Nadia Murad

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Nadia Murad
Nadia Murad in 2018
Murad in 2018
Haihuwa Nadia Murad Basee Taha
Template:Birth year and age
Kocho, Iraq
Notable work The Last Girl: My Story of Captivity, and My Fight Against the Islamic State
Nadia's Initiative
Lamban girma

Nadia Murad Basee Taha (Larabci نادية مراد باسي طه  ; Anhaife ta 1993) mutuniyar Iraqi mabiyan Yazidi mai rajin kare hakkin Yan Adam, wanda take zaune a Jamus . A shekarar 2014, an sace ta daga garinsu na Kocho Iraƙi, kuma ƙungiyar IS ta riƙe ta tsawon watanni uku.

Murad itace wadda ta ƙirƙiro ƙungiyar na Nadia, ƙungiyar da ta himmatu wajen "taimakawa mata da yara ƙanana waɗanda aka yiwa kisan ƙare dangi, cin zarafin jama'a, da fataucin mutane domin samar masu da waraka da sake gina rayuwarsu da al'ummominsu".

A shekarar 2018, ita da Denis Mukwege an ba su kyautar lambar yabo ta Nobel ta Zaman Lafiya saboda "ƙoƙarin da suka yi na kawo ƙarshen amfani da lalata da juna a matsayin makamin yaƙi da rikici ." Ita ce 'yar Iraƙi ta farko mabiyar addinin Yazidi da aka bawa kyautar lambar yabo ta Nobel.

A halin yanzu, ita mai bayar da shawara ce kan Manufofin Cigaba Mai Dorewa na Majalissar dinkin duniya wanda Babban Sakatare na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya nada.

Farkon rayuwa da kamawar Kungiyar ISIS[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Murad a ƙauyen Kocho da ke gundumar Sinjar, Iraki . Iyayenta, na yan kabilar Yazidi, manoma ne. a da shekara 19, Murad dalibi ne da ke zaune a ƙauyen Kocho a Sinjar, arewacin Iraki lokacin da mayaƙan Daular Islama suka kewaye garin Yazidi da ke ƙauyen, inda suka kashe mutane 600 - ciki har da 'yan uwan Nadia shida da' yan'uwan miji - da ɗaukar ƙaramin mata da 'yan mata cikin bautar. A waccan shekarar, Murad na ɗaya daga cikin mata da 'yan matan Yazidi sama da 6,700 wadandada Stateungiyar Islama a Iraki ta kama a fursuna. An kama ta a ranar 15 ga Agusta 2014. An rike ta a matsayin bayi a garin Mosul, inda aka buge ta, aka kona ta da sigari, sannan aka yi mata fyade akai-akai. Ta samu nasarar tserewa bayan wanda ya kama ta ya bar gidan a kulle. Iyalan da ke makwabtaka da ita ne suka dauki Murad din, wadanda suka iya fitar da ita daga yankin daular Islama da ke karkashinta, wanda ya ba ta damar zuwa sansanin 'yan gudun hijira a Duhok, Yankin Kurdistan . Ta kasance daga cikin ISISsis a farkon Satumba ko a Nuwamba 2014.

A watan Fabrairun 2015, ta ba da shaidar ta ta farko ga manema labarai na jaridar Landan ta yau da kullun La Libre Belgique yayin da ta ke zaune a sansanin Rwanga, da ke zaune a cikin wani kwantena da aka sauya. A shekarar 2015, tana daya daga cikin mata da yara kanana dubu daya da suka ci gajiyar shirin 'yan gudun hijira na Gwamnatin Baden-Württemberg, Jamus, wanda ya zama sabon gidanta.

Ayyuka da gwagwarmaya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kwamitin 'Yancin Dan Adam a Vienna a cikin 2018: hagu zuwa dama: 1 Abid Shamdeen 2 Nadia Murad 3 Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein 4 Karin Kneissl 5 Michael O'Flaherty 6 Hauwa Ibrahim 7 Max Schrems 8 Susana Chiarotti
Murad speaking with US President Donald Trump along with other victims of religious persecution on 17 July 2019

A ranar 16 ga Disambar 2015, Murad ya yi magana da Kwamitin Tsaro na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya game da fataucin mutane da rikice-rikice. Wannan shine karo na farko da aka taba yiwa Majalisar bayani kan safarar mutane. A matsayinta na wani matsayinta na jakadiya, Murad zata shiga cikin shawarwari na duniya da na gida don ba da sanarwa game da fataucin mutane da 'yan gudun hijira. Murad ya isa ga 'yan gudun hijirar da al'ummomin da suka tsira, yana sauraron shaidu na waɗanda ke fataucin mutane da kisan kare dangi .

A watan Satumbar 2016, Lauya Amal Clooney ta yi magana a gaban Ofishin Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan Magunguna da Laifuka (UNODC) don tattauna shawarar da ta yanke a watan Yunin 2016 don wakiltar Murad a matsayin abokin harka a shari’a kan kwamandojin ISIL. Clooney ya bayyana kisan kare dangi, fyade, da fataucin da ISIL ta yi a matsayin "aikin hukuma na sharri a kan sikeli na masana'antu", yana mai bayyana shi a matsayin kasuwar bayi da ke kan layi, a Facebook da kuma a Mideast da ke aiki har yanzu. Murad ta sami mummunar barazana ga amincinta sakamakon aikinta.

Hoton Nadia Murad da yake magana da Kwamitin Tsaro na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a Haikalin Yazidi na Lalish, Ninawa

A watan Satumba na 2016, Murad ya ba da sanarwar Injiniyar Nadia a taron da Tina Brown ta shirya a Birnin New York. Shirin yana da niyyar bayar da shawarwari da taimako ga wadanda aka yi wa kisan kare dangi. A waccan watan ne, aka sanya mata sunan Ambasada ta farko mai martaba don mutuncin wadanda suka tsira daga fataucin bil adama na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ( UNODC ).

A ranar 3 ga Mayu 2017, Murad ya sadu da Paparoma Francis da Akbishop Gallagher a cikin Vatican City . A yayin ganawar, ta "nemi taimako ga Yazidis wadanda har yanzu ke hannun ISIS, ta amince da goyon bayan Vatican ga tsiraru, tattauna batun ikon mallakar yankuna marasa rinjaye a Iraki, ta nuna halin da ake ciki yanzu da kuma kalubalen da tsirarun addinai ke fuskanta a Iraki da Syria musamman wadanda abin ya shafa da mutanen da suka rasa muhallinsu da kuma bakin haure ".

Tarihin Murad, Yarinyar Lastarshe: Labarina na ofaure, da Yaki Na da Stateasar Islama , ƙungiyar Crown Publishing Group ce ta buga shi a ranar 7 ga Nuwamba Nuwamba 2017, wanda wani littafin tarihin rayuwa ne wanda ta bayyana kamawa da bautar da Daular Islama. [1]

A cikin 2018, darekta Alexandria Bombach ta samar da wani fim mai suna A kan Kafadunta wanda ke dauke da tarihin rayuwar Murad da gwagwarmaya.

A cikin shekarar 2019, Murad ta gabatar da jawabi a karo na biyu na Minista na shekara-shekara don ci gaban 'Yancin Addini inda ta yi magana game da labarinta da kuma kalubalen da ke gaban Yazidis da ke fuskanta kusan shekaru biyar bayan hare-haren 3 ga watan Agustan 2014 kuma ta gabatar da "tsari mai matakai biyar" don magance kalubalen da suke fuskanta a Iraki. Murad ya kasance cikin tawagar waɗanda suka tsira daga zalunci na addini daga ko'ina cikin duniya waɗanda aka ba da labarinsu a taron. A matsayin daya daga cikin wakilan, a ranar 17 ga watan Yulin 2019, Murad ya sadu da Shugaba Donald Trump a Ofishin Oval wanda ta ba ta labarin ta na sirri na rashin dangin ta, ciki har da mahaifiyarta da 'yan uwanta shida, kuma ta roƙe shi ya yi wani abu.

Rayuwar mutum[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A watan Agusta 2018, Murad ya shiga tsakani da takwaransa Yazidi mai rajin kare hakkin dan Adam Abid Shamdeen. Sun riga sun yi aure.

Kyauta da girmamawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • 2016: Da farko , lumanar jakadan ga Mutuncin na tsira daga fataucin Human na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya
  • 2016: Majalisar Tarayyar Turai Václav Havel Award for Human Rights
  • 2016: Kyautar Glamour don Matan da suka Tsaya wa ISISsis
  • 2016: Sakharov Kyauta don 'Yancin Tunani (tare da Lamiya Haji Bashar )
  • 2018: Nobel Peace Prize (tare da Denis Mukwege )
  • 2019: Bambi Award
  • 2019: Kyautar Filayen Zinare na Kwalejin Nasarorin Amurka

Bibiyar Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Nadia Murad: Yarinya Ta :arshe: Labarina na tivityaure, da Yaki Na da Islamicasar Islama (Virago eBook, 7 Nuwamba 2017),  (Turanci)
  • Nadia Murad: Ich bin eure Stimme: Das Mädchen, das dem Islamischen Staat entkam und gegen Gewalt und Versklavung kämpft (Knaur eBook, 31 Oktoba 2017),  (Jamusanci)

Finafinai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Akan Kafadunta
  • Shafuka, wanda kamfanin Garai Gold Production ke samarwa a Maroko
  • Kisan kare dangin Yazidis daga ISIL
  • Jerin sace-sacen mutane
  • Jerin maganganun mutum da aka rasa

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. @. "Honored to announce my memoir THE LAST GIRL will be published by @CrownPublishingGroup on Nov 7th" (Tweet) – via Twitter.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)