Kudu

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Kompas mai maki 16 ya tashi tare da kudu a kasa.

Kudu tana ɗaya daga cikin manyan kwatance ko wuraren kamfas . Kudu kishiyar arewa ce kuma tana kan gabas da yamma .

Ilimin sanin asalin kalma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kalmar kudu ta fito daga Tsohuwar Turanci sūþ, daga farkon Proto-Jamus *sunþaz ("kudu"), maiyuwa tana da alaƙa da tushen Proto-Indo-Turai guda ɗaya wanda kalmar rana ta samo asali. Wasu harsuna suna siffanta kudu haka nan, daga cewa ita ce alƙiblar rana da tsakar rana (a Arewacin Hemisphere),[1] kamar Latin meridies ' tsakar rana, kudu' (daga 'tsakiyar' + mutu' rana. ', cf English meridional), yayin da wasu ke kwatanta kudu a matsayin gefen dama na fitowar rana, kamar Ibrananci na Littafi Mai-Tsarki תֵּימָן teiman 'kudu' daga יָמִין yamin 'dama', Aramaic תַּימנַא taymna daga יָמִright' da kuma Syria daga ܝܰܡܝܺܢܳܐ yamina (saboda haka sunan Yemen, ƙasar kudu/dama na Levant[2]).

Kewayawa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ta hanyar al'ada, gefen ƙasa na taswira yana kudu, Kodayake akwai taswirorin da aka juyar da su waɗanda suka saɓa wa wannan yarjejeniya.[3] Don zuwa kudu ta amfani da kamfas don kewayawa, saita mai ɗaukar hoto ko azimuth na 180°. A madadin, a Arewacin Hemisphere a waje da wurare masu zafi, Rana zai kasance a kudu da tsakar rana.[4]

Pole na Kudu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kudanci na gaskiya shine ƙarshen axis wanda duniya ke juyawa game da shi, wanda ake kira Pole Kudu . Pole ta Kudu yana cikin Antarctica . Magnetic kudu shine alƙibla zuwa kudu da sandar maganadisu, wani nisa nesa da sandar yankin kudu.[5]

Roald Amundsen, daga Norway, shi ne mutum na farko da ya isa Pole ta Kudu, a ranar 14 ga Disamba 1911, bayan an tilasta wa Ernest Shackleton daga Birtaniya ya juya baya.[6]

Labarin ƙasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kudancin Duniya yana nufin rabin kudancin duniya da ba shi da ci gaba a zamantakewa da tattalin arziƙi. 95% na Arewacin Duniya yana da isasshen abinci da matsuguni, da tsarin ilimi mai aiki.[7]A Kudancin ƙasar kuwa, kashi 5% ne kawai na al’ummar ƙasar ke da isasshen abinci da matsuguni. "Ba ta da fasahar da ta dace, ba ta da kwanciyar hankali a siyasance, tattalin arzikin kasar ya wargaje, kuma kudaden da suke samu na musaya na kasashen waje ya dogara ne kan fitar da kayayyaki na farko".[8]

Amfani da kalmar "Kudu" na iya zama dangi na ƙasa, musamman a yanayin rarrabuwar kawuna na tattalin arziki ko al'adu. Misali, Kudancin Amurka, wanda ya rabu da Arewa maso Gabashin Amurka ta hanyar layin Mason – Dixon, ko kuma Kudancin Ingila, wanda siyasa da tattalin arziki ba ta yi daidai da Arewacin Ingila ba .

Southern Cone shine sunan da aka fi sani da yankin kudancin Amurka ta Kudu wanda, a cikin nau'i na "mazugi" mai juyayi, kusan kamar babban yanki, ya ƙunshi Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay da dukan Kudancin Brazil . Jihohin Brazil na Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná da São Paulo ). Da wuya ma'anar ta faɗaɗa zuwa Bolivia, kuma a cikin mafi ƙuntataccen ma'anar shi kawai ya shafi Chile, Argentina da Uruguay .

An yi wa ƙasar Afirka ta Kudu suna saboda wurin da take a kudancin Afirka. Bayan kafuwar ƙasar an sanya wa suna Tarayyar Afirka ta Kudu a Turanci, wanda ke nuni da asalinta daga haɗewar wasu yankuna hudu na Birtaniya da a da. Ostiraliya ta samo sunanta daga Latin Terra Australis ("Ƙasa ta Kudu"), sunan da ake amfani da shi don nahiya mai hasashe a Kudancin Ƙasar tun zamanin da.[9]

Sauran amfani[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin gadar wasan katin, ɗaya daga cikin 'yan wasan da aka sani da zira ƙwallaye dalilai a matsayin Kudu. Kudu ta hada kai da Arewa kuma tana ƙarawa da Gabas da Yamma.

A cikin addinin Hellenanci, Notos, ita ce iskar kudu kuma mai kawo guguwar ƙarshen bazara da kaka.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. https://www.myopencountry.com/how-to-use-a-compass/
  2. https://www.etymonline.com/word/yemen
  3. https://www.flourish.org/upsidedownmap/
  4. https://www.myopencountry.com/how-to-use-a-compass/
  5. https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag/faqgeom.shtml
  6. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/ice/peopleevents/pandeAMEX87.html/
  7. Mimiko, Oluwafemi (2012). Globalization: The Politics of Global Economic Relations and International Business. Carolina Academic. p. 47.
  8. Mimiko, Oluwafemi (2012). Globalization: The Politics of Global Economic Relations and International Business. Carolina Academic. p. 47.
  9. https://www.worldcat.org/title/official-encyclopedia-of-bridge/oclc/49606900