Muammar Gaddafi

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Muammar Gaddafi
Muammar al-Gaddafi at the AU summit-LR.jpg
ɗan Adam
jinsinamiji Gyara
ƙasar asaliLibya Gyara
sunan asaliمعمر القذافي‎ Gyara
sunan haihuwaMuamar Muhamad Abu-minyar el Gadafi Gyara
sunaMuammer Gyara
lokacin haihuwa7 ga Yuni, 1942 Gyara
wurin haihuwaQasr Abu Hadi Gyara
lokacin mutuwa20 Oktoba 2011 Gyara
wurin mutuwaSirte Gyara
sanadiyar mutuwaTyrannicide Gyara
dalilin mutuwaballistic trauma, lynching Gyara
killed byNational Transitional Council Gyara
wajen rufewaLibyan Desert Gyara
ubaAbu Meniar Gyara
mata/mijiFethiye Nuri al-Khaled, Safia Farkash Gyara
harsunaLarabci Gyara
sana'aɗan siyasa, marubuci, hafsa Gyara
muƙamin da ya riƙeBrotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution, Chairperson of the African Union, Prime Minister of Libya Gyara
laƙabiEl Perro Rabioso de Oriente Medio Gyara
makarantaBenghazi Military University Academy, University of Libya, Joint Services Command and Staff College Gyara
jam'iyyaArab Socialist Union, Libyan Arab Socialist Union Gyara
addiniSunni Islam Gyara
military rankcolonel Gyara
commander ofLibyan National Army, Libyan Ground Forces Gyara
rikici2011 Libyan Civil War, Libyan–Egyptian War, Uganda–Tanzania War, Chadian–Libyan conflict, 1969 Libyan coup d'état Gyara
military branchLibyan Army Gyara
notable workThe Green Book Gyara
chargepolitical repression Gyara

Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi Lafazi; (/ˈmoʊəmɑːr ɡəˈdɑːfi/;. Yarayu daga shekara ta 1942 zuwa 20 ga watan Oktoba 2011), Muammar al-Gaddafi da larabci: معمر محمد أبو منيار القذافي. Amfi saninsa da Konel Gaddafi ko Gaddafi, Yakasance da gwagwarmayar kasar Libya ne, Dan siyasa, kuma mai taimakon mutanensa. Ya mulki Kasar Libya matsayin sa na jagoran juyin mulkin da ta samar da Jamhoriyar Larabawa ta Libya wato Libyan Arab Republic da turanci, tun daga shekarar 1969 har zuwa 1977, sannan aka canja sunan jagorancinsa zuwa Shugaba Dan'uwa wato "Brotherly Leader" na babban jamiyar talakawa, da akafi sanida Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya tundaga 1977 zuwa 2011. Gaddafi yakasance danrajin cigaban larabawa ne amma daga baya ana ganin ya watsar da hakan yafara bin raayin Kansa. Gaddafi yarike mukamai da dama aciki da wajen kasarsa, daga ciki yarike Shugaban kungiyar kasashen Afirka wato African Union (AU) daga 2 ga watan February 2009 zuwa 31 watan Janairu, Yayansa maza:

  • Muhammad
  • Saif al-Islam
  • Al-Saadi
  • Mutassim
  • Hannibal
  • Saif al-Arab
  • Khamis
  • Milad (Dan'riko)

Yayansa mata:

  • Ayesha
  • Hanna (Yar'riko)

Gaddafi yayi karatunsa a Jami'ar Kasar Libya da kuma Jami'ar Soji ta Benghazi, Gaddafi musulmi ne, mai bin ahlus-Sunnah, wato sunni Islam. Mulkin Kasar Libya karkashin Gaddafi:

  • Kingdom of Libya (1961–69)
  • Libyan Arab Republic (1969–77)
  • Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (1977–2011)

Shine Shugaban sojojin Libyan Army Tun daga 1961–2011 Mukamin sa; Konel Komandan Libyan Armed Forces Yayi yake-yake kamar haka:

  • 1969 Libyan coup d'état
  • Libyan-Egyptian War
  • Chadian-Libyan conflict

"Uganda–Tanzania War

  • 1986 United States bombing of Libya
  • Libyan Civil War

Tarihinsa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haife Gaddafi a kusa da garin Sirte daga gidan talakawa makiyayan Larabawa, Gaddafi mai matukar kishin Larabawa ne tun yana makaranta a Sabha, daga nan ya shiga Royal Military Academy, Benghazi. Yana cikin soja ne yahada kungiyar data kifar da mulkin turawan yamma a kasar Wanda suke amfani da sarkin kasar na waccan lokaci wato Senussi Mulkin Idris a shekarar 1969. Daga amsar mulki, Gaddafi ya sauya Libya daga mulkin sarauta zuwa jamhoriya inda yan gwagwarmayarsa ke mulki da umurninsa. Daga nanne ya kora dukkani Italiyawa da turawan dake da sansani a kasar zuwa kasashen su, kuma ya karfafa dangantakarsa da sauran kasashen Larabawa, musamman da Shugaba Gamal Abdel Nasser's na kasar Misra (Egypt) tare da Neman hadin kan kasashen Afirka. Gaddafi ya kafa Shari'a a matsayin abun gudanar da dokokin kasar, tare da daukan tsarin jagoranci musulunci. Ya mayar da arzikin manfetur din kasar mallakar gwamnati kuma ya rika amfani da kudaden domin karfafa sojojin kasar, da taimakawa kasashen wake, da taimakawa mutane wurin ginin gidaje, kiwon lafiya, ilimi da sauransu.

Gaddafi ya sauya fasalin Kasar Libya zuwa mulkin daya Kira "Jamahiriya" wato Kasar Al'ummah da turanci ("state of the masses") a shekarar 1977. A shekara ta 1970s zuwa 1980s, yakin iyaka tsakanin Libya da kasashen Misra d a Cadi da taimakon yan tawayen kasashen waje, da zargin da ake masa na daukan nauyin Lockerbie bombing a kasar Scotland yasa kasar tazama saniyar ware a duniya.