Ja'far ibn Abi Talib

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Ja'far ibn Abi Talib
Jafar Bin Abu Taleb Name.gif
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Makkah, 589 (Gregorian)
Ƙabila Ƙuraishawa
Banu Hashim
Larabawa
Mutuwa Mu'tah (en) Fassara, 629
Ƴan uwa
Mahaifi Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
Mahaifiya Fatimah bint Asad
Abokiyar zama Asma bint Umays (en) Fassara
Yara
Ahali Jumanah bint Abi Talib (en) Fassara, Fakhitah bint Abi Talib (en) Fassara, Sayyadina Aliyu, Aqeel ibn Abi Talib da Talib ibn Abi Talib (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a Mai da'awa da Shugaban soji
Aikin soja
Ya faɗaci Yakin Mu'tah
Imani
Addini Musulunci

Ja'afar ibn Abi Talib (Larabci: جَعْفَرُ ٱبْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ, Ja'afar ibn Abī Ṭālib c. 590-629 AZ), wanda kuma aka sani da Ja'afar aṭ-Ṭayyār (Larabci: جَعْفَرُ ٱلطَّيَّارُ, 'Ja'afar Mai Tafiya [na Sama]'), ya kasance Sahabi kuma dan uwan ​​Annabi Muhammadu (saw), kuma babban ɗan'uwan Ali.[1]

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ja’afar shi ne na uku ga Abu Talib bn Abdul Muttalib da Fatima bint Asad, saboda haka dan uwan ​​Muhammad ne. Manyan 'yan uwansa sune Talib da Aqil, kannensa sune Ali ibn Abi Talib da Tulayq,[2] 'yan uwansa mata kuma sune Fakhita, Jumana da Raytah.[3]

Lokacin da aka yi fari a mahaifar sa ta Makka, Abu Talib ba zai iya biyan kuɗin iyalin sa ba. Don haka ɗan'uwansa Abbas ya ɗauki nauyin ƙaramin Ja'afar.[4]

Ja’afar ya musulunta da wuri.[5] Ya auri Asma bint Umays, wacce ta musulunta a shekarar 614–615.[6]

Hijira zuwa Abisiniya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lokacin da aka ci zarafin Musulmai a Makka, da yawa daga cikinsu sun yi hijira zuwa Abisiniya. Ja'afar ya shiga jirgi na biyu a shekara ta 616.[7] A can suka sami kariyar Negus, Ashama ibn Abjar, kuma suna iya bautawa Allah ba tare da hanawa ba.[8]

Ja'afar da Asma sun zauna a Abisiniya kimanin shekaru goma sha biyu. An haifa musu 'ya'ya maza uku a can: Abdullahi, Muhammad da Awn.[6]

Tawagar Quraishawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kuraishawa, suna shakkun dalilinsu na barin Larabawa, sun tura Abdullah bin Abi Rabiah da Amr ibn al-As don su tattauna da Negus don dawo da masu hijira zuwa Makka. Sun ba da kyaututtukan fata-fata ga Negus da jami'ansa kuma sun ba shi mummunan rahoton Musulmai.[9] Negus ya amsa cewa ya yi alƙawarin kariya ga Musulmai saboda haka ba zai iya ba da su ba ba tare da jin gefen labarin su ba. Lokacin da aka kira musulmai don amsa Negus, Ja’far shine kakakin su.[10]

Negus ya tambaye su menene addinin da suka yi watsi da jama'arsu, ba tare da sun shiga addininsa ko waninsa ba.[10] Ja'afar ya amsa: "Mun kasance mutane marasa wayewa. Allah ya aiko mana da manzo wanda ya umarce mu da mu faɗi gaskiya, mu kasance masu aminci ga alƙawarinmu, mai tunawa da alaƙar zumunta da karimci mai kyau, da nisantar laifuka da zubar da jini. Ya ya hana mu aikata alfasha da fadin karya, da cin dukiyar marayu, da muzguna mata masu kamun kai.Ya umarce mu da mu bautawa Allah shi kadai kada mu hada komai da Shi, kuma ya bamu umarni game da sallah, sadaka da azumi [ lissafin dokokin Musulunci]. Don haka mun yi imani da shi da abin da ya zo mana da shi daga Allah, kuma muna bin abin da ya ce mu yi kuma mu nisanci abin da ya hana mu yi”.[11]

The Negus tambaye idan Ja'afar yana tare da shi wani abu da Muhammadu ya samu daga Allah. Ja'afar ya karanta masa kashi na farko na Surar Maryam a cikin Alqur'ani, wanda ke ba da labarin Isa (Isa) da mahaifiyarsa Maryam (Maryamu). Da jin waɗannan kalmomin, "Negus ya yi kuka har gemunsa ya jike kuma bishop -bishop sun yi ta kuka har littafinsu ya jike." Negus ya ce ba zai taba cutar da Musulmai ba.[12]

Wakilan Kuraishawa guda biyu sun yi zargin cewa Musulmai sun kira Yesu halittar halitta, don haka Negus ya tambayi Ja'afar abin da yake tunani game da Yesu. Ja'afar ya amsa: "Annabinmu ya ce shi bawan Allah ne, manzo, ruhi da magana, wanda ya jefa a cikin Maryamu budurwa mai albarka."[12]

A kan haka ne Negus ya mayar da kyaututtukan Kuraishawa, yana kiran su "cin hanci," kuma "sun bar gabansa da ƙima." Musulmai sun ci gaba da zama tare da Negus "cikin kwanciyar hankali cikin ingantaccen tsaro".[13]

Wa'azin Ƙasashen Waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An ce Ja’afar ya bar Abisiniya don yin wa’azi a wasu kasashe. Ya raka Sa’ad bn Abi Waqqas da wasu a cikin aikin su zuwa yankin Chittagong-Manipur-Tibet-Khotan-China. Musulman garin Khotan (a lardin Xinjiang, mil 6 (kilomita 9.7) kudu da Hamadar Taklamakan,[14] yammacin Tibet) sun samo asalin Ja'afar.[15] Bayan haka Ja'afar ya koma Abisiniya. Arnold duk da haka yana da'awar "babu mafi ƙarancin tushe na tarihin wannan almara."[16]

Komawa Arabiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A lokacin bazara na 628, na ƙarshe na baƙin haure Musulmai sun bar Abisiniya don shiga cikin al'ummar Musulmin Madina. Ja’afar da iyalansa suna cikinsu.[17]

Da isa Madina, Ja'afar ya ji cewa Muhammad yana Khaybar. Nan take Ja’afar ya yunkuro don shiga aikin soja, ya isa daidai lokacin da Muhammad ya yi nasara a yakin. Muhammad ya gaishe shi da kalmomin: "Ban san abin da ya faru ya fi sa ni farin ciki ba - isowar Ja'afar ko cin nasarar Khaybar!"[18]

Ja'afar ya shahara da ayyukan sadaka a Madina. Abu Hurairah ya tuna: "Wanda ya fi kowa kyauta ga talakawa shi ne Ja'afar bn Abi Talib. Ya kasance yana kai mu gidansa yana ba mu abin da ke cikinsa. Har ma zai ba mu kwandon fata mai nade ( na man shanu) wanda za mu raba mu lasa duk abin da ke cikinsa."[19]

Yakin Mu'uta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Makabartar Ja'afar, Zaidu ibn Harithah da 'Abd Allah ibn Rawahah a Mu'utah, Al-Mazar, Jordan



A ḍarīḥ yana rufe kabarin Ja'afar (kabari)

A watan Satumba na 629, Muhammad ya tara runduna don tunkarar sojojin Rumawa a Siriya,[20] saboda wani gwamnan Rumawa ya kashe ɗaya daga cikin wakilansa.[21] Ya nada Zayd bn Harithah a matsayin kwamandan runduna kuma ya ba da umarni: “Idan Zaidu ya ji rauni ko aka kashe, Ja’afar bn Abu Talib zai karbi umurnin. Idan an kashe Abdullah, to bari musulmi su nada kansu kwamanda”.[21]

Musulmai sun hadu da Rumawa a Mu'tah,[22] inda aka fi su yawa. Zayd yana daga cikin musulmin farko da aka kashe a yaƙin, sannan Ja'afar ya ɗauki matsayinsa ya ɗauki umurnin. An hau kan dokinsa, ya shiga cikin zurfin cikin rukunin Byzantine. Yayin da ya zuga dokinsa, sai ya yi kira: "Aljannar Firdausi tana matsowa! Abin sha mai daɗi da sanyi! Azaba ga Rumawa ba ta da nisa!" Ja'afar ya yi ta gwagwarmaya har sai da aka yanke masa hannayensa biyu, amma daga ƙarshe aka kashe shi.[22] "Wani Ba'amurke ya buge shi ya yanyanka shi kashi biyu. Rabinsa ya faɗi akan kurangar innabi, kuma an sami raunuka kusan talatin a jikinsa. Gawar Ja'afar tana da tabo guda saba'in da biyu a tsakanin kafadunsa, inda ya kasance ko dai takobi ya buge shi ko kuma mashi ya soke shi”.[23]

Bayan[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Lokacin da labari ya isa ga Muhammad, sai ya yi kuka ya yi addu'ar ruhin Ja'afar. Daga baya ya ba da rahoton cewa mala'ika Jibrilu ya sauko don yi masa ta'aziyya, yana cewa: "Jafar jarumi ne kuma amintaccen soja. Allah ya ba shi rai madawwami, kuma a maimakon hannunsa da aka yanke a cikin yaƙi, Ubangiji ya ba shi fikafikai biyu. "Bayan haka Ja'afar yana da sunan Dhul-Janāḥīn (Larabci: ذُو ٱلْجَنَاحِيْن, "The Winged").[24]

Asmau matar bazawara ta Ja’afar ta tuna cewa: “Manzon Allah ya zo wurina ya tambaye ni ina‘ ya’yan Jafar? Na kawo su gare shi sai ya rungume su yana jin kamshin su, sai idanunsa suka kumbura suka yi kuka 'Ya Manzon Allah' sai na tambaye shi ko ka ji wani abu game da Jafar? Ya amsa, 'Eh,' ya yi shahada a yau. Na mike tsaye ina kururuwa, sai mata suka zo wurina, Annabi ya fara cewa, Ya Asma, kada ku yi kalaman batsa ko buga kirjin ku! kada ku yi farin ciki? Lallai ne Allah Madaukakin Sarki ya yi wa Ja'afar fuka -fuki biyu, domin ya tashi tare da su a Aljanna!"' Sannan Muhammad ya gaya wa 'yarsa Fatimah, "Ku shirya abinci ga dangin Ja'afar, domin sun shagala a yau."[25]

Wuri Mai Tsarki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kabarin Ja'afar yana cikin Al-Mazar, kusa da Kerak, Jordan.[26] An lullube shi cikin zarih mai ƙyalli na zinare da azurfa wanda Da'i al-Mutlaq na 52 na Dawoodi Bohra, Mohammed Burhanuddin ya yi.[27]

A lokacin tashin hankalin farar hula a cikin Levant, a cikin 2013, an ƙazantar da wuraren ibada na 'yan Shi'a, ciki har da na Ja'afar.[26][28][29]

Zuriyar[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Abdullah ya auri Zainab bint Ali; an kashe 'ya'yansu a yakin Karbala
  • Muhammad
  • Awn
  • Yahya ibn Umar - zuriyar da ta jagoranci tawaye
  • Abdallah bn Mu'awiya - zuriyar da Shi'a a Kufa suka kafa a matsayin Imam kuma ya jagoranci tawaye

Hoton hoto[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Jafar al-Tayyar, Al-Islam.org
  2. Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir vol. 1. Translated by Haq, S. M. (1967). Ibn Sa'd's Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir, Volume I, Parts I & II, pp. 135-136. Delhi: Kitab Bhavan.
  3. Muhammad ibn Saad, Kitab al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina, p. 156. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  4. Muhammad ibn Ishaq, Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad, p. 114. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume, p. 116.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Ibn Saad/Bewley vol. 8 p. 196. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  7. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume p. 146.
  8. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume pp. 148, 150.
  9. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume pp. 150-151.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume p. 151.
  11. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume pp. 151-152.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume p. 152.
  13. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume pp. 152-153.
  14. "Khotan". Archnet.org. 2004-12-03. Archived from the original on 13 January 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-13.
  15. Arnold, T. W. (1913), The Preaching of Islam: A History of the Propagation of the Muslim Faith (2 ed.), London: Constable & Company Ltd., p. 296, f 3
  16. Arnold, p. 296.
  17. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume p. 526.
  18. Waqidi, Kitab al-Maghazi. Translated by Faizer, R., Ismail, A., & Tayob, A. (2011). The Life of Muhammad p. 336. Oxford: Routledge.
  19. Bukhari 5:57:57.
  20. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume p. 532.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Waqidi/Faizer p. 372.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume p. 534.
  23. Waqidi/Faizer p. 374.
  24. Ibn Ishaq/Guillaume p. 234.
  25. Waqidi/Faizer p. 377.
  26. 26.0 26.1 "Police launch investigation into burning of Bohra Shia building in Karak". Amman, Jordan: Ammon News. 5 May 2013. Archived from the original on 27 Jan 2021. Retrieved 22 Jan 2021.
  27. Abdulhussein, Mustafa (1 Feb 2001). Al-Dai Al-Fatimi Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin: An Illustrated Biography. Aljamea-tus-Saifiyah Trust. ISBN 978-0953625604 – via books.google.com.
  28. Malkawi, Banan (1 Jun 2013). "Ministry Denies Banning Bohra Shiites from visiting Kingdom, stresses open tourism". Amman, Jordan: Ammon News. Archived from the original on 27 Jan 2021. Retrieved 1 Jan 2021.
  29. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named nytdes