Mullah Omar

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Mullah Omar
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Kandahar (en) Fassara, Mayu 2, 1959
ƙasa Afghanistan
Mutuwa Karachi, ga Afirilu, 23, 2013
Yanayin mutuwa  (Tibi)
Karatu
Harsuna Pashto (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa
Aikin soja
Digiri Amir al-Mu'minin
Ya faɗaci War on Terror (en) Fassara
Soviet–Afghan War (en) Fassara
War in Afghanistan (en) Fassara
Battle of Arghandab (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Sunni Islam
Jam'iyar siyasa Islamic and National Revolution Movement of Afghanistan (en) Fassara

Mullah Mohammed Omar (Pashto : ﻣﻼ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﻤﺮ , Mullā Muḥammad 'Umar ; ya rayu tsakanim 1960 zuwa 23 April 2013),[1] an kuma san shi da Mullah Omar, wani dan kungiyar jahadi ne a kasar Afghanistan kuma babban kwamanda wanda ya kirkiri kasar Masarautar Musulunci ta Afghanistan a 1996. Kungiyar Taliban ta Nada shi matsayin kwamandan imani ko kuma babban shugaba na kolin musulmai har zuwa lokacin magajin shi Mullah Akhtar Mansour a 2015. Majiyoyi da dama sun aiyana shi a matsayin shugaban gwamnati na koli a kasar ta Afghanistan tun daga kirkirar masarautar Musulunci ta kasar mai hedikwata a birnin Kandahar.[2]

Tarihin rayuwar sa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haife shi a wata iyali masu dan karamin karfi kuma wadanda basu da wata dangantaka Siyasa, Omar ya shija cikin Mujahidai Afghanistan a lokacin yakin kasar da Taraiyar Sobiyat a shekarun 1980. Ya samar da kungiyar Taliban a shekarar 1994 kuma zuwa 1995 kungiyar ta kama mafiyawan kudancin kasar ta Afghanistan a Satumban 1996, Taliban ta karbe iko da birnin Kabul babban birnin kasar. A lokacin jagorancin sa matsayin sarkin Afghanistan, Omar yakan bar birnin na Kandahar shi kadai ba tare da wani tsaro ba domin ya hadu da mutanen wajen gari. An san shi da rashin yawan maganganu ko surutai kuma yafi son rayuwa a muhallin daba kayatacce ba. Kasar Amurika ta shiga Neman sa ruwa a jallo sakamakon nuna goyon bayan sa da yayi ga Osama bin Laden da kungoyar sa ta al-Qaeda a harin 11 ga satumba. Ya kalubalanci Amurika matuka a kokarin ta na dakatar da shi tare kuma da umartar mayakan sa na Taliban da kai hare hare kan sojojin srundunar tsaro ta NATO. Omar ya rasu a Afrilun 2013 sakamakon jinya da yayi, amma kungiyar ta Taliban ta ki bayyana rasuwar tasa har zuwa shekarar 2015 sannan ta baiyana.[3] [4]

Farkon rayuwar sa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kamar yarda wasu majiyoyi suka ce, an haifi Omar ne a wani lokaci tsakanin 1950 da 1962 a kauye a yankin Kandahar, masarautar Afghanistan. Wasu sun kaddara shekarar haihuwar sa a 1950 ko 1953 ko a karshen 1966. Babu tabbacin a inane aka haife shi; amma wani waje da aka fi sanin shine kauyen da ake kira da Nodeh kusa da birnin Kandahar. Marubutan Manituddin sun CE anhaife shi a shekarar 1961 a kauyen Nodeh, gundumar Panjwai, yankin Kandahar. Wasu sunce anhaifi Mullah ne a wani waje mai wannan sunan dai amma a yankin Uruzgan. Wasu rahotannin sunce anhaifi Omar ne a kauyen Noori, gundumar Maiwand, yankin Kandahar. Kamar yadda yake a tarihin Omar wanda kungiyar Taliban ta walafa a shafin yanar gizo shekarar 2015, an haife shi a kauyen Cha-i-Himat, na gundumar Khakrez, yankin Kandahar. An kuma baiyana cewa Sansagar shine kauyen da yayi kuruciya.

Kabilar sa itace Pashtun, kuma mahaifan sa talakawa wadanda basu mallaki koda fili ba. Yan kabilar Hotak ne, babban yanki na reshen Ghilzai. Kamar yadda Hamid Karzai ya fada, "Mahaifin Omar shugaban addini ne na kauyen amma ahalin masu matalauta ne wadanda basu da wata dangamtaka da aiyas a Kandahar ko Kabul. Mahaifin Omar Mawlawi Ghulam Nabi Akhud ya rasu lokacin Omar yana karami. A kalaman bakin sa, Omar yace mahaifin sa ya rasu lokacin yana da shekaru 3 a duniya, sai kuma kawun sa ne ya auri mahaifiyar Omar din. Sai ahalin suka tashi suka koma kauye a gundumar Deh Rawod, India kawunsa yake koyar da ilimin addini. An samu rahoton cewar Dehwanawark ne kauyen da suka zauna da kawun nasa.

Madogara[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/mar/10/fugitive-taliban-leader-mullah-omar-lived-short-walk-from-us-base-book-claims
  2. https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-last-days-of-taliban-head-mullah-omar-11552226401
  3. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-47519157
  4. https://www.huffpost.com/topic/mullah-omar?guccounter=1