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Dinare na Libya

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Dinare na Libya
kuɗi da dinar (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Ƙasa Libya
Applies to jurisdiction (en) Fassara Libya
Central bank/issuer (en) Fassara Central Bank of Libya (en) Fassara
Wanda yake bi Libyan pound (en) Fassara
Lokacin farawa 1971
Unit symbol (en) Fassara LD
Libyan dinar - 10 dinar
¼ Dinar

Dinar ( Larabci: دينار‎ ( Arabic pronunciation: [diːˈnɑːr] ); alamar : LD a cikin Latin, ل.د a cikin Larabci ; code : LYD ) kudin kasar Libya ne na hukuma. An raba dinari zuwa dirhami 1,000 ( درهم ). Babban Bankin Libya ne ya ba da shi, wanda kuma ke kula da tsarin banki kuma yana kula da bashi.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An gabatar da shi a cikin Satumba 1971 kuma ya maye gurbin fam a daidai. An danganta kudin zuwa hakkin zane na musamman akan kimar 2.80 SDRs akan dinari.

A cikin 1972, an kafa bankin waje na Larabawa na Libya don tuntubar zuba jari a ketare.

A cikin Fabrairun 1973, Dinaren ya kasance daidai da dalar Amurka akan 0.29679 dinari a kowace dala (LD). 1 = US$3.37), wanda aka kiyaye har zuwa 1986. An canza peg zuwa hakkin n zane na musamman a ranar 18 ga Maris 1986, tare da dinari 1 = 2.80 SDRs. A ranar 1 ga Mayu 1986, an ba da izinin dinari don kasuwanci a cikin kewayon 7.5% na 2.80 SDRs. An fadada wannan kewayon sau da yawa.

Kudin ya fara raguwa sannu a hankali dangane da dalar Amurka a tsakiyar shekarun 1990, inda ya kai darajar dalar Amurka 1.55 a shekarar 2001. An rage darajar dinari da kashi 50% zuwa dalar Amurka 0.77 a shekarar 2002.

Ali Mohammed Salem, mataimakin gwamnan babban bankin kasar Libya, ya bayyana cewa za a danganta darajar dinari na kasar Libya kan hakkin zane na musamman na tsawon shekaru daya zuwa uku, a cewar wata hira da kamfanin dillancin labarai na Reuters a ranar 27 ga Disamba, 2011.

A ranar 3 ga Janairu, 2021, an rage darajar dinari zuwa US$1 = LD 4.48 don duk ma'amaloli da ke biyo bayan hadewar kudin musanya, tare da rufe gibin da ke tsakanin farashin canji na hukuma da kasuwar bakar fata.

Tsabar kudi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Har zuwa 1975, tsofaffin tsabar kudi da aka kididdige su a milliemes (daidai da dirham) suna yaduwa. A cikin 1975, an kaddamar da tsabar kudi a cikin kungiyoyi na 1 Da., 5 Dhs., 10 Dhs., 20 Daga, 50 DHs kuma 100 DHs wanda ke dauke da rigar makamai na Tarayyar Jamhuriyar Larabawa . Wadannan sun biyo baya a cikin 1979 da jerin tsabar kudi na biyu, a cikin kungiyoyi iri daya, wadanda ke dauke da zane na mahayin doki a madadin makamai. LD    An bayar tsabar kudi a cikin 2001 da 2004, bi da bi. A cikin 2009, sabbin 50 dhs., 100 dhs., LD    An ba da kudi. 1 dh., 5 ku dhs., 10 dhs, da 20 dhs ku. tsabar kudi ba kasafai ake amfani da su azaman raka'a na musaya ba. Duk da haka, har yanzu suna rike matsayinsu na dan takara na doka.

A cikin 2013 da 2014, Babban Bankin Libya ya ba da LD     kudi da 50 DHs kuma 100 DHs tsabar kudi.[ana buƙatar hujja]

Dinar Libya dinari na yanzu
Hoto Daraja Abun ciki Diamita Nauyi Kauri Gefen Bayar
50 dhs ku. Copper-nickel -plated karfe 23 mm 5.1 g 1.77 mm Reeded 2014
100 dhs ku. Copper-nickel -plated karfe 26 mm 6.54 g 1.9 mm A fili 2014
LD   Nordic zinariya 26 mm 6.55 g 2 mm Reeded 2014
LD   Bi-metallic nordic gold center a cikin zoben jan karfe-nickel 27 mm 7.05 g 1.9 mm Reeded 2014

Takardun kudi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin 1971, an gabatar da takardun banki a cikin kungiyoyin LD   LD   LD 1, LD 5 da LD 10. A ranar 15 ga Mayu, 1980, an ba da sabbin takardun banki don LD 5 da LD  Kungiyoyi 10 (daraja, a lokacin, £ 7<span typeof="mw:Entity" id="mwsw"> </span>stg da £14 stg, ko dalar Amurka 16 da dalar Amurka 32) da kuma ‘yan kasar Libya an ba su damar yin musayar bayanan da suke da su a bankunan babban bankin kasar mako guda, bayan haka tsohon LD. 5 da LD Bayanan kula guda 10 ba za su yi amfani ba. [1] Mutanen da ke yin musayar, duk da haka, an sanar da su cewa LD kawai 1,000 sabon bayanin kula za a ba da izini ga kowane abokin ciniki, wani yunkuri wanda "ya kawar da tanadin masu matsakaicin matsakaici da kuma kudin da aka tara na Yan kasuwa bakar fata" kuma "ya kawo faduwar fam biliyan 1.5 ga tsabar kudi- Baitul maliya". Bayan hayaniyar jama'a, shugaba Mu'ammar Gaddafi ya sanar a ranar 11 ga watan Yuni cewa, ko da yake ba za a kwace ko zuba jarin kudaden da aka kama ba, ba tare da cikakken tuntuba da 'yan majalisar wakilan jama'ar kasar 167 na kasar Libya ba. [2]

Bayanan Bayani na LD An kara 20 a cikin 2002. A ranar 27 ga Agusta, 2008, Babban Bankin Libya ya sanar da sabon LD 50 bayanin kula kuma an tsara shi don shiga yaduwa a ranar 31 ga Agusta, 2008. [3] Rubutun ya riga ya fara yawo kuma ya nuna Gaddafi a kan gaba.

Batutuwan da aka zayyana a kan takardun kudi ba su canza ba tun jerin 2 sai dai hoton Gaddafi wanda ya zama sabon zane na LD. 1 bayanin kula a cikin jerin 4.

Bayan hambarar da gwamnatin Gaddafi a yakin basasar Libya na farko a shekara ta 2011, gwamnan babban bankin kasar Gasem Azzoz ya ce har yanzu ana ci gaba da yaduwa a rubuce-rubucen da fuskar hambararren mai karfin fada a ji a kansu kuma majalisar rikon kwaryar kasar za ta yi amfani da su wajen biyan albashin ma'aikatan gwamnati. da ma'aikatan gwamnati. Bankin na gudanar da fafatawa na sake fasalin takardun kudi wanda a karshe zai maye gurbin takardun da Gaddafi ya rubuta.

Babban bankin ya fara janye LD 50 ga Janairu, 2012. 'Yan Libiya suna da har zuwa ranar 15 ga Maris su mika takardar ga bankuna. Issam Buajila, manajan yada labarai na babban bankin ya bayyana cewa LD 1 da LD Za a cire bayanin kula guda 20 daga rarrabawa nan ba da jimawa ba. Omar Elkaber, gwamnan babban bankin ya bayyana cewa tuni bankin ya fara buga sabbin takardun kudi.

Babban bankin Libya ya fitar da LD da aka yi wa kwaskwarima 10 takardar banki tare da fasalin fasali, misali daya shine cire ambaton zamanin Gaddafi "Jamahiriya" daga babba dama ta baya, tare da amfani da Ingilishi akan bayanin kula a karon farko cikin shekaru ashirin. Bugu da Kari, an sake saita tsarin prefix na lambar serial zuwa "1". Siga biyu na LD da aka bita An fitar da takardar banki guda 10, daya mai sunan babban bankin da aka sanya da manyan jari-hujja, wanda De La Rue na Burtaniya ne ya buga, daya kuma mai sunan babban bankin a dukkan manyan haruffa Oberthur Technologies na Faransa ne ya buga. Wani sanannen bambance-bambance na bayanin kula guda biyu shine facin holographic, alamomin saman kusurwar hagu akan bayanin kula da kwanan wata. Sigar De La Rue yayi kama da fitowar sa ta baya, amma kawai babban bambanci shine prefix na lambar serial, wanda aka gano da "7A". Batun Oberthur Technologies yana da facin holographic daban-daban, Kari na jinjirin watan da alamar tauraro a saman kusurwar hagu na bayanin kula, saitin lambar prefix a matsayin "1" da kwanan wata 17.02.2011 (Fabrairu 17, 2011, kwanan wata. juyin juya halin Libya na 2011 da yakin basasa ) kara a kasa. [4] [5]

LD da aka bita An ba da takardar banki 5 tare da sauye-sauye masu kama da LD da aka sake dubawa 10 takardar banki. Rubutun Ingilishi ya maye gurbin rubutun Larabci a baya, an cire zamanin Gaddafi na "Jamahiriya" daga gaba da babba dama na bayanin kula, sannan an cire ginshiki na zamanin Gaddafi daga abin tunawa na Yakin Al. Hani. [6]

A ranar 17 ga Fabrairu, 2013, a daidai lokacin da ake cika shekaru biyu da yakin basasar Libya, babban bankin kasar Libya ya ba da sanarwar LD. 1, fitowarta ta farko bayan juyin juya halin Libiya da yakin basasa na 2011 . A gaban takardar an nuna masu zanga-zangar adawa da Gaddafi dauke da tutar 'yan tawayen Libya . Bayan bayanan yana nuna tutar Libya da kurciya na zaman lafiya. [7]

Ranar 31 ga Maris, 2013, Babban Bankin Libya ya ba da LD 20 takardar banki. Rubutun mai launin ruwan lemu galibi yana dauke da makaranta a Ghadames a gaba da masallacin Al-Ateeq da filin Oujla a bayansa. [8]

A cikin Yuni 2013, Babban Bankin Libya ya ba da LD 50 takardar banki. Rubutun mai launin kore ya kunshi nshi fitilun Italiyanci a Benghazi a gaba da kuma samuwar Dutse a cikin tsaunukan Tadrart Acacus a baya. Wannan shine bayanin farko a Libya don amfani da zaren "Motion" na Crane. [9]

Darajar tarihi a Libya dinari
Jerin Darikoki Launuka Kwanakin da aka fitar Lura
1 LD   LD   LD 1, LD 5 da LD 10 Orange, purple, blue, zaitun da launin toka 1971-1972
2 Duk kore 1980-1981
3 Kore a matsayin babban launi, mai launin ruwan kasa, shudi, kore mai haske da launuka masu yawa. 1984
4 Launi masu yawa 1988 - ka. 1990 Rubutun Turanci akan LD   LD   LD 5
4, bita Canji kadan ca. 1991-1993 Rubutun Turanci akan LD   LD   LD An cire bayanan kula guda 5
5 LD   LD   LD 1, LD 5, LD 10 da LD 20 Launi masu yawa 2002
6 LD 1, LD 5 da LD 10 Blue, purple da kore 2004 Foil mai saukin gani (LD 1 da LD 5) ko hologram (LD 10) a hagu na sama akan obverse a matsayin sabuwar na'urar rigakafin jabu
7 LD 1, LD 5, LD 10, LD 20 (Series 2), LD 50 (Jeri na 1) Blue, ja da kore 2008-2009 Sake yin kira da ingantattun fasalulluka na tsaro
7A LD 5 da LD 10 Ja (LD 5), Green (LD 10) 2011-2012 Daidai da batutuwan Siridi na 7, amma tare da kawar da abubuwan da suka shafi zamanin Gaddafi "Jamahiriya"
1 (2013-yanzu) LD 1, LD 5, LD 10, LD 20, LD 50 Launi masu yawa 2013 - yanzu Jerin takardun kudi na farko bayan juyin juya halin Libiya na 2011
2 (2018) LD 1 Blue 2018 - yanzu Za'a fitar da takardar kudi ta farko na dinari na Libya akan kayan aikin polymer, don tunawa da cika shekaru 8 na juyin juya halin Libiya na 2011.

Jerin na yanzu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Jerin Yanzu
Hoto Daraja Babban Launi Bayani
Banda Juya baya Banda Juya baya
LD 1 Purple Masu zanga-zangar adawa da Gaddafi Tutar Libya da zaman lafiya
LD 5 Brown Ottoman Clock Tower Zeus Temple a cikin Cyrene
LD 10 Blue Umar al-Mukhtar Al Mukhtar mahaya
LD 20 Lemu Masallacin Al Ateeq dake garin Oujlah Makarantar gargajiya a Ghadames
LD 50 Kore Gidan Hasken Italiya na Sede Khrebeech Dutsen dutse a Tadrart Acacus

Shahararrun suna da darikoki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Dinar Libya ana kiranta jni. [ʒni] ( Yaren Libyan yamma) ko jneh [ʒneh] (yaren Libyan gabas), an samo shi daga sunan Ginin Burtaniya (cf genēh جنيه na fam na Masar ). Ba kasafai ake amfani da sunan dinari a wajen da'irar hukuma ba. Raka'ar juzu'i mai izini, dirham, ba a taɓa yin magana a cikin tattaunawar yau da kullun ba. Garsh - bambancin kalmar qirsh - ana aiki dashi a maimakon haka, tare da garsh 1 = dirhami 10. Dinari dubu a salo ana kiranta kilo [kiːlu] . Hakazalika, a wasu lokuta ana yiwa lakabi da dinari biyar da dinari goma, a cikin matasa maza da mata, faifa [faːifa] da tsena [tseːna] bi da bi, wa]anda wasan kwaikwayo ne na mata na kalmomin Ingilishi biyar da goma, amma kuma suna iya zama ragowar Birtaniyya. kalmomin 'fiver' da 'tenner' don bayanin kula na fam biyar da goma bi da bi. ‘Yan kasar Libya Omar El-Mokhtar ne ke yiwa kudin Libya laqabi da mai fafutukar ‘yanci na Libya wanda ke nuna a gefen LD. 10 bayanin kula.

Dinare na gabashin Libya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tun daga 2016, Babban Bankin Libya ya hadu da Majalisar Wakilai kuma ya ba da nasa dinari na Libya, tare da takardun banki na LD. 20 da LD 50 da LD 1 tsabar kudin, wanda Goznak ya buga kuma ya buga a Rasha . An bayar da su ne a matsayin martani ga karancin kudade a gabashin rabin kasar, wanda ke nuna rashin hadin kan kasar Libya da ke da gwamnatoci biyu masu gaba da juna a gabashi da yamma. [10] [11] [12]

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Libya Writhing Under Qaddafi's Social Revolution", The New York Times, August 22, 1980, pA2
  2. "Gadafy bows to critics", The Guardian (London), June 13, 1980, p8
  3. (in Larabci) Central Bank of Libya issues a new 50 Dinars banknote-مصرف ليبيا المركزي يصدر ورقة نقدية جديدة من فئة الخمسين دينارا, Libyan Jamahiriya Broadcasting Agency, retrieved August 28, 2008
  4. Libya new 10-dinar note confirmed Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
  5. Libya new 10-dinar note reported Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-28.
  6. Libya new 5-dinar note confirmed Archived 2012-10-06 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-03-24.
  7. Libya new 1-dinar note confirmed Archived 2013-08-09 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. February 27, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-03-01.
  8. Libya new 20-dinar note to be issued 31.03.2013 Archived 2013-08-09 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. March 23, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-03-28.
  9. Libya new 50-dinar note confirmed Archived 2013-06-22 at the Wayback Machine BanknoteNews.com. June 16, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-06-18.
  10. Eastern Libyan central bank launches its own coins made in Russia, Reuters, 20 October 2017. Retrieved on 2018-11-06.
  11. More Russia-printed dinars arrive, The Libya Herald, 5 May 2017. Retrieved on 2018-11-06.
  12. East Libya 1 dinar coin Numista (en.numista.com). Retrieved on 2019-05-26.