Amir na Muminai

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Amir al-Mu'minin lakabi ne na Larabci wanda galibi ana fassara shi " Kwamandan Mai Aminci " ko" Jagora na masu aminci ". 'Yan Shi'a sun yi imani da cewa taken wajan na Ali bn Abi Talib ne, kamar yadda ya saba da wasu, yayin da Sunnis suka yi imanin cewa ana iya amfani da taken ga wasu, gami da wasu khalifofi da malamai.

Amfani da taken ba dole ba ne ya nuna da'awar Khalifanci kamar yadda aka saba ɗauka ya zama, amma ya bayyana wani nau'in jagoranci na gwagwarmaya wanda wataƙila an haɗa shi da kalifa amma kuma yana iya nuna alamar iko ƙarƙashin hakan. Musamman Ottoman sultans, sunyi ƙarancin amfani da shi. Haka kuma, mazan sun yi amfani da kalmar ba wanda bai ce su kalifa ba ne.

Lokaci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Amir al-Mu'minin an goge shi kamar Miramolinus, daga nan Miramolino na Italiyanci, Miramolin na Harshen Sipaniyanci da Miramolin na Fotigal, a cikin Girkanci Byzantine: ἀμερμουμνῆς amermoumnês.

Hakanan ana fassara shi da "Yariman mai imani" tunda "Amir" ko "Emir" kuma ana amfani dashi azaman matsayin sarauta a cikin jihohin masarauta da sarakunan sarauta

Ra'ayin Shia[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

'Yan Shi'a suna ganin Ali, surukin Annabi Muhammad kuma magadan zuriyarsa daya cigaba, an bashi lakabi a zamanin Muhammadu.

'Yan Shi'a sun yi imani cewa taken yana kaxaita ne ga Ali. Kansancewa ana kiransa kwamandan amintaccen ba ya shiga cikin ikon siyasa kawai, amma na ruhaniya da ikon addini kuma.

Ra'ayin "Yan Sunni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

'Yan Sunni gabadaya suna daukar Umar mutum na farko da ya ba da taken, duk da cewa bisa ga sanannun Malaman Sunni irin su Dan al-Jawzi, Al-Dhahabi, Dan 'Asakir, da dai sauransu. Annabi (Muhammad) ya kira Ali a matsayin Amir al-Muminin.

Amma game da ra'ayi na farko, a cewar babban malamin Islama as-Suyuti (1445–1505):

Umar dan Abd al-Aziz ya tambayi Abu Bakr dan Sulayman dan Hathamah dalilin da yasa aka rubuta shi, "Daga khalifa manzon Allah, Allah ya yi masa salati ya ba shi lafiya." a lokacin Abubakar. Sannan daga baya Umar ya kasance yana rubutuda da farko,"Daga khalifa Abubakar."? Wanene farkon wanda ya rubuta, "Daga Amir al-Muminin (Kwamandan Muminai)"?

Ya ce, "Ash-Shifa, wanda yana daya daga cikin matan Muhajirun, ya gaya mani cewa, Abu Bakr ya na yin rubutu," Daga khalifa manzon Allah", kuma Umar ya kasance yana rubutawa," Daga khalifa na Khalifah manzon Allah, "har wata rana Umar ya rubuta wa gwamnan Iraq, ya aiko masa da wasu mutum biyu masu karfi wadanda zai iya tambaya game da Iraki da mazaunanta.

Ya aiko masa da Labid dan Rabi'ah da Adi dan Hatim, kuma sun je Madinah sun shiga masallacin inda suka iske Amr dan al-'As.

Suka ce, "KA ba mu izini (mu ziyarci) Amir al-Muminin. "Amr ya ce, "Ku biyu, da Allah, sun buga kan sunansa," Daga nan sai Amr ya shiga wurinsa ya ce, "Assalamu alaikum, Amir Al-Mu'minin." Ya ce, "Me ya same ku game da wannan suna? Dole ne ku fadi." Ya gaya masa ya ce, "Kai ne amir (kwamandan) kuma mu ne majibinci (muminai). "Haka aka ci gaba da rubuta haruffa tare da wannan daga ranar.

An-Nawawi ya ce a cikin Tahdhib dinsa: Adi dan Hatim da Labid dan Rabi'ah sunanta shi ta wannan lokacin da suka zo matsayin wakoki daga "Iraki. An ce al-Mughirah dan Shu'aba ya ambace shi da wannan suna. An kuma ce "Umar ya ce wa mutane, "Ku masu imani ne kuma ni ne mazonku, 'saboda haka aka kira shi Amir al-Muminin, kuma kafin hakan an san shi da Khalifah na Khalifah na Manzon Allah, amma sun canza daga wannan magana saboda tsawon sa.

Mu'awiyyah dan Qurrah ya ce: An kasance ana rubuta shi "Daga Abu Bakr Khalifah Manzon Allah," sannan a lokacin da 'Umar dan Al-Khattab suka so su ce, 'Khalifah na Manzo Allah." 'Umar ya ce,' Wannan tsayi ne.' Suka ce, 'A'a. Mun sa ka zama shugabanmu a kanmu, kai kuwa ka zama shugabanmu,' Ya ce: "Na'am! Kuma kun kasance muminai, kuma Ni ne marinku." Sannan aka rubuta Amir al-Muminin.

Amfani na Yanzu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Halifa Ahmadiyyah Muslim, Mirza Masroor Ahmad.
  • Dangane da kundin tsarin mulkin kasar Morocco kuwa Sarkin Morocco shima Amir al-Mu'minin ne.
  • Mai alfarma Sarkin Musulmi ya rike ta a matsayin take ta biyu, kodayake ana yin ta "Sarkin ciwon" a cikin harshen Hausa.
  • Babban shugaba na Afghanistan.
  • Kai ya ayyana Kalifan ISIL

Amfani da ya Gabata[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Lambar (Tamerlane)
  • Mai Martaba Sarki Aurangzeb na Mughal India.
  • Muhammad Umar Khan na Kokand Khanate ya dauki taken.
  • Abdelkader El Djezairi ya dauki taken a shekarar 1834.
  • Dost Mohammad Khan ne ya ba shi taken a shekarar 1836 daga hannun Kabul, wanda ya ba wa masarautar sa da kuma gwagwarmayarsa kan daular Sikh.
  • Mullah Mohammed Omar ne ya ba da wannan taken a cikin watan Afrilun 1996 daga taron kungiyar Taliban da ya gabatar da misalin 1000-1500 na ulama na Afghanistan a Kandahar, lokacin da ya nuna tufar Annabi a gaban taron. Sunan ya bayar da damar halarta ga shugabancin Omar na Afghanistan da kuma ayyana shi da yai da gwamnantin da Burhanuddin Rabbani ke jagoranta. Har yanzu mabiyansa da sauran masu da'awar jiyyun suna kiran Omar al-Muminin, musamman shugaban kungiyar Al-Qaeda Ayman az-Zawahiri
  • Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Mansoor, magajin Mullah Omar, an ba shi taken ne a watan Yulin shekarar 2015 a lokacin da aka nada shi a matsayin sabon shugaban kungiyar Taliban. An kashe shi a wani harin jirgin saman Amurka da aka kai cikin watan Mayun 2016.
  • Molavee Haibatullah Akhunzada, wanda zai gaji Mullah Mansoor a matsayin babban kwamandan kungiyar Taliban, shi ma ya ba da wannan taken yayin zabensa a shekara ta 2016.
  • Majalissar Mujahid ta shugabantar da Abu Umar al-Baghdadi ya ba shi mukamin bayan da aka ba shi a watan Oktoba na 2006 a matsayin Sarki na farko da aka kafa sabuwar Daular Islama ta Iraki.

Amfani da ba Musulma ba[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kitáb-i-Íqán,babban aikin tauhidi na addinin Baha'i Faith, ya shafi taken Kwamandan amintattu ga Ali, surukin annabin musulinci Muhammadu

Mai kama (amma ba iri daya ba) an bai wa mai mulkin Poland da Lithuanian Commonwealth sarauta a matsayin Babban Duke na Lithuania ta Likpa Tatars, wanda ya fara magana da yaren Turkic. Anyi amfani da taken sire "Vadad", kamar yadda a cikin "mahaifar" ("Vatan"), wanda ke nufin "mai kare hakkin musulmai a cikin kasashen da ba na Islama ba".Grand Duchy an dauke shi a matsayin sabon gari. Ana kallon Vatad a matsayin bambanci a kan sunan Vytautas a cikin Lithuania ko Wladyslaw a cikin Yaren mutanen Poland, wanda aka sani a cikin bayanan diplomasiyya tsakanin Golden Horde da kasashen Poland (Lechistan) da Lithuania (Likpa) a matsayin "Dawood". Wanda zai iya da'awar hakan, tunda Casimir Mai Girma, sarkin Poland-Lithuaniyan a matsayin Sarkin Poland yana da alhakin kare hakkin yahudawa da sauran wadanda ba Krista ba.

A cikin almara[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin littafin tarihin littafin Margaret Atwood na 1985, The Handmai's Tale, shuwagabannin jumhuriyar Republican asalin Gileyad, akidar soja, ana kiran su "Kwamandoji na Masu Gaskiya."

Gani kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Almami
  • Ra'ayin Sunni na Sahaba
  • Kwatanta
    • Fidei mai kare
    • mai tsarki Roman Emperor
  • Selim I

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]