Jam'iyyar Republican (Amurka)

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Jam'iyyar Republican da farko ta ƙunshi Furotesta na Arewa, ma'aikatan masana'antu, ƙwararru, 'yan kasuwa, manoma masu wadata, kuma bayan 1866, tsoffin bayin Baƙar fata. Kusan ba shi da kasancewar a Kudancin Amurka a farkonsa, amma ya sami nasara sosai a Arewacin Amurka inda, a shekara ta 1858, ta shigar da tsoffin Whigs da tsoffin 'yan Democrat na Free Soil Democrat don samar da rinjaye a kusan kowace jiha a New England. Yayin da bangarorin biyu suka amince da manufofin kasuwanci a karni na 19, farkon GOP ya bambanta ta hanyar goyon bayan tsarin banki na kasa, ma'auni na zinariya, layin dogo, da kuma haraji mai yawa. Ba ta fito fili ta nuna adawa da bautar da ake yi a jihohin Kudu ba kafin a fara yakin basasar Amurka - inda ta bayyana cewa kawai tana adawa da yaduwar bautar a yankuna ko jihohin Arewa - amma ana ganin ta a matsayin mai tausayi ga manufar kawar da ita. Ganin wata barazana ga wannan al'ada a nan gaba tare da zaben Abraham Lincoln, shugaban jam'iyyar Republican na farko, yawancin jihohi a Kudu sun bayyana ballewa tare da shiga cikin Confederacy. A karkashin jagorancin Lincoln da Republican Congress, ya jagoranci yakin da aka yi don lalata Confederacy a lokacin yakin basasa na Amurka, yana kiyaye Ƙungiyar da kuma kawar da bautar. Sakamakon ya ga jam'iyyar ta mamaye fagen siyasar kasa har zuwa 1932.

A zamanin yau, tushen alƙaluma ya karkata ga ma'aikata, mutanen da ke zaune a yankunan karkara, maza, 'yan Kudu, da Amurkawa farar fata, musamman Kiristocin Ikklesiyoyin bishara . [1] [2] A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, Jam'iyyar Republican ta sami gagarumar nasara a tsakanin membobin White Work class, Hispanics da Orthodox Yahudawa yayin da suke rasa goyon baya a tsakanin manyan masu daraja da koleji . Dan takarar shugaban kasa na baya-bayan nan shi ne Donald Trump, wanda ya zama shugaban Amurka na 45 daga 2017 zuwa 2021. Akwai shugabannin Republican 19, mafi yawa daga kowace jam'iyyar siyasa. Ya zuwa shekarar 2022, GOP na iko da gwamnonin jihohi 28, da majalisun jihohi 30, da kuma kananan hukumomin jihar 23. Shida daga cikin 9 alkalan kotun kolin Amurka, shuwagabannin Republican ne suka nada su.

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