Taliban

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Group half.svgTaliban
Flag of Taliban.svg
Taliban insurgents turn themselves in to Afghan National Security Forces at a forward operating base in Puza-i-Eshan -a.jpg
Bayanai
Iri terrorist organization (en) Fassara, political movement (en) Fassara da Wikimedia category (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Afghanistan
Ideology (en) Fassara Islamism (en) Fassara, Pashtunwali (en) Fassara, Deobandi (en) Fassara da Salafi jihadism (en) Fassara
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 1994

Ƙungiyar Taliban wata kungiyar gwagwarmayar Islama ce da ke aiki a Afghanistan da yammacin Pakistan . A ƙarshen shekarun 1990 ta yi gwamnati, daular Musulunci ta Afghanistan . An kafa shi a 1994 a kudancin Afghanistan kuma Pakistan da Iran suka taimaka masa.

'Yan Taliban sun mulki Afghanistan tsakanin 1996 da 2001. A wannan lokacin, shugabanninta sun kafa tsauraran ƙa'idodin Shari'ar da ba a taɓa gani a duniyar Musulmi ba. [1] Mafi yawan sukar da aka yiwa ƙungiyar Taliban ya fito ne daga manyan malaman musulmai. [2] Misali, idan aka kamo wani barawo yana satar wani abu da Taliban za ta yanke masa hannu daya don kar ya sake amfani da shi ya sake sata, ko ma mene ne abin da ya sata. Yawancin masu laifi an kashe su da sauri kuma ba tare da an yi musu shari'a ba. Duk wanda ya ƙi bin doka an ɗauke shi a matsayin makiyin da ba Musulmi ba. Duk namijin da ya je masallaci don yin sallah (ban da Afghanistan waɗanda ba Musulmi ba) a lokutan sallah, wanda yake sau 5 a kowace rana. 'Yan Taliban sun shahara a duk duniya saboda mummunar cutar da suke yi wa mata da' yan mata . [3]

Bayan harin 11 ga Satumba a 2001, Amurka ta mamaye Afghanistan. 'Yan Taliban sun ba wa ƙungiyar Al-Qaeda mafaka daga inda za su yi aiki. Gwamnatin Amurka ta ce Osama bin Laden da membobin al-Qaeda ne suka kai hare-haren a biranen New York da Washington, amma ‘yan Taliban din sun nemi Amurka da ta ba su tabbacin hakan kafin ta kame su. Manufar mamayar ita ce kawar da gwamnatin Taliban daga mulki, rusa al-Qaeda da kama Bin Laden. Kungiyar Taliban har yanzu tana fada da gwamnatocin Afghanistan da Pakistan a Afghanistan da wasu sassan Pakistan .

Bibiyar Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Griffiths, John C. (2001), Afghanistan: tarihin rikici, London: Littattafan Carlton

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Rashid 2000
  2. http://www.onislam.net/english/ask-about-islam/islam-and-the-world/politics-and-economics/166241-taliban-and-al-qaeda-true-sects-of-islam.html
  3. Dupree Hatch, Nancy. "Afghan Women under the Taliban" in Maley, William. Fundamentalism Reborn? Afghanistan and the Taliban. London: Hurst and Company, 2001, pp. 145–166.