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Abdallah ibn Sa'd

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Abdallah ibn Sa'd
2. gwamna

646 - 656
'Amr ibn al-'As (en) Fassara - Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa (en) Fassara
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Makkah, 7 century
Mutuwa Ashkelon (en) Fassara, 656 (Gregorian)
Ƴan uwa
Ahali Wahb ibn Saad (en) Fassara da Sayyadina Usman dan Affan
Sana'a
Sana'a Shugaban soji da wāli (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci

Abdallah ibn Sa'd Abi Abi Sarh (Larabci: عبد الله بن سعد بن أبي السرح, romanized: Abd Allāh ibn Saʿd ibn Abī al-Sarḥ) ya kasance mai kula da Larabawa.[1]

A lokacin da yake gwamnan Masar (646 AZ zuwa 656 AZ), Abdallah ibn Sa’ad ya gina rundunar sojan ruwa mai ƙarfi ta Larabawa. A karkashin jagorancinsa sojojin ruwan musulmai sun sami nasarori da dama ciki har da babban yakin ruwansu na farko da suka yi da sarkin Byzantine Constans II a yakin Masts a 654 CE.

Asali[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ya fito daga dangin Banu Amir bn Lu'ayy na kabilar Quraishawa kuma dan uwan ​​halifa Usman ne.[1]

A zamanin Muhammadu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al-Tabari ya rubuta a cikin tafsirinsa cewa duk da cewa Abdallah ya yi ridda, amma ya koma Musulunci kafin cin Makka.[2][3] A gefe guda kuma, a cikin Tarihinsa, al-Tabari ya rubuta game da Abdallah da Muhammad cewa "Abdallah b Sa`d b. Abi Sarh ya kasance yana yi masa rubutu. Ya yi ridda daga Musulunci saboda da'awar cewa shi Annabin Musulunci ne. a zamanin Annabi Muhammadu amma daga baya ya koma Musulunci a ranar da aka ci Makka".[4] Hadisi a cikin Sunan Abu Dawud ya rubuta labarin yadda Abdallah ibn Sa’ad ya hadu da Muhammad wanda ya jagoranci Muhammad yana son hukuncin kisa na Abdallah ibn Sa’ad amma bai umarce shi da baki ba kamar yadda Uthmam ya yi fatali da hukuncin yanka Abdallah ibn Sa’ad.[5]

A zamanin Uthman[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lokacin da Usman ya zama halifa a shekara ta 644 AZ, ya naɗa Abdallah gwamnan Masar ya maye gurbin Amr ibn al-As, tare da Muhammad bn Abi Huzaifa a matsayin mataimaki. Abdallah ya kawo babban tawaga daga kasashen waje ya kafa diwan, "kuma ya yi umarni cewa a tsara duk harajin kasar a can".[6]

'Yan Koftik suna kallon Abdallah a matsayin "mai son kuɗi" wanda ya kashe kuɗin shiga a kansa. A lokacinsa yunwa ta afkawa Masarautar Misira ta yadda Copts da yawa suka tsere zuwa Kogin Nilu.[6] Ba da daɗewa ba Larabawa sun nuna rashin amincewarsa da gwamnansa, shima.

Wasu daga cikin zanga -zangar da alama mai taimakawa Muhammad bin Abi Huzaifa ne ya zuga su. Mahaifin Muhammad (Abi Huzaifa) farkon musulunta ne wanda ya mutu a yakin Yamama. Uthman ne ya raya Muhammad. Lokacin da ya balaga ya shiga kamfen na sojojin kasashen waje kuma ya raka Abdallah zuwa Masar a matsayin mataimaki. Muhammad bn Abi Huzaifa yayi wa Abdallah wa'azi, inda ya bada shawarar sauye -sauye a gwamnati amma Abdallah bai amsa ba. Bayan ci gaba da kokari, a ƙarshe Muhammad bn Abi Huzaifa ya yi rashin haƙuri kuma ya juya daga mai ba da shawara mai tausayawa zuwa ga abokin hamayya mai takaici - na farko Abdallah sannan daga baya na Uthman don nada shi. Abdallah ya rubuta wa Uthman da'awar cewa Muhammad yana yada fitina kuma idan ba a yi abin da zai hana shi ba, al'amarin zai yi muni. Uthman yayi yunƙurin rufe zanga -zangar Muhammad da dirhami 30,000 da kyaututtuka masu tsada. Ana ganin kyaututtukan Uthman a matsayin cin hanci kuma hakan ya haifar da koma baya, inda Muhammad ya kawo kuɗi da kyaututtuka a cikin Babban Masallaci yana cewa;


“Kun ga abin da Uthman ke kokarin yi? Yana ƙoƙarin siyan bangaskiyata. Ya aiko mini da waɗannan tsabar kuɗi da waɗannan kayayyaki a matsayin cin hanci.”

Sayyidina Uthman ya aike da wasiku masu yawa ga Muhammad, amma ya ci gaba da gina tashin hankali akan Abdallah. A cikin 656 shugabannin Masar sun yanke shawarar tura wakilai zuwa Madina don neman a kori Abdallah. Abdallah kuma ya tafi Madina don kare kansa a kotun khalifa. A cikin rashi, Muhammad bn Abi Huzaifa ya dauki nauyin gwamnati.

Lokacin da Abdallah ya isa Ayla, aka gaya masa cewa gidan Uthman ya kasance a kewaye (Kewaye da Uthman) kuma ya yanke shawarar komawa Masar. A kan iyaka aka sanar da shi cewa Muhammad bn Abi Huzaifa ya ba da umarni don hana shi shiga Masar. Daga nan ya tafi Falasdinu yana jiran sakamakon abubuwan da suka faru a Madina. A halin da ake ciki, an kashe Uthman a Madina, da Abdallah ya ji labari, sai ya bar Falasdinu, ya tafi Dimashƙu don zama ƙarƙashin kariyar Muawiyah I.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Becker, C.H. "ʿAbd Allāh b. Saʿd" (in Turanci).
  2. "al-Tabari's Tafsir for 6:93". Archived from the original on 2015-06-14. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
  3. Abdullah Ibn Sad Ibn Abi Sarh: Where Is the Truth?
  4. Al-Tabari, "History of al-Tabari Vol. 9 - The Last Years of the Prophet", transl.
  5. Translation of Sunan Abu-Dawud (partial).
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archdeacon George (fl. 715), as transferred to Severus of Muqaffa; B. Evetts (1904). "Benjamin I". History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic church of Alexandria.