Guatemala (ƙasa)

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Guatemala / / ˌ ɡwɑːtə ˈmɑːlə / _ _ _ _ ( </img> / ) GWAH -tə- MAH -lə ; Spanish: [ɡwateˈmala] ( </img> ), bisa hukuma Jamhuriyar Guatemala ( Spanish: ), kasa ce a Amurka ta tsakiya . Guatemala tana iyaka da arewa da yamma da Mexico ; zuwa arewa maso gabas ta Belize da Caribbean ; zuwa gabas ta Honduras ; zuwa kudu maso gabas ta El Salvador da kudu ta tekun Pacific, bi da bi. Tare da kiyasin yawan jama'a kusan miliyan 17.6, [7] ita ce ƙasa mafi yawan jama'a a Amurka ta tsakiya kuma ita ce ƙasa ta 11 mafi yawan jama'a a cikin Amurka . Guatemala ita ce dimokuradiyya mai wakilci ; Babban birninta kuma mafi girma birni shine Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, wanda kuma aka sani da Guatemala City, birni mafi girma a Amurka ta tsakiya.

Jigon wayewar Maya, wanda ya mamaye Mesoamerica, ya kasance a tarihi a cikin ƙasar Guatemala ta zamani. A cikin karni na 16, yawancin wannan yanki Mutanen Espanya ne suka mamaye su kuma sun yi iƙirarin a matsayin wani ɓangare na mataimakan sabuwar Spain. Guatemala ta sami 'yancin kai a 1821 daga Spain da Mexico. A cikin 1823 Guatemala ta zama wani yanki na Tarayyar Amurka ta Tsakiya, wacce ta rushe ta 184