Heike Drechsler

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Heike Drechsler
Heike Drechsler (2) (cropped).JPG
member of the Volkskammer (en) Fassara

1986 - 1990
Rayuwa
Cikakken suna Heike Gabriela Daute
Haihuwa Gera (en) Fassara, 16 Disamba 1964 (56 shekaru)
ƙasa Jamus
German Democratic Republic (en) Fassara
Yan'uwa
Abokiyar zama Arto Bryggare (en) Fassara  (2019 -
Ma'aurata Alain Blondel (en) Fassara
Yan'uwa
Karatu
Harsuna Jamusanci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa, athletics competitor (en) Fassara da dan tsere mai dogon zango
Athletics
Sport disciplines heptathlon (en) Fassara
long jump (en) Fassara
Records
Specialty Criterion Data M
Personal marks
Specialty Place Data M
 
Nauyi 68 kg
Tsayi 181 cm
Kyaututtuka
Imani
Jam'iyar siyasa Socialist Unity Party of Germany (en) Fassara
IMDb nm1354883
heike-drechsler.com

Heike Gabriela Drechsler ( Furuci da yaran Jamus: [ˈHaɪ̯kə ˈdʁɛkslɐ] ( </img>  ; née Daute ; an haife ta a ranar 16 ga watan Disamban shekarar 1964) ne a Jamus na da hanya da kuma filin dan wasa wanda ya wakilci gabashin Jamus da kuma daga baya Jamus.

Sana'a[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daya daga cikin manyan masu tsalle tsalle a kowane lokaci, ita ce tsohuwar mai riƙe da rikodi a duniya kuma tana matsayi na uku a kan kowane lokaci tare da mafi kyawun dokinta na mita 7.48 a cikin shekara ta 1988. Tsallakewar da iska ta taimaka mata ta tsallaka mita 7.63 (+2.1) a shekarar 1992 a tsaunin Sestriere, har yanzu ita ce mafi nisa da mace ta taɓa tsalle. Ita kadai ce macen da ta ci lambobin zinare biyu na wasannin Olympic a dogon tsalle, inda ta lashe a shekarar 1992 da shekara ta 2000.

Drechsler ta kuma lashe lambobin Olympic a tseren mita 100 da mita 200 a shekarar 1988, lambar azurfa a tseren mita 100 a Gasar Cin Kofin Duniya ta shekarar 1987, kuma shi ne tsohon mai rike da tarihi a duniya a tseren mita 200 da secs 21.71 a shekara ta 1986.

Tarihin rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Drechsler a Gera, Bezirk Gera, Gabashin Jamus (yanzu Thuringia, Jamus ). Tun tana matashiya tana aiki a cikin Free German Youth (FDJ) kuma a shekarar 1984 aka zabe ta a Volkskammer na Gabashin Jamus .

Da farko ta kasance mai tsalle tsalle mai tsalle sosai a farkon aikinta tun tana saurayi, Drechsler ta canza sheka zuwa cikin duniyar fitattu a cikin shekarar 1986 a lokacin tana da shekaru 21. Ta auri Andreas Drechsler a watan Yulin na shekarar 1984 kuma ta yi takara kamar Heike Drechsler daga nan. Erich Drechsler ne ya koyar da ita, surukinta. [1]

Baya ga nasarar da ta samu a gasar Olympics, Drechsler ta lashe Gasar Cin Kofin Duniya biyu a cikin dogon tsalle a shekarar 1983 da shekara ta 1993), da kuma lambobin zinare a dogon tsalle da 200<span typeof="mw:Entity" id="mwOQ"> </span>m Gudu a Gasar Cikin gida ta Duniya a shekarar 1987. Ta kuma sami nasarori da yawa a gasar Turai da ta Jamus. Babban abokin hamayyar Drechsler a cikin tsalle mai tsayi shine Jackie Joyner-Kersee, wanda ita ma ƙawance sosai.

A shekarar 1986, Drechsler sau biyu ya yi daidai da tseren mita 200 na Marita Koch (sakan 21.71) kuma ya kafa tarihin duniya mai tsalle biyu kuma ya yi daidai da na shekarar 1985 da 1986.

Dangane da labarin da Ron Casey (wani masanin ilimin lissafi na Australiya) ya rubuta, a cikin shekarar 1986 Drechsler ya yi matukar inganta mata 100 m da 200 m sau. A lokaci daya ta tafi daga 11.75-second 100 m zuwa 10.91 sakan. Ta 200 lokaci ya inganta daga sakan 23.19 zuwa dakika 21.71 (daidai yake da rikodin duniya) a cikin shekarar 1986.

Ayyukan ta 21.71 na biyu don 200 m ya afka cikin iska mai karfin −0.8 m / s. Idan aka kwatanta, Marita Koch's 21.71 na biyu ya gudana a 1979 da 1984 yana da iska mai wutsiya +0.7 m / s da + 0.3 m / s bi da bi.

200 na Drechsler m yi na dakika 21.71 zuwa iska mai ƙarfi (-0.8 m / s) ɗayan mafi sauri ne da mace ta taɓa yi a tarihin tsere da filin wasa.

A watan Oktoba shekarar 1986, an ba ta Tauraruwar Abokantaka ta Jama'a a zinare (aji na biyu) don nasarar da ta samu na wasanni. Da dama Jamus yanar, ciki har da ta mallaka, da'awar cewa Heike Drechsler ya zabi "Athlete na Century" a shekarar 1999 ta IAAF . Wannan ba daidai ba ne: an saka ta a cikin "jerin sunayen", [2] amma an ba da kyautar ga Fanny Blankers-Koen . [3]

Tarihin aiki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

a shekarar 1983: 7.14 m (23 ft. 5 a cikin) a Bratislava / (Juniors)</br> 1985: 7.44 m (24 ft. 5 a) a Gabashin Berlin</br> 1986:  a Tallinn</br> 1988:  cikin Neubrandenburg [4]</br> 1992:  cikin Sestriere

Tsallakewar Drechsler na 1992 a Sestriere an yi ta da wutsiyar mita 2.1 a sakan biyu, kawai 0.1 m / s sama da matakin da ya halatta na 2.0 m / s don yin la'akari da rikodin duniya; an kuma yi shi a tsawan da ya fi mita 1000 sama da matakin teku, wanda shine matakin da ya wuce wanda aka keɓe alamun da za a cimma "a tsawo." Tsalle shine 11 cm tsayi fiye da rikodin duniya na yanzu.

1986: dakika 21.71 a cikin Jena </br> 1986: dakika 21.71 a Stuttgart

1981: maki 5891 (Junior)</br> 1994: Abubuwa 6741 a cikin Talence

Doping zargin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Akwai zargi da yawa game da amfani da ƙwayoyi yayin da take fafatawa da Gabashin Jamus. Ba ta taɓa faɗar gwajin magani ba yayin aikinta; duk da haka, an gwada dukkan 'yan wasan Jamusawan Gabas da ke fafatawa a ƙasashen waje kafin tashi don gujewa kamawa. A shekara ta 2001, BBC ta yi ikirarin cewa ta yarda da shan haramtattun abubuwa a farkon shekarun 1980 a karkashin umarnin likitocin kungiyarta. [5]

A cikin 1991, bayan faduwar Gabashin Jamus, Brigitte Berendonk da Werner Franke sun sami rubuce-rubuce da rubuce-rubuce da yawa suna ambaton tsoffin masu binciken kwayoyi na GDR a Kwalejin Kiwon Lafiya ta Soja Bad Saarow (MMA). Tushen aikin ya sake sake fasalin ayyukan kara kuzari na doping wanda ya kunshi sanannun 'yan wasan GDR, gami da Heike Drechsler. Alamu sun nuna cewa Heike Drechsler yayi amfani da maganin Oral Turinabol mai yawa tare da karin allurar testosterone ester kafin gasar daga 1982 zuwa 1984. [6] A shekarar 1993, Drechsler ya kalubalanci Brigitte Berendonk, inda ya zarge ta da yin karya a wata kara. [7] A halin da ake ciki, an fitar da cikakken jadawalin sashi na shekara-shekara, da sigogi na ci gaban wasan motsa jiki azaman aiki na adadin sashi, an sake su. Drechsler ya rasa karar. [8] [9] Koyaya, Drechsler ta ci gaba da lashe lambobi bayan lokacin DDR (bayan 1989), lokacin da ta fara don ƙungiyar Jamusawa da ta haɗu kuma ana gwada ta a kai a kai.

Hotunan ta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Jerin abubuwan Jamusanci mafi girma - mita 100
  • Jerin manyan abubuwan Jamusanci - mita 200

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

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Women's long jump World Record Holder Magaji
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East German Sportswoman of the Year Magaji
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Women's Track & Field Athlete of the Year Magaji
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United Press International
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Women's long jump Best Year Performance Magaji
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  1. Heike Drechsler.
  2. [1]
  3. [2]
  4. http://www.iaaf.org/statistics/toplists/inout=o/age=n/season=0/sex=W/all=y/legal=A/disc=LJ/detail.html IAAF All time stats
  5. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/athletics/specials/european_athletics/2082599.stm BBC
  6. Brigitte Berendonk: Doping documents – From Scientific Research to Cheating.
  7. ↑ Cf Uwe Mueller / Grit Hartman: Forward and forget it!
  8. ↑ Brigitte Berendonk: Doping documents – From Scientific Research to Cheating.
  9. ↑ Brigitte Berendonk: Doping documents – From Scientific Research to Cheating.