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Ahmed Francis

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Ahmed Francis
Finance minister of Algeria (en) Fassara

27 Satumba 1962 - 4 Satumba 1963 - Bachir Boumaza (en) Fassara
member of the French National Assembly (en) Fassara

Rayuwa
Haihuwa Relizane, 1912
ƙasa Aljeriya
Mutuwa Geneva (en) Fassara, 1 Satumba 1968
Karatu
Harsuna Faransanci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa
Wurin aiki Geneva (en) Fassara
Aikin soja
Ya faɗaci Algerian War (en) Fassara
Imani
Jam'iyar siyasa Democratic Union of the Algerian Manifesto (en) Fassara

Ahmed Francis (an haife shi a ranar 12 ga watan Nuwamba shekarar 1910) [1] – 31 ga watan Augusta shekarar 1968) ɗan siyasan Algeria ne kuma ɗan kishin ƙasa, an haife shi a Relizane a cikin dangi asalinsu Miliana.

Bayan karatun likitanci a birnin Paris na kasar Faransa, inda ya samu digirin digirgir a shekarar 1939, Ahmed ya koma Algeria ya fara aiki a shekara ta 1942 a Setif, garin abokinshi Ferhat Abbas, wanda ya bi ta lokacin juyin juya halin siyasa.

Duk da kasancewarsa Kirista, ya kasance Ministan Tattalin Arziki da Kuɗi na gwamnatin Algeria ta farko daga shekarat 1958 zuwa shekara ta 1963, wanda ya sa shi kaɗai ministan Aljeriya wanda ba Musulmi ba.

Kunnawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan ya fara aikinsa a matsayin mai fafutuka a Paris a AEMAN (Fassara daga Faransanci zuwa: ofungiyar Daliban Musulmai na Arewacin Afirka), ya halarci daga baya a cikin ƙirƙirar AML (Fassara daga Faransanci zuwa: Abokai na Bayyanar 'Yanci) kafin kasancewarsa interned daga baya a cikin abubuwan da suka faru na 8 ga watan Mayu,shekarar 1945.

Ahmed Francis ya tsunduma cikin gwagwarmayar neman hakkin Algeria wanda dan'uwansa, mai kishin kasa, Ferhat Abbas ke jagoranta. Kamar Abbas, sojojin mulkin mallaka sun kama shi bayan kisan kiyashin Sétif na shekarar 1945, amma daga baya aka sake shi. Daga nan ya shiga kungiyar UDMA ta Abbas, wacce ke neman 'yancin jama'a na Aljeriya da cikakken daidaito da Faransawa wadanda ba Musulmi ba, amma ya daina samun' yanci daga Faransa. A shekarar 1946, an zabe shi memba na Majalisar Kundin Tsarin Mulkin Faransa a matsayin wakilin UDMA.

Tsaye daga hagu zuwa dama: Ahmed Francis, Mohamed Lamine Debaghine, Abderrahmene Kiouane, Ferhat Abbas, Cheikh Omar Derdour, Mostefa Lakhak. Zaune: Mohamed El-Ghassiri.

Ya karaya da kara matsin lamba daga siyasar Faransa, daga karshe ya gamsu da bin Abbas zuwa gudun hijira a Alkahira, don shiga kungiyar masu ra'ayin rikau ta National de libération nationale (FLN) a shekarar 1956, shekaru biyu bayan da FLN ta fara tawaye da makamai don neman 'yanci . Ya zama memba na gwamnatin Aljeriya da ke gudun hijira, GPRA, a matsayinsa na ministan tattalin arziki da tattalin arziki, wanda za a iya cewa wani abu ne na wani adadi na sojojin da ke da tsattsauran ra'ayi. Yayin da rikice-rikicen siyasa ya karu tare da samun 'yanci na gabatowa, ya rasa matsayinsa a jerin ministoci na uku shekarar (1961).

Shugabanci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan samun ‘yancin kai, ya shiga cikin dan takaitaccen lokacin da ya shiga cikin gwamnatin shugaba Ahmed Ben Bella da ke samun goyon bayan soja, amma ya yi murabus tare da Abbas don nuna adawa da tsarin jam’iyya daya da aka kafa da kuma mayar da majalisar tsarin mulkin Aljeriya saniyar ware. Bai sake shiga siyasa ba, kuma ya mutu a Geneva a shekarar 1968.

Ya shiga kungiyar 'yanci ta kasa (FLN) a Alkahira a shekara ta 1956 tare da Ferhat Abbas, kuma ya zama mamba mamba na Majalisar Kasa ta Juyin Juya Halin Algeria (CNRA) bayan babban taron Soummam. Bayan wasu ayyuka da yawa a kasashen waje, ya zama Ministan Tattalin Arziki da Kudi na gwamnatocin farko na wucin gadi na Jamhuriyar Algeria (GPRA) daga shekarar 1958 zuwa shekara ta 1961.

Ahmed Francis yana daya daga cikin masu sasantawa na yarjejeniyar Evian, wanda aka sanyawa hannu a ranar 18 ga watan Maris, shekara ta 1962 a Evian-les-Bains ( Haute-Savoie, Faransa ), tsakanin wakilan Faransa da GPRA yayin yakin Algeria .

Ya dawo gaban fage a lokacin samun 'yanci ta hanyar zama mataimakin Mostaganem na Majalisar Tsarin Mulki. Ya zama Ministan Tattalin Arziki na Ahmed Ben Bella daga ranar 27 ga watan Satumba, shekarar 1962 zuwa ranar 4 ga watan Satumba, shekarar 1963. Ya janye daga duniyar siyasa kuma ya mutu a Geneva bayan doguwar rashin lafiya a shekara ta 1968.

Majiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Achour Cheurfi, La classe politique algérienne de 1900 à nos jours, dictionnaire biographique, 2001, Casbah éditions 

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. https://www.vitaminedz.com/%D9%87%D8%B0%D8%A7-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%86%D8%B3%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A2%D8%AE%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AF%D9%83%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%B1-%D8%A3%D8%AD%D9%85%D8%AF-%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%B3/Articles_18300_576475_0_1.html