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Babban Bankin Saudiyya

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Babban Bankin Saudiyya
Bayanai
Suna a hukumance
البنك المركزي السعودي
Iri babban banki
Ƙasa Saudi Arebiya
Mulki
Hedkwata Riyadh
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 4 Oktoba 1952

sama.gov.sa

Babban Bankin Saudiyya (SAMA); Larabci: البنك المركزي السعودي wanda aka fi sani da Saudi Arabian Monetary Authority (SAMA), [1] da aka kafa a shekara ta 1952, shine babban bankin masarautar Saudiyya. Bayan canjin suna a cikin shekara ta 2020, Babban Bankin Saudiyya ya ci gaba da amfani da wannan gajarta ta SAMA.[2]

Kafin kafa Babban Bankin Saudi Arabia, Saudi Hollandi Bank, reshe na Netherlands Trading Society daga shekara ta 1926 ya zama babban bankin tsakiya. Ta ajiye ajiyar gwal na Masarautar tare da karbar kudaden man fetur a madadin gwamnatin Saudiyya. A shekara ta 1928 ta taimaka wajen samar da sabon tsabar kudin kasar Saudiyya, wanda Sarki Abdulaziz ya ba da umarni wanda ya zama kudi na farko da masarautar ta samu mai zaman kanta. Bankin Hollandia na Saudiyya ya mika alhakinsa ga SAMA lokacin da aka kafa shi a shekara ta 1952 kuma ya zama abin koyi ga sauran bankunan ƙasashen waje a masarautar.

Babban bankin zamani yana aiki ta hanyar samar da kayan aikin da kamfanin Vizor na Irish ya haɓaka. A cikin Maris na shekara ta 2020 da Afrilu shekara ta 2020, SAMA ta koma Riyal biliyan 150 na Saudiyya (dala biliyan 40) zuwa Asusun Zuba Jari na Jama'a (PIF). An tura dalar Amurka biliyan 25 a watan Afrilu da dala biliyan 15 a watan Mayu.

SAMA shine Babban Bankin Saudi Arabiya, ayyukan SAMA sun haɗa da bayar da kuɗin ƙasa, Riyal Saudi, kula da bankunan kasuwanci, kula da ajiyar kuɗaɗen waje, inganta farashi da daidaiton farashin canji, da tabbatar da haɓaka da ingantaccen tsarin kuɗi., aiki da dama giciye-bankunan lantarki kuɗi tsarin kamar MADA (da SPAN), SARIE, kuma SADAD . [3]

Jerin gwamnoni

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Suna Lokaci
Fahad Almubarak Tun daga 2021
Ahmed Abdulkarim Alkholifey [ar; fr] 2016-2021
Fahad Almubarak 2011-2016
Muhammad Al Jasar 2009-2011
Hamad Ibn Saud Al Sayari 1983-2009
Abdul Aziz Al Quraishi 1974-1983
Anwar Ali 1958-1974
Ralph Standish 1954-1958
George A. Blowers 1952-1954

Jagoranci da tsari

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Kwamitin gudanarwa ne ke kula da ayyukan SAMA. Wannan ya hada da gwamna, mataimakin gwamna da wasu mutane uku da aka zaba daga kamfanoni masu zaman kansu. Wa'adin nadin shine shekaru 4 na gwamna da mataimakin gwamna, wanda za'a iya tsawaita da dokar sarauta, da kuma shekaru 5 ga sauran membobin, wanda kuma za'a iya karawa da dokar sarauta. Ba za a iya cire membobin hukumar ba sai da dokar sarauta.

Hukumar ta SAMA ta kunshi gwamna, mataimakin gwamna da mataimakan gwamnoni biyar.

yan kwamitin gudanarwa

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Suna Matsayi
Gwamna Dr. Ahmed Abdulkarim Alkholafy Shugaba
Mataimakin Gwamna, Abdulaziz Salih Alfuraih Mataimakin shugaba
Hamad S. Al Sayari
Muhammad Obaid bin Sa'eed bin Zagar
Abdulaziz bin Muhammad Al-Atel

Babban Gudanarwa

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Tsarin tsari na SAMA kamar yadda yake a watan Mayu 2013.
Suna Matsayi Ranar alƙawari
Dr. Ahmed Abdulkarim Alkholifey Gwamna 8 ga Mayu, 2016
Abdulaziz Salih Alfuraih Mataimakin Gwamna 22 ga Yuli, 2014
Hashem Othman Al-Hakail Mataimakin Gwamna akan Ayyukan Banki 2 Mayu 2013
Tareq Abdulrahman Al-Sadhan Mataimakin Gwamna mai sa ido 1 Oktoba 2015
Ahmed Abdulkarim Al Kholifey Mataimakin gwamnan kan harkokin bincike da harkokin kasa da kasa 2 Mayu 2013
Ayman Mohammed Al Sayari Mataimakin Gwamna kan Zuba Jari 2 Mayu 2013
Ali Abdulrahman Mahmud Mataimakin Gwamna akan Gudanarwa 2 Mayu 2013

Takardun ma'auni

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Ma'auni na SAMA yana da ƙima a cikin Riyal na Saudi Arabia, wanda aka kwatanta akan farashin 3.75 a hukumance akan dalar Amurka. Duk bayanan kuɗin da SAMA ke bayarwa ana samun cikakken goyan baya ta hanyar madaidaitan ma'adinan zinariya.

(Miliyoyin Riyal na Saudiyya)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012*
Alhaki
Bayanan kula An Ba da
Adadin Gwamnati 514,123 933,912 1,008,251 1,203,477 1,299,676
Adadin Bankunan Kasuwanci 36,277 44,698 50,715 54,976 63,511 68,011
Adadin Riyal na ƙungiyoyin waje 14,939 12,488 10,300 10,310 3,774 3,750
Sauran lamurra 525,424 479,406 452,599 495,823 618,069 617,698
Jimlar 1,196,816 1,709,995 1,570,653 1,705,389 2,057,864 2,154,065
Kadari
Rufin kuɗi (zinari) 106,054 121,066 123,127 136,029 169,033 164,930
Cash a cikin vault 23,842 27,053 23,876 25,060 29,187 24,171
Adadin kuɗi tare da bankunan waje 246,792 379,487 335,673 343,887 414,007 495,246
Zuba jari a cikin harkokin tsaro 790,559 1,154,247 1,071,542 1,181,916 1,427,820 1,446,610
Sauran kadarorin 29,569 28,142 16,435 18,497 17,817 23,108
Jimlar 1,196,816 1,709,995 1,570,653 1,705,389 2,057,864 2,154,065

Adadin shekara ta 2012 suna a ƙarshen 1st kwata. [4]

Kuɗin hannun jari SAMA Foreign Holdings Limited

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Baya ga ayyukansa, Babban Bankin Saudiyya yana sarrafa SAMA Foreign Holdings, asusun arziƙi na Saudiyya. Asusun shi ne asusu na uku mafi girma a duniya, tare da kadarorin sama da dala biliyan 700.

A watan Oktoban 2015, Gwamna Fahad Abdullah Al-Mubarak na Babban Bankin Saudiyya ya kasance a matsayi na biyu a kan masu zuba jari na gwamnati 100.

  • Hukumar Kasuwa ta Kasa (Saudi Arabia)
  • Tsarin Bayanan Tsaro na Lantarki
  • Jerin bankuna a Saudi Arabia
  • Jerin hukumomin kula da kuɗi ta ƙasa
  • SADAD
  • Saudi Payments Network (SPAN)
  • Riyal Saudi
  • Tadawul
  1. "Saudi Arabia's SAMA renamed Saudi Central Bank". www.tradearabia.com. Retrieved 2021-09-13.
  2. "SAMA renamed to Central Bank of Saudi Arabia, policy remains unchanged says governor". Al Arabiya English (in Turanci). 2020-11-25. Retrieved 2023-06-16.
  3. About the SAMA SAMA
  4. Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency 48th Annual Report, p. 36

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje

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