Ilona Harima

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Ilona Harima
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Vaasa (en) Fassara, 4 ga Maris, 1911
ƙasa Finland
Mutuwa Helsinki, 9 ga Yuni, 1986
Sana'a
Sana'a painter (en) Fassara, maiwaƙe da marubuci

Ilona Harima (4 Maris din shekarar 1911-9 Yuni 1986) ɗan, wasan Finnish ne wanda zane-zanensa ya bayyana zurfin ruhin gabas. Addinin Buddha da Hindu sun yi tasiri sosai a salonta amma ba kama da fasahar Asiya ba.Harima ta samu salo irin na mutum wanda ya sha bamban da na yau da kullum a lokacin yakin duniya.

Rayuwar farko da ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Harima a garin Vaasa da ke yammacin gabar tekun Finland kuma ta yi kuruciyarta a can. Mahaifinta,Samuli Hohenthal,fitaccen ɗan kasuwa ne ɗan ƙasar Finland kuma mahaifiyarta,Anna, ɗa Björklund,ta fito daga dangin firist na Finnish. A 1936, ma'auratan sun canza sunansu zuwa Harima.Sun haifi 'ya'ya biyu,ɗan Jorma da 'yar Ilona,wadda ta kasance a cikin shekaru uku. Iyalin sun ƙaura zuwa Helsinki, kudancin Finland, sa’ad da Ilona yake ɗan shekara bakwai. Ta kammala makarantar sakandare tana da shekara sha biyar. Yin nazarin zane-zane yana da mahimmanci a gare ta kuma Harima ta yi rajista a sashen zane-zane na Central School of Applied Arts a Helsinki a 1927.[1]

Sana'a[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Babban abin da Harima ke so ya kasance a wani wuri kuma ta katse karatun ta na zane-zane bayan kimanin shekaru biyu.Ta yi aiki na ɗan lokaci a wani kamfanin talla amma ba da daɗewa ba ta ci gaba da neman aikin fasaha na kyauta,hanya ce ta sirri ta kantaTuni tun tana karama tana sha'awar al'adun Asiya da fasahar Asiya . Musamman Indiya da Tibet sun kasance kusa da zuciyarta.A cikin kuruciyarta ta yi balaguron karatu zuwa Paris da wani zuwa Italiya,tana kula da neman tarin fasahar gabas.Daga baya an shirya balaguron baje kolin zuwa New Delhi amma ba a iya gane shi ba kuma Indiya ta kasance ba za ta iya isa ba har abada.[2] A hankali ruhaniyanci ya fara sha'awar ta sosai.Ta zama memba na Theosophical Society a Finland a cikin 1936.[1]

Ilona Harima fentin yawanci kananan-sikelin ayyuka a gouache da watercolor a kan takarda da takarda sau da yawa saka a kan tsohon brocades.Ta yi wasu manyan zanen mai kuma.Harima ta banbanta a duniyar fasaha ta Finnish wajen nuna halinta a fili ta hanyar zane-zane.[1] :42, 60Siffofin Ubangiji da mala'iku, mutane masu wayewa amma kuma masu wahala da masu tausayi sune manyan batutuwan ayyukan Harima.Irin wannan batu ya fi fice a cikin fasahar Finnish.[3]Ta kuma zana shimfidar wurare da kuma cikakken nazarin shuke-shuke da aka yi wahayi zuwa ga kewayen gidan rani na iyali.Dabbobi sun kasance abin ƙauna a gare ta kuma musamman tsuntsaye suna bayyana a yawancin ayyukanta. Hotunanta cike suke da ruhin Gabas tare da alamomi kamar harshen wuta,hasken rana, fayafai na rana,idanun sama da furannin magarya masu fure da alamun ruwa da jikunan sama.Ta ci gaba da yin zanen shekaru talatin.Akwai kuma ’yan kananan sassa na tagulla daga gare ta.[1]

Harima ba kasafai take baje kolin ayyukanta ba kuma bata da sha'awar siyar dasu. Ba dole ba ne ta sami abin rayuwa ta hanyar yin zane.A cikin zane-zanenta tana tunanin duniyarta ta ciki kuma ta kan ba su kyauta ga abokai da dangi.Ƙananan nunin nuninta na farko a Galleria Strindberg,Helsinki,a cikin 1934 ya sami kulawa sosai.Saƙon daga waɗannan lokutan ya tsira,da sauransu daga majagaba na Sweden a cikin zane-zane, Hilma af Klint.[1] :32, 58Ta ga danginta da ayyukan wannan matashin mai zanen Finnish, ta aririce ta ta yi nazarin Rudolf Steiner kuma tana son saduwa da ita don tattauna batutuwan ruhaniya.Harima ta sake nunawa a cikin 1946 da 1960,kuma a Strindberg's.Gidan Gallery na Ƙasar Finnish Ateneum ya gabatar da ƙaramin zaɓi na ayyukanta a cikin 2011-2012 don tunawa da cika shekaru ɗari na haihuwarta.

Rayuwa ta sirri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ilona Harima ya sadu da matashin mai tunani iri ɗaya Erkki Rautiala a cikin da'irar tauhidi.Sun yi aure a watan Agusta na shekara ta 1939,’yan watanni kafin yaƙin sanyi ya shafi rayuwar kowa a ƙasar Finland. Bayan 'yan makonni bayan sun dawo daga hutun gudun amarcin da suka yi a arewacin Lapland,[2]dole mijinta ya tafi gaba.Tun daga bikin ta yi amfani da sunan aurenta Rautiala amma ta ajiye Ilona Harima a matsayin sunan mai zane. An haifi 'ya daya tilo,diya mace a shekarar 1941.Sun zauna na dindindin a Helsinki suna ciyar da lokacin bazara a gidan dangi a cikin tsibiran da ke kusa da bakin teku.A cikin shekaru sittin dangin sun yi balaguro zuwa wurare masu ban sha'awa kamar Cyprus,Isra'ila da Masar amma ba su taɓa zuwa Asiya daidai ba Duk da kasancewarta sama da duka Harima mai zane ita ma ta rubuta kasidu da kasidu da wasu kasidu amma ba ta da sha’awar hada su.Ta kuma karanta da yawa kuma musamman littattafai kan falsafar Gabas suna da mahimmanci a gare ta. [1]

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Harima ta rasu a ranar 9 ga watan Yunin 1986 a Helsinki tana da shekaru 75 a duniya.

Tari[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Za a iya samun zane-zane na Ilona Harima a cikin gidajen tarihi da gidajen tarihi na Finnish:

  • Finnish National Gallery Ateneum, Helsinki
  • Signe da Ane Gyllenberg Foundation, Helsinki
  • Gösta Serlachius Fine Arts Foundation,Mänttä
  • Tikanoja Art Museum,Vaasa

Sources[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Ilona Harima valaistumisen tiellä [Ilona Harima-titin haske].Helena Hätönen da Riitta Ojanperä ne suka gyara.Helsinki Finnish National Gallery.Kuvataiteen keskusarkisto [Tsakiya Art Archives]23(2011).61 p..Nunawa -bugawa.A cikin Finnish tare da taƙaitaccen bayani a cikin Turanci a shafi na 58-60.Wholetext incl.misalai,duba hanyar haɗin waje.
  • 978-9527226544
  • Konttinen,Riitta 2008,Naistaiteilijat Suomessa keskiajalta modernismin murrokseen[Masu fasaha a Finland tun daga tsakiyar zamanai zuwa ci gaban zamani].479 p.Helsinki Tammi.ISBN 978-951-31-4105-9 .A cikin Finnish.

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Anttonen, Erkki Läpi indigonsinisen avaruuden. Ilona Hariman mystisiä maalauksia [Through indigoblue space. The mystical paintings of Ilona Harima]. – Kuvataiteen keskusarkisto 23(2011), pp. 6–47. In Finnish.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Hätönen, Helena Ilona Hariman arkisto [Ilona Harima archives]. – Kuvataiteen keskusarkisto 23 (2011), pp. 48–57. In Finnish
  3. Konttinen, Riitta 2008, p. 457.

Kara karantawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Anttonen,Erkki:Idän henkisyys Suomen taitessa:Ilona Harima [Ruhaniya ta Gabas a cikin fasahar Finnish].Ananda 2011:4,pp. 23-25. Saukewa:ISSN1795-8016.(Finnish)

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]