Ali ibn Yusuf

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Ali ibn Yusuf
Almoravid emir (en) Fassara

1106 (Gregorian) - 1143 (Gregorian)
Yusuf ibn Tashfin - Tashfin ibn ʿAli (en) Fassara
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Ceuta during the Muslim domination (en) Fassara, 1083 (Gregorian)
ƙasa Taifa of Ceuta (1061-1084) (en) Fassara
Mutuwa 26 ga Janairu, 1143 (Gregorian)
Yan'uwa
Mahaifi Yusuf ibn Tashfin
Yara
Siblings Tamima bint Yusuf ibn Tashfin (en) Fassara
Ƙabila Almoravid dynasty (en) Fassara
Karatu
Harsuna Larabci
Abzinanci
Sana'a

An haifi Ali ibn Yusef a 1084 a Ceuta. Shi dan Yusuf bn Tashfin ne, ya kasan ce kuma shi ne sarki na hudu na Almoravid, kuma kuyangar Kirista. A lokacin da mahaifinsa ya mutu, a cikin Satumba 1106, yana da shekara 23. Ya gaji mahaifinsa ne a ranar 2 ga watan Satumba 1106. Ali ya yi mulki daga Maroko ya nada dan uwansa Tamim ibn Yusuf [ ar ] a matsayin gwamnan Al-Andalus . Ali ya faɗaɗa yankuna a cikin yankin Iberian ta hanyar kame Zaragoza a cikin 1110 amma daga ƙarshe ya sake sake shi ga Alfonso I, Sarkin Aragon, a cikin 1118. Cordoba ya yi tawaye ga Almoravids a cikin 1121.

Abubuwan tallafi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Almoravid minbar, wanda Ali ibn Yusuf ya ba da izini a cikin 1137 kuma aka gina shi a Cordoba.
Duba ciki na Almoravid Qubba, wanda aka rubuta sunan Ali.

Ya ba da izini ga minbar da a yanzu ake kira Minbar na Masallacin Kutubiyya daga wani taron bita a Córdoba don samar da babban masallacinsa, asalin Masallacin Ben Youssef (wanda aka rusa a ƙarƙashin Almohads ), a cikin babban birnin masarautar, Marrakesh . Almoravid Qubba shima yana dauke da sunan Ali.

Bisa ga shawarar Abu Walid Ibn Rushd (kakan Averroes ), Ali ya gina ganuwa kewaye da Marrakesh yayin da Ibn Tumart ya zama mai tasiri. Akwai katangun da aka zagaye masallacin da fadar, amma Ali bin Yūsuf ya kashe dinari dubu 70 na zinariya a kan garun birnin, ya ninka girman garin, sannan ya gaya wa amiran Al-Andalus su ma su katanga bango.

Ya kasan ce kuma kafa tsarin ban ruwa a Marrakesh, aikin da Obeyd Allah ibn Younous al-Muhandes ke gudanarwa . Wannan tsarin ban ruwa yayi amfani da <i id="mwQg">qanawat</i> ( قناة , shafi na. قنوات ). Ali kuma yana da gada ta farko akan Tensift River .

Wani rubutun Kitāb as-Siām daga <i id="mwUQ">Muwatta al-Imam Malik</i> kamar yadda Yahya ibn Yahya al-Laythi ya karanta, wanda aka rubuta don Ali ibn Yūsuf.

A cikin 1139, ya sha kashi a yakin Ourique da sojojin Fotigal karkashin jagorancin count din Afonso Henriques, wanda ya ba Afonso damar shelanta kansa Sarki mai cin gashin kansa.

Ali ya gaje shi dansa Tashfin bn Ali a shekara ta 1143.

Tekun Sargasso[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cewar masanin zane-zanen Musulmin nan Muhammad al-Idrisi, Mugharrarin (wanda aka fassara a matsayin "masu kasada") wanda Ali bin Yusuf ya aika, karkashin jagorancin babban hadiminsa Ahmad ibn Umar, wanda aka fi sani da sunan Raqsh al-Auzz ya isa wani bangare na tekun da tsiron ruwan teku ya rufe, wanda wasu suka kira shi Tekun Sargasso, wanda ya ratsa cikin Tekun Atlantika daga Bermuda .

Iyali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ali dan Yusuf bn Tashfin ne . Yana da akalla 'ya'ya maza biyu:

  • Tashfin ibn Ali, gwamnan Granada da Almeria a 1129 da Cordoba a 1131. [1] Ya yi nasara da mahaifinsa a 1143.
  • Ishaq bn Ali . Ya mutu a 1147.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

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  1. Extrait de la Chronique intitulée Kamel-Altevarykh par Ibn-Alatyr, RHC Historiens orientaux I, p. 413.