Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani
تخطيط كلمة ابن حجر.png
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Kairo, 18 ga Faburairu, 1372 (Gregorian)
ƙungiyar ƙabila Larabawa
Harshen uwa Larabci
Mutuwa Kairo, 2 ga Faburairu, 1449
Yan'uwa
Abokiyar zama Anas Khatun (en) Fassara
Karatu
Harsuna Larabci
Malamai Abd al-Rahim ibn al-Husain al-'Iraqi (en) Fassara
Ahmad Ibn-Muhammad Ibn-al-Haʾim (en) Fassara
Ibn al-Mulaqqin (en) Fassara
'Izz al-Din ibn Jama'ah (en) Fassara
Ali ibn Abi Bakr al-Haythami (en) Fassara
Ɗalibai
Sana'a
Sana'a Ulama'u, Islamic jurist (en) Fassara, mufassir (en) Fassara, Hafizi, qadi (en) Fassara, muhaddith (en) Fassara, historian (en) Fassara da maiwaƙe
Muhimman ayyuka Fath al-Bari (en) Fassara
Bulugh al-Maram (en) Fassara
Lisān al-mīzān (en) Fassara
Al-Isabah fi tamyiz al Sahabah (en) Fassara
Nuzhetu'un-Naẓar fī tavżīḥi nuḫbeti'l-fiker (en) Fassara
Tahdhib al-tahdhib (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci

Dan Hajar al-'Asqalani, ko Ibn Hajar ( Arabic , cikakken suna: Shihāb al-Dīn Abū 'l-Faḍl Aḥmad dan Nūr al-Dīn ʿAlī dan Muḥammad dan Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī ) (18 Fabrairu 1372 - 2 Fabrairu 1449 [852 AH]), ya kasance masanin ilimin Musulunci na zamani. "wanda aikinsa ya kasance shine hadaddin karshe na kimiyyar Hadith ." Ya wallafa wasu ayyuka 150 a cikin hadisi, tarihi, tarihin, tafsiri, waƙoƙi, da kuma hukunce-hukuncen Shafi'ite, wadanda suka fi daraja wadanda kasancewarsa sharhin Sahih Bukhari ne, mai taken Fath al-Bari .

Farkon rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haife shi a Alkahira a 1372, ɗan malamin Shafi'i kuma mawaƙi Nur al-Din 'Ali. Iyayensa biyu sun mutu tun yana karami, kuma shi da 'yar uwarsa, Sitt al-Rakb, sun zama sanannun mahaifin matar mahaifinsa na farko, Zaki al-Din al-Kharrubi, wanda ya yi wa Ibn Hajar karatun Alqurani tun yana dan shekara biyar. . A nan ne ya yi fice, yana koyon karatun Suratul Maryam a rana guda tare da haddace Alqur’ani gab da shekara 9. Ya sami ci gaba cikin haddace ayoyin kamar fasalin ɗaukar hoto na aikin Ibn al-Hajib akan tushe na fiqh .

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A lokacin da ya raka al-Kharrubi zuwa Makka tun yana dan shekara 12, an dauke shi wanda ya cancanci ya jagoranci sallar Tarawih a lokacin Ramadan . Lokacin da mai kula da shi ya mutu a shekara ta 1386, Ibn Hajar ya yi karatu a Misra wanda aka danƙa wa malamin hadisi Shams al-Din ibn al-Qatta, wanda ya shigar da shi cikin darussan da Siraj al-Din al-Bulqini (d. 1404) da Ibn al- Mulaqqin (d. 1402) a cikin Shafi'i fiqh , da Abd al-Rahim bn al-Husain al-'Iraqi (d. 1404) a hadisi, bayan haka ya tafi Damascus da Kudus, don yin karatu a karkashin Shams al-Din al -Qalqashandi (d. 1407), Badr al-Din al-Balisi (d. 1401), da Fatima bint al-Manja al-Tanukhiyya (d. 1401). Bayan kara ziyartar Makka da Madina da Yemen, ya koma Masar . Al-Suyuti ya ce: "An ce ya sha ruwan Zamzam ne domin ya kai matsayin al-Dhahabi cikin haddace - wanda ya yi nasarar aiwatar da shi, har ma ya zarce shi." [1]

Rayuwarsa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A 1397, yana da shekaru ashirin da biyar, Al-'Asqalani ya aure shahararriya gwanar hadisai Uns Khatun, wanda aka gudanar ijazas daga Hafiz al-Iraqi, kuma ya ba jama'a da laccoci ga taro masu yawa na Malamai, ciki har da al-Sakhawi .

Matsayi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ibn Hajar ya cigaba har zuwa ga nada shi matsayin babban alkalin Masar ( Qadi ) a lokuta sau da yawa a rayuwarsa.

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ibnu Hajar ya mutu bayan ' Isha ' (sallar dare) a ranar 8 ga Dhul Hijja 852 (2 Fabrairu 1449), yana da shekara 79. Kimanin mutane dubu 50 ne suka halarci jana'izar sa a Alkahira, wadanda suka hada da Sultan Sayf ad-Din Jaqmaq (1373-1453 AZ) da Halifa na Alkaimak-Mustakfi II (r. 1441-1451 AZ).

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ibn Hajar ya rubuta kamar 150 ayyukansu [2] a kan hadisi, hadisi terminology, sada kimantawa, tarihi, Kur'ani mai tafsirin, shayari kuma Shafi'i fikihu .

  • Fath al-Bari - Sharhin Ibn Hajar na Sahih Bukhari ' Jami` al-Sahih (817/1414), ya kammala wani aikin da ba a kammala ba wanda Ibn Rajab ya fara a shekara ta 1390. Ya zama mafi shahararren aikin da aka fi girmamawa akan marubucin. Masanin tarihi Ibn Iyaas (d.930 AH) ya ba da labarin "Cerebra" kusa da Alkahira a littafinsa (Rajab 842 / Disamba 1428). Yawancin manyan mashahuran Masar suna cikin taron, Ibn Hajar da kansa ya ba da karatu, mawaƙan sun ba da halayen ilimi kuma an rarraba zinari.
  • al-Isaba fi tamyiz al-Sahaba - ingataccen kamus na Sahabbai .
  • al-Durar al-Kamina - ƙamus ɗin tarihin rayuwa na manyan mutane na ƙarni na takwas.
  • Tahdhib al-Tahdhib - raguwa da Tahdhib al-Kamal, kundin tarihi na hadisi daga Yusuf ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Mizzi
  • Taqrib al-Tahdhib - warwarewar Tahthib al-Tahthib.
  • Ta'jil al-Manfa'ah - tarihin rayuwar masu riwayar <i id="mwcA">Musnads</i> na imamai huɗu, ba a sami cikin al-Tahthib ba.
  • Bulugh al-Maram min adillat al-ahkam - akan hadisi da aka yi amfani da shi a cikin Shafi'i fiqh.
  • Nata'ij al-Afkar fi Takhrij Ahadith al-Adhkar
  • Lisan al-Mizan - sake duba littafin Mizan al-'Itidal ne daga al-Dhahabi .
  • Talkhis al-Habir fi Takhrij al-Rafi`i al-Kabir
  • al-Diraya fi Takhrij Ahadith al-Hidaya
  • Taghliq al-Ta`liq `ala Sahih al-Bukhari
  • Risala Tadhkirat al-Athar
  • al-Matalib al-`Aliya bi Zawa'id al-Masanid al-Thamaniya
  • Nukhbat al-Fikar tare da bayanin sa mai taken Nuzhah al-Nathr a cikin ilimin ilimin hadisi
  • al-Nukat ala Kitab bn al-Salah - sharhin <i id="mwjg">Muqaddimah</i> na Ibn al-Salah
  • al-Qawl al-Musaddad fi Musnad Ahmad tattaunawar hadisi na ingantacce a cikin <i id="mwlA">Musnad</i> Ahmad
  • Silsilat al-Dhahab
  • Ta`rif Ahl al-Taqdis bi Maratib al-Mawsufin bi al-Tadlis

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Jerin Ash'aris da Maturidis

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Thail Tabaqaat al-Huffaath, pg. 251.
  2. Kifayat Ullah, Al-Kashshaf: Al-Zamakhshari's Mu'tazilite Exegesis of the Qur'an, de Gruyter (2017), p. 40

Haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]