Dalar Zimbabwe

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Dalar Zimbabwe
obsolete currency (en) Fassara da dollar (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙaramin ɓangare na obsolete currency (en) Fassara da dollar (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Zimbabwe
Applies to jurisdiction (en) Fassara Zimbabwe
Currency symbol description (en) Fassara dollar sign (en) Fassara
Central bank/issuer (en) Fassara Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (en) Fassara
Wanda yake bi Dalar Rhodesia
Ƙasa da aka fara Zimbabwe
Lokacin farawa 18 ga Afirilu, 1980
Lokacin gamawa 12 ga Afirilu, 2009 da 30 Satumba 2015
Unit symbol (en) Fassara Z$
Location of creation (en) Fassara Fidelity Printers and Refiners (en) Fassara
Subdivision of this unit (en) Fassara cent (en) Fassara

Dalar Zimbabwe ( alama : $, ko Z$ don bambanta ta da sauran kuɗaɗen dala ) ita ce sunan wasu kuɗaɗen kuɗi huɗu na Zimbabwe daga 1980 zuwa 12 ga Afrilu 2009. A wannan lokacin, an fuskanci lokuta na matsanancin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki, sannan kuma wani lokaci na hauhawar farashin kaya.[1]

An ƙaddamar da dalar Zimbabwe a cikin 1980 don maye gurbin dalar Rhodesian kai tsaye (wanda aka gabatar a 1970) a daidai (1: 1), daidai da dalar Amurka. A karni na 20, dala tana aiki ne a matsayin kudin al'ada, amma a farkon karni na 21 hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a Zimbabwe ya ragu da dalar Zimbabwe zuwa daya daga cikin mafi karancin darajar kudin duniya. An sake bayyana shi sau uku (a cikin 2006, 2008 da 2009), tare da ƙungiyoyi har zuwa dala tiriliyan 100 da aka bayar. Ƙarshe redenomination ya samar da "dala ta hudu" (ZWL), wanda ya kai 10 25 ZWD (dala ta farko).

An yi watsi da amfani da dalar Zimbabwe a matsayin kudin hukuma sosai a ranar 12 ga Afrilu 2009. An ba da shaida a cikin 2015, tare da manyan asusun da za a iya biya har zuwa 30 Afrilu 2016. A maimakon dalar Zimbabwe, an yi amfani da kudaden da suka hada da Rand na Afirka ta Kudu, da Botswana pula, da fam, da Rupe na India, da Yuro, da yen Japan, da dalar Australiya, da Yuan na Sin, da dalar Amurka .

A ranar 24 ga Yuni 2019, Bankin Reserve na Zimbabwe ya soke tsarin musayar kuɗi da yawa tare da maye gurbinsa da sabon dalar Zimbabwe ( dalar RTGS ), wanda shine kawai kuɗin hukuma a ƙasar tsakanin Yuni 2019 da Maris 2020, bayan wanda aka sake ba da izinin wasu kudaden waje.

Asalin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dalar Zimbabwe wacce ta gabace ta, dalar Rhodesian, ta kasance daidai da rabin darajar fam a lokacin da aka karbe ta (a lokacin raguwar 1970). An yi amfani da irin wannan aikin a wasu ƙasashen Commonwealth kamar Afirka ta Kudu, Australia, da New Zealand. Zaɓin sunan ya motsa shi ne saboda raguwar darajar sabon rukunin yana da alaƙa da ƙimar dalar Amurka fiye da fam .[ana buƙatar hujja]

Zane[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Babban kwatanci akan lura da duk takardun banki shine Chiremba Balancing Rocks a Epworth, Harare, wanda aka yi amfani da shi azaman misali yana nuna mahimmancin daidaita ci gaba da kuma adana yanayi maras kyau. Bangaren bayanan dala galibi suna kwatanta al'adu ko alamomin Zimbabwe.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Gabatarwa ta farko (ZWD)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kwanan watan



</br> redenomination
Kudi



</br> code
Daraja
1 ga Agusta, 2006 ZWN 1 000 ZWD
1 ga Agusta, 2008 ZWR 10 ZWN



= 10 ZWD
Fabrairu 2, 2009 ZWL 10 ZWR



= 10 ZWN



= 10 ZWD

An ƙaddamar da dalar Zimbabwe ta farko a cikin 1980 kuma ta maye gurbin dalar Rhodesian a daidai . Lambar farko ta ISO 4217 ita ce ZWD . A lokacin da aka fara amfani da shi, dalar Zimbabwe ta fi dalar Amurka daraja a kasuwar canji a hukumance, inda aka samu 1 ZWD = US$1.47, ko da yake wannan bai nuna ainihin ikon saye da yake da shi ba.

Darajar dala ta fara raguwa sosai daga watan Agustan 1991 zuwa gaba: asali, wannan ya faru ne saboda Shirin Daidaita Tsarin Tattalin Arziki (ESAP), shirin sassaucin ra'ayi na tattalin arziki wanda ya wargaza tattalin arzikin "sige" da aka shirya daga zamanin UDI . Duk da haka, ESAP ya haifar da talauci da rashin aikin yi, tun da yawancin ayyukan da aka rasa sun dogara ne akan kayan da aka ba da tallafi a baya tare da raguwar bukatun duniya. :6–13Yaɗuwar talauci da rashin aikin yi, haɗe da kashe kuɗi na gaggawa don tallafawa tsoffin sojojin yaƙin Bush na Rhodesian, ya haifar da babban haɗarin kuɗi a ranar 14 ga Nuwamba 1997. [2]

Adadin kudin a hukumance da kamanceceniya ya ci gaba da faduwa a cikin mahallin faduwar kudaden shiga daga fitar da kayayyaki zuwa kasashen waje, da rudani da sake raba filaye ga manoma marasa kwarewa, da kuma shigar Zimbabwe a yakin Kongo na biyu . A watan Yulin 2006, daidaiton darajar kasuwar dalar Zimbabwe ta faɗi zuwa miliyan ɗaya na fam ɗin fam (Z$1,000,000 = £1).

Sake-karkatar farko (ZWN)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Oktoba na 2005, Gwamnan Babban Bankin Zimbabwe na yanzu a lokacin, Dokta Gideon Gono, ya sanar da cewa Zimbabwe za ta sami sabon kudi a shekara mai zuwa, kuma za a samar da sababbin takardun kudi da tsabar kudi.[ana buƙatar hujja], a cikin watan Yunin 2006, an yanke shawarar cewa, don samun sabon kuɗi, dole ne Zimbabwe ta fara samun kwanciyar hankali a fannin tattalin arziki. Maimakon haka, a cikin watan Agustan 2006, an sake canza dala ta farko zuwa dala ta biyu a farashin dala 1000 na farko zuwa dala 1 na biyu (1000:1). A lokaci guda, an rage darajar kuɗin idan aka kwatanta da dalar Amurka, daga 101000 dalar farko (101 sau ɗaya aka sake kimantawa) zuwa dala 250 na biyu, raguwar kusan 60% (duba jadawalin tarihin canjin kuɗi a ƙasa).[ana buƙatar hujja] sanya sabon lambar kudin ZWN ga wannan kudin da aka sake fasalin, amma Bankin Reserve na Zimbabwe bai iya magance canjin kudin ba, don haka lambar kudin ta kasance 'ZWD'. Yaƙin neman zaɓe, wanda Gideon Gono mai suna "Operation Sunrise", an kammala shi a ranar 21 ga Agusta 2006. An yi kiyasin cewa ba a fanshi kusan dalar Zimbabwe tiriliyan goma (22% na kudin da aka samar ) ba a wannan lokacin.

A shekara mai zuwa, a ranar 2 ga Fabrairu, 2007, RBZ ta bayyana cewa za a saki sabon dala (na uku). Duk da haka, tare da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki har yanzu ya wuce 1000%, an adana takardun banki a cikin ajiya. A cikin wannan watan ne babban bankin kasar Zimbabwe ya ayyana hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a matsayin haramtacce, tare da haramta duk wani karin farashin wasu kayayyaki tsakanin 1 ga Maris da 30 ga watan Yunin 2007. Jami'ai sun kama shugabannin wasu kamfanoni na Zimbabwe saboda karin farashin kayayyakinsu, kuma masana tattalin arziki sun ba da rahoton cewa "hargitsi ya fara sarauta kuma jama'a a cikin jama'a sun firgita". A ranar 6 ga Satumbar 2007, an sake rage darajar dalar Zimbabwe da kashi 92 cikin 100, ta samar da canjin canjin ZW$30000 zuwa US$1 a hukumance, kodayake an kiyasta cewa canjin kasuwar bakar fata ya kai ZW$600000 zuwa US$1 .

Yayin da farashin musaya na hukuma ya zama wanda ba shi da tabbas, kamfanin WM/Reuters ya gabatar da ƙimar musanya ta asali (ISO ZWN) wanda ya dogara ne akan Sayen Wutar Lantarki ta yin amfani da jerin sunayen kamfanoni biyu akan Harare (ZH) da London Stock Exchange (LN).

Na biyu sake-denomination (ZWR)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dalar Zimbabwe tiriliyan 100 (dala 10 14 ), daidai yake da dala 10 27 kafin 2006.

A ranar 30 ga Yuli, 2008, an sake canza dala kuma an ba da sabon lambar kuɗi na ZWR . Bayan 1 ga Agusta 2008, ZWN biliyan 10 ya kai ZWR 1. [3] An ba da tsabar kuɗi a Z$5, Z$10 da Z$25 da takardun banki masu daraja Z$5, Z$10, Z$20, Z$100, da Z$500 a cikin ZWR. Sakamakon karancin kudade akai-akai da kuma dalar Zimbabwe maras amfani, an halatta kudin kasashen waje yadda ya kamata a matsayin kudin gaskiya a ranar 13 ga Satumba 2008 ta hanyar wani shiri na musamman. Wannan shirin a hukumance ya ba da damar adadin dillalai su karɓi kuɗin ƙasashen waje. Hakan ya nuna gaskiyar yadda tattalin arzikin kasar ke da dala, inda masu shaguna da dama suka ki karbar dalar Zimbabwe, inda suka nemi dalar Amurka ko Rand na Afirka ta Kudu a maimakon haka. Duk da sake fasalin, an tilasta wa RBZ buga takardun banki na mafi girman dabi'u don ci gaba da hauhawar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki, tare da sifili goma da suka sake bayyana a ƙarshen 2008. Duk da yake ba shi da amfani a lokacin, [4] waɗannan bayanan dala tiriliyan 100 daga baya sun zama sananne ga masu tarawa.

Sake maƙasudi na uku (ZWL)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 2 ga Fabrairun 2009, RBZ ta ba da sanarwar cewa za a cire ƙarin sifili 12 daga kuɗin, tare da musayar dalar Zimbabwe 1,000,000,000,000 na uku na dalar Zimbabwe da sabon dala 1. An gabatar da sabbin takardun banki tare da darajar fuskar Z$1, Z$5, Z$10, Z$20, Z$50, Z$100 da Z$500 . An rarraba takardun banki na dala na huɗu tare da dala ta uku, wanda ya kasance mai ciniki har zuwa 30 ga Yuni 2009. Sabuwar lambar kudin ISO ita ce ZWL. 

Duk da gabatarwar dala na huɗu, ba a kawar da matsalolin ba, kuma tattalin arzikin ya ci gaba da zama kusan dala . A cikin kasafin kudinsa na farko, ministan kudin Zimbabwe, Tendai Biti, ya ce "mutuwar dalar Zimbabwe gaskiya ce da ya kamata mu rayu da ita. Tun daga Oktoba 2008 kudinmu na kasa ya zama mara nauyi." A karshen watan Janairun shekarar 2009, mukaddashin ministan kudi Patrick Chinamasa ya sanar da cewa, za a ba wa dukkan 'yan kasar ta Zimbabwe damar gudanar da harkokin kasuwanci da kowane irin kudi, a matsayin martani ga matsalar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki. A ranar 12 ga Afrilu, 2009, kafofin watsa labaru sun ba da rahoton cewa ministan tsare-tsare na tattalin arziki Elton Mangoma ya ba da sanarwar dakatar da kudaden cikin gida "na akalla shekara guda", tare da kawo karshen dala ta hudu.

Janyewa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hauhawar hauhawar farashin kaya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dukkanin batutuwa hudu na dalar Zimbabwe sun sami hauhawar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki, ko da yake sai a farkon shekarun 2000 ne Zimbabwe ta fara fuskantar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ba tare da dorewa ba.

A ranar 13 ga Yulin 2007, gwamnatin Zimbabwe ta ce ta dakatar da buga alkaluman hauhawar farashin kayayyaki na wani dan lokaci, matakin da masu lura da al'amura ke cewa na da nufin jawo hankalin jama'a daga "farashin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki da ya zo alamta tabarbarewar tattalin arzikin kasar da ba a taba gani ba." A cikin 2008, hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya haɓaka sosai, daga wani ƙima a cikin Janairu na sama da 100,000% zuwa ƙimar da aka kiyasta sama da 1,000,000% a watan Mayu, kuma kusan 250,000,000% a cikin Yuli. Kamar yadda ka'idar yawan kuɗi ta annabta, wannan hauhawar farashin kaya yana da alaƙa da zaɓin bankin Reserve na Zimbabwe don ƙara samar da kuɗi.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Samar da kuɗi (2006-2008)[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Jerin mai ɗaukar kaya na 2008 yana duba dalar Zimbabwe miliyan 100

Babban bankin kasar Zimbabwe ya mayar da martani ga raguwar darajar dala ta hanyar shirya buga karin takardun kudi, sau da yawa a kan babban kudi daga masu samar da kayayyaki na ketare.

Zaɓin cak ɗin ajiyar bankin Zimbabwe da aka buga tsakanin Yuli 2007 zuwa Yuli 2008 (yanzu ya ƙare) tsakanin 10 zuwa 100,000,000,000 Z$ da ke kwatanta hauhawar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a Zimbabwe.

A ranar 1 ga Maris 2008 Jaridar Sunday Times ta ruwaito cewa ta samu takardun da ke nuna cewa kamfanin na Munich Giesecke &amp; Devrient (G&D) na karbar sama da Yuro 500,000 (£381,562) a mako don isar da takardun banki zuwa darajar Z$170 tiriliyan a mako. A karshen shekara ta 2008, hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya karu sosai har na'urorin bayar da lamuni masu sarrafa kansu na babban banki daya sun ba da " kuskuren zubar da bayanai " da kuma dakatar da yunkurin abokan ciniki na cire kudi da sifili da yawa.

A watan Yunin 2008, jami'an Amurka sun ba da sanarwar ba za su dauki wani mataki kan G&D ba. [5] An bayar da rahoton cewa a ranar 1 ga Yuli 2008 hukumar gudanarwar kamfanin ta yanke shawarar dakatar da isar da takardar banki zuwa bankin Reserve na Zimbabwe da gaggawa. Matakin dai ya kasance martani ne ga "bukatar hukuma" daga gwamnatin Jamus da kuma kiraye-kirayen sanya takunkumin kasa da kasa daga Tarayyar Turai da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya. [6]

Yin watsi da aljanu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An halatta amfani da kudaden waje a cikin Janairu 2009, wanda ya haifar da farashin kayan masarufi na gabaɗaya ya sake daidaitawa bayan shekaru na hauhawar hauhawar farashin kayayyaki da hasashen farashin. Matakin ya haifar da raguwar amfani da dalar Zimbabwe, yayin da hauhawar farashin kayayyaki ya sa hatta manyan mazhabobi ba su da amfani. An yi watsi da dalar Zimbabwe yadda ya kamata a matsayin kudin hukuma a ranar 12 ga Afrilu 2009, lokacin da ministan tsare-tsare na tattalin arziki Elton Mangoma ya tabbatar da dakatar da kudin kasar na akalla shekara guda.

A ranar 29 ga watan Janairun 2014, babban bankin kasar Zimbabwe ya ba da sanarwar cewa za a karbi dalar Amurka, Rand na Afirka ta Kudu, Botswana pula, fam din Sterling, Yuro, dalar Australiya, Yuan na kasar Sin (renminbi), Rupe na Indiya, da yen Jafanan Japan duk za a amince da su a matsayin kudin doka a cikin kasar.

A cikin watan Yunin 2015, Bankin Reserve na Zimbabwe ya fara lalata dalar Zimbabwe bisa ƙa'ida, yana rage darajarta a hankali zuwa sifili don kammala canjin dalar Amurka a ƙarshen Satumba 2015. Gwamnatin Zimbabwe ta bayyana cewa, za ta ba da dalar Amurka 5 ga asusun ajiyar banki na cikin gida da ke da ma'auni har dalar Zimbabwe quadrill 175, sannan za ta canza dalar Zimbabwe da dalar Amurka a kan dalar Amurka 1 zuwa 35 dalar Amurka a asusun ajiyar kudi. sama da dalar Zimbabwe quadrillion 175. An yi wannan yunkuri ne don daidaita tattalin arzikin kasar da kafa tabbataccen ginshikin suna a karkashin karancin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki. Atisayen ya kawo rufe kan batun dala na Zimbabwe, wanda ya kara tabbatar da matsayin gwamnati na cewa rukunin gida ba zai dawo nan ba da dadewa ba. Gwamnati ta ci gaba da cewa dawo da dalar Zimbabwe za a yi la'akari da shi ne kawai idan an sami nasarar samun muhimman abubuwan da suka shafi tattalin arziki, kamar samar da kayayyaki a muhimman sassa.

Hakazalika da zamba na dinari na Iraqi, wasu masu tallatawa sun yi iƙirarin cewa taron "revalue" (RV) na gaba zai sa dalar Zimbabwe ta dawo da ɗan ƙaramin ƙima na asali.

Tsabar kudi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 1980, an ƙaddamar da tsabar kudi a cikin ƙungiyoyi na 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 cents, da dala 1. An buga tsabar 1 cent a cikin tagulla, sauran kuma an buga su da kofi-nickel . A shekara ta 1989, karfen tagulla ya maye gurbin tagulla. An ƙaddamar da tsabar kuɗin dala 2 a cikin 1997. A shekara ta 2001, karfen nickel-plated ya maye gurbin cupro-nickel a cikin 10, 20 da 50 cents da tsabar kudi dala 1, kuma an gabatar da tsabar kudin dala 5 na bimetallic. Bankin Reserve na Zimbabwe ya sanar da shirye-shiryen sabbin tsabar kudi Z$5,000 da Z$10,000 a watan Yunin 2005, ko da yake ba a taɓa buga waɗannan ba.

A cikin bayanin manufofin kudi na tsakiyar wa'adi na 2014, Babban Bankin Zimbabwe (RBZ) ya ce zai shigo da tsabar kudi na musamman, wanda aka fi sani da Zimbabwean bond coins, don sauƙaƙa ƙarancin canji a cikin tattalin arzikin. Kamar tsabar kuɗi na 1980 na asali, waɗannan tsabar kudi na musamman za a ƙidaya su a cikin 1, 5, 10, 20, da 50, amma suna da ƙima daidai da cents na Amurka. Hakanan za a sami tsabar kudin Rand na Afirka ta Kudu na cents 10, 20, 50, rand 1, 2, 5. Sanarwar ta RBZ ba ta fayyace lokacin ko kuma inda za a shigo da wadannan tsabar kudi ba, amma wani rahoto daga baya a ranar 26 ga Nuwamba 2014 ya fayyace cewa ana sa ran isar da sama da dala miliyan 40 na wadannan tsabar kudi a cikin mako mai zuwa daga Pretoria . A ranar 18 ga Disamba, 2014, an fitar da ƙungiyoyin 1, 5, 10, da 25 na Amurka zuwa wurare dabam dabam. Ƙididdigar kashi 50 na Amurka ta biyo baya a cikin Maris 2015. An fitar da tsabar kuɗin dala 1 a watan Nuwamba 2016.

Bayanan banki da na cak[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Babban bankin kasar Zimbabwe ne ya fitar da takardar kudin dalar Zimbabwe daga shekarar 1980 zuwa 2009. Har zuwa shekara ta 2003, an ba da takardun banki na yau da kullun, amma yayin da hauhawar hauhawar farashin kaya ta haɓaka daga 2003, Bankin Reserve ya ba da cak na matafiyi na gaggawa na ɗan gajeren lokaci.

Tarihin musayar kuɗi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wannan tebur yana nuna ƙayyadaddun tarihin canjin musaya na Dalar Zimbabwe zuwa Dalar Amurka:

Dala ta farko Dala na biyu Dala ta uku
Wata/Shekara Darajar musayar kudi
1983 1
1997 10
2000 100
Juni 2002 1,000
Maris 2005 10,000
Janairu 2006 100,000
Yuli 2006 500,000+
Watan Darajar musayar kudi
Agusta 2006 650
Satumba 2006 1,000
Dec 2006 3,000
Janairu 2007 4,800
Fabrairu 2007 7,500
Maris 2007 26,000
Afrilu 2007 35,000
Mayu 2007 50,000
Yuni 2007 400,000
Yuli 2007 300,000
Agusta 2007 200,000
Watan Darajar musayar kudi
Satumba 2007 600,000
Oktoba 2007 1,000,000
Nuwamba 2007 1,500,000
Dec 2007 † 4,000,000
Janairu 2008 6,000,000
Fabrairu 2008 ‡ 16,000,000
Maris 2008 70,000,000
Afrilu 2008 100,000,000
Mayu 2008 777,500,000
Yuni 2008 40,928,000,000
Yuli 2008 758,530,000,000
Rana Darajar musayar kudi
Agusta 2008 1,780
Satumba 2008 590,000
Oktoba 7, 2008 2,300,000
14 Oktoba 2008 10,700,000
21 Oktoba 2008 1,220,000,000
28 Oktoba 2008 251,000,000,000
8 Nuwamba 2008 669,000,000,000

Sakamakon karancin takardar banki na Disamba 2007, an tura kuɗaɗen ta hanyar Tsarin Canja wurin Kuɗi na Lantarki (EFTS) ya sami ƙimar kuɗi kusan $4 miliyan, yayin da tsabar kudi ma'amala ya bambanta a kusa da $2 miliyan .Darajar musayar ya kasance 20,000,000 akan adadi mai yawa.

Farashin dala na uku a sama shine OMIR . Adadin kuɗi ya bambanta sosai da ƙimar da ke sama. Teburin da ke ƙasa shine ƙimar kuɗi na tarihin dala ta uku:

Watan ZWR a kowace USD
Satumba 2008 1,000
Oktoba 2008 90,000
Nuwamba 2008 1,200,000
Tsakar Dec 2008 60,000,000
Ƙarshen Dec 2008 2,000,000,000
A tsakiyar Janairu 2009 1,000,000,000,000
Fabrairu 2, 2009 300,000,000,000,000

Lokacin farko na rage darajar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dala ta farko (ZWD) ta rage darajar daga 0.6788 R$ zuwa US$1 a shekarar 1978 zuwa kusan rabin miliyan a kowace dalar Amurka a 2006, lokacin da aka sake darajar kudin.

Wannan tebur yana nuna cikakken dalla-dalla darajar dalar Amurka 1 zuwa dalar Zimbabwe .

Farashin dala ta farko (ZWD)
Kwanan wata Ƙimar hukuma Daidaiton Rate Bayanan kula
1978 0.6788 R$ (Afrilu) N/A R$ yayi daidai da US$
1980 0.68 R$ (Mar) N/A Z$ an ɗaure shi da kwandon FRF, DEM, ZAR, CHF, GBP, USD
18 Afrilu 1980 - 'Yancin kai ( 1 Z$ = 1 R$ )
1982 0.8925 zuwa 0.9140 (Dec) Template:Sdash An rage darajar ZWD da 16.5%
1983 0.96135 (Janairu) har zuwa 3.18 (Yuli) An rage darajar ZWD da 5%



</br> Daidaitaccen ƙima sosai mai canzawa - Premium har zuwa 231%
1983 (Agusta) zuwa 1993 (Dec) 0.96135 - 6.82 Kwando mai sassauƙa; rates biyu; Harajin 20% akan biyan kuɗi masu fita
1994 6.82 (Janairu) 8.36 (Oktoba) Ƙimar hukuma mai iyo (1 Yuli); rates biyu; An rage darajar ZWD da 17%
1995 8.26 (Janairu) 8.85 (Oktoba) ƙimar hukuma mai iyo; rates biyu; Haɗin kai 1998 (Dec)
1996 9.13 (Janairu) 10.52 (Oktoba)
1997 10.50 (Janairu) 12.00 (Janairu); 25.00 (Nuwamba)
1998 18.00 (Janairu) 16.65 (Yuni); 19.00 (Yuli); 23.50
1999 36.23 (Janairu) 38.30 (Satumba) A ranar 31 ga Maris, 1999, an ƙididdige ƙimar musanya ta hukuma a ZWD 38 akan kowace dalar Amurka; Kasuwar layi daya ta sake fitowa a watan Disamba 1999.
2000 38 zu55 56 zuwa 62 (Yuli); 65 zuwa 70 (Agusta. ) A watan Agustan 2000, an ƙididdige ƙimar musanya a hukumance a ZWD 50, sannan ZWD 51 kuma a ƙarshe akan ZWD 55 akan kowace dalar Amurka; daidai gwargwado farashin kasuwar baƙar fata sun kasance a babban farashi; a watan Nuwamba, an rufe ofisoshin musayar kudaden waje.
2001 55 70 (Janairu); 80 (Feb); 100 (Mar); 120 (Afrilu); 140 (Mayu); 160 (Yuni); 250 (Yuli); 300 (Agusta); 400 (Satumba); 300 (Oktoba); 320 (Nuwamba); 340 (Dec) A cikin watan Yuni, ƙimar hukuma ta zama ƙimar rarrafe.
2002 55 380 (Janairu) zuwa 710 (Yuni), 1400 (Yuli) zuwa 1740 (Oktoba) zuwa 1400 (Dec) A cikin 2002, daidaitaccen kasuwar baƙar fata na musayar waje ta naman gwari.
2003 55 (Janairu); 824 (Feb) 1400 (Janairu); 1450 (Feb); 2300 (Mayu); 3000 (Yuli); 6000 (Agusta); 6400 (Oktoba); 6000 (Nuwamba) A cikin Fabrairun 2003, an sake ƙididdige ƙimar Musanya a hukumance a ZWD 824 akan dalar Amurka.
2004 824 (1 Janairu); 4196 (12 Janairu) zuwa 5730 (Dec) 5500 (1 Janairu) zuwa 6000 (Dec) A cikin Janairu 2004, an saita gwanjon kuɗin kuɗi na sati-sati (RBZ-controlled) don tantance ƙimar hukuma.
2005 5,730 (Janairu); 6,200 (Maris); 9,000 (Mayu); 10,800 (18 Yuli); 17,600 (25 Yuli); 24,500 (25 ga Agusta); 26,003 (Satumba); 26,003 (Oktoba); 60,000 (Nuwamba); 84,588 (30 Disamba) 6,400 (Janairu); 14,000 (Maris); 20,000 (Mayu); 25,000 (18 Yuli); 45,000 (25 Yuli); 45,000 (25 ga Agusta); 75,000 (Satumba); 80,000 zuwa 100,000 (Oktoba); 90,000 (Nuwamba); 96,000 (30 Disamba) 24 ga Agusta: Dalar Zimbabwe ta zama mafi ƙanƙantar darajar kuɗi
A cikin Nuwamba 2005, an dakatar da tallace-tallace na yau da kullum kuma RBZ ta sanar da cewa "al'amuran kasuwa" za su sarrafa farashin musayar.
2006 (zuwa Yuli 31) 85,158 (3 Janairu); 99,201.58 (24 Janairu); 101,195.54 (Afrilu 28) 100,000 (6 Janairu); 106,050 (19 Janairu); 115,000 (20 Janairu); 125,000 zuwa 150,000 (25 Janairu); 175,000 zuwa 190,000 (24 Fabrairu); 205,000 zuwa 220,000 (3 Maris); 220,000 zuwa 230,000 (13 Afrilu); 300,000 zuwa 310,000 (Mayu 25); 315,000 (9 Yuni); 340,000 zuwa 350,000 (16 Yuni); 400,000 (21 Yuni); 450,000 (1 Yuli); 520,000 (9 Yuli); 550,000 (27 Yuli) Masana tattalin arziki sun yi hasashen kusan kusan ZWD 250,000 zuwa dalar Amurka a tsakiyar shekara ta 2006.
24 ga Janairu - RBZ yana haɓaka bambance-bambancen yau da kullun na farashin musaya na hukuma bisa girman ciniki. ZWD yana iya canzawa (daga matsakaicin ƙimarsa) a cikin rukunin yau da kullun na: 0% (a ƙarƙashin US$5 million ); 1% ( US$ 5 zuwa 10 miliyan ); 1.5% ( US$ 10 zuwa 15 miliyan ); ko 2% (ya wuce US$15 million ). Wannan ya daskarar da farashin musaya na hukuma yadda ya kamata.

Lokaci na biyu na rage darajar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin sake fasalin farko na 1 ga Agusta 2006, an canza ZWD 1000 zuwa dala 1 na biyu (ZWN). Dala ta biyu ta fara ne da farashin hukuma na 250 da kuma daidai gwargwado na 550 zuwa US$ . A watan Yulin 2008 farashin musaya tare da dalar Amurka ya kai (daidaitaccen ƙimar) biliyan 500 zuwa US$ 1, wanda ya haifar da sake fasalin na biyu.

Exchange rates of the second dollar (ZWN)
Date Official Rate

(Revalued dollar)
Parallel Rate

(Revalued dollar)
Notes
2006 August 250 (250,000 old) 550 (1 August); 650 (3 August); 650 to 700 (24 August) 1 August: RBZ revalues the Zim dollar. 1,000 Old Zim dollars become 1 revalued Zim dollar. The official exchange rate is set to 250 revalued Zim dollars per 1 US dollar. (Parallel rate soars to over 600 revalued dollars per 1 US dollar)
September

700 to 800 (8 September – high volume transactions); 850 (14 September); 1,200 to 1,300 (28 Sep) or 1,500 (29 September – high volume transactions)

October

1,500 (12 October);

November

1,700 (6 November); 2,000 (19 November); 2,400 (29 November);

December

3,000 (25 December)

2007 January 250

3,200 (11th); 3,500 (18th); 4,000 (20th); 4,200 (23rd); 6,000 (26th)

February

4,800 (2nd); 5,000 (12th); 6,600 (23rd); 7,000 (27th)

March

7,500 (1st) 8,000 (2nd); 10,000 (8th); 11,000 (11th); 12,000 – 17,500 (16th); 16,000 (19th); 20,000 (21st); 24,000 (22nd); 25,000 (27th); 26,000 (29th)

Zimbabwean dollar becomes least valued currency unit around 21 March; In March, the parallel rate becomes extremely erratic, with reported rates varying significantly.
April 250

(15,000 special rate)

30,000 (1st); 15,000 (7th); 20,000 (8th); 25,000 (11th); 35,000 (15th)

A "special rate" of 15,000 ZWD per USD was brought in on 26 April 2007. The improved exchange rate will be applied to miners, farmers, tour operators, non-governmental organisations, embassies, Zimbabweans living abroad that repatriate earnings, and others who generate foreign exchange. Exporters will be required to exchange money at the central bank to receive the better rate.
May

28,000 (10th); 32,000 (18th); 38,000 (20th); 40,000 (22nd); 45,000 (24th); 50,000 (29th)

June

55,000 (3rd); 60,000 (12th); 75–100,000 (13th); 120,000 (16th); 205,000 (20th); 300,000 (22nd); 400,000 (23rd)

July

270,000 (5th); 300,000 (14th)

August

200,000 (21st)

September 30,000

250,000 (7th); 280,000 (14th); 340,000 (18th); 500,000 (26th); 600,000 (29th)

Official exchange rate was changed to 30,000 on 7 September 2007[7]
October

750,000 (17th); 1,000,000 (19th)

November

1,200,000 (1st); 4,500,000 (14th) (not confirmed); 1,400,000 (24th); 1,500,000 (30th)

December

1,800,000 (1st); 4,000,000 (3rd)

Due to the Dec 2007, banknote shortage, funds transferred via Electronic Funds Transfer Systems (EFTS) bore a premium rate of about Template:Val million, while the cash transaction rate varied around Template:Val million.
2008 January

1,900,000 (3rd); 2,000,000 (4th); 3,000,000 (8th); 4,500,000 (19th); 5,000,000 (21st[8]); 6,000,000 (24th)

The Old Mutual Implied Rate (OMIR) is calculated by dividing the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange price of the Old Mutual share by the London Stock Exchange Price for the same share. The answer is the Old Mutual Implied Rate for the Pound. Then a cross rate calculation is done for the USD rate. 6,240,837.51 (OMIR for 21st) 5,787,585.19 (OMIR for 25th)

February

7,500,000 (13th); 8,500,000 (18th); 16,000,000 and 20,000,000 for large amounts (21st[9])

March

24,000,000 (2nd); 25,000,000 (5th); 46,000,000 (10th); 70,000,000 (19th)

69,226,148.58 (OMIR for 17th)

April

80,000,000 (17th); 85,000,000 (24th); 100,000,000 (26th)

May

30,000 (to 4 May); 168,815,333.33 (5 May); 187,073,022.88 (6 May); 190,429,449.18 (7 May); 204,565,727.39 (8 May); 210,389,632.00 (9 May); 216,528,794.21 (12 May); 224,832,332.83 (13 May); 236,706,849.48 (14 May); 246,433,371.43 (15 May); 255,771,415.67 (16 May); 275,335,294.12 (19 May); 303,753,731.48 (20 May); 337,341,911.76 (21 May); 369,632,426.29 (22 May); 405,870,411.18 (23 May); 434,449,294.12 (27 May); 486,485,294.12 (28 May); 529,336,764.71 (29 May); 580,678,132.35 (30 May)

190,000,000 (1st); 200,000,000 (6th); 250,000,000 (13th); 315,000,000 (16th); 498,000,000 (22nd); 494,000,000 (23rd); 580,000,000 (28th); 703,000,000 (29th); 777,500,000 (30th)

The official exchange rate was allowed to float 6 May
June

647,863,191.18 (2nd); 718,489,852.94 (3rd); 843,884,558.82 (4th); 969,647,058.82 (5th); 1,105,887,222.22 (6th); 1,365,130,333.33 (9th); 1,679,946,944.44 (10th); 2,150,078,888.89 (11th); 2,904,111,111.11 (12th); 3,524,549,987.29 (13th); 4,276,736,111.11 (16th); 4,952,500,000.00 (17th); 5,817,192,485.76 (18th); 6,718,055,555.56 (19th); 7,437,184,423.78 (20th); 8,260,031,632.83 (23rd); 9,005,149,886.88 (24th); 9,801,839,921.51 (25th); 10,594,701,303.45 (26th); 11,378,472,550.24 (30th) [10]

971,500,000 (1st); 1,123,000,000 (3rd); 1,221,500,000 (4th); 1,964,500,000 (5th); 2,159,000,000 (6th); 2,691,588,425 (7th); 3,139,382,641 (9th); 4,605,736,200 (10th); 5,090,337,736 (11th); 5,137,128,498 (12th); 6,412,613,315 (13th); 7,512,863,828 (16th); 9,288,500,000 (17th); 13,999,000,000 (18th); 17,743,015,150 (19th); 20,269,600,000 (21st); 22,952,543,340 (23rd); 22,835,153,651 (24th); 32,603,770,511 (26th); 40,928,000,000 (30th)[11]

967,480,942 (OMIR for 2nd); 1,746,899,809 (OMIR for 3rd); 3,047,030,834 (OMIR for 4th);

16,044,776,323 (OMIR for 19th); 17,039,490,724 (OMIR for 20th); 34,910,587,875 (OMIR for 23rd); 78,479,941,887 (OMIR for 24th); 62,024,868,786 (OMIR for 25th); 64,575,990,281 (OMIR for 26th); 164,312,344,622 (OMIR for 30th)

July

12,226,034,516.65 (1st); 13,350,764,705.88 (2nd); 14,345,060,331.82 (3rd); 15,183,703,996.98 (4th); 16,204,996,229.26 (7th); 17,066,529,677.98 (8th); 17,883,023,378.58 (9th); 18,681,527,512.36 (10th); 19,489,294,117.65 (11th); 20,170,317,159.13 (14th); 21,460,313,914.03 (15th); 23,356,231,572.65 (16th); 25,389,017,580.37 (17th); 27,164,677,690.87 (18th); 30,201,803,133.32 (21st); 34,749,797,812.59 (22nd); 39,129,724,504.88 (23rd); 43,319,583,395.92 (24th); 48,679,445,871.90 (25th); 54,036,639,077.74 (28th); 58,886,562,526.04 (29th); 63,761,761,010.94 (30th); 69,484,070,056.18 (31st); (Source[10])

53,049,500,000 (1st);[11] 65,797,000,000 (7th);[11] 102,351,000,000 (8th);[11] 145,624,500,000 (11th);[11] 151,425,393,163 (11th); 193,014,500,000 (14th);[11] 200,414,514,369 (14th);[12] 274,200,889,709 (15th);[11] 288,072,000,000 (16th);[11] 325,110,110,211 (16th);[12] 324,446,338,775 (17th); [11] 360,000,000,000 (17th); [12] 380,000,000,000 (18th); [11] 430,000,000,000 (18th); [12] 600,000,000,000 (21st); ,[11][12] 650,000,000,000 (22nd)[12] 750,000,000,000 (23rd); [11] 555,000,000,000 (25th): 758,530,000,000 (30th); [11] 510,000,000,000 (31st): [13]

142,024,433,315 (OMIR for 1st); 129,140,850,245 (OMIR for 2nd); 109,689,985,935 (OMIR for 3rd); 113,028,111,843 (OMIR for 4th); 202,409,619,045 (OMIR for 7th); 173,176,356,278 (OMIR for 8th); 126,117,317,180 (OMIR for 9th); 139,534,966,792 (OMIR for 10th); 189,961,549,747 (OMIR for 11th); 194,840,848,150 (OMIR for 14th); 236,850,692,832 (OMIR for 15th); 241,421,049,361 (OMIR for 16th); 270,477,236,528 (OMIR for 17th); 404,332,849,598 (OMIR for 18th); 502,683,475,196 (OMIR for 21st); 687,860,375,011 (OMIR for 22nd); 495,932,559,520 (OMIR for 23rd); 488,452,876,313 (OMIR for 24th); 619,334,351,928 (OMIR for 25th); 525,086,664,547 (OMIR for 28th); 456,921,446,064 (OMIR for 30th); 669,809,343,407 (OMIR for 31st); (Source)

Maido da bayanan kasuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watannin karshe kafin sake fasalin babban bankin kasar Zimbabwe na ranar 30 ga Afrilun 2008, kusan dukkanin manyan hanyoyin musayar kudin kasar sun dogara ne akan farashin ZWD 30,000 a hukumance zuwa dalar Amurka 1 don kididdigar da aka buga, duk da bambance-bambancen da ke tsakanin wancan da farashin kasuwa mai 'yanci. A ranar 23 ga Mayu 2008, Bloomberg da Oanda sun fara buga rates masu iyo bisa ga ka'ida ta kasuwannin banki na cikin gida na Zimbabwe, yayin da Yahoo Finance ya fara amfani da adadin da aka sabunta a watan Yuli, duk da cewa yana da canjin adadi na wurare 6. Waɗancan ƙimar da aka ruwaito gabaɗaya suna nuna ƙimar hukuma kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin tebur na sama. Ba da da ewa ba suka fara bambanta, dangane da kima da dalar Zimbabwe, inda suka karu sosai idan aka kwatanta da kasuwannin da ba a daidaita su ba kamar kasuwannin teku ko takardar kuɗin da ake sayar da su kyauta a kan titunan Harare, wanda aka nuna a sama a matsayin Daidaitacce Rates.

Lokaci na uku na rage darajar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 1 ga Agusta, 2008, an gudanar da redenomination na biyu, wanda 10,000,000,000 2nd dollar (ZWN) ya zama 1 3rd dollar (ZWR). A ranar 3 ga Oktoba 2008, Bankin Reserve na Zimbabwe ya dakatar da tsarin na ɗan lokaci na Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS), tare da dakatar da musayar kasuwan lantarki daidai gwargwado, amma an dawo da shi a ranar 13 ga Nuwamba 2008.

Bayan an gabatar da shi akan 1 ga Agusta 2008, dala ta uku ta ci gaba da raguwa.

Ana iya samun bayyani na bayanan kuɗin musaya a cikin tebur da ke ƙasa:

Exchange rates of the third dollar (ZWR)
Date Official Rate

(Source: )
Parallel Rate

(Sources: † /

‡)
Old Mutual Implied Rate

(OMIR Source:)
Notes
2008 August

7.58 (1st) 8.11 (4th) 8.94 (5th) 9.92 (6th) 10.93 (7th) 11.90 (8th) 13.19 (13th) 14.52 (14th) 15.80 (15th) 17.49 (18th) 18.84 (19th) 20.08 (20th) 21.55 (21st) 23.29 (22nd) 25.34 (25th) 27.66 (26th) 29.91 (27th) 32.05 (28th) 34.83 (29th)

40.53 †; 51 ‡ (1st); 61 ‡ (2nd) 40.96 †; 66 ‡ (5th) 74 ‡ (8th) 41.79 † (11th) 110 ‡ (13th) 190 ‡; 64.12 † (14th) 230 ‡ (15th) 223.51 †; 375 ‡ (18th) 420 ‡ (19th) 430 ‡ (21st) 460 †; 440 ‡ (26th) 650 ‡; 700 † (27th) 1,400 †; 1,700 ‡ (29th)

49.23 (1st) 38.35 (4th) 34.05 (5th) 39.41 (6th) 64.19 (7th) 48.13 (8th) 74.86 (13th) 138.46 (14th) 121.43 (15th) 168.84 (18th) 161.24 (19th) 185.33 (20th) 297.21 (21st) 393.30 (22nd) 992.02 (25th) 749.47 (26th) 868.71 (27th) 1,330.10 (28th) 1,780.04 (29th)

1 August: The Reserve Bank revalued the dollar again: 10 billion ZWN (or 10 trillion ZWD) becomes 1 ZWR.

See also:["Zimbabwe's re-valued currency after one month"] includes a daily list of the ZWD parallel exchange rates in August 2008.

September

37.15 (1st) 39.59 (2nd) 42.72 (3rd) 45.53 (4th) 48.79 (5th) 52.71 (8th) 58.10 (9th) 62.47 (10th) 67.52 (11th) 71.40 (12th) 77.69 (15th) 83.57 (16th) 88.70 (17th) 92.97 (18th) 96.43 (19th) 101.57 (22nd) 105.43 (23rd) 109.48 (24th) 114.61 (25th) 118.76 (26th) 125.75 (29th) 132.25 (30th)

2,000 †; 2,498 ‡ (1st); 2,800 †; 3,650 ‡ (2nd) 4,300 † (3rd) 4,500 † (4th) 4,800 † 5,700 ‡; 7,500 (5th) 8,500 ‡ (8th) 14,000 † (9th) 20,000 †; 29,000 ‡ (11th) 30,000 (12th)[14] 34,000 † (15th) 22,000 †; 34,000 ‡ (16th) 33,000 † (18th) 65,059 †; 59,652 ‡ (22nd) 80,754 ‡ (23rd) 140,251 †; 135,368 ‡ (24th) 271,915 ‡ (25th) 271,593 † (26th) 554,915 †; 360,707 ‡ (29th) Cash: 1,000 (25th)

3,362 (1st) 3,949 (2nd) 4,311 (3rd) 5,085 (4th) 11,815 (5th) 13,583 (8th) 11,608 (9th) 14,936 (10th) 25,384 (11th) 19,788 (12th) 18,888 (15th) 11,633 (16th) 22,837 (17th) 34,606 (18th) 37,997 (19th) 79,816 (22nd) 131,237 (23rd) 270,794 (24th) 247,618 (25th) 266,075 (26th) 557,362 (29th) 592,416 (30th)

October

138.14 (1st) 145.62 (2nd) 153.10 (3rd) 160.46 (6th) 167.68 (7th) 176.33 (8th) 183.19 (9th) 198.93 (13th) 208.65 (14th) 217.72 (15th) 229.90 (16th) 244.05 (17th) 266.40 (20th) 290.92 (21st) 316.56 (22nd) 345.18 (23rd) 507.24 (28th) 558.53 (29th) 619.52 (30th)

790,510 ‡; 1,000,000 (1st) 4,000 (cash) (3rd) 11,000 (cash) (11th) 50,000,000 (16th) 100,000,000 (20th) 20,000 (cash) (20th) Cash: 50,000 (24th) 11,939,980,000 ‡; 25,137 (cash) ‡ (25th) 69,127 (cash) ‡ (27th) 90,000 (cash) (29th)

1,418,021 (1st) 841,881 (2nd) 660,732 (3rd) 1,715,118 (6th) 2,305,440 (7th) 2,045,021 (8th) 3,161,381 (9th) 4,183,564 (10th) 7,667,426 (13th) 10,706,802 (14th) 20,129,927 (15th) 66,418,944 (16th) 121,013,052 (17th) 333,500,825 (20th) 1,220,071,643 (21st) 3,178,696,865 (22nd) 26,867,910,902 (23rd) 98,339,944,470 (24th) 101,338,478,626 (27th am) 70,547,871,952 (27th pm) 233,621,089,202 (28th am) 250,783,986,568 (28th pm) 509,148,077,013 (29th am) 916,918,295,246 (29th pm) 2,443,676,912,678 (30th am) 3,949,870,500,674 (30th pm) 6,674,757,281,553 (31st am) 11,851,630,480,952 (31st pm)

Electronic bank transfers (RTGS) were suspended by the Reserve Bank on the 3rd. No funds can be transferred between banks, effectively aborting the parallel rates.

November

769.68 (3rd) 851.74 (4th) 922.96 (5th) 1,024.63 (6th) 2,850.37 (7th) 4,651.33 (10th) 6,626.39 (11th) 8,399.31 (12th) 10,788.70 (13th) 13,469.56 (14th) 17,398.16 (17th) 25,593.66 (18th) 30,320.43 (19th) 34,912.83 (20th) 38,128.72 (21st) 44,182.50 (24th) 49,237.71 (25th) 56,197.60 (26th) 62,761.43 (27th) 70,197.01 (28th)

100,000 (cash) (5th) 30,000,000,000,000 ‡; 200,000 (cash) ‡ (7th) 28,400,000,000,000,000 ‡ (12th) 400,000 (cash) (12th) 650,000 (cash) ‡ (14th) 1,200,000 (cash) ‡ (24th)

12,405,270,255,015 (3rd am) 35,179,473,949,600 (3rd pm) 118,066,516,958,323 (4th am) 216,162,327,532,185 (4th pm) 267,539,344,335,978 (5th am) 225,497,447,368,896 (5th pm) 193,012,615,772,476 (6th am) 134,838,399,549,100 (6th pm) 182,325,758,081,729 (7th am) 663,325,716,143,026 (7th pm) 1,680,757,577,947,650 (10th am) 22,410,101,039,302,100 (10th pm) 44,754,638,846,288,100 (11th am) 27,157,406,063,618,700 (11th pm) 18,237,844,841,170,300 (12th am) 12,981,054,269,303,500 (12th pm) 19,148,534,621,367,600 (13th am) 41,974,524,821,395,400 (13th pm) 62,136,238,923,283,400 (14th am) 183,025,618,461,867,000 (14th pm) 251,649,721,203,565,000 (17th am) 642,371,437,695,221,000 (17th pm) 661,229,327,046,568,000 (18th am) 447,591,739,042,251,000 (18th pm) 439,481,070,796,885,000 (19th) 12,617,983,349,233,500 (20th)

The Reserve Bank lifted the suspension on the Real Time Gross Settlement System (RTGS) on 13 November

As of 26 November newspaper reports stated the RTGS was still not operational, and part of the reason was that the Zimbabwean Government had not paid the company responsible for fitting the system.The Zimbabwe Stock Market, and consequently the OMIR, crashed on 20 November when allegations of market manipulation became public. ZSE chief executive Emmanuel Munyukwi revealed that a large number of multi-quad-, quin-, and sextillion cheques had bounced.[15]Old Mutual has not traded since 20 November, so no meaningful OMIR figures are available. It is estimated that the OMIR on 25 November would have been 649,374,262,960,211.[16]

December

76,620.00 (1st) 83,613.46 (2nd) 89,826.13 (3rd) 100,330.21 (4th) 111,126.89 (5th) 128,734.67 (8th) 140,085.70 (9th) 154,661.25 (10th) 226,954.13 (11th) 404,294.50 (12th) 925,825.00 (17th) 1,151,656.00 (18th) 1,423,462.00 (19th) 1,748,530.00 (23rd) 2,133,117.00 (24th) 2,772,250.00 (29th) 3,641,246.00 (30th) 4,894,167.00 (31st)

2,000,000 (cash)‡ (2nd)5,300,000 (cash)‡ (4th)10,000,000 (cash) (5th)25,000,000 (cash) (9th)30,000,000 (cash)‡ (10th); 60,000,000 (cash) (12th) 150,000,000 (cash)‡ (16th) 200,000,000 (cash)‡ (17th) 600,000,000 (cash)‡ (19th) 9,000,000,000 (cash) (22nd)2,000,000,000 (cash)‡ (24th)

2009 January

5,601,509 (2nd) 6,386,667 (5th) 8,042,778 (7th) 8,676,674 (8th) 9,326,444 (9th) 10,148,113 (12th) 11,171,474 (13th) 13,856,763 (14th) 15,273,676 (15th) 16,744,890 (16th) 18,683,139 (19th) 20,215,883 (20th) 25,599,608 (21st) 30,577,532 (22nd) 36,844,444 (23rd) 44,796,944 (26th) 415,888,889 (27th) 1,407,917,306 (28th) 3,429,836,806 (29th) 7,039,188,034 (30th)

40,000,000,000 (12th) 3,000,000,000,000 (15th) 1,000,000,000,000 ‡(16th) 5,000,000,000,000 ‡(21st) 10,000,000,000,000 (22nd) 13,000,000,000,000 (23rd) 30,000,000,000,000 (27th) 40,000,000,000,000 (28th) 100,000,000,000,000 (29th)

35,000,000,000,000,000 (1st) – UN Rate 150,000,000,000,000,000 (29th) – UN Rate

February

12,336,416,667 (2nd)

250,000,000,000,000 (1st) 300,000,000,000,000 (2nd)

Lokacin ƙarshe na rage darajar[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 2 ga Fabrairun 2009, an sake yin sabon canji na uku, inda RBZ ta cire sifili 12 daga cikin kuɗin, inda aka canza dalar Zimbabwe 1,000,000,000,000 (na uku, ZWR) dalar Zimbabwe zuwa dala 1 sabuwar (na huɗu, ZWL). Don haka, dala huɗu (ZWL) tana daidai da 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000, ko 1×10 25 ko 10 septillion farko dala (ZWD) (ko 1 tiriliyan na uku dala). Ko da yake an yi watsi da dala a ranar 12 ga Afrilu 2009, ana kiyaye farashin musaya na wasu watanni.

A ranar 4 ga watan Yunin 2015, an sanar da cewa babban bankin kasar Zimbabwe zai canza wasu tsoffin takardun kudi zuwa dalar Amurka.

Darajar musayar dala huɗu (ZWL)
Kwanan wata Adadin hukuma Daidaitaccen ƙimar



</br>
Ƙididdigar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya



</br> (Madogararsa: )
Bayanan kula
2009 Fabrairu 22.00 (3rd); 24.51 (4)</br> 28.54 (5th); 32.19 (6)</br> 35.34 (9th); 38.80 (10)</br> 42.32 (11th); 46.07 (12)</br> 49.87 (13); 53.00 (16)</br> 58.04 (17th); 62.70 (18)</br> 66.49 (19); 71.21 (20)</br> 76.22 (23rd); 81.58 (24)</br> 86.15 (25th); 91.39 (26)</br> 95.42 (27) 300 (2) 150,000 (na uku)
Maris 99.67 (2nd); 103.29 (Na uku)</br> 108.01 (Na hudu); 113.12 (5th)</br> 117.26 (6th); 121.85 (9th)</br> 126.11 (10th); 131.00 (11th)</br> 134.92 (12th); 138.58 (13)</br> 143.42 (16); 150.52 (17th)</br> 156.69 (18); 163.34 (19)</br> 170.39 (20th); 177.25 (23)</br> 186.61 (24th); 193.52 (25)</br> 199.76 (26); 206.74 (27)</br> 209.62 (30th); 213.07 (31st)
Afrilu 221.29 (1st); 225.83 (na biyu)</br> 230.68 (3rd); 238.94 (6)</br> 244.81 (na bakwai); 245.21 (8)</br> 249.40 (9th); 255.19 (14)</br> 259.10 (15th); 263.94 (16)</br> 266.64 (17th); 271.04 (20)</br> 294.18 (24th); 306.68 (29)</br> 309.31 (30th)</br> 12 ga Afrilu: Dalar Zimbabwe ta dakatar.
Mayu 315.23 (Na hudu); 319.13 (5)</br> 328.36 (6th); 320.02 (7th)</br> 326.26 (8th); 329.65 (11)</br> 332.26 (12th); 336.46 (13)</br> 345.12 (14th); 350.30 (15)</br> 354.58 (19); 357.48 (20)</br> 360.64 (21st); 363.14 (22)</br>
Yuni 363.48 (16)</br>
Yuli 371.39 (16)</br>
Agusta 361.62 (28) </br>

Ƙimar kamar yadda ake tarawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Jim kadan bayan dakatar da dalar Zimbabwe, an sayo su a matsayin abin sha'awa, ko kuma a adadi mai yawa a matsayin kyauta na sabon abu, misali ga abokan cinikin masu ba da shawara kan kudi don nuna dalilin da ya sa ya kamata su saka hannun jari a wasu kadarori daban-daban maimakon tsabar kudi, wanda ke rasa darajarsa a cikin dogon lokaci. Daga baya an sayo su azaman saka hannun jari, don siyarwa ga masu tarawa, don mafi kyawun ƙimar dawowa fiye da yawancin saka hannun jari. A cikin 2022 an sayar da ƙungiyoyi daban-daban akan eBay akan farashin da ya wuce £ 100.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Peso Argentine - wani kudin da ya karu da ninki-trillion tun 1970
  • Hungarian pengő - kudin da ya ragu 29 a cikin 1946
  • Kudin kuɗi na Zimbabwe / tsabar kudi
  • Bayanan banki na Zimbabwe
  • Tattalin arzikin Zimbabwe
  • Redenomination
  • Hauhawar hauhawar farashin kaya

Bayanan kula[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Hanke & Kwok (2009). "On the Measurement of Zimbabwe's Hyperinflation" (PDF). Cato.
  2. Empty citation (help)
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  4. Nurse, Earl (6 May 2016).
  5. "U.S. won't punish Giesecke+Devrient over Zimbabwe aid," Los Angeles Times. 19 June 2008.
  6. Ohlden, Anna.
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  15. Site notice, Zimbabwean Equities, 19 November 2008.
  16. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named autogenerated3