Al-Dhahabi

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Shams ad-Dīn adh-Dhahabī ( شمس الدين الذهبي ), ya kasan ce shi ne wanda aka sani da Shams ad-Din Abū'Abdillāh Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ibn'Uthman ibn Qāymāẓ ibn'Abdillāh a-Turkumānī al-Fāriqī ad-Dimashqī (Oktoba 1274 - 3 ga watan Fabrairu 1348 [1] ) wani Syria Musulunci tarihi da kuma Hadith gwani.

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Adh-Dhahabi a cikin Damascus a ranar 5 ga Oktoba 1274. Shi dan asalin Turkmen ne daga Mayyafariqin, arewa maso gabashin Diyar Bakr . A wani lokaci, sai suka ƙaura zuwa Dimashƙu. Sunansa, ibn adh-Dhahabi (ɗan maƙerin zinariya), ya nuna aikin mahaifinsa. Ya fara karatun hadisi yana da shekaru goma sha takwas, yana tafiya daga Dimashka zuwa Baalbek, Homs, Hama, Aleppo, Nabulus, Alkahira, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Hijaz, da sauran wurare, kafin ya dawo Dimashƙu don koyarwa da rubutu. Ya yi rubuce-rubuce da dama kuma sananne ne a matsayinsa na mai sukar masanin hadisi. Ya rubuta tarihin rayuwar mutane kuma yana kan gaba wajen iya karatun Kur'ani . Wasu daga cikin malaman sa mata ne. A Baalbek, Zainab bint marUmar b. al-Kindī yana cikin manyan malamai masu tasiri.

Adh-Dhahabi ya rasa ganinsa shekaru biyu kafin ya mutu, ya bar 'ya'ya uku: babba,' yarsa, Amat al-`Aziz, da 'ya'yansa maza biyu, Abd Allah da Abu Hurayra" Abd al-Rahman. Sonayan na ƙarshe ya koyar da masu ilimin hadisi Ibn Nasir-ud-din al-Damishqi [2] da Ibn Hajar, kuma ta hanyar su ake watsa ayyuka da yawa da mahaifinsa ya rubuta ko ya faɗi.

Malamai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daga cikin adh-Dhahabi ya fi sananne malamai a hadisi, fiqh da aqida :

  • Abd al-Khaliq bin ʿUlwān
  • Zaynab bint marUmar bin al-Kindī
  • Abu al-Hasan 'Ali bin Mas'ud bn Nafis al-Musali
  • Ibnu Taimiyya Taqi ad-Din Ahmad bn Taimiyya
  • Ibn al-Zahiri, Ahmad bn Muhammad bn 'Abd Allah al-Halabi
  • Sharaf-ud-din Abd al-Mu'min bn Khalaf al-Dimyati, babban masanin Masar a kan hadisi a zamaninsa
  • Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Daqiq al-'Id, wanda ya ambace shi a cikin samartakarsa shi ne Abu al-Fath al-Qushayri, daga baya kuma ya bayyana shi da Ibn Wahb. [3]
  • Jamal-ud-din Abu al-Ma`ali Muhammad bn `Ali al-Ansari al-Zamalkani al-Damishqi al-Shafi`i (a shekara ta 727), wanda ya kira" Qadi al-Qudat, Paragon na Islama, da tabbataccen mai daukar Sunna, shehina ".
  • Ahmad bn Ishaq bn Muhammad al-Abarquhi al-Misri (a shekara ta 701), wanda daga shi ne Dhahabi ya karbi hanyar Suhrawardi Sufi. [4]
  • Ibn al-Kharrat al-Dawalibi

Shahararrun Dalibai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Imad ad-Din Isma'il bin Umar bin Kathir
  • Zain ad-Din 'Abd ar-Rahmān ibn al-Hasan as-Sulamī (Ibn Rajab)
  • Shams-ud-din Abu al Mahasin Muhammad bn Ali al-Dimashqi
  • Ibn Asakir Tāj al-Dīn al-Subkī
  • Khalīl ibn Aybak al-Ṣafadī
  • Ibn al-Furat

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Adh-Dhahabi ya wallafa kusan ayyukan tarihi dari, tarihin rayuwa da tiyoloji. Tarihinsa na magani ya fara ne da ayyukan Girka da Indiyawa na dā da masu aikatawa, kamar su Hippocrates, Galen, da sauransu, ta hanyar zamanin Larabawa na Jahiliyya, zuwa "maganin annabci" — kamar yadda annabin musulmai Muhammad ya bayyana — ga ilimin likita da ke cikin ayyukan malamai irin su Ibn Sina . Wadannan sune sanannun sanannun lakabi:

  • Tarikh al-Islam al-kabir ( تاريخ الإسلام ) 'Babban Tarihin Musulunci' (juzu'i 50, a larabci) ; Ibn Hajar ya karbo shi daga Abu Hurayra ibn adh-Dhahabi; [5] wanda ya kunshi sama da 30,000 na tarihin rayuwa. [6]
  • Siyar a`lam al-nubala ( سير أعلام النبلاء ) ('Rayuwar Lissafi Masu Daraja'), mujalladai 28, kundin sani na musamman na tarihin rayuwar mutane .
  • Al-``bar fī khabar man ghabar ( العبر في خبر من غبر ويليه ذيول العبر )
  • Tadhhib Tahdhib al-Kamal ; taƙaita al-Mizzi na rage al-Maqdisi na Al-Kamal fi Asma 'al-Rijal, littafin tarihin hadisi daga manyan tarin Hadisai shida .
  • Al-Kashif fi Ma`rifa Man Lahu Riwaya fi al-Kutub al-Sitta ; raguwar Tadhhib .
  • Al-Mujarrad fi Asma 'Rijal al-Kutub al-Sitta ; raguwar Kashif .
  • Mukhtasar Kitab al-Wahm wa al-Iham li Ibn al-Qattan .
  • Mukhtasar Sunan al-Bayhaqi ; Bayhaqi 's Sunan al-Kubara .
  • Mukhtasar al-Mustadrak li al-Hakim, taƙaitaccen Hakim ne na Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain .
  • Al-Amsar Dhawat al-Athar (Garuruwan da ke da Arziƙin Tarihi); farawa da bayanin Madina al-Munawwara .
  • Al-Tajrid fi Asma 'al-Sahaba ; kamus din Sahabban annabi Muhammad .
  • Template:Ws</img> (Tunawa da Malaman Hadisi); Tarihin tarihin rayuwar malaman hadisi. Ibn Hajar ya karbo shi daga Abu Hurayra ibn adh-Dhahabi. [7]
  • Tabaqat al-Qurra (Rukunan Malaman Alkur'ani); Tarihin rayuwar mutum.
  • Al-Mu`in fi Tabaqat al-Muhaddithin, majalisan malaman hadisi (Muhaddithin ).
  • Duwal al-Islam (Al'ummomin Musulunci); takaitaccen tarihin siyasa na al'ummomin Musulunci.
  • Al-Kaba'ir (Zunuban Cardinal)
  • Manaaqib Al-imam Abu Hanifa wa saahibayhi Abu Yusuf wa Muhammad Ibn al-Hasan (Matsayin girmamawa na Imam Abu Hanifa da sahabbansa biyu, Abu Yusuf da Muhammad bin Al-Hasan)
  • Mizaan-ul-I'tidaal, aikin al-Kamil fi Dhu'afa 'al-Rijal na Ibn' Adi al-Jurjani (d. 277 H) [8]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Malaman Musulunci

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Hoberman, Barry (September–October 1982). "The Battle of Talas", Saudi Aramco World, p. 26-31. Indiana University.
  2. al-Sakhawi, al-Daw' al-Lami` (8:103).
  3. Cf. al-`Uluw (Abu al-Fath) and al-Muqiza (Ibn Wahb).
  4. Siyar A`lam al-Nubala [SAN] (17:118–119 #6084, 16:300–302 #5655).
  5. Ibn Hajar, al-Mu`jam (p.400 #1773)
  6. Maxim Romanov, "Observations of a Medieval Quantitative Historian?" in Der Islam, Volume 94, Issue 2, Page 464
  7. Ibn Hajar, al-Mu`jam (p. 400 #1774).
  8. al-Dhahabi, Siyar A`lam al-Nubala' (16:154)