Ferencz da Wilford Leach a La MaMa, da kuma Sir Peter Hall a Broadway da Michael Bogdanov a gidan wasan kwaikwayo na kasa a London.

Littattafai da fassarori[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tun daga 1989 ta yi aiki tare da mawaki ba-Amurke "Wanda Phipps" akan fassarorin wakokin Ukrainian. Ayyukansu sun zama ginshiƙan ɓangarorin wasan kwaikwayo na Yara da yawa kuma sun bayyana a cikin mujallun adabin Amurka da yawa, tarihin tarihi da abubuwan da aka saka CD. An buga fassarorin su da aka yi amfani da su a cikin abubuwan samarwa na Yara a cikin 2008 azaman tarihin tarihin harsuna biyu a cikin wani haske daban-daban . Tare sun sami lambar yabo ta Agni, tallafin fassarar NYSCA guda bakwai da lambar yabo ta National Theater Translation Fund don aikin da suka yi akan wasan kwaikwayo na baiti Forest Song . Tkacz da Phipps suma sun dukufa wajen fassara kayan gargajiya da suka haɗa da: tatsuniyoyi, waƙoƙi, waƙoƙi da almara. A cikin 2005 an ba Tkacz lambar yabo ta NEA Fassara Fassarar Waƙoƙi don aiki akan waƙar Serhiy Zhadan na zamani. Kwanan nan Jarida ta Jami'ar Yale ta buga Abin da Muke Rayuwa Don/Abin da Muka Mutu Don: Zaɓaɓɓun Waƙoƙi na Serhiy Zhadan a cikin fassararsu. Mai bitar Karin Adabin Times ya kira Zhadan “mawaƙi mai daraja ta duniya” da fassarorinsu “masu ƙwarewa.” [7] An zabi littafin ne don Kyautar Fassarar Waqoqin (Poetry Translation Award) PEN.

Ayyukan ta da kungiyar "Yara" tare da masu fasaha na Buryat sun jagoranci Tkacz da Phipps don yin aiki tare da Sayan Zhambalov akan fassarar Buryat Mongolian. Ayyukansu akan waƙoƙin shaman sun sami karɓuwa daga Gidauniyar Witter Bynner don Kyautar Fassarar Waƙa kuma ta jagoranci buga littafinsu Shanar: Dedication Ritual of a Buryat Shaman ta Parabola Books a 2002. An buga littafin a cikin takarda a matsayin Siberian Shamanism: The Shanar Ritual of the Buryats in 2015 da kuma a cikin Faransanci kamar yadda Chamanisme Siberien: Le Rituel du Shanr des Bouriates" a cikin 2017.

Tkacz ta buga labarai a cikin Nazarin Tarihin Gidajen wasan kwaikwayo, Jaridar Nazarin Yukren, Takardun Slavonic na Kanada, da Nazarin Slavic na Kanada-Amurka kuma ya rubuta game da nata aikin a gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Amurka . A cikin 2010 ta haɗa haɗin gwiwa tare da Irena Makaryk Modernism a Kyiv: Gwajin Jubilant, wani babban littafi kan fasahar Kyiv a cikin 1920s wanda Jami'ar Toronto Press ta buga a 2010. Uilliam Blacker ya yi bitar littafin kwanan nan don Nazarin Yukren Harvard kuma ya rubuta: “Ƙararren Irena Makaryk da Virlana Tkacz game da rayuwar al’adun kyiv mai ƙarfi a zamanin zamani yana wakiltar babbar nasara a cikin karatun Ingilishi kan al’adun Ukraine. Ƙirar ta dawo da al'adun zamani na zamani da aka yi watsi da su na Ukraine ga mai karatu mai magana da Ingilishi, amma mahimmancinsa shine, ta hanyar girman girman aiki da tsarin aikin, kuma ya fi wannan: a cikin hankalinsa ga yanayin al'adu na kasa da kasa da (neo) Tsarin mulkin mallaka da halaye, ƙarar tana wakiltar gyara ga madaidaicin babban birni na malanta kan al'adun zamani." [8]

A shekara ta 2007, anyiwa Virlana Tkacz lakabi da muhimmiyar mawakiyar Ukraine wato “Honored Artist of Ukraine." [9] A cikin 2021, an yi waƙar Virtual Forest Song yayin bala'in cutar ta Covid akan layi ta amfani da fasahar Zoom don wasa da hotunan bishiyoyi (oak, sycamore, birch da willow) suna haɗe da ƴan wasan kwaikwayo, kiɗa, da hotuna na gidajen 'ƙone da ruguza' daga yankunan da ake rikici a gabashin Ukraine.

Shirye-shiryen da Virlana Tkacz ta ƙirƙira tare da kungiyar Yara Arts Group[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

2021 Virtual Forest Song

2019 Opera GAZ 2019 Winter Songs on Mars 2018 Following the Milky Way 2017 1917/2017: Tychyna, Zhandan and the Dogs 2016 Dark Night, Bright Stars 2015 Hitting Bedrock 2014 Capt. John Smith Goes to Ukraine 2014 Winter Light 2014 Underground Dreams 2013 Fire, Water, Night 2013 Midwinter Night 2012 Dream Bridge 2011 Raven 2010 Winter Sun 2010 Scythian Stones 2009 Er Toshtuk 2008 Still the River Flows 2007 Janyl 2005 Koliada: Twelve Dishes 2004 The Warrior's Sister 2003 Swan 2002 Howling 2002 Kupala 2001 Obo: Our Shamanism 2000 Song Tree 2000 Circle 1998-99 Flight of the White Bird 1996-1997 Virtual Souls 1995 Waterfall/Reflections 1994 Yara's Forest Song 1993 Blind Sight 1992 Explosions 1990-91 A Light from the East/In the Light For more information on Yara Arts Group and photographs see Yara Arts Group

Littattafai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Jennings, Olena (April 2010). "Yara Arts Group: Poetry into Theatre (Interview with Virlana Tkacz)". nthWORD Magazine. Retrieved 2010-05-05.
  2. "Dark Night Bright Stars by Yara Arts Group Directed by Virlana Tkacz".
  3. "Opera GAZ"
  4. Eva Yaa Asantewaa "Worlds Collide" Village Voice, May 16,2000
  5. Randy Gener, American Theatre, February 2009
  6. "Gwen Orel, Backstage, March 30, 2009". Archived from the original on April 26, 2019. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
  7. Askold Melnyczuk, Times Literary Supplement, April 23, 2019
  8. Review by Uilliam Blacker in Harvard Ukrainian Studies, Vol 36, no 1-2 pp 220-224.
  9. Randy Gener, American Theatre, February 2009

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]