Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani
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Rayuwa
Haihuwa Kairo, 18 ga Faburairu, 1372 (Gregorian)
ƙasa Mamluk Sultanate (en) Fassara
ƙungiyar ƙabila Larabawa
Mutuwa Kairo, 2 ga Faburairu, 1449
Yan'uwa
Abokiyar zama Anas Khatun (en) Fassara
Karatu
Harsuna Larabci
Malamai Abd al-Rahim ibn al-Husain al-'Iraqi (en) Fassara
Ɗalibai
Sana'a
Sana'a Malamin akida, Islamic jurist (en) Fassara, mufassir (en) Fassara, Hafiz (en) Fassara, malamin jami'a, qadi (en) Fassara, muhaddith (en) Fassara da historian (en) Fassara
Muhimman ayyuka Fath al-Bari (en) Fassara
Bulugh al-Maram (en) Fassara
Lisān al-mīzān (en) Fassara
Al-Isabah fi tamyiz al Sahabah (en) Fassara
Nuzhetu'un-Naẓar fī tavżīḥi nuḫbeti'l-fiker (en) Fassara
Tahdhib al-tahdhib (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Mabiya Sunnah
Shafi`iyya
Ash'ari (en) Fassara

Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, ko Ibn Hajar ( Arabic , cikakken suna: Shihāb al-Dīn Abū 'l-Faḍl Aḥmad ibn Nūr al-Dīn ʿAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī ) (18 Fabrairu 1372 - 2 Fabrairu 1449 [852 AH]), ya kasance masanin ilimin Musulunci na zamani. "wanda aikinsa ya kasance shine hadaddin karshe na kimiyyar Hadith ." Ya wallafa wasu ayyuka 150 a cikin hadisi, tarihi, tarihin, tafsir, waƙoƙi, da kuma hukunce-hukuncen Shafi'ite, waɗanda suka fi daraja waɗanda kasancewarsa sharhin Sahih Bukhari ne, mai taken Fath al-Bari .

Farkon rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haife shi a Alkahira a 1372, ɗan malamin Shafi'i kuma mawaƙi Nur al-Din 'Ali. Iyayensa biyu sun mutu tun yana karami, kuma shi da 'yar uwarsa, Sitt al-Rakb, sun zama sanannun mahaifin matar mahaifinsa na farko, Zaki al-Din al-Kharrubi, wanda ya yi wa Ibn Hajar karatun Alqurani tun yana dan shekara biyar. . A nan ne ya yi fice, yana koyon karatun Suratul Maryam a rana guda tare da haddace Alqur’ani gab da shekara 9. Ya sami ci gaba cikin haddace ayoyin kamar fasalin ɗaukar hoto na aikin Ibn al-Hajib akan tushe na fiqh .

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A lokacin da ya raka al-Kharrubi zuwa Makka tun yana dan shekara 12, an dauke shi wanda ya cancanci ya jagoranci sallar Tarawih a lokacin Ramadan . Lokacin da mai kula da shi ya mutu a shekara ta 1386, Ibn Hajar ya yi karatu a Misra wanda aka danƙa wa malamin hadisi Shams al-Din ibn al-Qatta, wanda ya shigar da shi cikin darussan da Siraj al-Din al-Bulqini (d. 1404) da Ibn al- Mulaqqin (d. 1402) a cikin Shafi'i fiqh , da Abd al-Rahim bn al-Husain al-'Iraqi (d. 1404) a hadisi, bayan haka ya tafi Damascus da Kudus, don yin karatu a karkashin Shams al-Din al -Qalqashandi (d. 1407), Badr al-Din al-Balisi (d. 1401), da Fatima bint al-Manja al-Tanukhiyya (d. 1401). Bayan kara ziyartar Makka da Madina da Yemen, ya koma Masar . Al-Suyuti ya ce: "An ce ya sha ruwan Zamzam ne domin ya kai matsayin al-Dhahabi cikin haddace - wanda ya yi nasarar aiwatar da shi, har ma ya zarce shi." [1]

Rayuwarsa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A 1397, yana da shekaru ashirin da biyar, Al-'Asqalani ya aure shahararriya gwanar hadisai Uns Khatun, wanda aka gudanar ijazas daga Hafiz al-Iraqi, kuma ya ba jama'a da laccoci ga taro masu yawa na Malamai, ciki har da al-Sakhawi .

Matsayi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ibn Hajar ya cigaba har zuwa ga nada shi matsayin babban alkalin Masar ( Qadi ) a lokuta sau da yawa a rayuwarsa.

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ibnu Hajar ya mutu bayan ' Isha ' (sallar dare) a ranar 8 ga Dhul Hijja 852 (2 Fabrairu 1449), yana da shekara 79. Kimanin mutane dubu 50 ne suka halarci jana'izar sa a Alkahira, wadanda suka hada da Sultan Sayf ad-Din Jaqmaq (1373-1453 AZ) da Halifa na Alkaimak-Mustakfi II (r. 1441-1451 AZ).

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ibn Hajar ya rubuta kamar 150 ayyukansu [2] a kan hadisi, hadisi terminology, sada kimantawa, tarihi, Kur'ani mai tafsirin, shayari kuma Shafi'i fikihu .

  • Fath al-Bari - Sharhin Ibn Hajar na Sahih Bukhari ' Jami` al-Sahih (817/1414), ya kammala wani aikin da ba a kammala ba wanda Ibn Rajab ya fara a shekara ta 1390. Ya zama mafi shahararren aikin da aka fi girmamawa akan marubucin. Masanin tarihi Ibn Iyaas (d.930 AH) ya ba da labarin "Cerebra" kusa da Alkahira a littafinsa (Rajab 842 / Disamba 1428). Yawancin manyan mashahuran Masar suna cikin taron, Ibn Hajar da kansa ya ba da karatu, mawaƙan sun ba da halayen ilimi kuma an rarraba zinari.
  • al-Isaba fi tamyiz al-Sahaba - ingataccen kamus na Sahabbai .
  • al-Durar al-Kamina - ƙamus ɗin tarihin rayuwa na manyan mutane na ƙarni na takwas.
  • Tahdhib al-Tahdhib - raguwa da Tahdhib al-Kamal, kundin tarihi na hadisi daga Yusuf ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Mizzi
  • Taqrib al-Tahdhib - warwarewar Tahthib al-Tahthib.
  • Ta'jil al-Manfa'ah - tarihin rayuwar masu riwayar <i id="mwcA">Musnads</i> na imamai huɗu, ba a sami cikin al-Tahthib ba.
  • Bulugh al-Maram min adillat al-ahkam - akan hadisi da aka yi amfani da shi a cikin Shafi'i fiqh.
  • Nata'ij al-Afkar fi Takhrij Ahadith al-Adhkar
  • Lisan al-Mizan - sake duba littafin Mizan al-'Itidal ne daga al-Dhahabi .
  • Talkhis al-Habir fi Takhrij al-Rafi`i al-Kabir
  • al-Diraya fi Takhrij Ahadith al-Hidaya
  • Taghliq al-Ta`liq `ala Sahih al-Bukhari
  • Risala Tadhkirat al-Athar
  • al-Matalib al-`Aliya bi Zawa'id al-Masanid al-Thamaniya
  • Nukhbat al-Fikar tare da bayanin sa mai taken Nuzhah al-Nathr a cikin ilimin ilimin hadisi
  • al-Nukat ala Kitab bn al-Salah - sharhin <i id="mwjg">Muqaddimah</i> na Ibn al-Salah
  • al-Qawl al-Musaddad fi Musnad Ahmad tattaunawar hadisi na ingantacce a cikin <i id="mwlA">Musnad</i> Ahmad
  • Silsilat al-Dhahab
  • Ta`rif Ahl al-Taqdis bi Maratib al-Mawsufin bi al-Tadlis

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Jerin Ash'aris da Maturidis

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Thail Tabaqaat al-Huffaath, pg. 251.
  2. Kifayat Ullah, Al-Kashshaf: Al-Zamakhshari's Mu'tazilite Exegesis of the Qur'an, de Gruyter (2017), p. 40

Haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]