Deutscher Wetterdienst

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Deutscher Wetterdienst

Bayanai
Gajeren suna DWD
Iri higher federal authority (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Jamus
Aiki
Mamba na Working Group of the German Federal Departmental Research Establishments (en) Fassara, German Climate Consortium (en) Fassara, Verein zur Förderung eines Deutschen Forschungsnetzes (en) Fassara da German Committee for Disaster Reduction (en) Fassara
Mulki
Shugaba Sarah Catherine Jones (en) Fassara
Hedkwata Offenbach
Subdivisions
Tsari a hukumance public-law institution (en) Fassara
Mamallaki Federal Ministry for Digital and Transport (en) Fassara
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 11 Nuwamba, 1952
1952
Wanda yake bi Deutsche Seewarte (en) Fassara

dwd.de


See also: History of numerical weather prediction and Numerical weather prediction
Wetterpark Offenbach, Jamus
Deutscher Wetterdienst Wetterstation Neuenheimer Feld.
Wetterst

Deutscher Wetterdienst ( furuci da jamusanci: [ˌdɔʏ̯ʧɐ ˈvɛtɐdiːnst] ) ko DWD a takaice, ita ce Hukumar Kula da Yanayi ta Jamus, da ke Offenbach am Main, Germany, wacce ke sa ido kan yanayi da yanayin yanayi a kan Jamus kuma tana gudanar da ayyuka kan yanayi ga jama'a da na harkokin ruwa, jiragen sama, hydrometeorological ko don dalilai na noma. . An haɗe shi da Ma'aikatar Tarayya don Digital da Sufuri. Manyan ayyuka na DWD sun hada da gargadi game da hatsarori masu alaka da yanayi da sa ido da kididdige canjin yanayi da ke shafar Jamus. Ƙungiyar tana gudanar da samfuran yanayi akan na'urar su ta supercomputer don madaidaicin hasashen yanayi. DWD kuma tana kula da tarihin yanayin kasar a kundi da ɗayan manyan ɗakunan karatu na musamman akan yanayi lokaci kan-kani da yanayin duniya baki daya.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An kafa DWD a shekara ta 1952 lokacin da aka haɗu da ayyukan yanayi na yankunan yammacin mamaya. A shekara ta 1954, Tarayyar Jamus ta shiga cikin Hukumar Kula da Yanayi ta Duniya (WMO). A cikin 1975 an kafa Cibiyar Hasashe a European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) don hasashen yanayi na adadi har zuwa kwanaki goma gaba. A cikin 1990, bayan sake haɗewar, an haɗa ayyukan yanayi na Jamhuriyar Dimokuradiyyar Jamus a cikin DWD.

Tun daga shekarun 1990, DWD ta ci gaba da rage yawan tashoshin yanayi, wanda ya haifar da raguwar ma'aikata. DWD ba ta tsammanin raguwar ingancin hasashen, da aka ba da dabaru kamar radar yanayi ko tauraron dan adam, waɗanda suka inganta tarin bayanan yanayi sosai.

Hasashen yanayi na adadi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

See also: History of numerical weather prediction and Numerical weather prediction

Ma'aikatar Yanayi ta Jamus tana gudanar da samfurin hydrostatic na duniya, GME (wanda ICON ke kulawa a cikin 2015), ta amfani da grid icosahedral hexagonal tun 2002. Sun ɓullo da Babban Tsarin Yanki na Ƙaddamarwa (HRM) a cikin 1999, wanda ke gudana a cikin aiki da bincike na al'ummomin yanayi kuma yana gudana tare da zato na ruwa. Lokal-Modell na Jamus ba na ruwa ba na Turai (LME) yana gudana tun daga 2002, kuma haɓaka yankin yanki ya fara aiki akan 28 Satumba 2005. Tun daga Maris 2009, DWD tana aiki da NEC SX-9 tare da mafi girman aiki na teraFLOPS 109 don taimakawa cikin aikin hasashen yanayi.

Har ila yau, DWD tana aiki da wasu ayyuka na NWP guda biyu, COSMO-EU (yankin Turai) da COSMO-DE (yankin Jamus da kewaye), tare da ƙuduri mafi girma fiye da ICON. COSMO algorithm yana kiyaye shi ta hanyar haɗin gwiwar COSMO, haɗin gwiwar yawancin ƙasashen Turai. Yana amfani da bayanan ICON azaman shigarwa a saitin DWD.

Ayyukan Jama'a[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tun daga shekara ta 2005, DWD ke buga gargadin yankin game da zafi da nufin rage yawan mace-mace masu alaka da zafi. An yanke wannan shawarar ne saboda lokacin zafi nna shekara ta 2003, lokacin da aka kiyasta mutane 7000 suka mutu daga tasirin zafi kai tsaye ko kai tsaye. Hakanan yana aika rahotannin yanayin teku kamar radioteletype da fax. Tun daga 2006, ana iya yin rajistar gargaɗin pollen kyauta akan gidan yanar gizon DWD. A cikin aikinta na farko na bayanan yanayin yanayi, DWD tana ba da rahoton yanayi na yau da kullun kyauta ga Jamus wanda za'a iya biyan ku ta imel akan gidan yanar gizon su. DWD tana ba da damar yin amfani da bayanan yanayinta kyauta. [1] [2]

Tsari[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Deutsche Wetterdienst yana haɗe da Ma'aikatar Federal Ministry for Digital and Transport don haka yana da alaƙa da Tarayyar Jamus, gwamnatocin yanki da ƙananan hukumomi, ga 'yan kasuwa, da masana'antu a cikin haɗin gwiwa da tuntuɓar juna. Ayyukanta sun dogara ne akan Dokar Ofishin Yanayi na Jamus ( Gesetz über den Deutschen Wetterdienst ). A halin yanzu, DWD ta ƙunshi kusan mutane 2600. Bayan DWD ta tsakiya a Offenbach, akwai cibiyoyin yanki a Hamburg, Potsdam, Leipzig, Essen, Stuttgart, Freiburg da Munich . Bugu da ƙari, tana gudanar da mafi girman cibiyar sadarwa na ma'aunin yanayi na Jamus tare da tashoshin meteorological na cikakken lokaci 183 (60 daga cikinsu suna aiki), da kuma kusan tashoshin yanayi na musamman 1784 waɗanda masu son sa kai ke gudanarwa (2014).

DWD ta dauki nauyin cibiyoyin bayanan yanayi da dama na duniya [3], daga cikinsu misali:

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Deutscher Wetterdienst: Climate Data Center OpenData-Server
  2. Kaspar, F., Kratzenstein, F., Kaiser-Weiss, A. K.: Interactive open access to climate observations from Germany, Adv. Sci. Res., 16, 75-83, DOI: 10.5194/asr-16-75-2019, 2019
  3. Kaspar, F., Andersson, A., Ziese, M., Hollmann, R.: Contributions to the improvement of climate data availability and quality for Sub-Saharan Africa. Frontiers in Climate, DOI: 10.3389/fclim.2021.815043, 2022

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Labari mai alaƙa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • NinJo wurin aiki wanda DWD ke amfani dashi

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

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