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Mutanen Eloyi

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Mutanen Eloyi
Yankuna masu yawan jama'a
Najeriya
Eloyi
Jimlar yawan jama'a
100000
Yankuna masu yawan jama'a
Nigeria 100000[1]
Harsuna
Eloyi language, Hausa language
Addini
Traditional, Muslim, Christian

Eloyi (ana kuma kiransu Afao, Afo, Afu, Aho, Epe, Keffi) ƙabilu ne na tsakiyar Najeriya . Kimanin mutane 100,000 ne ke bayyana kansu a matsayin Eloyi. Suna da alaka da ƙabilar Idoma . [2]

Ya zuwa shekara ta 2000, kimanin mutane 25,000 a cikin Aweananan hukumomin Awe da Nasarawa (LGAs) na jihar Nasarawa da ƙaramar hukumar Otukpo ta jihar Benuwe aka sanar da yin magana da yaren Eloyi, a reshen Idomoid na ƙungiyar Benuwe-Congo . Da yawa suna amfani da Hausa a matsayin yarensu na biyu ko na farko. [3]

A al'adance, yawancin Eloyi sun rayu ne a cikin 15 miles (24 km) tsaunin tsaunuka masu duwatsu a cikin abin da yau take jihar Nasarawa. Sun yi wa Burtaniya tawaye a cikin shekarar 1918, sannan aka tilasta musu barin ƙasarsu. A yau sun warwatse a sassa daban-daban na jihohin Nasarawa da Benuwai, kodayake wasu sun koma kan tsaunuka na asali. Turawan ingila sun raba Eloyi zuwa kauyuka goma na kauye a shekarar 1932, inda suka nada shugaba a kowane ƙauye, amma Eloyi bai amince da su ba. [4]

Eloyi suna ɗaya daga cikin waɗanda suka fi tattalin arzikin ƙabilun Benuwai girma. A cikin tsaunukan suna noman masara da auduga da dawa da taba. Suna yin atisaye a saƙa da mutuwa, suna samar da kyalle wanda ake buƙata kuma za'a iya cinikin sa. Kauyukan Eloyi da ke cikin tsaunuka an gina su ne da bukkoki zagaye tare da rufin kwanon ruɓaɓɓu a haɗe a tsakar gida. A filayen Eloyi galibi manoma ne, suna sayar da busasshen kifi da dabino don kuɗi. Filayen Eloyi suna gina manyan gidaje a cikin mahadi kuma suna ƙarfafa ƙauyukansu. [4]

Tsari da imani

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Villageauyen shine mafi girman rukunin siyasa, mai zaman kansa ga maƙwabta. Wani sarki yana samun taimakon majalisar dattawa wajen kula da kauye da sasanta rigingimu. Gado shine mahaifin ƙauye, hukuma akan kwastan da doka, mai kula da shukoki da girbi. Yawancin Eloyi suna yin imani da al'adunsu na gargajiya, waɗanda ke kan allahn Owo, wanda farin itacen siliki na auduga ko itacen ɓaure yake wakilta. Suna bautar kakanninsu, waɗanda ake tunanin ruhunsu suna rayuwa kuma suna buƙatar abinci da kulawa. Tsare-tsaren addini sun hada da kwaikwayon kakanni, sihiri, sihiri, da duba tare da kirtani. Kadan daga cikin Eloyi sun karɓi addinin musulinci. [4]

  1. Appiah & Gates 2010, p. 412.
  2. Appiah & Gates 2010.
  3. Lewis 2009.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Eloyi - Joshua.