Ibn Taymiyyah

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Taqī ad-Dīn Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah (larabci: تقي الدين أحمد ابن تيمية, yarayu daga January 22, 1263 zuwa September 26, 1328), ansansa da suna Ibn Taymiyyah yakasance Wanda keda cece-kuce[1][2] medieval Mabiyin Sunnah theologian, jurisconsult, logician, kuma mujaddadi. Mabiyi daga mazhabar Hanbaliya na jurisprudence da Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal yasamar, Ibn Taymiyyah kuma yakasance daga cikin masu bin Qadiriyya Sufi order wanda mystic kuma saint Abdul-Qadir Gilani yakafa.[3][4][5][6] mabanbanci a wurin da'awa, irin fahimtar Ibn Taymiyyah akan abubuwa dasuke sabbin a musulunci yasa baisamu karbuwa ba sosai atsakanin Ahlus-Sunnah da Malamann lokacinsa, kamar girmama waliyai da ziyarar makabarta, wanda hakan yasa aka kulle shi a kurkuku a lokuta daban-daban.[7]

Often viewed as a minority figure in his own times and in the centuries that followed,[8] Ibn Taymiyyah has become one of the most influential medieval writers in contemporary Islam,[7] where his particular interpretations of the Qur'an and the Sunnah and his rejection of some aspects of classical Islamic tradition are believed to have had considerable influence on contemporary Wahhabism, Salafism, and Jihadism.[9][10][11] Indeed, particular aspects of his teachings had a profound influence on Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, the founder of the Hanbali reform movement practiced in Saudi Arabia known as Wahhabism, and on other later Wahabi scholars.[12] Moreover, Ibn Taymiyyah's controversial fatwa allowing jihad against other Muslims is referenced by al-Qaeda and other jihadi groups.[13][14]

Anazarci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Ibn Taymiyya and his Times, Oxford University Press, Pakistan. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-11. Retrieved 2016-12-11. 
  2. Ibn Taymiyyah, Taqi al-Din Ahmad, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. http://www.oxfordreference.com/view/10.1093/acref/9780195125580.001.0001/acref-9780195125580-e-959?rskey=2XYR29&result=959
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Makdisi, 1973 pp 118-28
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Arch91
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Rapoport 334
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Halverson 2010 48–49
  7. 7.0 7.1 Laoust, H., "Ibn Taymiyya", in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 December 2016 <https://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3388>
  8. Yossef Rapoport and Shahab Ahmed, Introduction in Ibn Taymiyya and His Times, eds. Yossef Rapoport and Shahab Ahmed (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2010), 6
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Kepel, Gilles 2003 p.194
  10. Kepel, Gilles (2003). Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam. 
  11. Wiktorowicz, Quintan (2005). "A Genealogy of Radical Islam". Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 28: 83. Archived from the original on 2017-02-14 – via Taylor & Francis Inc. 
  12. "Ibn Taymiyyah". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 16 January 2015. 
  13. Springer, Devin. Islamic Radicalism and Global Jihad. Georgetown University Press. p. 29. Retrieved 3 December 2016. 
  14. Bassouni, Cherif. The Shari'a and Islamic Criminal Justice in Time of War and Peace. Cambridge University Press. p. 200. Retrieved 4 December 2016.