New York Times

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Group half.svgNew York Times
NewYorkTimes.svg
The New-York Daily Times first issue.jpg
All The News That's Fit To Print
Bayanai
Iri Jaridu na kullun, Jaridar yanar gizo, online database (en) Fassara da Kamfanin jarida
Masana'anta publishing (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Tarayyar Amurka
Political alignment (en) Fassara Bangaren hagu
Aiyuka
Bangare na Semantic Web (en) Fassara
Ƙaramar kamfani na
Harshen amfani Turanci
Mulki
Hedkwata New York Times Building (en) Fassara, One Times Square (en) Fassara da The Times Square Building (en) Fassara
Subdivisions
Mamallaki The New York Times Company (en) Fassara
Mamallaki na
Dot Earth (en) Fassara
Tarihi
Ƙirƙira 18 Satumba 1851
Wanda ya samar
Awards received

nytimes.com


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The New York Times (NYT ko NY Times) Kamfani jarida ce na Kasar Amurka, wacce take wallafa jaridu a kullum, suna da babban ofishin su a New York, kuma suna da masu karanta jaridar su a duk fadin duniya. [1] [2] An kafa kamfanin ne a cikin shekarar alif 1851, New York Times tun a lokacin da ta ci wani Kyauta mai suna Pulitzer 130, wato kyauta ce na wacce tafi kowanne gidan jarida, [3] kuma an daɗe ana ɗaukar ta a matsayin babban masana'antar gidan jarida na kasar Amurka " jaridar rikodin ƙasa ". gidan jaridan na daga cikin gidan jaridu 18 a duniya wadanda suka fi kowanne yawan zagaya duniya, kuma na 3 a kasar Amurka

Takardar mallakar kamfanin New York Times ne, wanda ake tallatawa a bainar jama'a . Iyalin Sulzberger ne ke mulkar ta tun daga 1896, ta hanyar tsarin raba aji biyu bayan hannayen jarin sun zama suna kasuwanci. [4] AG Sulzberger da ubansa, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr., wato takarda ta m da kamfanin ta shugaban, bi da bi-ne hudu da na biyar ƙarni na iyali ya shugabanci da takarda.

Tun daga tsakiyar shekara ta 1970, The New York Times ta faɗaɗa shimfidawa da tsara ta, tana ƙara ɓangarori na musamman na mako-mako kan batutuwa daban-daban da ke ba da labarai na yau da kullun, editoci, wasanni, da fasali. Tun daga shekara ta 2008, [5] an tsara Times zuwa ɓangarori masu zuwa: Labarai, Edita / Ra'ayoyi - Ginshikai / Op-Ed, New York (birni), Kasuwanci, Wasanni, Arts, Kimiyya, Salon, Gida, Balaguro, da sauran su fasali. A ranakun Lahadi, ana kara Times ta hanyar Binciken Lahadi (wanda a da yake Sati a Dubawa ), [6] Binciken Littafin New York Times, The New York Times Magazine, [7] da T: The New York Times Style Magazine .

The Times zauna tare da broadsheet cikakken shafi sa-up da wani takwas shafi format for shekaru da dama bayan mafi takardunku switched zuwa shida, [8], kuma ya kasance daya daga cikin na karshe jaridu ya dauko launi daukar hoto, musamman a kan gaban page. Takardar takardar, "Duk Labaran da ke Fitarwa don Bugawa", ya bayyana a cikin kusurwar hagu na sama na shafin gaba.

New York Times Building - Bottom Portion (48193462432).jpg

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

The New York Times da aka kafa a matsayin New-York Daily Times a kan Satumba 18, 1851. [lower-alpha 1] kafa ta dan jarida kuma dan siyasa Henry Jarvis Raymond kuma tsohon ma'aikacin banki George Jones, da Times aka farko da aka buga da Raymond, Jones & Company . Masu saka hannun jari na farko a kamfanin sun hada da Edwin B. Morgan, [10] Christopher Morgan, [11] da Edward B. Wesley. [12] An siyar da dinari (daidai da 31 a yau) , bugun farko ya yi ƙoƙari don magance jita-jita iri-iri game da ma'anarsa da matsayin da ya gabata kafin fitowar shi: [13]

A cikin 1852, jaridar ta fara wani yanki na yamma, The Times of California, wanda ke zuwa duk lokacin da jirgin jirgin daga New York ya sauka a California . Koyaya, ƙoƙarin bai yi nasara ba da zarar jaridun Kalifoniya na cikin gari sun yi suna.

A ranar 14 ga Satumba, 1857, jaridar a hukumance ta taqaita sunanta zuwa The New-York Times . An cire jigon sunan birni a ranar 1 ga Disamba, 1896. [14] A ranar 21 ga Afrilu, 1861, The New York Times ta fara buga fitowar Lahadi don bayar da labaran Yakin Basasa kowace rana. Ofaya daga cikin rikice-rikicen farko na jama'a da ya ƙunsa shine Mortara Affair, batun batun editoci ashirin a cikin Times kawai. [15]

An kai hari kan babban ofishin jaridar The New York Times a yayin da ake tsara tarzomar birnin New York . Tarzomar, wacce aka kafa ta wani daftarin aiki ga Armyungiyar Soja, ta fara ne a ranar 13 ga Yulin 1863. A kan '' Jaridar Jarida '', daga hayin City Hall, wanda ya kirkiro Henry Raymond ya dakatar da masu tarzomar da bindigogin Gatling, manyan bindigogi na farko, daya daga cikinsu ya shirya kansa. 'Yan zanga-zangar sun karkatar da akalar, maimakon haka suka afkawa hedkwatar mawallafin soke-soke Horace Greeley na New York Tribune har sai da ' yan sanda na Brooklyn City suka tilasta shi gudu, wadanda suka tsallaka Kogin Gabas don taimaka wa hukumomin Manhattan. [16] A 1869, Henry Raymond ya mutu, kuma George Jones ya ɗauki matsayin mai bugawa. [17] Tasirin jaridar ya karu a 1870 da 1871, lokacin da ta buga jerin bayanai kan William Tweed, shugaban jam'iyyar Democrat ta garin - wanda aka fi sani da " Tammany Hall " (daga hedkwatar taronta na farkon karni na 19) - wanda ya kai ga ƙarshen mamayar Tweed Ring na Gidan Majalissar Birnin New York. Tweed ya miƙa wa New York Times dala miliyan biyar (daidai da 107 dala miliyan a [18]

Zamani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

The New York Times ya sauya zuwa tsarin samar da dijital wani lokaci kafin 1980, amma kawai ya fara adana sakamakon dijital da aka samu a waccan shekarar. A cikin 1983, Times ta sayar da haƙƙin lantarki zuwa labaran ta ga LexisNexis . Yayinda rarraba labarai ta yanar gizo ya karu a cikin 1990s, Times ta yanke shawarar kin sabunta yarjejeniyar kuma a cikin 1994 jaridar ta sake samun haƙƙin lantarki akan labaran ta. [19] A 22 ga Janairu, 1996, NYTimes.com ta fara buga littattafai.

Jawabi a cikin dakin labarai bayan sanarwar wadanda suka lashe kyautar Pulitzer, 2009

2000s[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A watan Satumba na 2008, The New York Times ta ba da sanarwar cewa za ta haɗu da wasu sassan da za su fara daga ranar 6 ga Oktoba, 2008, a cikin bugu da aka buga a cikin babban birni na New York. Canje-canjen sun nade Sashen Metro zuwa babban sashen labarai na kasa da kasa da Hadaddiyar Wasanni da Kasuwanci (ban da Asabar zuwa Litinin, yayin da Wasanni ke ci gaba da bugawa a matsayin wani bangare na daban). Wannan canjin ya haɗa da samun sunan sashin Metro da ake kira New York a waje da Yankin -asar. Jaridun da The New York Times suka yi amfani da su na iya ba da izinin sassan huɗu a buga su a lokaci ɗaya; kamar yadda takarda ta haɗa da sassa sama da huɗu a duk ranakun ban da Asabar, ana buƙatar buga sassan daban a cikin aikin manema labarai na farko da haɗuwa tare. Sauye-sauyen sun ba The New York Times damar bugawa a sassa hudu Litinin zuwa Laraba, ban da Asabar. The New York Times ' ta bayyana cewa, yawan labarai shafukan da ma'aikaci matsayi zai zama canzawa, tare da takardar farga kudin ajiyar banki da yankan ƙarin aiki bayan kudi. [20]

A cikin 2009, jaridar ta fara samar da abubuwan da ake sakawa a cikin yankuna a wajen yankin New York. Farawa ga Oktoba 16, 2009, an saka shafuka masu suna "Bay Area" mai shafuka biyu zuwa kwafin bugun Arewacin California a ranakun Juma'a da Lahadi. Jaridar ta fara samar da irin wannan Juma'a da Lahadi don bugawa a Chicago a ranar 20 ga Nuwamba, 2009. Abubuwan da aka saka sun kunshi labarai na gida, siyasa, wasanni, da al'adun gargajiya, galibi tallan gida ne ke tallafawa.

2010s[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin 2016, rahotanni sun nuna cewa 'yan jarida na jaridar sun kasance makasudin cin zarafin yanar gizo. Rahotanni sun ce Ofishin Bincike na Tarayya na binciken hare-haren. An bayyana keta haddin yanar gizo da cewa mai yiwuwa yana da alaka da hare-haren da ake kaiwa kan wasu cibiyoyi, kamar Kwamitin Kasa na Demokradiyya . [21]

A lokacin zaben shugaban kasa na 2016, Times ta taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen daukaka Hillary Clinton ta imel na takaddama a cikin mafi mahimmancin batun yada labarai a cikin zaben wanda Clinton za ta sha kashi kadan da Donald Trump. Rikicin ya samu labarin kafafen yada labarai fiye da kowane batun yayin yakin neman zaben shugaban kasa. [22] [23] Clinton da sauran masu sa ido suna jayayya cewa yada rikice-rikicen imel ya taimaka wajen faduwarta a zaben. A cewar binciken nazarin aikin jarida na Columbia, " a cikin kwanaki shida kawai, The New York Times ta gudanar da labarai da yawa game da imel din Hillary Clinton kamar yadda suka yi game da dukkan batutuwan siyasa da aka hada a cikin kwanaki 69 kafin zaben (kuma hakan bai hada da ƙarin labaran guda uku a ranar 18 ga Oktoba, da Nuwamba 6 da 7, ko kuma labarai biyu kan imel ɗin da aka karɓa daga John Podesta). " [24]

The New York Times newsroom 1942.jpg

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Is The Washington Post closing in on the Times?". Politico. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
  2. "News of the world". The Economist. March 17, 2012. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
  3. "Pulitzer Prizes". The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
  4. Dash, Eric (January 19, 2009). "Mexican Billionaire Invests in The New York Times Company". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
  5. Pérez-Peña, Richard (September 5, 2008). "Times Plans to Combine Sections of the Paper". The New York Times. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  6. "A Letter to Our Readers About the Sunday Review". The New York Times. June 18, 2011. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  7. Silverstein, Jake (February 18, 2015). "Behind the Relaunch of The New York Times Magazine". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  8. "The New York Times to Change To a 6-Column Format Sept. 7". The New York Times. June 15, 1976. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  9. Berger, Myer (1951). The Story of The New York Times 1851-1951. Simon and Schuster. pp. 3–4.
  10. Dunlap, David W. "A Happy 200th to The Times's First Publisher, Whom Boss Tweed Couldn't Buy or Kill". City Room (in Turanci). Retrieved March 12, 2017.
  11. Davis, Elmer Holmes (1921). History of the New York Times, 1851-1921. New York Times. p. 17.
  12. "The Case of Hoffman.; The Prisoner Finds Bail". The New York Times. July 24, 1860. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
  13. "A Word about Ourselves". New-York Daily Times. September 18, 1851. Retrieved March 5, 2009.
  14. "It Can Hyphen Here: Why the New-York Historical Society Includes a Hyphen" » New-York Historical Society. Blog.nyhistory.org (February 13, 2013). Retrieved on July 21, 2013.
  15. Cornwell, 2004, p. 151.
  16. On This Day: August 1, 1863 The New York Times. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
  17. Adler, John; Hill, Draper (August 1, 2008). Doomed by Cartoon: How Cartoonist Thomas Nast and the New York Times Brought Down Boss Tweed and His Ring of Thieves. Garden City, New York: Morgan James Publishing. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-60037-443-2. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  18. Dunlap, David W. "A Happy 200th to The Times's First Publisher, Whom Boss Tweed Couldn't Buy or Kill". City Room (in Turanci). Retrieved March 12, 2017.
  19. Fabrikant, Geraldine (December 3, 1994). "Times Co. Regains Control Of Electronic Rights to Paper". p. 39. Retrieved September 20, 2020.
  20. Pérez-Peña, Richard (September 5, 2008). "Times Plans to Combine Sections of the Paper". The New York Times. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  21. Perez, Evan; Prokupecz, Shimon (August 23, 2016). "FBI investigating Russian hack of New York Times reporters, others". CNN. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
  22. Watts, Duncan J.; Rothschild, David M. (December 5, 2017). "Don't blame the election on fake news. Blame it on the media". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  23. "News Coverage of the 2016 National Conventions: Negative News, Lacking Context". Shorenstein Center. September 21, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  24. Watts, Duncan J.; Rothschild, David M. (December 5, 2017). "Don't blame the election on fake news. Blame it on the media". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  1. Seven different newspapers have been published under The New York Times name, with the earliest being published by a David Longworth and Nicholas Van Riper in 1813, but they all died out within a few years.[9]