Anna Sten

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Anna Sten
Anna Sten Publicity Photo 1934.jpg
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Kiev, 3 Disamba 1908
ƙasa Russian Empire (en) Fassara
Tarayyar Amurka
Kungiyar Sobiyet
Harshen uwa Turanci
Mutuwa New York, 12 Nuwamba, 1993
Ƴan uwa
Abokiyar zama Fedor Ozep (en) Fassara  (1927 -  1931)
Eugene Frenke (en) Fassara  (1932 -  10 ga Maris, 1984)
Karatu
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a afto, marubin wasannin kwaykwayo da ɗan wasan kwaikwayo
IMDb nm0826479

Anna Sten ( 'yar Ukraine ce; Anna Petrovna Fesak,tayi rayu tsakanin Disamba 3, 1908 – Nuwamba 12, 1993) yar wasan kwaikwayo ce ta Amurka wacce aka haifa a Ukrainian. Ta fara aikinta a fagen wasan kwaikwayo da fina-finai a Tarayyar Soviet kafin ta tafi Jamus, inda ta fito a fina-finai da dama. Mai shirya fina-finai Samuel Goldwyn ya lura da ayyukanta, wanda ya kawo ta Amurka da nufin ƙirƙirar sabon yanayin fim ga kishiyar adawarsa Greta Garbo. Bayan wasu fina-finan da ba su yi nasara ba, Goldwyn ya sake ta daga kwangilar ta. Ta ci gaba da yin aiki lokaci-lokaci har zuwa fitowarta a fim dinta na ƙarshe a 1962.[1]

Kuruciya da ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Sten a ranar 3 ga Disamba, 1908, a Kiev, sa'an nan kuma wani ɓangare na Daular Rasha.[2][3] Akwai wasu kwanakin haihuwa masu karo da juna: 1910 da 1906 daga kwanakin da aka rubuta da kansu a cikin takardun neman aiki daga kwaleji. Mahaifiyarta Alexandra, ta lissafta ranar haihuwar Anna a matsayin ranar 29 ga Oktoba, 1906, bayan isowarta a Amurka, kodayake wasu bambance-bambancen na iya kasancewa daga canjin kalandar Julian (har yanzu ana amfani da su a cikin Daular Rasha har zuwa 1918) zuwa ga Kalandar Gregorian. Bisa ga hukuma tarihin rayuwa, an haifi mahaifinta daga wani Cossack iyali, yi aiki a matsayin mai wasan kwaikwayo artist da m. Mahaifiyarta ’yar kasar Sweden ce ta haihuwa kuma ‘yar wasan ballerina ce. A Kiev a tsakiyar shekarun 1920 ta auri mai wasan kwaikwayo da ɗan wasan kwaikwayo Boris Sten (né Bernstein), kuma ta ɗauki sunansa a matsayin nata.

A mafi yawan ayyukan ta na kasashen waje sunayen da ake kiranta su ne Stenska da Sudakevich, ko kuma hade da su (kamar bambance-bambancen Anel (Anyushka) Stenska-Sudakevich ko Annel (Anjuschka) Stenskaja Sudakewitsch), wanda shine dalilin da ya sa Sten ya yi kuskure tare da 'yar wasan kwaikwayo na Rasha. Anel Sudakevich, wanda ya taka rawa a cikin fina-finan Soviet a lokaci guda kuma tare da wasu daraktoci guda kamar Anna Sten. ’Yan fim din sun sha rudewa junansu.

Sten ta samu ilimi a Kiev State Theatre College, tayi aiki a matsayin mai ba da rahoto sannan kuma ta taka rawa a Kiev Maly Theater, ta halarci azuzuwan a studiyon wasan kwaikwayo inda ta yi aiki a cikin Stanislavsky System. A 1926, ta samu nasarar cinye jarrabawarta na samun aikinta na farko a gidan wasan kwaikwayo na Proletcult, Moscow.

Sana'a[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 1926, bayan kammala karatunta a makarantar wasan kwaikwayo na Kiev, Sten ta gayyaci darektan fina-finai na Ukraine Viktor Turin don fitowa a cikin fim din Provokator, bisa ga littafin da marubucin kasar Ukraine Oles Dosvitnyi ya rubuta. [Note 1] Daraktan mataki na Rasha kuma malami Konstantin Stanislavsky ne ya gano baiwar Sten, wanda ya shirya mata wani gabaarwa a Kwalejin Fim na Moscow.[ana buƙatar hujja] ta cigaba da yin wasan kwaikwayo a Ukraine da Rasha, gami da wasan barkwanci na Boris Barnet The Girl with a Hatbox (1927). Ita da mijinta, darektan fina-finan Rasha Fedor Ozep, sun yi tafiya zuwa Jamus don fitowa a cikin wani fim da Jamus da Soviet Studios suka shirya, The Yellow Ticket (1928). Bayan an kammala fim din, Anna Sten da mijinta sun yanke shawarar kada su koma Tarayyar Soviet.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Photo of Gary Cooper and Anna Sten embracing each other
Hoton tallata Gary Cooper da Anna Sten don <a href="./The%20Wedding%20Night" rel="mw:WikiLink" title="The Wedding Night" class="cx-link" data-linkid="94">The Wedding Night</a>,, 1935

Yin gyare-gyare mai sauƙi ga hotuna masu magana, Sten ta fito a cikin irin waɗannan fina-finan na Jamus kamar Salto Mortale (1931) da kuma The Murderer Dimitri Karamazov (1931) har sai da ta zo hankalin ɗan wasan kwaikwayo na Amurka Samuel Goldwyn . Goldwyn yana neman 'yar wasan kwaikwayo na waje wanda zai iya ginawa a matsayin kishiya ga Greta Garbo, kuma mai yiwuwa magaji ga Vilma Bánky, wanda Goldwyn ya sami babban nasara a zamanin shiru. Shekaru biyu bayan kawo Sten zuwa Amurka, Goldwyn ya sami horon sabon tauraronsa a Turanci kuma ya koyar da hanyoyin wasan kwaikwayo na Hollywood. Ya ba da lokaci mai yawa da kuɗi a cikin fim ɗin Amurka na farko na Sten, Nana (1934), wani nau'i mai kama da juna na littafin abin kunya na karni na 19 na Émile Zola . Amma fim din bai yi nasara ba a ofishin akwatin, kuma ba a yi fina-finai na biyu na Goldwyn ba, We Live Again (1934) da The Wedding Night (1935), suna wasa da Gary Cooper . Ba tare da so ba, Goldwyn ya narkar da kwantiraginsa da "sabon Garbo". An ambaci koyarwar Goldwyn na Sten a cikin waƙar Cole Porter ta 1934 " Duk abin da ke faruwa " daga mawaƙa na wannan sunan : "Lokacin da Sam Goldwyn zai iya da babban tabbaci / umurci Anna Sten a cikin ƙamus / Sa'an nan Anna ya nuna / Duk abin da ke faruwa."

A cikin 1940s, Sten ta fito a cikin fina-finai da yawa, ciki har da "The Man I Married" (1940), So Ends Our Night (1941), Chetniks! Guerrillas Fighting (1943), They Came to Blow Up America" (1943), Three Russian Girls (1943), da Let's Live a Little (1948). Sten ta ci gaba da yin fina-finai a Amurka da Ingila, amma babu wanda ya ci nasara a cikinsu. Ƙoƙarin gyara wannan yanayin ta hanyar karatu a The Actors Studio, Sten ya bayyana a cikin jerin talabijin da yawa a lokacin 1950s, ciki har da The Red Skelton Show (1956), Fayil na Walter Winchell (1957), da Adventures a cikin Aljanna ( 1959).

Rayuwar ta daga baya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yawancin fina-finan da Sten ke fitowa daga baya sun kasance ta dalilin alfarman mijinta ne. Ta ɗan ƙaramin tawaya a cikin fim dinta da Frenke ya shirya wato Heaven Knows, Mista Allison (1957), da cikakken jagora a cikin fim ɗinta na ƙarshe (wanda Frenke kuma ya samar), The Nun and the Sergeant (1962).

Sten ta mutu a ranar 12 ga Nuwamba, 1993, a birnin New York a lokacin tana da shekaru 84.[1]

Rayuwa ta sirri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sten ya auri mai shirya fim Eugene Frenke, wanda ya yi fice a Hollywood bayan ya bi matarsa a can a 1932. Anna Sten tana da ɗiya Anya Sten wacce daliba ce a Makarantar Monticello da ke Los Angeles tun farkon 1930s.

Cikakkun fina-finai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fina-finai
Shekara Take Matsayi Bayanan kula
1926 Predatel Karuwa
1926 Miss Mend Mai bugawa Ba a yarda ba, Kasadar Masu Jarida Uku
1927 The Girl with a Hatbox Natasha Moscow Mai kuka da dariya



</br> Devushka s korobkoy
1928 The Yellow Ticket Mariya
1928 My Son Olga Surina
1928 The White Eagle Matar gwamna
1928 Yego kar'yera dalibin Lipa
1929 Golden Beak Varanka
1930 Bookkeeper Kremke 'Yar Kremke
1931 The Murderer Dimitri Karamazov Gruschenka
1931 Karamazoff
1931 Salto Mortale Marina
1931 Bombs on Monte Carlo Königin Yola I. von Pontenero Bomben auf Monte Carlo
1932 Storms of Passion Russen-Anya
1934 Nana Nana
1934 We Live Again Katusha Maslova
1935 The Wedding Night Manya Novak
1936 A Woman Alone Maria Krasnova
1939 Exile Express Nadine Nikolas
1940 The Man I Married Frieda Heinkel asalin
1941 So Ends Our Night Lilo
1943 Chetniks! The Fighting Guerrillas Lubitca Mihailovitch asalin
1943 They Came to Blow Up America Frau Reiter
1943 Three Russian Girls Natasha
1948 Let's Live a Little Michele Bennett
1955 Soldier of Fortune Madame Dupree
1956 Runaway Daughters Ruth Barton
1962 The Nun and the Sergeant Nun
Talabijin
Shekara Jerin Matsayi Episode
1956 The Red Skelton Show Sarauniyar Livonia "County Fair or Minister of Agriculture"
1957 The Walter Winchell File Frieda "The Cupcake"
1959 Adventures in Paradise Antoniya "The Bamboo Curtain"
1964 Arrest and Trial Mrs. Van de Heuven "Modus Operandi", (shirin ta na karshe)

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Allah Nazimov
  • Kathe von Nagy
  • Igor Ilyinsky
  • Ivan Mozzhukhin
  • Ossip Runitsch
  • Vera Kholodnaya

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayanan kula 
ambato
  1. 1.0 1.1 Pace, Eric (November 15, 1993). "Anna Sten Is Dead; Film Actress Touted As Another Garbo". The New York Times. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  2. Shipman, David (November 19, 1993). "Obituary: Anna Sten". The Independent. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
  3. "Anna Sten Biography". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved October 16, 2014.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]