Kudu

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Kudu
cardinal direction (en) Fassara da points of the compass (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Bangare na cardinal direction (en) Fassara da points of the compass (en) Fassara
Hannun riga da Arewa, Gabas da Yamma
Kompas mai maki 16 ya tashi tare da kudu a kasa.
hoton kudu

Kudu tana daya daga cikin manyan kwatance ko wuraren kamfas . Kudu kishiyar arewa ce kuma tana kan gabas da yamma .

Ilimin sanin asalin kalma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kalmar kudu ta fito daga Tsohuwar Turanci sūþ, daga farkon Proto-Jamus *sunþaz ("kudu"), maiyuwa tana da alaƙa da tushen Proto-Indo-Turai guda daya wanda kalmar rana ta samo asali. Wasu harsuna suna siffanta kudu haka nan, daga cewa ita ce alkiblar rana da kuma tsakar rana (a Arewacin Hemisphere),[1] kamar Latin meridies ' tsakar rana, kudu' (daga 'tsakiyar' + mutu' rana. ', cf English meridional), yayin da wasu ke kwatanta kudu a matsayin gefen dama na fitowar rana, kamar Ibrananci na Littafi Mai-Tsarki תֵּימָן teiman 'kudu' daga יָמִין yamin 'dama', Aramaic תַּימנַא taymna daga יָמִright' da kuma Syria daga ܝܰܡܝܺܢܳܐ yamina (saboda haka sunan Yemen, kasar kudu/dama na Levant[2]).

Kewayawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ta hanyar al'ada, gefen kasa na taswira yana kudu, Kodayake akwai taswirorin da aka juyar da su wadanda suka saba wa wannan yarjejeniya.[3] Don zuwa kudu ta amfani da kamfas don kewayawa, saita mai daukar hoto ko azimuth na 180°. A madadin, a Arewacin Hemisphere a waje da wurare masu zafi, Rana zai kasance a kudu da tsakar rana.[4]

Pole na Kudu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kudanci na gaskiya shine karshen axis wanda duniya ke juyawa game da shi, wanda ake kira Pole Kudu . Pole ta Kudu yana cikin Antarctica . Magnetic kudu shine alkibla zuwa kudu da sandar maganadisu, wani nisa nesa da sandar yankin kudu.[5]

Roald Amundsen, daga Norway, shi ne mutum na farko da ya isa Pole ta Kudu, a ranar 14 ga Disamba 1911, bayan an tilasta wa Ernest Shackleton daga Birtaniya ya juya baya.[6]

Labarin kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kudancin Duniya yana nufin rabin kudancin duniya da ba shi da ci gaba a zamantakewa da tattalin arziki. 95% na Arewacin Duniya yana da isasshen abinci da matsuguni, da tsarin ilimi mai aiki.[7]A Kudancin kasar kuwa, kashi 5% ne kawai na al’ummar kasar ke da isasshen abinci da matsuguni. "Ba ta da fasahar da ta dace, ba ta da kwanciyar hankali a siyasance, tattalin arzikin kasar ya wargaje, kuma kudaden da suke samu na musaya na kasashen waje ya dogara ne kan fitar da kayayyaki na farko".[8]

Amfani da kalmar "Kudu" na iya zama dangi na kasa, musamman a yanayin rarrabuwar kawuna na tattalin arziki ko al'adu. Misali, Kudancin Amurka, wanda ya rabu da Arewa maso Gabashin Amurka ta hanyar layin Mason – Dixon, ko kuma Kudancin Ingila, wanda siyasa da tattalin arziki ba ta yi daidai da Arewacin Ingila ba .

Southern Cone shine sunan da aka fi sani da yankin kudancin Amurka ta Kudu wanda, a cikin nau'i na "mazugi" mai juyayi, kusan kamar babban yanki, ya gunshi Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay da dukan Kudancin Brazil . Jihohin Brazil na Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná da São Paulo ). Da wuya ma'anar ta fadada zuwa Bolivia, kuma a cikin mafi ƙuntataccen ma'anar shi kawai ya shafi Chile, Argentina da Uruguay .

An yi wa kasar Afirka ta Kudu suna saboda wurin da take a kudancin Afirka. Bayan kafuwar kasar an sanya wa suna Tarayyar Afirka ta Kudu a Turanci, wanda ke nuni da asalinta daga hadewar wasu yankuna hudu na Birtaniya da a da. Ostiraliya ta samo sunanta daga Latin Terra Australis ("kasa ta Kudu"), sunan da ake amfani da shi don nahiya mai hasashe a Kudancin kasar tun zamanin da.[9]

Sauran amfani[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin gadar wasan katin, daya daga cikin 'yan wasan da aka sani da zira kwallaye dalilai a matsayin Kudu. Kudu ta hada kai da Arewa kuma tana karawa da Gabas da Yamma.

A cikin addinin Hellenanci, Notos, ita ce iskar kudu kuma mai kawo guguwar karshen bazara da kaka.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. https://www.myopencountry.com/how-to-use-a-compass/
  2. https://www.etymonline.com/word/yemen
  3. https://www.flourish.org/upsidedownmap/
  4. https://www.myopencountry.com/how-to-use-a-compass/
  5. https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag/faqgeom.shtml
  6. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/ice/peopleevents/pandeAMEX87.html/
  7. Mimiko, Oluwafemi (2012). Globalization: The Politics of Global Economic Relations and International Business. Carolina Academic. p. 47.
  8. Mimiko, Oluwafemi (2012). Globalization: The Politics of Global Economic Relations and International Business. Carolina Academic. p. 47.
  9. https://www.worldcat.org/title/official-encyclopedia-of-bridge/oclc/49606900