Akihito

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Akihito
Emperor Akihito of Japan.jpg
ɗan Adam
jinsinamiji Gyara
ƙasar asaliJapan Gyara
sunan asali明仁 Gyara
sunaAkihito Gyara
lokacin haihuwa23 Disamba 1933 Gyara
wurin haihuwaTokyo Imperial Palace, Kōjimachi-ku, Tokyo City Gyara
ubaHirohito Gyara
uwaKōjun Gyara
mata/mijiMichiko Gyara
yarinya/yaroCrown Prince Naruhito, Fumihito, Prince Akishino, Sayako Kuroda Gyara
iyaliImperial House of Japan Gyara
harsunaJapanese Gyara
sana'asarki Gyara
muƙamin da ya riƙeemperor of Japan Gyara
name in kanaあきひと Gyara
makarantaGakushuin University Gyara
addiniShinto Gyara

Nihongo |Akihito; An haife shi a 23 ga watan Disamban shekara ta 1933, shine sarkin Daular Japan na yanzu maici. Ya gaji ragamar daga Chrysanthemum Throne bayan rasuwar Mahaifinsa Hirohito (Emperor Shōwa) a 7 ga watan Janairun shekarar 1989. Kamar yadda tsarin sarautar kasar Japan take, shine yasa aka nadashi sarautar, yagaji Mahaifinsa a matsayin sarkin daular na 125th daya daga cikin sarakan dake dadaddun daulolin masu mulki.

Gwamnatin kasar Japan ta sanar da cewar Akihito zaibar mukaminsa a 30 ga watan Afrilun 2019.[1]

Suna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A Japan ba'a taba kiran sarkin da sunansa na asali amma dai a kiransa ne da nihongo | "Sarki Maimartaba" | 天皇陛下 | Tennō Heika, ko kuma sukan takaita sunan da nihongo|Maimartaba|陛下|Heika}}.[2] A rubuce kuma ana rubuta sunan sarkin da nihongo|"Sarki Maizamani"|今上天皇|Kinjō Tennō. Kuma idan sarkin ya gama mulkinsa kamar yadda aka tsara to za'a masa lakabi da Nihongo|Jōkō|上皇}}, Wanda ake takaitawa da Nihongo| Daijō Tennō |太上天皇|, sannan kuma zamanin wani sabon sarki yafara.[3][4]

Rayuwarsa Da Aiki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sarauniya Nagako tareda danta na farko, Maijiran gado (Prince) Akihito, a shekarar 1934
Dan sarki da Amaryarsa bayan an daura masu aure sanye da kayan al'adar kasar Japan sokutai, sunan uwargidansa jūnihitoe, 1959

Akihito an haife shi a fadar sarautar Tokyo, Japan, kuma shine babban da namiji amma kuma na biyar daga cikin yayan sarki Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito) da matansa Empress Kōjun (Nagako). Ana kiranshi da Prince Tsugu amatsayin da, ya rayu da karantarwarsa a hannun Malaman sa na gida, kuma yaje makarantar elementary da secondary departments of the Peers' School (Gakushūin) daga shekara ta 1940 zuwa 1952.[5] Sarki Akihito bazama daya da sauran yan'uwansa ba dankuwa shi biyi aikin soja ba, dalilin nema masa da Mahaifinsa Hirohito yayi.

A lokacin da Amurika ke tada bamabamai da kona garin Tokyo a watan March shekarar 1945, Akihito da karamin kanensa, Prince Masahito, an gudar dasu daga garin Tokyo. Bayan kama kasar Japan da Amurika tayi lokacin yakin duniya na II, Prince Akihito anci zarafinsa ta hannun Elizabeth Gray Vining, yayi karatun Political Science at Gakushuin University a Tokyo, dukda cewar bai samu digiri ba.

Akihito yakasance mai jirangadon mulkin Chrysanthemum Throne tun daga sanda aka haife shi. Anyi bikin gabatar dashi a matsayin nihongo|Investiture as Crown Prince|立太子礼|Rittaishi-no-rei a fadar sarautar kasar dake Tokyo 10 Nuwamba shekara ta 1952. A watan Yunin 1953 Akihito ya wakilci kasar Japan a wurin nadin sarautar Sarauniya ( Queen) Elizabeth II a London.[5]

Crown Prince Akihito da Crown Princess Michiko sun kai ziyara kasashe 37. Ya bayyana son ganin ya kusantar da gidan sarautar kasar zuwa kusa da alummar kasar.[6]

Da rasuwar Mahaifinsa Hirohito a 7 January 1989, Akihito ya haye karagar mulki (senso) [7] with an enthronement ceremony taking place (sokui)[7] on 12 November 1990.[5] A 1998, yayin wata ziyara a kasar Ingila, an nadashi da daya daga manyan mukamin kasar UK Order of the Garter.

A 2011 an kai sarkin asibiti da ciwon pneumonia.[8] In February 2012 it was announced that the Emperor would be having a coronary examination;[9] he underwent successful heart bypass surgery on 18 February 2012.[10]

Anazarci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. cite news |last=Enjoji |first=Kaori |date=1 December 2017 |title=Japan Emperor Akihito to abdicate on April 30, 2019 |url=http://edition.cnn.com/2017/11/30/asia/japan-emperor-akihito-abdication-intl/index.html |work=CNN |location=Tokyo |access-date=1 December 2017
  2. "Members of the Order of the Garter". The British Monarchy. 
  3. cite web|title=Government panel outlines proposals on Emperor's abdication, titles|url=http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/04/14/national/government-panel-outlines-proposals-emperors-abdication-titles/%7Cwebsite=The Japan Times Online|accessdate=9 June 2017|date=14 April 2017
  4. Cite news|url=http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2017/05/19/national/politics-diplomacy/japan-may-announce-new-imperial-era-name-summer-2018/%7Ctitle=Japan may announce new Imperial era name in summer 2018|newspaper=The Japan Times |date=19 May 2017 |access-date=31 May 2017
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 cite web |url=http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/e03/ed03-01.html |title=Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress |access-date=28 December 2007 |year=2002 |publisher=Imperial Household Agency |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20071201092521/http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/e03/ed03-01.html |archive-date=1 December 2007 |deadurl=yes |df=dmy
  6. "Those Apprentice Kings and Queens Who May – One Day – Ascend a Throne," The New York Times. 14 November 1971.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44.
  8. cite news|title=Japan's Emperor Akihito leaves Tokyo hospital|url=https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-15868000%7Caccessdate=24 January 2012|newspaper=BBC News|date=24 November 2011
  9. {{cite news|url=http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20120201p2g00m0dm109000c.html%7Carchive-url=https://archive.is/20120714073820/http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20120201p2g00m0dm109000c.html%7Cdead-url=yes%7Carchive-date=14 July 2012|title=Emperor Akihito to have coronary examination|newspaper=Mainichi Daily News|date=1 February 2012
  10. cite news|url=http://www.cnn.com/2012/02/18/world/asia/japan-Emperor-surgery/index.html?hpt=hp_t3%7Cwork=CNN%7Ctitle=Report: Japan's Emperor undergoes successful cardiac bypass|date=18 February 2012